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Monday, June 29, 2015


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Occupational Employment and Wages in Springfield, Mo. – May 2014

Workers in the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $18.17 in May 2014, about 20 percent below the nationwide average of $22.71, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that, after testing for statistical significance, no wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 22 major occupational groups. Twenty groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including legal; management; and computer and mathematical.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in six of the occupational groups, including healthcare practitioners and technical; installation, maintenance, and repair; and transportation and material moving. Conversely, nine groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including architecture and engineering; computer and mathematical; and management. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2014
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Springfield United States Springfield Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.71 $18.17* -20


5.0 4.2* 54.08 41.39* -23

Business and Financial Operations

5.1 4.3* 34.81 25.58* -27

Computer and Mathematical

2.8 1.9* 40.37 28.00* -31

Architecture and Engineering

1.8 0.8* 39.19 30.19* -23

Life, Physical, and Social Science

0.8 0.3* 33.69 25.68* -24

Community and Social Services

1.4 1.6* 21.79 17.54* -20


0.8 0.7* 48.61 31.56* -35

Education, Training, and Library

6.2 6.4 25.10 22.07* -12

Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media

1.3 1.1 26.82 18.09* -33

Healthcare Practitioner and Technical

5.8 7.5* 36.54 28.25* -23

Healthcare Support

2.9 3.8* 13.86 11.73* -15

Protective Service

2.4 1.8* 21.14 17.43* -18

Food Preparation and Serving Related

9.1 10.0* 10.57 9.46* -11

Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance

3.2 2.6* 12.68 11.40* -10

Personal Care and Service

3.1 2.9 12.01 10.78* -10

Sales and Related

10.5 10.8 18.59 15.02* -19

Office and Administrative Support

16.0 16.7 17.08 14.48* -15

Farming, Fishing, and Forestry

0.3 (2) 12.09 11.31 -6

Construction and Extraction

3.9 3.2* 22.40 20.39* -9

Installation, Maintenance, and Repair

3.9 4.9* 21.74 18.93* -13


6.6 6.5 17.06 16.04* -6

Transportation and Material Moving

6.8 7.8* 16.57 16.14 -3

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Springfield is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Estimate not released.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—healthcare practitioners and technical—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Springfield had 14,500 jobs in healthcare practitioners and technical, accounting for 7.5 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 5.8-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $28.25, significantly below the national wage of $36.54.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group included registered nurses (5,160), licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (1,460), and pharmacy technicians (970). Among the higher paying jobs were family and general practitioners and general dentists, with mean hourly wages of $96.76 and $93.50, respectively. Occupations at the lower end of the wage scale included pharmacy technicians ($11.96). (Detailed occupational data for healthcare practitioners and technical are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group. For instance, respiratory therapists were employed at 2.0 times the national rate in Springfield. On the other hand, emergency medical technicians and paramedics had a location quotient of 1.2 in Springfield, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Missouri Department of Economic Development.


A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year. May 2014 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2014, November 2013, May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, and November 2011. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 74.3 percent based on establishments and 70.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57.1 percent of total national employment. (Response rates are slightly lower for these estimates due to the federal shutdown in October 2013.) The sample in the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,054 establishments with a response rate of 65 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from and, respectively.

The May 2014 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Springfield, Mo. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Christian, Dallas, Greene, Polk, and Webster Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2014
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations

14,500 1.3 $28.25 $58,760


50 1.1 (5) (5)

Dentists, General

150 1.1 93.50 194,490

Dietitians and Nutritionists

100 1.2 25.47 52,980


60 1.2 54.09 112,510


460 1.1 61.02 126,930

Family and General Practitioners

430 2.4 96.76 201,250


(5) (5) 75.83 157,730

Physicians and Surgeons, All Other

100 0.2 69.72 145,020

Physician Assistants

130 1.0 40.05 83,310

Occupational Therapists

180 1.1 39.74 82,660

Physical Therapists

360 1.2 39.65 82,470

Recreational Therapists

30 1.3 18.97 39,450

Respiratory Therapists

350 2.0 23.18 48,210

Speech-Language Pathologists

250 1.4 29.93 62,260


70 0.8 39.09 81,310

Registered Nurses

5,160 1.3 25.14 52,300

Nurse Practitioners

240 1.4 40.85 84,970

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists

330 1.4 24.18 50,300

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians

470 2.0 16.27 33,830

Dental Hygienists

300 1.1 31.19 64,870

Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians

130 1.7 19.43 40,410

Diagnostic Medical Sonographers

120 1.4 28.90 60,120

Nuclear Medicine Technologists

40 1.5 34.43 71,610

Radiologic Technologists

380 1.4 22.13 46,020

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologists

70 1.5 26.13 54,340

Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics

410 1.2 13.25 27,570

Pharmacy Technicians

970 1.8 11.96 24,880

Surgical Technologists

240 1.7 17.80 37,030

Veterinary Technologists and Technicians

(5) (5) 9.86 20,510

Ophthalmic Medical Technicians

30 0.6 13.91 28,930

Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

1,460 1.5 16.87 35,090

Medical Records and Health Information Technicians

440 1.7 16.80 34,950

Opticians, Dispensing

130 1.3 13.27 27,590

Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other

350 2.5 17.37 36,140

Occupational Health and Safety Specialists

40 0.4 24.34 50,620

Athletic Trainers

50 1.4 (5) 40,340

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Springfield, MO, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.


Last Modified Date: Monday, June 29, 2015