Addition of Regional Detail for Natural Gas Distribution Producer Price Indexes

With the release of Producer Price Index (PPI) data for October 2016 on November 16, 2016, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) introduced indexes for natural gas distribution by region into the official PPI aggregation structures. Geographic PPIs for natural gas distribution are useful because prices in this industry tend to change based on local market conditions that result from differences in demand, infrastructure, and weather.

The existing structure of PPIs for natural gas distribution to the ultimate consumer are subdivided into residential, commercial, and industrial users. With this release, PPIs have been added under each type of buyer to provide further detail of price changes by geographical region, as defined by U.S. Census Bureau Divisions (PDF).

The regional natural gas distribution PPIs were first published on this webpage as experimental with the release of PPI data for July 2014. Since they are now part of the official PPI aggregation structures, the previously available experimental versions have been discontinued.

The weights for the natural gas distribution indexes are derived primarily from value-of-shipments data, currently from the 2007 U.S. Census Bureau Economic Census. Industry value-of-shipment data are used for industry PPI weights and wherever-made shipment data are used for commodity PPI weights. Secondary source data from the Energy Information Administration (EIA) are used to weight the residential, commercial, and industrial sector indexes for both industry and commodity PPI series. Weights for the regional natural gas distribution indexes are calculated based on EIA price and consumption data by region.

PPI data for regional natural gas distribution appear monthly in the PPI Detailed Report and historical data are available on the BLS website by clicking the Series ID links in the tables below or through PPI databases. The expanded structures of PPI by commodity (Table 1) and industry (Table 2) are listed below. Most of the regional natural gas distribution PPIs include data back to June 2012. Regional PPIs marked with * begin in September 2016.

Table 1. PPI Commodity Data Structure for Natural Gas Distribution by Region
PPI Title Series ID Code

Utility natural gas

WPU055

Residential natural gas

WPU0551

Residential natural gas

WPU055121

Residential natural gas

WPU05512101

Residential natural gas, New England

WPU055121011

Residential natural gas, Middle Atlantic

WPU055121012

Residential natural gas, East North Central

WPU055121013

Residential natural gas, West North Central

WPU055121014

Residential natural gas, South Atlantic

WPU055121015

Residential natural gas, East South Central

WPU055121016

Residential natural gas, West South Central

WPU055121017

Residential natural gas, Mountain

WPU055121018

Residential natural gas, Pacific

WPU055121019

Commercial natural gas

WPU0552

Commercial natural gas

WPU055221

Commercial natural gas

WPU05522101

Commercial natural gas, New England

WPU055221011

Commercial natural gas, Middle Atlantic

WPU055221012

Commercial natural gas, East North Central

WPU055221013

Commercial natural gas, West North Central

WPU055221014

Commercial natural gas, South Atlantic

WPU055221015

Commercial natural gas, East South Central

WPU055221016

Commercial natural gas, West South Central

WPU055221017

Commercial natural gas, Mountain

WPU055221018

Commercial natural gas, Pacific

WPU055221019

Industrial natural gas

WPU0553

Industrial natural gas

WPU055321

Industrial natural gas

WPU05532101

Industrial natural gas, New England

WPU055321011 (*)

Industrial natural gas, Middle Atlantic

WPU055321012 (*)

Industrial natural gas, East North Central

WPU055321013

Industrial natural gas, West North Central

WPU055321014

Industrial natural gas, South Atlantic

WPU055321015 (*)

Industrial natural gas, East South Central

WPU055321016 (*)

Industrial natural gas, West South Central

WPU055321017 (*)

Industrial natural gas, Mountain

WPU055321018 (*)

Industrial natural gas, Pacific

WPU055321019 (*)

Natural gas to electric power

WPU0554

Natural gas to electric power

WPU055421

Natural gas to electric power

WPU05542101

Footnotes:
(*) Data begins in September 2016.


Table 2. PPI Industry Data Structure for Natural Gas Distribution by Region
PPI Title Series ID Code

Natural gas distribution

PCU221210221210

Primary products

PCU221210221210P

Natural gas to ultimate consumers

PCU22121022121011

Residential natural gas

PCU221210221210112

New England residential natural gas

PCU2212102212101121

Middle Atlantic residential natural gas

PCU2212102212101122

East North Central residential natural gas

PCU2212102212101123

West North Central residential natural gas

PCU2212102212101124

South Atlantic residential natural gas

PCU2212102212101125

East South Central residential natural gas

PCU2212102212101126

West South Central residential natural gas

PCU2212102212101127

Mountain residential natural gas

PCU2212102212101128

Pacific residential natural gas

PCU2212102212101129

Commercial natural gas

PCU221210221210113

New England commercial natural gas

PCU2212102212101131

Middle Atlantic commercial natural gas

PCU2212102212101132

East North Central commercial natural gas

PCU2212102212101133

West North Central commercial natural gas

PCU2212102212101134

South Atlantic commercial natural gas

PCU2212102212101135

East South Central commercial natural gas

PCU2212102212101136

West South Central commercial natural gas

PCU2212102212101137

Mountain commercial natural gas

PCU2212102212101138

Pacific commercial natural gas

PCU2212102212101139

Industrial natural gas

PCU221210221210114

New England industrial natural gas

PCU2212102212101141 (*)

Middle Atlantic industrial natural gas

PCU2212102212101142 (*)

East North Central industrial natural gas

PCU2212102212101143

West North Central industrial natural gas

PCU2212102212101144

South Atlantic industrial natural gas

PCU2212102212101145 (*)

East South Central industrial natural gas

PCU2212102212101146 (*)

West South Central industrial natural gas

PCU2212102212101147 (*)

Mountain industrial natural gas

PCU2212102212101148 (*)

Pacific industrial natural gas

PCU2212102212101149 (*)

To electric power

PCU221210221210115

Other customers including vehicle fuel

PCU221210221210117

Delivered to ultimate consumers for the account of others (transportation only)

PCU22121022121012

Industrial consumer

PCU221210221210122

Other consumers

PCU221210221210123

Secondary products and miscellaneous receipts

PCU221210221210SM

Miscellaneous receipts

PCU221210221210M

Secondary products

PCU221210221210S

Footnotes:
(*) Data begins in September 2016.


For further information, contact the PPI Section of Index Analysis and Public Information at ppi-info@bls.gov or (202) 691-7705.


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Last Modified Date: November 16, 2016