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Winter 2011–12 Vol. 55, Number 4

Occupational employment


 

Occupations that have the most job openings and have less than a high school diploma as the typical level of education needed to enter the occupation, projected 2010-20, in thousands of openings

Occupation

From growth

From replacement needs

Total job openings

Median annual wages, May 2010

Experience

On-the-job training

Retail salespersons

707

1,252

1,959

20,670

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cashiers

250

1,526

1,776

18,500

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Waiters and waitresses

196

1,129

1,324

18,330

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

398

749

1,147

17,950

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand

319

661

980

23,460

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Home health aides

706

131

838

20,560

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners

247

436

682

22,210

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Personal care aides

607

68

675

19,640

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Stock clerks and order fillers

21

444

465

21,290

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Landscaping and groundskeeping workers

241

204

444

23,400

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food preparation workers

84

293

377

19,100

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Maids and housekeeping cleaners

112

240

352

19,300

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop

27

323

350

18,370

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, restaurant

118

195

313

22,140

Less than 1 year

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Construction laborers

212

80

292

29,280

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Dishwashers

36

233

269

18,150

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Packers and packagers, hand

58

194

252

19,630

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop

14

232

246

18,450

None

None

Miscellaneous agricultural workers

0

227

227

18,960

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Bartenders

46

175

221

18,680

None

Short-term on-the-job training

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Last Updated: January 30, 2012