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16-1320-KAN
Friday, July 15, 2016

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Consumer Price Index, Kansas City – First Half 2016

Prices increased 0.7 percent from the first half of 2015 to the first half of 2016

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the Kansas City, Mo.-Kan., metropolitan area increased 0.7 percent from the first half of 2015 to the first half of 2016, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Stanley W. Suchman noted that higher costs for shelter (1.9 percent) had the largest upward impact on the index, but was moderated by lower motor fuel costs (-17.3 percent). The broader energy index decreased 8.5 percent, food prices rose 0.8 percent, and the all items less food and energy index advanced 1.6 percent over the year.   

 

Food

Food prices rose 0.8 percent from the first half of 2015 to the first half of 2016, following an increase of 2.1 percent in the same period one year ago. Within the food index, costs for food at home were little changed (0.1 percent), while prices for food away from home rose 1.9 percent over the year. These compared with increases of 1.6 and 2.5 percent, respectively, in the 12-month period that ended in the first half of 2015.

Energy

The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, decreased 8.5 percent from the first half of 2015 to the first half of 2016, after declining 18.8 percent in the same period one year ago. Falling prices for motor fuel (-17.3 percent), nearly all of which occurred in the latter half of the period, were largely responsible for the decline in the energy index. Costs for utility (piped) gas service, down 8.4 percent over the year, also contributed to the decrease. In contrast, electricity prices rose 3.4 percent from the first half of 2015. During the same period one year ago, motor fuel costs fell 30.7 percent, prices for utility (piped) gas service declined 13.4 percent, and electricity costs rose 1.5 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.6 percent from the first half of 2015 to the first half of 2016, after registering a gain of 1.2 percent in the same period one year ago. Shelter costs advanced 1.9 percent and had the largest upward impact on the all items less food and energy index. Other expenditure categories that registered higher prices over the year included medical care (3.4 percent) and other goods and services (2.5 percent).

The Kansas City CPI-U stood at 222.963 for the first half of 2016. This means that a market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in the 1982-84 base period cost $222.96 in the first half of 2016. Because metropolitan area CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the metropolitan area indexes.

CPI-W

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) for the Kansas City, Mo.-Kan., metropolitan area for the first half of 2016 was 213.196. The CPI-W increased 0.4 percent from the first half of 2015 to the first half of 2016.

The Consumer Price Index for the Second Half of 2016 is scheduled to be released in January 2017.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Kansas City, Mo.-Kan., area covered in this release includes Johnson, Leavenworth, Miami, and Wyandotte Counties in Kansas; and Cass, Clay, Clinton, Jackson, Lafayette, Platte, and Ray Counties in Missouri.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Kansas City, MO-KS (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
1st half 2016 from-
1st half
2015
2nd half
2015
1st half
2016
1st half
2015
2nd half
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

221.505 223.051 222.963 0.7 0.0

All items (1967=100)

657.726 662.319 662.056    

Food and beverages

255.432 256.995 257.393 0.8 0.2

Food

260.504 262.238 262.669 0.8 0.2

Food at home

249.404 250.644 249.547 0.1 -0.4

Food away from home

278.191 280.691 283.599 1.9 1.0

Alcoholic beverages

196.384 196.205 196.394 0.0 0.1

Housing

211.173 212.652 214.379 1.5 0.8

Shelter

235.647 237.754 240.152 1.9 1.0

Rent of primary residence (1)

240.491 244.553 246.057 2.3 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

230.495 232.980 235.752 2.3 1.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

230.495 232.980 235.752 2.3 1.2

Fuels and utilities

227.333 228.211 229.021 0.7 0.4

Household energy

191.597 190.042 189.950 -0.9 0.0

Energy services (1)

189.440 187.788 187.969 -0.8 0.1

Electricity (1)

158.766 162.729 164.219 3.4 0.9

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

188.958 175.896 173.163 -8.4 -1.6

Household furnishings and operations

123.576 123.274 123.940 0.3 0.5

Apparel

116.529 113.271 115.314 -1.0 1.8

Transportation

192.376 193.754 186.195 -3.2 -3.9

Private transportation

189.793 190.784 182.426 -3.9 -4.4

Motor fuel

211.974 211.472 175.268 -17.3 -17.1

Gasoline (all types)

211.172 210.870 174.716 -17.3 -17.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

205.905 205.278 168.989 -17.9 -17.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

256.530 256.434 220.676 -14.0 -13.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

211.210 215.168 187.095 -11.4 -13.0

Medical Care

343.775 351.078 355.503 3.4 1.3

Recreation (5)

129.837 130.430 131.011 0.9 0.4

Education and communication (5)

125.422 126.657 125.488 0.1 -0.9

Other goods and services

385.861 390.107 395.622 2.5 1.4
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

221.505 223.051 222.963 0.7 0.0

Commodities

184.182 184.292 181.264 -1.6 -1.6

Commodities less food & beverages

150.881 150.384 145.920 -3.3 -3.0

Nondurables less food & beverages

195.595 195.169 186.746 -4.5 -4.3

Durables

108.005 107.470 106.664 -1.2 -0.7

Services

257.946 260.832 263.455 2.1 1.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

214.623 215.827 215.469 0.4 -0.2

All items less shelter

217.807 219.148 218.087 0.1 -0.5

Commodities less food

152.621 152.136 147.842 -3.1 -2.8

Nondurables

224.367 224.884 220.653 -1.7 -1.9

Nondurables less food

196.282 195.874 188.056 -4.2 -4.0

Services less rent of shelter (2)

293.262 297.152 300.077 2.3 1.0

Services less medical care services

245.292 247.680 250.064 1.9 1.0

Energy

203.470 202.359 186.212 -8.5 -8.0

All items less energy

224.567 226.388 227.955 1.5 0.7

All items less food and energy

218.718 220.554 222.293 1.6 0.8

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Kansas City, MO-KS (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
1st half 2016 from-
1st half
2015
2nd half
2015
1st half
2016
1st half
2015
2nd half
2015

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

212.284 213.868 213.196 0.4 -0.3

All items (1967=100)

621.993 626.633 624.664    

Food and beverages

258.157 259.831 259.773 0.6 0.0

Food

262.390 264.192 264.135 0.7 0.0

Food at home

248.861 250.242 248.784 0.0 -0.6

Food away from home

284.912 287.437 290.218 1.9 1.0

Alcoholic beverages

200.241 200.198 200.579 0.2 0.2

Housing

201.984 203.691 205.214 1.6 0.7

Shelter

222.574 224.932 227.212 2.1 1.0

Rent of primary residence (1)

240.491 244.553 246.057 2.3 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

209.851 212.114 214.638 2.3 1.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

209.851 212.114 214.638 2.3 1.2

Fuels and utilities

227.304 228.152 228.864 0.7 0.3

Household energy

192.081 190.412 190.110 -1.0 -0.2

Energy services (1)

190.074 188.408 188.631 -0.8 0.1

Electricity (1)

158.768 162.731 164.221 3.4 0.9

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

188.957 175.895 173.162 -8.4 -1.6

Household furnishings and operations

111.914 111.770 112.441 0.5 0.6

Apparel

107.449 104.280 106.550 -0.8 2.2

Transportation

178.193 179.155 169.706 -4.8 -5.3

Private transportation

176.977 177.767 168.115 -5.0 -5.4

Motor fuel

211.906 211.469 175.213 -17.3 -17.1

Gasoline (all types)

211.167 210.865 174.712 -17.3 -17.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

205.903 205.276 168.987 -17.9 -17.7

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

256.530 256.434 220.676 -14.0 -13.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

211.202 215.160 187.088 -11.4 -13.0

Medical Care

351.120 358.431 363.653 3.6 1.5

Recreation (5)

128.190 128.708 129.432 1.0 0.6

Education and communication (5)

113.490 114.530 113.167 -0.3 -1.2

Other goods and services

413.882 423.491 429.832 3.9 1.5
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

212.284 213.868 213.196 0.4 -0.3

Commodities

179.971 180.299 176.358 -2.0 -2.2

Commodities less food & beverages

145.521 145.284 139.552 -4.1 -3.9

Nondurables less food & beverages

193.314 193.348 182.878 -5.4 -5.4

Durables

108.674 108.145 107.286 -1.3 -0.8

Services

248.500 251.338 253.865 2.2 1.0
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

206.251 207.560 206.612 0.2 -0.5

All items less shelter

209.390 210.680 208.849 -0.3 -0.9

Commodities less food

147.414 147.182 141.595 -3.9 -3.8

Nondurables

224.218 225.016 219.429 -2.1 -2.5

Nondurables less food

194.430 194.460 184.447 -5.1 -5.1

Services less rent of shelter (2)

256.560 259.681 262.283 2.2 1.0

Services less medical care services

235.858 238.302 240.561 2.0 0.9

Energy

200.888 199.800 182.606 -9.1 -8.6

All items less energy

215.319 217.249 218.758 1.6 0.7

All items less food and energy

206.099 208.045 209.765 1.8 0.8

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, July 15, 2016