Overtime contributes to factory recovery

March 24, 2000

Historically, both employment and factory overtime have increased as the economy emerged from recessions. In the most recent recovery, employers appeared to rely about as heavily on overtime as on hiring or recalling employees.

Production worker growth and full-time equivalent growth of overtime, selected industries, March 1991-January 1998 (in thousands)
[Chart data—TXT]

From March 1991 to January 1998, the number of production workers in manufacturing increased by 601,000. Over the same period, the full-time equivalent of the aggregate overtime hours growth in manufacturing was 571,000 jobs.

The largest number of such hypothetical full-time equivalent jobs was found in transportation equipment manufacturing; industrial machinery, and fabricated metals establishments also accounted for many. Other durable goods industries with relatively large full-time equivalents included electronics and primary metals.

These data are a product of the Current Employment Statistics program. To find out more, see "Analyzing the recent upward surge in overtime hours," by Ron L. Hetrick, Monthly Labor Review, February 2000. Full-time equivalents are computed by taking the total number of overtime hours and dividing it by 40, the number of hours in a standard workweek.


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Overtime contributes to factory recovery on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2000/mar/wk3/art05.htm (visited September 30, 2016).


Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics

  • A look at healthcare spending, employment, pay, benefits, and prices
    As one of the largest U.S. industries, healthcare is steadily growing to meet the needs of an increasing population with an increasing life expectancy. This Spotlight looks at how much people spend on healthcare, current and projected employment in the industry, employer-provided healthcare benefits, healthcare prices, and pay for workers in healthcare occupations.

  • Employment and Wages in Healthcare Occupations
    Healthcare occupations are a significant percentage of U.S. employment. Some of the largest and highest paying occupations are in healthcare. This Spotlight examines employment and wages for healthcare occupations.

  • Fifty years of looking at changes in peoples lives
    Longitudinal surveys help us understand long-term changes, such as how events that happened when a person was in high school affect labor market success as an adult.