CPI in December 2008
January 21, 2009
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) decreased 0.7 percent in December, the third consecutive decline.
Declining energy prices, particularly for gasoline, again drove most of the decline. The energy index declined 8.3 percent in December. Within energy, the gasoline index fell 17.2 percent and accounted for almost 90 percent of the decrease in the all items index. The index for household energy declined 0.7 percent.
Excluding energy, the index was virtually unchanged for the third straight month. The food index declined 0.1 percent in December, the first decrease since April 2006, as many meat, dairy, fruit, and vegetable indexes decreased. The index for all items excluding food and energy was virtually unchanged in December.
For the 12-month period ending in December 2008, the CPI-U rose 0.1 percent, as shown in the chart. This was the smallest calendar year change since a 0.7-percent decline in 1954 and compares with a 4.1-percent increase for the 12 months ended December 2007.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, CPI in December 2008 on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2009/jan/wk3/art01.htm (visited May 28, 2016).
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics
Employment and Wages in Healthcare Occupations
Healthcare occupations are a significant percentage of U.S. employment. Some of the largest and highest paying occupations are in healthcare. This Spotlight examines employment and wages for healthcare occupations.
Fifty years of looking at changes in peoples lives
Longitudinal surveys help us understand long-term changes, such as how events that happened when a person was in high school affect labor market success as an adult.
- A look at pay at the top, the bottom, and in between
The Spotlight examines how earnings and wages have changed over time and how they differ within a geographic area, industry, or occupation.