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15-2311-BOS
Thursday, December 03, 2015

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New England and State Unemployment — October 2015

The New England unemployment rate was unchanged at 4.6 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that New England’s jobless rate declined from a year ago when it was 5.6 percent. The national jobless rate was essentially unchanged from September at 5.0 percent and was 0.7 percentage point lower than in October 2014. (See chart 1.)

New England is 1 of 9 geographic divisions nationwide. Among the nine geographic divisions, the East South Central and Pacific had the highest jobless rates in October, 5.6 percent each. The West North Central division had the lowest unemployment rate at 4.0 percent. All divisions except the Mountain had statistically significant rate declines from a year earlier. The largest of these decreases occurred in the Pacific (-1.3 percentage points).

 Chart 1. Unemployment rates for the United States and New England, October 2012 to October 2015, seasonally adjusted

 

In October, 3 of the 6 New England states had jobless rates that were significantly different from that of the nation. New Hampshire (3.3 percent), Vermont (3.7 percent), and Maine (4.3 percent) had significantly lower unemployment rates and were among 20 states in the country to do so. The remaining New England states were among the 18 states that had unemployment rates not appreciably different from that of the nation. Twelve states and the District of Columbia had unemployment rates measurably higher than the national average.

Over the month, seven states nationwide had significant jobless rate decreases. The 6 New England states were among the 42 states and the District of Columbia that had unemployment rates that were not measurably different from those of a month earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large numerically as the significant changes. Texas had the only significant over-the-month rate increase (+0.2 percentage point).

Over the year, five New England states had statistically significant unemployment rate changes, all decreases. Rhode Island had the largest decline (-1.7 percentage points), followed by Maine (-1.3 points), and Connecticut (-1.2 points). In fact, Rhode Island had the largest jobless rate decline among the 25 states and the District of Columbia that had significant rate decreases from October 2014. New Hampshire (-0.8 percentage point) and Vermont (-0.5 point) had smaller over-the-year declines. Massachusetts was among the 24 states that had unemployment rates not appreciably different from a year ago. The only significant over-the-year rate increase in the nation was in New Mexico (+0.6 percentage point).

The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for November 2015 is scheduled to be released on Friday, December 18, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Technical Note

This release presents civilian labor force and unemployment data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) and the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program. Estimates for the U.S. are obtained directly from the CPS, which is a sample survey of approximately 60,000 households nationwide that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the Census Bureau. The LAUS program produces data for subnational areas, including the nine geographic divisions (New England, Middle Atlantic, South Atlantic, East South Central, West South Central, East North Central, West North Central, Mountain, and Pacific) and the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The LAUS data for geographic divisions and states are model-based. The models for geographic divisions use inputs from the CPS only, while the models for the states and the District of Columbia use inputs from the CPS in conjunction with estimates of nonfarm payroll employment from the Current Employment Statistics survey and counts of unemployment insurance claimants from the state workforce agencies. Each month, not-seasonally-adjusted estimates for geographic divisions are controlled to the national totals from the CPS, and state estimates are then controlled to the estimates for their divisions. Data for all divisions, as well as the 50 states and the District of Columbia, are available in the Regional and State Employment and Unemployment release www.bls.gov/lau/home.htm#news issued monthly by BLS, while national statistics are highlighted in the Employment Situation www.bls.gov/cps/home.htm#news.

Labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect adjustments made at the end of each year.  The adjusted estimates reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources, and model re-estimation. In most years, historical data for the most recent five years (both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted) are revised near the beginning of each calendar year, prior to or coincident with the release of January estimates.

Model-based error measures for seasonally adjusted data and for over-the-month and over-the-year changes are available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. BLS uses a 90-percent confidence level in determining whether changes in LAUS unemployment rates are statistically significant. The average magnitude of the current year over-the-month change in a state unemployment rate that is required for statistical significance at the 90-percent confidence level is just over 0.2 percentage point; the average amount of the current over-the-year change in a state rate for significance is about 0.9 point. More details can be found on the website. Measures of nonsampling error are not available.

This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200, Federal Relay Services: (800)-877-8339.

 

Table 1. Labor force status for the United States, New England, and New England states, seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Oct
2014
Nov
2014
Dec
2014
Jan
2015
Feb
2015
Mar
2015
Apr
2015
May
2015
June
2015
July
2015
Aug
2015
Sept
2015
Oct
2015

United States (1)

 

Civilian labor force

156,243 156,402 156,129 157,180 (2) 157,002 156,906 157,072 157,469 157,037 157,106 157,065 156,715 157,028

Employed

147,260 147,331 147,442 148,201 (2) 148,297 148,331 148,523 148,795 148,739 148,840 149,036 148,800 149,120

Unemployed

8,983 9,071 8,688 8,979 8,705 8,575 8,549 8,674 8,299 8,266 8,029 7,915 7,908

Unemployment rate

5.7 5.8 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0

New England

 

Civilian labor force

7,810.4 7,816.4 7,821.1 7,829.2 7,849.8 7,873.4 7,889.6 7,903.9 7,904.1 7,883.2 7,849.2 7,808.3 7,780.9

Employed

7,371.8 7,382.8 7,391.6 7,411.3 7,436.4 7,464.8 7,492.2 7,515.5 7,524.7 7,512.4 7,486.2 7,451.3 7,423.6

Unemployed

438.6 433.6 429.5 417.9 413.4 408.6 397.4 388.4 379.4 370.8 363.0 357.0 357.3

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.6

Connecticut

 

Civilian labor force

1,893.3 1,896.5 1,899.4 1,904.5 1,909.9 1,915.8 1,920.6 1,921.7 1,918.1 1,910.8 1,903.4 1,899.1 (P) 1,895.9

Employed

1,773.6 1,776.8 1,779.5 1,784.2 1,788.0 1,794.0 1,800.6 1,806.6 1,809.2 1,807.1 1,803.3 1,800.5 (P) 1,798.9

Unemployed

119.7 119.7 119.9 120.2 121.9 121.9 120.0 115.1 108.9 103.7 100.1 98.6 (P) 97.0

Unemployment rate

6.3 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.4 5.3 5.2 (P) 5.1

Maine

 

Civilian labor force

695.3 694.4 693.7 692.3 690.6 689.7 689.2 691.0 692.9 692.1 689.2 685.4 (P) 681.7

Employed

656.7 656.1 655.7 656.3 656.2 656.6 657.1 658.9 660.1 660.2 658.1 655.2 (P) 652.6

Unemployed

38.7 38.3 38.0 36.1 34.4 33.1 32.1 32.2 32.8 32.0 31.1 30.2 (P) 29.1

Unemployment rate

5.6 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.4 (P) 4.3

Massachusetts

 

Civilian labor force

3,578.2 3,582.8 3,586.6 3,591.1 3,607.9 3,623.9 3,634.3 3,640.2 3,634.8 3,614.6 3,591.7 3,569.6 (P) 3,560.9

Employed

3,382.1 3,389.3 3,395.2 3,409.4 3,430.5 3,448.8 3,464.9 3,471.5 3,465.7 3,444.6 3,424.0 3,406.5 (P) 3,396.9

Unemployed

196.0 193.5 191.4 181.7 177.3 175.1 169.4 168.7 169.0 170.0 167.7 163.1 (P) 164.0

Unemployment rate

5.5 5.4 5.3 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.6 (P) 4.6

New Hampshire

 

Civilian labor force

740.8 741.1 741.3 742.8 744.0 745.9 746.5 748.1 748.9 748.8 747.3 743.6 (P) 741.0

Employed

710.6 711.2 711.7 713.3 714.7 716.9 717.8 719.4 720.7 720.9 720.6 718.3 (P) 716.5

Unemployed

30.2 29.9 29.6 29.4 29.3 29.0 28.7 28.7 28.2 27.9 26.8 25.3 (P) 24.4

Unemployment rate

4.1 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4 (P) 3.3

Rhode Island

 

Civilian labor force

550.9 549.7 548.8 549.0 549.6 551.9 553.8 556.3 558.5 559.8 560.0 558.5 (P) 556.8

Employed

512.0 511.8 511.6 513.1 514.7 517.3 520.1 523.2 525.5 527.5 528.3 528.1 (P) 527.5

Unemployed

38.8 37.9 37.2 35.9 34.9 34.7 33.7 33.1 33.0 32.3 31.7 30.4 (P) 29.4

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.9 6.8 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.4 (P) 5.3

Vermont

 

Civilian labor force

348.8 348.8 348.8 348.7 348.5 348.3 348.2 348.7 349.0 349.4 348.6 347.2 (P) 345.2

Employed

334.3 334.3 334.3 334.6 334.7 335.0 335.6 336.2 336.6 337.0 336.2 334.5 (P) 332.4

Unemployed

14.5 14.5 14.5 14.2 13.7 13.2 12.6 12.5 12.4 12.4 12.5 12.7 (P) 12.8

Unemployment rate

4.2 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 (P) 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Data for the U.S. are obtained directly from the national Current Population Survey (CPS) and are not preliminary. Seasonally adjusted CPS data have been revised as a result of routine seasonal updates processed at the end of each calendar year.
(2) Data affected by changes in population controls.
(P) Preliminary
 

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by census region and division, seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Census region and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
Oct
2014
Aug
2015
Sept
2015
Oct
2015
Number Percent of the labor force
Oct
2014
Aug
2015
Sept
2015
Oct
2015
Oct
2014
Aug
2015
Sept
2015
Oct
2015

Northeast

28,253.7 28,442.1 28,372.6 28,364.2 1,637.6 1,445.2 1,419.5 1,391.7 5.8 5.1 5.0 4.9

New England

7,810.4 7,849.2 7,808.3 7,780.9 438.6 363.0 357.0 357.3 5.6 4.6 4.6 4.6

Middle Atlantic

20,443.3 20,592.9 20,564.3 20,583.3 1,199.0 1,082.2 1,062.5 1,034.4 5.9 5.3 5.2 5.0

South

57,058.0 57,154.6 57,084.6 57,133.8 3,276.8 2,923.5 2,895.7 2,906.5 5.7 5.1 5.1 5.1

South Atlantic

30,263.0 30,291.7 30,286.1 30,342.3 1,804.0 1,627.1 1,600.7 1,593.3 6.0 5.4 5.3 5.3

East South Central

8,344.3 8,467.7 8,433.6 8,423.8 541.7 485.2 479.0 470.2 6.5 5.7 5.7 5.6

West South Central

18,450.7 18,395.2 18,364.9 18,367.7 931.1 811.3 816.0 842.9 5.0 4.4 4.4 4.6

Midwest

34,508.4 34,452.7 34,439.3 34,503.9 1,878.1 1,598.4 1,562.4 1,563.8 5.4 4.6 4.5 4.5

East North Central

23,354.9 23,322.9 23,313.2 23,345.8 1,394.4 1,136.1 1,114.6 1,122.2 6.0 4.9 4.8 4.8

West North Central

11,153.5 11,129.8 11,126.1 11,158.1 483.7 462.2 447.9 441.6 4.3 4.2 4.0 4.0

West

36,673.2 36,985.0 36,932.4 36,916.3 2,376.0 2,090.3 2,051.0 2,016.2 6.5 5.7 5.6 5.5

Mountain

11,291.3 11,418.7 11,409.7 11,406.1 615.9 585.7 584.9 577.8 5.5 5.1 5.1 5.1

Pacific

25,381.8 25,566.3 25,522.7 25,510.2 1,760.1 1,504.6 1,466.0 1,438.5 6.9 5.9 5.7 5.6

Note: Census region estimates are derived by summing the Census division model-based estimates. Data refer to place of residence. Regions are defined as the four Census regions, comprised as follows: Northeast Region includes the New England Division - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; and the Middle Atlantic Division - New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania. South Rgion includes the South Atlantic Division - Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central Division - Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; and West South Central Division - Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. Midwest Region includes the East North Central - Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; and the West North Central Division - Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota. West Region includes the Moutain Division - Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. Estimates for the current year are subject to revision early in the following calendar year.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, December 03, 2015