News Release Information

14-1116-KAN
June 11, 2014

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Technical information:
Media contact:
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Business Employment Dynamics in Utah – September 2013

From June 2013 to September 2013, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Utah totaled 71,225, while gross job losses numbered 65,096, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 6,129. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that this is the fourteenth consecutive quarter where gross job gains have led gross job losses in Utah.

 Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses of employment in Utah, September 2008-September 2013 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Utah’s gross job gains have been above 70,000 in each of the last four quarters. Gross job losses declined by 2,369 in the three months ended in September 2013 after increasing in the previous two quarters. (See chart 1.) Job losses peaked in March 2009, when 86,145 jobs were lost within a three month period.

 Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Utah, September 2008-September 2013

Gross job gains represented 6.8 percent of private sector employment in Utah in the quarter ended September 2013, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.1 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job gains in Utah has been above the U.S. rate since 1992 when data were first published. The rate of gross job losses in Utah has matched or exceeded the U.S. rate since December 1995.

During the third quarter 2013, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in nine industry sectors in Utah. For example, within professional and business services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,402. While 13,326 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, 16,728 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in the 3 months ended in September 2013. In financial activities, 4,552 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and 3,688 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in two industry sectors, including leisure and hospitality in which gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 691.

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

 

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Utah, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses (3 months ended) Gross job gains and job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
Sept. 2012 Dec. 2012 Mar. 2013 June 2013 Sept. 2013 Sept. 2012 Dec. 2012 Mar. 2013 June 2013 Sept. 2013

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

68,688 74,490 75,396 72,630 71,225 6.9 7.3 7.3 7.0 6.8

  At expanding establishments

55,037 59,015 61,508 58,888 57,772 5.5 5.8 6.0 5.7 5.5

  At opening establishments

13,651 15,475 13,888 13,742 13,453 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3

Gross job losses

61,913 61,715 64,502 67,465 65,096 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.2

  At contracting establishments

50,662 50,392 53,412 57,236 55,328 5.0 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.3

  At closing establishments

11,251 11,323 11,090 10,229 9,768 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

6,775 12,775 10,894 5,165 6,129 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.5 0.6
 

Construction

 

Gross job gains

7,342 9,357 9,889 9,083 8,567 10.5 13.3 13.6 12.4 11.7

  At expanding establishments

5,593 7,289 8,295 6,964 6,799 8.0 10.4 11.4 9.5 9.3

  At opening establishments

1,749 2,068 1,594 2,119 1,768 2.5 2.9 2.2 2.9 2.4

Gross job losses

7,556 7,771 7,708 8,868 8,165 10.8 11.0 10.7 12.1 11.2

  At contracting establishments

6,155 5,926 5,997 7,407 6,505 8.8 8.4 8.3 10.1 8.9

  At closing establishments

1,401 1,845 1,711 1,461 1,660 2.0 2.6 2.4 2.0 2.3

Net employment change (2)

-214 1,586 2,181 215 402 -0.3 2.3 2.9 0.3 0.5
 

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

3,910 4,279 4,033 4,560 4,164 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.9 3.6

  At expanding establishments

3,367 3,804 3,731 4,125 3,620 2.9 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.1

  At opening establishments

543 475 302 435 544 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5

Gross job losses

3,675 4,028 3,645 4,212 4,003 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.6 3.4

  At contracting establishments

3,257 3,416 3,280 3,661 3,544 2.8 2.9 2.8 3.1 3.0

  At closing establishments

418 612 365 551 459 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.4

Net employment change (2)

235 251 388 348 161 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2
 

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

2,521 2,728 2,678 2,405 2,288 5.2 5.7 5.6 5.0 4.8

  At expanding establishments

2,026 1,969 2,268 1,924 1,923 4.2 4.1 4.7 4.0 4.0

  At opening establishments

495 759 410 481 365 1.0 1.6 0.9 1.0 0.8

Gross job losses

2,212 2,017 2,399 2,172 2,054 4.6 4.2 5.0 4.6 4.2

  At contracting establishments

1,587 1,543 1,974 1,810 1,655 3.3 3.2 4.1 3.8 3.4

  At closing establishments

625 474 425 362 399 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8

Net employment change (2)

309 711 279 233 234 0.6 1.5 0.6 0.4 0.6
 

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

9,179 9,592 10,007 9,374 8,619 6.4 6.6 6.9 6.3 5.8

  At expanding establishments

7,331 7,885 8,849 8,118 7,338 5.1 5.4 6.1 5.5 4.9

  At opening establishments

1,848 1,707 1,158 1,256 1,281 1.3 1.2 0.8 0.8 0.9

Gross job losses

8,392 8,299 8,446 7,133 8,139 5.8 5.7 5.8 4.8 5.5

  At contracting establishments

7,219 7,240 7,404 6,254 7,300 5.0 5.0 5.1 4.2 4.9

  At closing establishments

1,173 1,059 1,042 879 839 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6

Net employment change (2)

787 1,293 1,561 2,241 480 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.5 0.3
 

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

2,262 2,637 2,189 2,134 2,238 5.1 5.8 4.9 4.8 5.1

  At expanding establishments

1,879 2,214 1,978 1,835 1,812 4.2 4.9 4.4 4.1 4.1

  At opening establishments

383 423 211 299 426 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.7 1.0

Gross job losses

1,944 2,248 2,687 2,179 1,988 4.4 5.0 6.0 4.9 4.5

  At contracting establishments

1,588 1,996 2,393 1,840 1,692 3.6 4.4 5.3 4.1 3.8

  At closing establishments

356 252 294 339 296 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7

Net employment change (2)

318 389 -498 -45 250 0.7 0.8 -1.1 -0.1 0.6
 

Information

 

Gross job gains

1,871 2,442 2,054 1,750 1,620 6.3 8.1 6.6 5.6 5.2

  At expanding establishments

1,464 2,030 1,720 1,478 1,397 4.9 6.7 5.5 4.7 4.5

  At opening establishments

407 412 334 272 223 1.4 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.7

Gross job losses

1,900 1,350 1,913 1,825 1,635 6.3 4.4 6.1 5.8 5.2

  At contracting establishments

1,555 1,099 1,605 1,593 1,343 5.2 3.6 5.1 5.1 4.3

  At closing establishments

345 251 308 232 292 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.9

Net employment change (2)

-29 1,092 141 -75 -15 0.0 3.7 0.5 -0.2 0.0
 

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

4,579 4,458 4,039 4,919 4,552 6.6 6.3 5.7 6.8 6.2

  At expanding establishments

3,538 3,289 3,131 3,571 3,461 5.1 4.6 4.4 4.9 4.7

  At opening establishments

1,041 1,169 908 1,348 1,091 1.5 1.7 1.3 1.9 1.5

Gross job losses

3,536 3,426 3,685 3,173 3,688 5.1 4.8 5.1 4.4 5.0

  At contracting establishments

2,698 2,494 2,655 2,410 2,931 3.9 3.5 3.7 3.3 4.0

  At closing establishments

838 932 1,030 763 757 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.1 1.0

Net employment change (2)

1,043 1,032 354 1,746 864 1.5 1.5 0.6 2.4 1.2
 

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

14,420 14,422 15,779 14,732 16,728 8.7 8.6 9.2 8.5 9.6

  At expanding establishments

11,558 10,537 13,023 11,602 12,921 7.0 6.3 7.6 6.7 7.4

  At opening establishments

2,862 3,885 2,756 3,130 3,807 1.7 2.3 1.6 1.8 2.2

Gross job losses

12,997 12,210 12,533 15,018 13,326 7.8 7.3 7.3 8.6 7.6

  At contracting establishments

10,114 9,732 9,742 12,406 11,169 6.1 5.8 5.7 7.1 6.4

  At closing establishments

2,883 2,478 2,791 2,612 2,157 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.2

Net employment change (2)

1,423 2,212 3,246 -286 3,402 0.9 1.3 1.9 -0.1 2.0
 

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

6,981 7,227 8,177 6,972 7,852 4.7 4.8 5.3 4.6 5.0

  At expanding establishments

5,773 5,927 5,200 5,964 6,852 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.9 4.4

  At opening establishments

1,208 1,300 2,977 1,008 1,000 0.8 0.9 1.9 0.7 0.6

Gross job losses

5,303 5,139 5,674 6,919 6,519 3.5 3.4 3.8 4.5 4.2

  At contracting establishments

4,340 4,225 4,662 5,821 5,556 2.9 2.8 3.1 3.8 3.6

  At closing establishments

963 914 1,012 1,098 963 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6

Net employment change (2)

1,678 2,088 2,503 53 1,333 1.2 1.4 1.5 0.1 0.8
 

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

11,890 13,575 12,588 12,956 11,184 10.0 11.2 10.3 10.5 9.0

  At expanding establishments

9,532 11,037 10,031 10,356 8,943 8.0 9.1 8.2 8.4 7.2

  At opening establishments

2,358 2,538 2,557 2,600 2,241 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.8

Gross job losses

10,898 11,654 12,426 11,855 11,875 9.1 9.6 10.1 9.6 9.6

  At contracting establishments

9,310 9,824 10,990 10,524 10,548 7.8 8.1 8.9 8.5 8.5

  At closing establishments

1,588 1,830 1,436 1,331 1,327 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.1

Net employment change (2)

992 1,921 162 1,101 -691 0.9 1.6 0.2 0.9 -0.6
 

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

2,251 2,430 2,664 2,325 2,074 7.8 8.3 8.9 7.6 6.9

  At expanding establishments

1,742 1,913 2,156 1,797 1,616 6.0 6.5 7.2 5.9 5.4

  At opening establishments

509 517 508 528 458 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.5

Gross job losses

1,951 1,959 2,005 2,672 2,043 6.8 6.6 6.7 8.9 6.8

  At contracting establishments

1,522 1,504 1,549 2,287 1,617 5.3 5.1 5.2 7.6 5.4

  At closing establishments

429 455 456 385 426 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.4

Net employment change (2)

300 471 659 -347 31 1.0 1.7 2.2 -1.3 0.1

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.
 

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment (3 months ended) Gross job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
Sept. 2012 Dec. 2012 Mar. 2013 June 2013 Sept. 2013 Sept. 2012 Dec. 2012 Mar. 2013 June 2013 Sept. 2013

United States(1)

6.2 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.8
 

Alabama

5.7 5.8 6.0 5.9 5.5 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.6

Alaska

9.0 9.8 10.7 10.6 9.7 10.3 10.1 9.6 10.0 9.8

Arizona

6.7 6.9 6.2 6.2 6.4 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1 5.5

Arkansas

5.5 6.0 5.7 5.2 5.8 6.1 5.3 5.5 5.8 5.4

California

6.8 7.4 9.0 7.0 6.7 6.4 6.2 5.9 6.4 6.1

Colorado

6.9 7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.3

Connecticut

5.2 5.4 5.1 5.6 5.3 5.4 5.1 5.2 4.8 5.4

Delaware

6.2 6.8 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.2 5.7 5.9 5.8 6.0

District of Columbia

5.8 6.8 5.7 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.3

Florida

7.3 7.1 6.7 7.1 7.0 6.7 6.3 6.0 6.3 6.2
 

Georgia

6.4 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.2 5.9 5.7 6.2 6.0

Hawaii

5.6 5.4 5.1 5.2 5.3 4.7 4.3 4.8 5.2 4.9

Idaho

8.2 7.9 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.0 7.2 7.2 7.5 7.2

Illinois

5.5 5.3 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.4 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.8

Indiana

5.7 5.9 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.3

Iowa

5.7 5.7 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.5

Kansas

5.6 6.3 5.6 6.2 6.1 6.1 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.7

Kentucky

5.7 6.5 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.9 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.4

Louisiana

6.6 7.0 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.7 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.0

Maine

6.7 7.0 6.7 8.1 7.3 7.3 7.5 7.0 6.4 7.4
 

Maryland

6.3 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.3 5.8 6.1 6.1

Massachusetts

5.3 5.4 6.2 6.1 5.4 5.6 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.5

Michigan

6.2 6.0 6.0 6.3 5.9 5.9 5.4 5.0 5.8 5.8

Minnesota

6.0 5.9 6.0 6.1 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.2 5.2 5.5

Mississippi

6.4 6.8 5.9 5.8 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.5 6.0 5.8

Missouri

5.9 6.4 6.5 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.7

Montana

7.9 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.3 7.8 7.4 7.7 7.5

Nebraska

5.6 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.1 5.5 5.2 5.4 5.7 5.6

Nevada

5.9 6.0 6.3 6.6 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.5 5.7

New Hampshire

6.4 6.5 6.3 6.8 6.0 6.9 6.4 6.1 5.9 6.5
 

New Jersey

6.2 6.4 6.3 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.2 5.8 5.6 6.0

New Mexico

6.4 7.4 6.2 6.7 6.5 6.6 6.2 6.5 6.8 6.7

New York

6.3 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.8 6.1

North Carolina

6.3 6.5 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8

North Dakota

8.3 8.3 8.3 7.2 8.3 7.2 6.8 6.6 7.9 6.9

Ohio

5.6 6.1 5.9 6.2 5.5 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.6

Oklahoma

6.1 6.7 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.0 5.6 6.0 5.7 5.6

Oregon

7.1 7.0 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.4 6.6 6.1 6.2 6.2

Pennsylvania

5.4 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.4 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.2

Rhode Island

6.0 6.3 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.0 5.8 5.7 6.1
 

South Carolina

5.8 6.6 5.8 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.6

South Dakota

6.4 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 5.8 6.3

Tennessee

5.6 6.1 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.1 5.4 5.2

Texas

5.9 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.0 5.2

Utah

6.9 7.3 7.3 7.0 6.8 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.2

Vermont

7.0 7.6 7.0 7.3 7.1 7.0 7.1 6.7 7.8 7.4

Virginia

6.4 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.9 6.1 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.9

Washington

7.0 7.1 8.6 7.3 7.0 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4

West Virginia

6.4 6.4 6.3 6.1 5.9 6.8 6.5 6.1 6.6 6.4

Wisconsin

5.4 5.7 5.4 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.4 5.4
 

Wyoming

8.6 9.5 8.7 8.5 8.2 8.7 8.4 8.5 9.0 8.1

Puerto Rico

6.2 6.8 5.6 5.9 6.1 6.3 5.9 6.4 6.2 6.6

Virgin Islands

5.3 7.0 5.6 5.0 5.5 7.7 5.6 6.5 6.5 6.8

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, June 11, 2014