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Winter 2013–14 Vol. 57, Number 4

Occupational employment


 

Occupations that have the most job openings and that typically require less than a high school diploma to enter the occupation, projected 2012-22, in thousands of openings

Occupation

Job openings, projected 2012-22 (in thousands)

Median annual wage, May 2012

Experience¹

Training²

From growth

From replacement needs

Total openings

Retail salespersons

435

1,521

1,956

$21,110

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

422

1,134

1,556

18,260

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cashiers

87

1,443

1,530

18,970

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Waiters and waitresses

132

1,137

1,268

18,540

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand

242

681

923

23,890

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners

280

437

717

22,320

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Personal care aides

581

85

666

19,910

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Home health aides

424

166

591

20,820

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Stock clerks and order fillers

0

546

546

22,050

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Construction laborers

260

229

489

29,990

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Maids and housekeeping cleaners

183

284

468

19,570

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Landscaping and groundskeeping workers

139

284

423

23,570

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, restaurant

150

202

352

22,030

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop

19

261

280

18,580

None

None

Bartenders

66

204

269

18,900

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop

0

268

268

18,560

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food preparation workers

29

232

261

19,300

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Dishwashers

32

224

256

18,460

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Packers and packagers, hand

40

175

215

19,910

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers

32

177

209

18,500

None

Short-term on-the-job training

¹ Indicates whether work experience in a related occupation is also typically needed for entry into the occupation. Assignments are more than 5 years (5+), less than 5 years (<5), or none (N).

² Indicates whether on-the-job training is typically needed to attain competency in the occupation. Assignments are internship/residency (I/R), apprenticeship (A), long-term (L), moderate-term (M), short-term (S), or none (N).

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Last Updated: December 16, 2013