Import and export prices decrease in June

July 16, 2010

U.S. import prices declined for the second consecutive month in June, decreasing 1.3 percent. The drop was driven by declining fuel prices, although a downturn in nonfuel prices also contributed to the overall decrease. Export prices also fell in June, edging down 0.2 percent following three consecutive monthly increases.

1-month percent change in Import Price Indexes, June 2009–June 2010
[Chart data]

In June, prices of U.S. imports fell 1.3 percent, after a 0.5-percent drop the previous month. The decrease was the largest monthly decline since a 1.3-percent decline in January 2009, which was also the last time the index fell in consecutive months. Despite the recent declines, import prices advanced 4.5 percent for the year ended in June.

Import fuel prices fell 4.0 percent in June, after a similar 4.1-percent decrease in May. The June decline was led by a 4.4-percent drop in petroleum prices and was the largest monthly decrease for that index since a 4.6-percent drop in January 2009. Partially offsetting the decline in petroleum prices, natural gas prices rose 1.5 percent in June. Despite the recent decreases, overall fuel prices increased 11.6 percent over the past year.

In June, the price index for import prices excluding fuel fell 0.6 percent, the first monthly decline since a 0.2-percent decrease in July 2009 and the largest since a 0.6-percent drop in March 2009. A 1.5-percent downturn in nonfuel industrial supplies and materials was the largest contributor to the June decline. For the 12 months ended in June, nonfuel import prices advanced 2.8 percent.

1-month percent change in Export Price Indexes, June 2009–June 2010
[Chart data]

Export prices fell 0.2 percent in June, following increases in each of the previous three months. Most of the decline was attributable to falling nonagricultural prices, although agricultural prices also declined. The price index for overall exports rose on a 12-month basis in June, increasing 4.3 percent.

In June, prices for agricultural exports edged down 0.1 percent, after a 1.5-percent increase in May. The decrease was led by a 4.9-percent fall in corn prices and a 7.2-percent drop in wheat prices. Agricultural prices decreased 2.8 percent for the year ended in June.

The price index for nonagricultural exports fell 0.2 percent in June, the first monthly decline for the index since March 2009. The June decrease was led by a 0.4-percent drop in capital goods prices and a 0.6-percent decline in consumer goods prices. Over the past year, nonagricultural export prices rose 5.1 percent.

These data are from the BLS International Price program. Import and export price data are subject to revision. For more information, see "U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes — June 2010" (HTML) (PDF), news release USDL-10-0964.


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Import and export prices decrease in June on the Internet at (visited September 28, 2016).


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