News Release Information

15-1037-KAN
Wednesday, June 24, 2015

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Utah – Third Quarter 2014

From June 2014 to September 2014, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Utah totaled 76,505, while gross job losses numbered 65,137, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 11,368. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross jobs gains exceeded gross job losses by 5,400 during the previous quarter.

 

 Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses in Utah, September 2009-September 2014 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Utah’s gross job gains have been above 70,000 in 8 of the last 10 quarters. Gross job gains reached a series high in March 2006 when Utah gained 84,747 jobs. Gross job losses declined by 5,009 in the three months ended in September 2014 after increasing in the previous quarter. (See chart 1.) Gross job losses peaked in March 2009, when 86,448 jobs were lost within a three month period.

 Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Utah, September 2009-September 2014 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 7.1 percent of private sector employment in Utah in the quarter ended September 2014, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.2 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job gains in Utah has been above the U.S. rate since 1992 when data were first published. The rate of gross job losses in Utah has matched or exceeded the U.S. rate each quarter since December 1995.

During the third quarter 2014, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 10 of the 11 industry sectors in Utah. For example, within professional and business services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,127. While 15,742 jobs in the industry were created by opening and expanding establishments, 12,615 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the three months ended in September 2014. In education and health services, 8,339 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and 6,168 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in the transportation and warehousing sector during the third quarter of 2014. The 2,372 jobs lost in contracting and closing establishments offset the 2,304 jobs created in expanding and opening establishments, resulting in a net loss of 68 jobs.

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Fourth Quarter 2014 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 29, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Utah, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Sept.
2013
Dec.
2013
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

71,558 77,520 69,642 75,546 76,505 6.9 7.4 6.5 7.0 7.1

At expanding establishments

57,988 63,773 57,653 60,496 63,534 5.6 6.1 5.4 5.6 5.9

At opening establishments

13,570 13,747 11,989 15,050 12,971 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.2

Gross job losses

65,955 64,131 63,801 70,146 65,137 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.6 6.0

At contracting establishments

55,834 51,507 53,052 58,580 52,923 5.4 4.9 5.0 5.5 4.9

At closing establishments

10,121 12,624 10,749 11,566 12,214 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1

Net employment change (2)

5,603 13,389 5,841 5,400 11,368 0.5 1.3 0.5 0.4 1.1

Construction

 

Gross job gains

8,586 8,643 9,013 9,286 8,488 11.8 11.7 11.7 11.8 10.9

At expanding establishments

6,788 6,856 7,402 7,490 6,856 9.3 9.3 9.6 9.5 8.8

At opening establishments

1,798 1,787 1,611 1,796 1,632 2.5 2.4 2.1 2.3 2.1

Gross job losses

8,075 7,961 6,623 8,499 7,981 11.1 10.7 8.6 10.8 10.2

At contracting establishments

6,493 6,314 5,478 7,073 6,272 8.9 8.5 7.1 9.0 8.0

At closing establishments

1,582 1,647 1,145 1,426 1,709 2.2 2.2 1.5 1.8 2.2

Net employment change (2)

511 682 2,390 787 507 0.7 1.0 3.1 1.0 0.7

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

4,178 4,642 4,189 4,444 4,070 3.6 4.0 3.5 3.7 3.4

At expanding establishments

3,645 4,326 3,868 3,969 3,640 3.1 3.7 3.2 3.3 3.0

At opening establishments

533 316 321 475 430 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4

Gross job losses

4,041 4,278 3,891 3,916 4,017 3.4 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.3

At contracting establishments

3,580 3,868 2,991 3,488 3,603 3.0 3.3 2.5 2.9 3.0

At closing establishments

461 410 900 428 414 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.3

Net employment change (2)

137 364 298 528 53 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.1

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

2,293 2,510 2,380 2,455 2,571 4.8 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.2

At expanding establishments

1,928 2,012 1,959 1,962 2,066 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.2

At opening establishments

365 498 421 493 505 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0

Gross job losses

2,134 2,166 2,112 2,157 2,031 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.2

At contracting establishments

1,660 1,673 1,578 1,770 1,638 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.4

At closing establishments

474 493 534 387 393 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.8

Net employment change (2)

159 344 268 298 540 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.0

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

8,693 9,057 9,188 9,564 10,223 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.7

At expanding establishments

7,393 7,872 7,956 8,137 8,652 5.0 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.7

At opening establishments

1,300 1,185 1,232 1,427 1,571 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0

Gross job losses

8,146 8,198 7,895 8,647 8,661 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.7

At contracting establishments

7,309 7,181 7,130 7,417 7,296 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.9 4.8

At closing establishments

837 1,017 765 1,230 1,365 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.9

Net employment change (2)

547 859 1,293 917 1,562 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.6 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

2,260 3,462 2,631 3,256 2,304 5.1 7.5 5.7 6.9 5.0

At expanding establishments

1,835 3,037 2,351 2,872 1,951 4.1 6.6 5.1 6.1 4.2

At opening establishments

425 425 280 384 353 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.8

Gross job losses

2,005 1,787 2,919 2,094 2,372 4.4 3.9 6.2 4.5 5.1

At contracting establishments

1,716 1,500 2,669 1,770 1,913 3.8 3.3 5.7 3.8 4.1

At closing establishments

289 287 250 324 459 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 1.0

Net employment change (2)

255 1,675 -288 1,162 -68 0.7 3.6 -0.5 2.4 -0.1

Information

 

Gross job gains

1,632 2,446 1,926 1,963 2,425 5.2 7.7 6.0 6.1 7.5

At expanding establishments

1,407 1,929 1,545 1,569 2,038 4.5 6.1 4.8 4.9 6.3

At opening establishments

225 517 381 394 387 0.7 1.6 1.2 1.2 1.2

Gross job losses

1,683 1,548 1,464 2,203 1,881 5.4 4.9 4.6 6.9 5.9

At contracting establishments

1,337 1,076 1,240 1,789 1,527 4.3 3.4 3.9 5.6 4.8

At closing establishments

346 472 224 414 354 1.1 1.5 0.7 1.3 1.1

Net employment change (2)

-51 898 462 -240 544 -0.2 2.8 1.4 -0.8 1.6

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

4,563 4,396 3,669 4,837 4,781 6.2 6.0 4.9 6.6 6.3

At expanding establishments

3,454 3,305 2,904 3,667 3,690 4.7 4.5 3.9 5.0 4.9

At opening establishments

1,109 1,091 765 1,170 1,091 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.6 1.4

Gross job losses

3,921 4,616 4,115 3,743 3,554 5.3 6.3 5.6 5.1 4.7

At contracting establishments

3,171 3,016 3,040 2,935 2,676 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.5

At closing establishments

750 1,600 1,075 808 878 1.0 2.2 1.5 1.1 1.2

Net employment change (2)

642 -220 -446 1,094 1,227 0.9 -0.3 -0.7 1.5 1.6

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

16,787 17,394 12,405 15,403 15,742 9.6 9.7 6.8 8.5 8.7

At expanding establishments

12,958 14,093 9,864 12,118 13,083 7.4 7.9 5.4 6.7 7.2

At opening establishments

3,829 3,301 2,541 3,285 2,659 2.2 1.8 1.4 1.8 1.5

Gross job losses

13,383 12,375 13,782 14,836 12,615 7.6 6.9 7.6 8.2 6.9

At contracting establishments

11,243 9,610 11,118 11,846 10,108 6.4 5.4 6.1 6.5 5.5

At closing establishments

2,140 2,765 2,664 2,990 2,507 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.4

Net employment change (2)

3,404 5,019 -1,377 567 3,127 2.0 2.8 -0.8 0.3 1.8

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

7,922 7,837 7,294 7,012 8,339 5.1 5.0 4.6 4.4 5.2

At expanding establishments

6,919 6,242 6,055 5,281 7,014 4.5 4.0 3.8 3.3 4.4

At opening establishments

1,003 1,595 1,239 1,731 1,325 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.1 0.8

Gross job losses

6,925 6,143 6,014 7,788 6,168 4.4 3.9 3.8 4.9 3.9

At contracting establishments

5,614 4,854 5,032 6,526 4,896 3.6 3.1 3.2 4.1 3.1

At closing establishments

1,311 1,289 982 1,262 1,272 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.8

Net employment change (2)

997 1,694 1,280 -776 2,171 0.7 1.1 0.8 -0.5 1.3

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

11,193 13,442 12,827 13,256 13,499 9.0 10.7 10.1 10.4 10.5

At expanding establishments

8,953 11,176 10,335 10,318 11,238 7.2 8.9 8.1 8.1 8.7

At opening establishments

2,240 2,266 2,492 2,938 2,261 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.3 1.8

Gross job losses

11,944 11,530 11,836 12,471 11,861 9.6 9.2 9.3 9.7 9.2

At contracting establishments

10,604 9,710 10,346 10,807 9,763 8.5 7.7 8.1 8.4 7.6

At closing establishments

1,340 1,820 1,490 1,664 2,098 1.1 1.5 1.2 1.3 1.6

Net employment change (2)

-751 1,912 991 785 1,638 -0.6 1.5 0.8 0.7 1.3

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

2,114 2,245 2,506 2,543 2,495 7.1 7.4 8.1 8.1 7.9

At expanding establishments

1,613 1,754 2,070 1,916 2,028 5.4 5.8 6.7 6.1 6.4

At opening establishments

501 491 436 627 467 1.7 1.6 1.4 2.0 1.5

Gross job losses

2,045 2,020 1,855 2,359 2,362 6.8 6.7 6.0 7.6 7.5

At contracting establishments

1,644 1,453 1,333 1,933 1,810 5.5 4.8 4.3 6.2 5.7

At closing establishments

401 567 522 426 552 1.3 1.9 1.7 1.4 1.8

Net employment change (2)

69 225 651 184 133 0.3 0.7 2.1 0.5 0.4

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended) (3 months ended)
Sept. Dec. Mar. June Sept. Sept. Dec. Mar. June Sept.
2013 2013 2014 2014 2014 2013 2013 2014 2014 2014

United States (1)

6.3 6.4 6.0 6.5 6.2 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.8

  Alabama

5.5 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.4

  Alaska

9.8 10.1 10.8 10.9 9.4 10.1 10.4 9.6 10.9 10.4

  Arizona

6.4 6.7 5.7 6.0 6.4 5.5 5.4 6.0 6.0 5.4

  Arkansas

5.8 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.5 5.0 4.9 5.3

  California

6.9 7.3 6.8 7.0 7.0 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.4 6.0

  Colorado

7.0 6.9 6.7 7.3 7.3 6.3 6.1 5.9 6.1 6.2

  Connecticut

5.3 5.3 5.1 5.6 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.0 4.8 5.3

  Delaware

6.6 6.6 6.3 6.5 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.2 6.1

  District of Columbia

6.0 5.8 5.9 6.4 5.7 5.1 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.5

  Florida

7.0 7.0 6.5 7.2 7.2 6.2 6.0 5.8 6.2 5.9

  Georgia

6.6 6.8 6.5 6.8 6.8 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.9 5.9

  Hawaii

5.6 5.4 4.8 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.5 5.1 5.1 4.7

  Idaho

7.7 8.3 8.4 7.7 7.5 7.2 7.3 7.2 8.0 7.3

  Illinois

5.7 5.8 5.8 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.8

  Indiana

5.6 6.1 5.3 5.9 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.5 5.0 5.3

  Iowa

5.9 6.0 5.8 6.2 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.7

  Kansas

6.1 6.2 5.7 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.5 5.7 5.8

  Kentucky

6.0 6.5 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.9 5.5 5.4

  Louisiana

6.9 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.0 6.1 5.8 6.4 5.8

  Maine

7.4 7.0 6.7 7.8 6.7 7.3 7.5 7.0 6.5 7.1

  Maryland

6.1 6.4 5.9 6.6 6.5 6.1 6.3 5.8 5.8 6.2

  Massachusetts

5.5 5.4 5.3 6.3 5.6 5.5 5.3 5.0 5.3 5.5

  Michigan

5.9 6.0 5.5 6.4 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.1 5.4 5.8

  Minnesota

5.6 5.6 5.3 6.5 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.1 5.9

  Mississippi

6.2 6.6 5.7 6.1 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.9 6.7 6.0

  Missouri

5.8 6.0 5.6 6.0 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.6

  Montana

7.7 8.2 7.2 8.2 8.0 7.6 7.5 7.9 7.7 8.1

  Nebraska

6.3 6.3 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.6 6.0 5.7

  Nevada

6.0 6.3 6.6 6.7 6.6 5.8 5.3 5.2 5.6 5.5

  New Hampshire

6.0 6.8 5.7 6.7 5.9 6.5 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.3

  New Jersey

6.2 6.4 5.9 6.9 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.2 5.8 6.3

  New Mexico

6.7 6.9 6.3 6.6 6.5 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.1

  New York

6.4 6.6 6.2 6.6 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.7 6.0

  North Carolina

6.3 6.4 5.9 6.4 6.1 5.8 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.8

  North Dakota

8.3 8.2 8.6 7.6 8.2 6.9 6.9 6.8 7.0 6.7

  Ohio

5.6 6.0 5.6 6.1 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.3 5.5

  Oklahoma

6.4 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.7 6.2 6.0 6.1 5.5

  Oregon

7.1 6.9 7.0 6.9 7.0 6.3 6.6 6.1 6.4 6.0

  Pennsylvania

5.2 5.4 5.2 5.6 5.2 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.8 5.1

  Rhode Island

6.2 6.2 5.7 6.5 5.9 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.8

  South Carolina

6.2 6.7 6.2 6.5 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.8

  South Dakota

6.2 6.9 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.0

  Tennessee

5.5 6.3 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.3 4.7 5.3 5.0 5.0

  Texas

6.0 6.1 5.9 6.0 6.0 5.2 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.1

  Utah

6.9 7.4 6.5 7.0 7.1 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.6 6.0

  Vermont

7.1 7.6 6.7 7.4 6.8 7.4 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.2

  Virginia

5.9 5.7 5.3 6.2 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.8

  Washington

7.0 6.9 6.6 7.3 7.0 6.6 6.3 5.9 5.5 6.0

  West Virginia

6.0 6.5 6.3 6.6 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.7 6.4 6.6

  Wisconsin

5.5 5.7 5.3 5.9 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.6

  Wyoming

8.4 9.4 8.4 8.7 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.0 8.2 8.4

  Puerto Rico

6.1 6.6 5.1 5.6 5.6 6.6 5.2 6.4 6.3 5.9

  Virgin Islands

5.7 5.5 4.9 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.0 6.1 6.4 5.5

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, June 24, 2015