News Release Information

Friday, December 11, 2015


Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Occupational Employment and Wages in Greeley, May 2014

Workers in the Greeley Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $20.58 in May 2014, about 9 percent below the nationwide average of $22.71, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 3 of the 22 major occupational groups, including transportation and material moving, and production. Ten groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including legal; computer and mathematical; and arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including construction and extraction; production; and transportation and material moving. Conversely, 12 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including sales and related; management; and computer and mathematical. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Greeley Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2014
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Greeley United States Greeley Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.71 $20.58* -9


5.0 3.0* 54.08 50.36* -7

Business and Financial Operations

5.1 4.1* 34.81 32.35* -7

Computer and Mathematical

2.8 0.9* 40.37 32.37* -20

Architecture and Engineering

1.8 1.4 39.19 38.52 -2

Life, Physical, and Social Science

0.8 0.6* 33.69 28.10* -17

Community and Social Services

1.4 1.1* 21.79 22.13 2


0.8 0.4* 48.61 37.55* -23

Education, Training, and Library

6.2 7.2* 25.10 20.84* -17

Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media

1.3 0.8* 26.82 19.25* -28

Healthcare Practitioner and Technical

5.8 4.2 36.54 38.05 4

Healthcare Support

2.9 2.2* 13.86 13.90 0

Protective Service

2.4 2.0 21.14 21.75 3

Food Preparation and Serving Related

9.1 8.0* 10.57 9.91* -6

Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance

3.2 2.7* 12.68 12.63 0

Personal Care and Service

3.1 2.1* 12.01 11.77 -2

Sales and Related

10.5 8.4* 18.59 18.80 1

Office and Administrative Support

16.0 14.4 17.08 15.85* -7

Farming, Fishing, and Forestry

0.3 0.6* 12.09 14.46* 20

Construction and Extraction

3.9 12.0* 22.40 20.17* -10

Installation, Maintenance, and Repair

3.9 4.5* 21.74 21.73 0


6.6 10.3* 17.06 18.26* 7

Transportation and Material Moving

6.8 8.9* 16.57 19.02* 15

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Greeley is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—construction and extraction—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Greeley had 11,290 jobs in construction and extraction, accounting for 12.0 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 3.9-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $20.17, significantly below the national wage of $22.40.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the construction and extraction group included oil, gas, and mining service unit operators (2,010), oil and gas roustabouts (1,310), and construction laborers (1,250). Among the higher paying jobs were first-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers with mean hourly wages of $30.90. Occupations at the lower end of the wage scale included brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters helpers ($13.61). (Detailed occupational data for construction and extraction are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Greeley Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the construction and extraction group. For instance, oil, gas, and mining service unit operators were employed at 46.6 times the national rate in Greeley, and oil and gas roustabouts, at 25.8 times the U.S. average.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Colorado Department of Labor & Employment.


A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year. May 2014 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2014, November 2013, May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, and November 2011. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 74.3 percent based on establishments and 70.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57.1 percent of total national employment. (Response rates are slightly lower for these estimates due to the federal shutdown in October 2013.) The sample in the Greeley Metropolitan Statistical Area included 1,352 establishments with a response rate of 76 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from and, respectively.

The May 2014 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Greeley, Colo. Metropolitan Statistical Area  includes Weld County.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Greeley Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2014
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Construction and Extraction Occupations

11,290 3.1 $20.17 $41,950

First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers

1,070 3.1 30.90 64,270


670 1.6 17.34 36,060

Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers

430 4.1 18.14 37,740

Construction Laborers

1,250 2.1 15.02 31,240

Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators

130 3.3 20.36 42,350

Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators

850 3.6 21.37 44,450

Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers

70 1.2 16.08 33,460


690 1.8 20.73 43,120

Painters, Construction and Maintenance

250 1.8 16.81 34,960


90 3.1 18.43 38,330

Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters

660 2.5 20.64 42,920


200 2.7 17.93 37,290

Sheet Metal Workers

300 3.3 15.76 32,780

Structural Iron and Steel Workers

60 1.5 18.18 37,810

Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters

40 2.5 13.61 28,310


(5) (5) 10.88 22,630

Construction and Building Inspectors

80 1.4 23.35 48,570

Hazardous Materials Removal Workers

40 1.3 15.99 33,260

Highway Maintenance Workers

130 1.3 21.26 44,230

Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners

70 3.9 18.23 37,920

Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas

260 18.2 20.60 42,840

Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining

2,010 46.6 21.13 43,960

Roustabouts, Oil and Gas

1,310 25.8 19.10 39,730

Helpers--Extraction Workers

(5) (5) 20.60 42,850

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Greeley, CO, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.


Last Modified Date: Friday, December 11, 2015