Mid-Atlantic Consumer Price Index Card

Monthly and Bimonthly Indexes

Consumer Price Indexes for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), U.S. city averages and selected areas, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item U.S. city
average
Philadelphia-
Wilmington-
Atlantic City
Washington-
Baltimore (1)
Northeast
region
South
region
Jul
2016
Percent change from
Jul
2015
Jul
2016
Percent change from
Jul
2015
Jul
2016
Percent change from
Jul
2015
Jul
2016
Percent change from
Jul
2015
Jul
2016
Percent change from
Jul
2015

All items (2)

240.647 0.8     157.673 1.4 255.449 0.8 233.287 0.7

All items (1967 = 100) (3)

720.871           402.255   378.423  

Food and beverages (2)

247.267 0.3     156.941 1.5 252.342 0.2 245.569 0.0

Food (2)

247.554 0.2     158.409 1.6 252.378 0.2 246.816 -0.1

Food at home

238.207 -1.6 240.893 -1.4 147.176 0.5 244.816 -1.5 236.861 -1.5

Food away from home (4)

263.051 2.8     170.101 3.0 266.926 2.6 264.492 1.8

Alcoholic beverages (4)

242.032 1.2     136.376 -0.1 250.699 0.3 227.781 1.5

Housing (2)

244.936 2.4     171.568 2.1 270.407 1.9 226.738 1.8

Shelter

288.780 3.3 311.803 0.9 183.138 2.0 335.313 2.8 258.147 2.6

Rent of primary residence (2) (5)

296.862 3.8 290.691 0.1 202.104 1.2 334.853 2.8 266.237 3.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (5) (6)

295.554 3.3 320.823 1.1 182.552 1.6 346.019 2.9 259.773 2.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (5) (6)

295.518 3.3 320.823 1.1 182.540 1.6 345.739 2.9 259.762 2.4

Fuels and utilities

233.713 -0.2     197.167 6.1 208.943 -1.3 234.047 -1.1

Household energy

196.422 -1.4 167.940 -2.8 186.476 6.3 184.098 -2.2 191.331 -2.3

Energy services (5)

201.832 -0.9 181.460 -1.6 179.995 7.0 186.676 0.1 191.968 -2.2

Electricity (5)

214.193 -1.0 194.042 -0.7 191.295 4.7 197.943 -0.7 192.323 -2.8

Utility (piped) gas service (5)

162.129 -0.4 147.807 -4.3 129.088 18.0 149.579 2.8 173.645 1.7

Household furnishings and operations

121.565 -0.9     87.139 -1.9 120.854 -2.0 121.494 -0.2

Apparel (2)

123.030 0.3     100.039 15.3 127.212 -0.2 132.727 1.9

Transportation (2)

197.145 -4.9     139.239 -4.2 197.243 -4.0 196.101 -4.1

Private transportation

191.796 -5.1     137.338 -4.3 188.370 -4.5 193.899 -4.3

Motor fuel

196.053 -19.8 195.179 -20.1 193.561 -17.4 190.982 -17.8 185.421 -19.2

Gasoline

195.243 -19.9 192.503 -20.1 193.509 -17.4 190.233 -17.8 184.548 -19.2

Medical care (2)

464.582 4.0     183.648 2.4 488.465 4.5 440.883 3.9

Recreation (7)

117.358 0.9     119.188 0.6 120.913 -0.5 117.984 1.3

Education and communication (7)

138.790 0.9     151.978 1.7 140.870 1.6 136.731 1.3

Other goods and services (2)

423.439 1.9     178.098 -0.3 463.534 2.4 415.302 2.1

Energy (2)

195.940 -10.9 177.991 -10.6 189.089 -5.5 187.052 -9.6 184.712 -10.9

Footnotes
(1) For Washington-Baltimore, Dec. 1997=100 unless otherwise noted.
(2) For Washington-Baltimore, Nov. 1996=100.
(3) For the Northeast and the South, Dec. 1977=100.
(4) For Washington-Baltimore, Nov. 1997=100.
(5) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
(6) For the U.S., Philadelphia, Northeast, and South, Dec. 1982 = 100.
(7) Indexes are on the Dec. 1997=100 base.

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md., CMSA includes Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties in Pennsylvania; Atlantic, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester, and Salem Counties in New Jersey; New Castle County in Delaware; and Cecil County in Maryland.

Washington-Baltimore, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va., CMSA includes the District of Columbia; Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Calvert, Carroll, Charles, Frederick, Harford, Howard, Montgomery, Prince George's, Queen Anne's, and Washington Counties and Baltimore City in Maryland; Arlington, Clarke, Fairfax, Fauquier, King George, Loudoun, Prince William, Rappahannock, Spotsylvania, Stafford and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; and Berkeley and Jefferson Counties in West Virginia.

Northeast region includes the states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

South region includes the District of Columbia and the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Consumer Price Indexes for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), U.S. city averages and selected areas, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item U.S. city average Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City Washington-Baltimore (1) Northeast region South region
Jul
2016
Percent change from
Jul
2015
Jul
2016
Percent change from
Jul
2015
Jul
2016
Percent change from
Jul
2015
Jul
2016
Percent change from
Jul
2015
Jul
2016
Percent change from
Jul
2015

All items (2)

234.789 0.4     157.263 1.1 251.489 0.5 229.277 0.2

All items (1967 = 100) (3)

699.364           392.812   371.339  

Food and beverages (2)

246.494 0.2     155.791 1.5 250.992 0.1 244.713 -0.2

Food (2)

246.497 0.1     156.885 1.6 250.936 0.1 245.593 -0.3

Food at home

237.382 -1.7 244.640 -1.8 146.744 0.6 243.405 -1.5 235.924 -1.6

Food away from home (4)

263.238 3.0     168.573 3.1 267.502 2.9 263.428 1.8

Alcoholic beverages (4)

245.419 1.6     140.942 -0.2 250.042 0.6 231.677 1.7

Housing (2)

241.153 2.4     176.419 1.8 267.680 1.9 226.935 1.8

Shelter

281.611 3.3 318.104 0.8 186.353 1.8 331.178 2.9 258.006 2.8

Rent of primary residence (2) (5)

293.919 3.7 290.691 0.1 202.221 1.2 330.359 2.9 264.713 3.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (5) (6)

266.999 3.2 285.314 1.1 181.875 1.7 304.762 3.0 241.418 2.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (5) (6)

266.989 3.2 285.314 1.1 181.871 1.7 304.789 3.0 241.376 2.4

Fuels and utilities

232.674 -0.2     195.050 5.3 209.951 -0.9 234.831 -1.1

Household energy

195.202 -1.3 167.753 -2.8 184.342 5.2 185.029 -1.7 190.692 -2.4

Energy services (5)

200.955 -0.9 183.508 -1.6 179.670 5.3 186.837 0.0 192.254 -2.4

Electricity (5)

211.569 -1.0 194.041 -0.7 187.014 3.2 198.437 -0.8 190.214 -2.8

Utility (piped) gas service (5)

161.608 -0.5 147.804 -4.3 131.410 17.1 149.294 2.6 176.947 1.0

Household furnishings and operations

116.509 -1.1     84.539 -2.7 112.538 -3.1 115.564 -0.7

Apparel (2)

122.261 0.0     100.292 14.2 127.283 0.2 131.489 1.0

Transportation (2)

195.435 -5.5     139.851 -3.8 198.221 -4.3 192.876 -5.0

Private transportation

191.493 -5.7     138.517 -3.9 190.913 -4.7 190.921 -5.1

Motor fuel

196.837 -19.9 195.156 -20.1 193.576 -17.5 191.337 -17.7 185.102 -19.1

Gasoline

196.124 -20.0 192.503 -20.1 193.386 -17.5 190.688 -17.7 184.291 -19.2

Medical care (2)

468.596 4.3     182.770 2.4 487.655 4.9 447.611 4.1

Recreation (7)

113.012 0.8     112.523 0.5 121.373 -0.9 113.672 1.3

Education and communication (7)

129.652 0.6     132.295 1.5 129.902 1.0 126.216 1.0

Other goods and services (2)

459.588 2.1     205.539 -1.4 529.600 2.6 446.400 2.2

Energy (2)

194.868 -11.6 175.688 -10.7 189.515 -6.4 186.963 -9.8 183.612 -11.4

Footnotes
(1) For Washington-Baltimore, Dec. 1997=100 unless otherwise noted.
(2) For Washington-Baltimore, Nov. 1996=100.
(3) For the Northeast and the South, Dec. 1977=100.
(4) For Washington-Baltimore, Nov. 1997=100.
(5) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
(6) For the U.S., Philadelphia, Northeast, and South, Dec. 1984 = 100.
(7) Indexes are on the Dec. 1997=100 base.

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md., CMSA includes Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties in Pennsylvania; Atlantic, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester, and Salem Counties in New Jersey; New Castle County in Delaware; and Cecil County in Maryland.

Washington-Baltimore, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va., CMSA includes the District of Columbia; Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Calvert, Carroll, Charles, Frederick, Harford, Howard, Montgomery, Prince George's, Queen Anne's, and Washington Counties and Baltimore City in Maryland; Arlington, Clarke, Fairfax, Fauquier, King George, Loudoun, Prince William, Rappahannock, Spotsylvania, Stafford and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; and Berkeley and Jefferson Counties in West Virginia.

Northeast region includes the states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

South region includes the District of Columbia and the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

 

Consumer Price Indexes and percent changes for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), all items, U.S. city averages and selected areas, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Area Index Percent change to
Jul 2016 from --
Jun
2016
Jul
2016
Jul
2015
May
2016
Jun
2016

U.S. city average

241.038 240.647 0.8 0.2 -0.2


 

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.

230.307 228.415 -0.1 -0.4 -0.8

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, Calif.

249.947 249.936 1.2 0.1 0.0

New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa.

264.022 263.868 1.0 0.2 -0.1


 

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, Mass.-N.H.-Maine-Conn.

  260.800 1.5 0.0  

Cleveland-Akron, Ohio

  222.010 -0.6 0.0  

Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas

  221.519 1.3 0.4  

Washington-Baltimore, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va. (1)

  157.673 1.4 -0.1  


 

Atlanta, Ga.

226.724        

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, Mich.

224.070        

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, Texas

217.305        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, Fla.

250.208        

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.

245.980        

San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, Calif.

266.041        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, Wash.

256.098        

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a Nov. 1996=100 base.

 

Consumer Price Indexes and percent changes for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), all items, U.S. city averages and selected areas, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Area Index Percent change to
Jul 2016 from --
Jun
2016
Jul
2016
Jul
2015
May
2016
Jun
2016

U.S. city average

235.308 234.789 0.4 0.1 -0.2


 

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.

222.573 220.838 -0.4 -0.4 -0.8

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, Calif.

240.660 240.713 0.3 0.1 0.0

New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa.

258.413 258.211 0.8 0.2 -0.1


 

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, Mass.-N.H.-Maine-Conn.

  259.204 1.2 0.1  

Cleveland-Akron, Ohio

  211.809 -0.8 0.0  

Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas

  226.121 0.9 0.4  

Washington-Baltimore, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va. (1)

  157.263 1.1 -0.2  


 

Atlanta, Ga.

224.201        

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, Mich.

219.044        

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, Texas

212.758        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, Fla.

246.804        

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.

247.163        

San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, Calif.

261.017        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, Wash.

251.848        

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a Nov. 1996=100 base.

 

Semiannual Indexes

Consumer Price Indexes for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), semiannual averages for the United States and Pittsburgh, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item U.S. city
average
Pittsburgh
1st half 2016 Percent
change from
1st half 2015
1st half 2016 Percent
change from
1st half 2015

All items

238.782 1.1 242.998 1.6

All items (1967 = 100)

715.286   741.502  

Food and beverages

247.877 0.8 255.160 0.6

Food

248.194 0.7 254.871 0.6

Food at home

240.471 -0.6 250.246 0.0

Food away from home

261.213 2.7 263.318 1.3

Alcoholic beverages

242.195 1.2 259.706 0.7

Housing

241.968 2.2 244.927 1.6

Shelter

285.660 3.3 277.851 2.4

Rent of primary residence (1)

293.897 3.7 237.223 1.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

292.631 3.2 277.946 2.6

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

292.591 3.2 277.946 2.6

Fuels and utilities

225.698 -2.3 240.785 -2.4

Household energy

188.031 -4.2 212.755 -5.2

Energy services (1)

193.037 -3.4 211.488 -3.1

Electricity (1)

204.746 -2.0 194.960 5.2

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

155.392 -8.2 181.312 -17.7

Household furnishings and operations

122.137 -0.6 148.720 0.1

Apparel

125.979 0.0 172.414 14.7

Transportation

193.855 -3.0 178.814 -2.3

Private transportation

188.101 -3.2 174.178 -3.0

Motor fuel

181.879 -16.1 198.927 -15.1

Gasoline

181.166 -16.0 201.055 -15.0

Medical care

459.172 3.3 471.602 1.6

Recreation (3)

117.062 1.0 121.731 4.0

Education and communication (3)

139.197 1.2 148.032 0.6

Other goods and services

420.851 1.9 446.185 6.6

Energy

184.935 -10.0 213.303 -9.6

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
(2) Indexes are on the Dec. 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes are on the Dec. 1997=100 base.

Pittsburgh, Pa. MSA includes Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties.

 

Consumer Price Indexes for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), semiannual averages for the United States and Pittsburgh, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item U.S. city
Average
Pittsburgh
1st half 2016 Percent
change from
1st half 2015
1st half 2016 Percent
change from
1st half 2015

All items

232.905 0.8 234.490 1.1

All items (1967 = 100)

693.754   697.410  

Food and beverages

247.139 0.7 256.548 0.4

Food

247.180 0.6 255.378 0.4

Food at home

239.494 -0.7 249.719 -0.1

Food away from home

261.492 2.7 267.962 1.3

Alcoholic beverages

245.408 1.5 264.737 0.8

Housing

238.154 2.1 224.008 1.4

Shelter

278.690 3.3 242.688 2.4

Rent of primary residence (1)

291.044 3.7 237.223 1.8

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

264.389 3.1 258.247 2.6

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

264.376 3.1 258.247 2.6

Fuels and utilities

224.609 -2.3 248.722 -2.8

Household energy

186.872 -4.1 222.148 -5.4

Energy services (1)

192.157 -3.4 214.959 -3.6

Electricity (1)

202.154 -2.2 194.960 5.2

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

155.019 -8.2 181.313 -17.7

Household furnishings and operations

117.179 -0.9 133.142 -0.4

Apparel

125.575 0.0 176.535 13.5

Transportation

191.661 -3.4 189.052 -3.1

Private transportation

187.459 -3.6 187.182 -3.4

Motor fuel

182.601 -16.1 199.091 -15.1

Gasoline

181.968 -16.0 201.051 -15.0

Medical care

463.007 3.5 459.618 1.8

Recreation (3)

112.837 0.8 122.632 3.3

Education and communication (3)

130.108 0.9 136.097 0.4

Other goods and services

456.687 2.2 489.667 5.0

Energy

183.756 -10.4 212.795 -9.9

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series converted to a geometric means estimator in January, 1999.
(2) Indexes are on the Dec. 1984=100 base.
(3) Indexes are on the Dec. 1997=100 base.

Pittsburgh, Pa. MSA includes Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties.

 

Consumer Price Indexes and percent changes for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), all items, U.S. city averages and selected areas, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Area Index Percent change from
1st half 2016 1st half 2015 2nd half 2015

U.S. city average

238.782 1.1 0.4


 

Anchorage, Alaska

216.999 -0.1 0.1

Atlanta, Ga.

223.488 1.6 0.1

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, Mass.-N.H.-Maine-Conn.

259.188 1.1 0.8

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.

228.659 0.6 0.2

Cincinnati-Hamilton, Ohio-Ky.-Ind.

224.871 0.9 0.5


 

Cleveland-Akron, Ohio

220.528 0.1 0.0

Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas

219.223 0.9 0.7

Denver-Boulder-Greeley, Colo.

245.191 3.0 1.4

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, Mich.

220.602 1.3 0.4

Honolulu, Hawaii

264.038 2.4 0.6


 

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, Texas

215.237 1.6 0.5

Kansas City, Mo.-Kans.

222.963 0.7 0.0

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, Calif.

248.355 2.1 1.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, Fla.

248.156 1.6 0.7

Milwaukee-Racine, Wis.

227.147 0.4 0.1


 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.-Wis.

232.777 1.5 0.4

New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa.

262.113 0.8 0.4

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.

244.286 0.3 0.1

Phoenix-Mesa, Ariz. (1)

129.103 1.4 0.3

Pittsburgh, Pa.

242.998 1.6 0.4


 

Portland-Salem, Ore.-Wash.

247.143 1.7 0.7

St. Louis, Mo.-Ill.

219.792 0.6 -0.1

San Diego, Calif.

272.628 2.0 0.4

San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, Calif.

263.911 2.8 1.3

Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, Wash.

253.122 2.2 0.8


 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla. (2)

212.502 0.5 0.4

Washington-Baltimore, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va. (3)

156.770 1.2 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a Dec. 2001=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a Nov. 1996=100 base.

 

Consumer Price Indexes and percent changes for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W), all items, U.S. city averages and selected areas, not seasonally adjusted
(1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Area Index Percent change from
1st half 2016 1st half 2015 2nd half 2015

U.S. city average

232.905 0.8 0.2


 

Anchorage, Alaska

214.522 -0.4 -0.1

Atlanta, Ga.

220.550 1.2 -0.1

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, Mass.-N.H.-Maine-Conn.

257.718 0.6 0.7

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.

220.579 0.1 -0.2

Cincinnati-Hamilton, Ohio-Ky.-Ind.

218.060 0.9 0.3


 

Cleveland-Akron, Ohio

210.477 -0.1 -0.1

Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas

223.701 0.6 0.5

Denver-Boulder-Greeley, Colo.

234.248 2.7 1.1

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, Mich.

215.414 1.2 0.1

Honolulu, Hawaii

258.879 1.9 0.4


 

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, Texas

210.479 1.1 0.2

Kansas City, Mo.-Kans.

213.196 0.4 -0.3

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, Calif.

239.440 1.7 0.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, Fla.

244.266 1.0 0.3

Milwaukee-Racine, Wis.

230.165 -0.2 -0.4


 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.-Wis.

225.780 1.4 0.3

New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Conn.-Pa.

256.607 0.7 0.4

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.

245.460 0.2 0.1

Phoenix-Mesa, Ariz. (1)

127.194 1.3 0.2

Pittsburgh, Pa.

234.490 1.1 0.1


 

Portland-Salem, Ore.-Wash.

237.784 1.2 0.4

St. Louis, Mo.-Ill.

217.752 0.2 -0.6

San Diego, Calif.

256.287 1.9 0.5

San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, Calif.

258.715 2.6 1.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, Wash.

248.769 2.3 0.8


 

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla. (2)

211.734 0.3 0.2

Washington-Baltimore, D.C.-Md.-Va.-W.Va. (3)

156.492 1.2 0.5

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a Dec. 2001=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a 1987=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a Nov. 1996=100 base.