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14-1058-PHI
June 05, 2014

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Occupational Employment and Wages in York-Hanover – May 2013

Workers in the York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $20.02 in May 2013, 10 percent below the nationwide average of $22.33, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly lower than their respective national averages in 12 of the 22 major occupational groups, including arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; architecture and engineering; and community and social service. Only one group had an hourly wage that was significantly higher than its respective national average—production. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

 

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2013
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States York United States York Percent difference(1)

Total, all occupations

100.0
100
$22.33
$20.02*
-11

Management

4.9
3.3*
53.15
49.22*
-9

Business and financial operations

5.0
3.7*
34.14
31.02*
-7

Computer and mathematical

2.8
1.3*
39.43
35.31*
-12

Architecture and engineering

1.8
1.9
38.51
33.94*
-15

Life, physical, and social science

0.9
0.4*
33.37
28.36*
-9

Community and social service

1.4
1.6
21.50
18.47*
-13

Legal

0.8
0.3*
47.89
32.57*
-35

Education, training, and library

6.3
5.6*
24.76
24.18
-5

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3
0.9*
26.72
16.56*
-33

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.8
6.1
35.93
34.27
-2

Healthcare support

3.0
2.7*
13.61
13.44
0

Protective service

2.5
1.6*
20.92
20.35
-3

Food preparation and serving related

9.0
8.6*
10.38
9.98*
-2

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2
2.8*
12.51
12.39
-4

Personal care and service

3.0
2.5*
11.88
12.14
4

Sales and related

10.6
10.3
18.37
16.26*
-8

Office and administrative support

16.2
14.9*
16.78
15.85*
-7

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3
0.1*
11.70
12.62
18

Construction and extraction

3.8
4.3*
21.94
20.6*
-5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9
4.5*
21.35
21.2
-4

Production

6.6
12.3*
16.79
17.8*
6

Transportation and material moving

6.8
10.2*
16.28
16.72
-3
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in York-Hanover is above the national mean wage, while a negative percent difference reflects a lower wage.
 

When compared to the nationwide distribution, York employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups—production; transportation and material moving; installation, maintenance, and repair; and construction and extraction. Conversely, 14 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation; these groups included management, computer and mathematical, and business and financial operations.

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. York had 21,380 jobs in production, accounting for 12.3 percent of local area employment, nearly twice the 6.6-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $17.80, measurably above the national wage of $16.79.

With employment of 2,050, team assemblers was the largest occupation within the production group, followed by production helpers (1,330) and first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (1,270). Among the higher-paying jobs were first-line supervisors of production and operating workers and tool and die makers, with mean hourly wages of $27.75 and $21.73, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were engine and other machine assemblers ($12.64) and bakers ($12.13). (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_49620.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area as it does nationally. In the York area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, engine and other machine assemblers were employed at over 12 times the national rate in York, and tool and die makers, at nearly three-and-a-half times the U.S. average.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry.

Note

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2013 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, and November 2010. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 75.3 percent based on establishments and 71.6 percent based on employment. The sample in the York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,009 establishments with a response rate of 76 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.

The May 2013 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

 

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The York-Hanover, Pa. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes York County in Pennsylvania.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at http://www.bls.gov/ro3. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2013/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.
 

 

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2013
Occupation(1) Employment(2) Mean wages
Level Location quotient(3) Hourly Annual(4)

Production occupations

21,380 1.9 $17.80 $ 37,030

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

1,270 1.7 27.75 57,720

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers

70 3.5 13.98 29,080

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

410 1.6 13.69 28,480

Electromechanical equipment assemblers

220 3.5 19.34 40,220

Engine and other machine assemblers

660 12.7 12.64 26,280

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

240 2.4 22.44 46,670

Team assemblers

2,050 1.5 16.69 34,720

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

260 0.8 15.29 31,810

Bakers

360 1.7 12.13 25,220

Butchers and meat cutters

320 1.8 12.82 26,670

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

(5) (5) 11.06 23,010

Food batchmakers

160 1.1 13.89 28,880

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

290 6.4 14.53 30,220

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

390 2.1 21.19 44,070

Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic

30 1.0 24.53 51,020

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

240 2.5 15.50 32,230

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

730 3.0 16.94 35,230

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffering machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

490 5.3 20.25 42,110

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 17.74 36,910

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

90 3.0 19.73 41,030

Machinists

990 1.9 19.97 41,550

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

290 1.8 16.04 33,360

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

530 4.3 18.65 38,780

Tool and die makers

350 3.4 21.73 45,210

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

1,030 2.2 20.22 42,070

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

210 3.1 20.50 42,640

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

50 1.7 18.15 37,750

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

110 2.3 19.57 40,720

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

(5) (5) 16.40 34,120

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

(5) (5) 17.01 35,390

Prepress technicians and workers

120 2.5 17.63 36,660

Printing press operators

650 3.0 17.41 36,220

Print binding and finishing workers

150 2.2 15.90 33,070

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

200 0.8 10.25 21,310

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

50 0.8 9.83 20,440

Sewing machine operators

160 0.9 12.58 26,160

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

110 1.0 16.76 34,860

Furniture finishers

40 2.0 (5) (5)

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

60 1.1 12.64 26,290

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

310 3.6 12.65 26,310

Power plant operators

(5) (5) 29.33 61,010

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

40 0.8 22.67 47,150

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

200 1.4 20.93 43,530

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

140 1.7 19.58 40,720

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

(5) (5) 13.98 29,090

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

190 1.2 17.66 36,740

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

330 4.2 15.78 32,830

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

30 0.4 18.39 38,260

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

1,250 2.0 18.86 39,220

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

70 1.8 11.95 24,860

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

1,130 2.3 14.86 30,900

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

190 1.7 17.56 36,510

Painters, transportation equipment

(5) (5) 17.76 36,930

Painting, coating, and decorating workers

(5) (5) 17.41 36,220

Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

30 1.4 15.60 32,440

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

50 2.1 14.55 30,260

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

(5) (5) 15.05 31,300

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

950 7.7 21.27 44,240

Helpers--production workers

1,330 2.4 12.83 26,690

Production workers, all other

200 0.7 16.76 34,860

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the York-Hanover MSA, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_49620.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ' year-round, full-time' hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimates not released.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, June 05, 2014