News Release Information

16-601-DAL
Friday, April 01, 2016

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Houston Area Employment — January 2016

Total nonfarm employment in the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 2,970,500 in January 2016, up 16,400, or 0.6 percent, from one year earlier, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.9 percent. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that the Houston metropolitan area has had over-the-year employment increases in each month since July 2010. (See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Industry employment

Leisure and hospitality had the largest annual job gain among Houston’s supersectors, adding 21,200 jobs since January 2015. The 7.5-percent local rate of job growth in this supersector was more than double the national rate of 3.1 percent. (See table 1 and chart 2.) The local industry’s job gains were concentrated in food services and drinking places, which added 18,600 jobs during the period.

The education and health services supersector added 18,000 jobs, a 5.0-percent rise from January 2015; nationally, employment in this industry rose 3.0 percent. Local job gains were largest in hospitals.

The construction supersector in the Houston area gained 11,600 jobs over the year, with heavy and civil engineering construction adding 9,500 of these jobs. Houston’s total construction sector rose 5.6 percent compared to the national gain of 4.3 percent.

Government employment expanded by 6,700 jobs over the year, with local government accounting for nearly all of the increase, up 6,000. Employment gains in local government were led by educational services, which added 5,700 jobs. In the Houston area, total government employment increased 1.8 percent compared to a 0.3-percent gain nationally.

Trade, transportation, and utilities—the area’s largest supersector—added 4,100 jobs, up 0.7 percent from January 2015 to January 2016. The area’s retail trade industry gained 6,600 jobs, an increase of 2.2 percent; this local job gain was partially offset by declines in wholesale trade and transportation and utilities. Nationally, the trade, transportation, and utilities supersector expanded 1.7 percent.

Two other local supersectors had employment gains of at least 1,400 from January 2015: financial activities (3,000) and other services (1,400). The financial activities sector rose 2.0 percent locally and 1.8 percent nationally. The local 1.3-percent gain in other services compared to a national increase of 1.0 percent.

Manufacturing had the largest job loss among Houston supersectors between January 2015 and January 2016, declining 22,500. Locally, manufacturing employment fell 8.7 percent compared to a national increase of 0.4 percent.

Two other Houston area supersectors had job losses of more than 8,000 from the previous year—mining and logging (-18,100) and professional and business services (-8,200). Local mining and logging employment fell 16.4 percent from January 2015, compared to the national decrease of 15.5 percent. Houston’s professional and business services supersector declined 1.8 percent, in contrast to the national gain of 3.3 percent. In local professional and business services, the largest job loss was in architectural, engineering, and related services (-5,500).

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Houston was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in January 2016. All 12 areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with 9 exceeding the national average of 1.9 percent. The fastest rates of job growth were in Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale and San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, at 3.6 percent each. The slowest rates of job growth were in Houston (0.6 percent), Boston-Cambridge-Nashua (1.4 percent) and Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (1.5 percent). (See chart 3 and table 2.)

The New York-Newark-Jersey City area added the largest number of jobs, 186,700. Employment in both Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington also increased by over 100,000. Houston experienced the smallest employment gain over the year, adding 16,400 jobs, followed by Boston, up 37,200 jobs.

Professional and business services had the largest employment gains in 6 of the 12 metropolitan areas from January a year ago—Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Phoenix, San Francisco, and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria. Education and health services added the most jobs in three areas—Boston, Los Angeles, and New York.

Four areas experienced no annual job losses in any supersector—Atlanta, Miami, New York and Philadelphia. Manufacturing had the largest over-the-year losses in Dallas, Houston, and Los Angeles.

Metropolitan area employment data for February 2016 are scheduled to be released on Friday, March 25, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).

Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data

Effective with the release of January 2016 data, nonfarm payroll employment estimates for states and metropolitan areas were revised to reflect 2015 benchmark levels. For more information on benchmark procedures, see www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2016.pdf.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Houston-The Woodlands-Sugarland Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Austin, Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, and Waller Counties in Texas.

Additional information
More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and Houston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Change from Jan.
2015 to Jan. 2016(p)
Net Change Percent Change

United States

 

Total nonfarm

138,511 144,122 144,116 141,155 2,644 1.9

Mining and logging

877 776 765 741 -136 -15.5

Construction

5,953 6,654 6,507 6,210 257 4.3

Manufacturing

12,203 12,317 12,323 12,247 44 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,544 27,596 27,867 27,000 456 1.7

Information

2,703 2,767 2,768 2,730 27 1.0

Financial activities

8,008 8,183 8,201 8,154 146 1.8

Professional and business services

19,033 20,081 20,079 19,669 636 3.3

Education and health services

21,601 22,569 22,559 22,257 656 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

14,234 15,034 15,000 14,675 441 3.1

Other services

5,532 5,634 5,641 5,588 56 1.0

Government

21,823 22,511 22,406 21,884 61 0.3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area

 

Total nonfarm

2,954.1 3,015.4 3,021.3 2,970.5 16.4 0.6

Mining and logging

110.5 95.1 94.3 92.4 -18.1 -16.4

Construction

208.8 225.8 224.4 220.4 11.6 5.6

Manufacturing

259.4 237.8 238.7 236.9 -22.5 -8.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

606.3 619.5 627.5 610.4 4.1 0.7

Information

32.0 31.5 31.5 31.2 -0.8 -2.5

Financial activities

149.1 153.3 152.1 152.1 3.0 2.0

Professional and business services

467.9 469.3 468.6 459.7 -8.2 -1.8

Education and health services

358.0 376.1 377.5 376.0 18.0 5.0

Leisure and hospitality

282.8 307.7 309.0 304.0 21.2 7.5

Other services

104.3 107.1 106.1 105.7 1.4 1.3

Government

375.0 392.2 391.6 381.7 6.7 1.8

(p) preliminary


Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
 
Jan.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016(p)
Change from
Jan. 2015 to Jan. 2016(p)
Net Change Percent Change

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA

 

Total nonfarm

2,519.2 2,643.7 2,643.8 2,607.6 88.4 3.5

Mining and logging

1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 0.1 7.1

Construction

102.9 111.0 111.7 110.5 7.6 7.4

Manufacturing

155.0 160.8 161.3 160.4 5.4 3.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

569.5 601.0 604.5 588.0 18.5 3.2

Information

86.0 88.0 87.4 86.6 0.6 0.7

Financial activities

159.6 164.5 163.4 162.8 3.2 2.0

Professional and business services

462.9 489.5 489.6 486.1 23.2 5.0

Education and health services

312.9 323.3 323.7 318.5 5.6 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

253.3 277.2 275.8 271.0 17.7 7.0

Other services

93.6 98.0 98.7 97.1 3.5 3.7

Government

322.1 328.9 326.2 325.1 3.0 0.9

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH

 

Total nonfarm

2,579.2 2,684.7 2,681.1 2,616.4 37.2 1.4

Mining, logging, and construction

92.8 110.6 107.0 102.0 9.2 9.9

Manufacturing

191.1 191.2 191.1 189.2 -1.9 -1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

415.9 425.2 428.6 416.4 0.5 0.1

Information

76.3 76.8 77.3 77.1 0.8 1.0

Financial activities

178.5 183.7 184.3 183.6 5.1 2.9

Professional and business services

439.2 461.6 458.3 445.7 6.5 1.5

Education and health services

540.8 565.6 566.9 557.7 16.9 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

239.0 251.5 248.6 237.0 -2.0 -0.8

Other services

98.0 101.4 103.0 100.7 2.7 2.8

Government

307.6 317.1 316.0 307.0 -0.6 -0.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI

 

Total nonfarm

4,448.6 4,660.1 4,640.6 4,516.8 68.2 1.5

Mining and logging

1.3 1.6 1.4 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

Construction

141.9 173.7 165.7 150.1 8.2 5.8

Manufacturing

411.9 413.6 414.3 411.1 -0.8 -0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

910.6 951.9 958.1 922.8 12.2 1.3

Information

80.3 83.4 82.3 81.2 0.9 1.1

Financial activities

289.1 295.1 295.0 290.5 1.4 0.5

Professional and business services

778.6 814.0 802.8 776.5 -2.1 -0.3

Education and health services

688.3 716.4 711.3 705.8 17.5 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

418.2 451.9 452.2 437.7 19.5 4.7

Other services

191.0 196.3 195.2 192.2 1.2 0.6

Government

537.4 562.2 562.3 547.7 10.3 1.9

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

Total nonfarm

3,309.6 3,475.3 3,483.6 3,423.3 113.7 3.4

Mining, logging, and construction

197.0 201.7 200.8 196.6 -0.4 -0.2

Manufacturing

263.2 262.3 260.4 259.0 -4.2 -1.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

704.4 749.7 758.9 740.8 36.4 5.2

Information

79.5 80.9 80.6 79.8 0.3 0.4

Financial activities

269.9 281.4 283.0 282.9 13.0 4.8

Professional and business services

545.3 573.4 575.6 558.0 12.7 2.3

Education and health services

403.5 428.1 423.5 423.1 19.6 4.9

Leisure and hospitality

327.5 360.5 361.4 354.3 26.8 8.2

Other services

115.9 117.8 118.3 115.5 -0.4 -0.3

Government

403.4 419.5 421.1 413.3 9.9 2.5

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

 

Total nonfarm

2,954.1 3,015.4 3,021.3 2,970.5 16.4 0.6

Mining and logging

110.5 95.1 94.3 92.4 -18.1 -16.4

Construction

208.8 225.8 224.4 220.4 11.6 5.6

Manufacturing

259.4 237.8 238.7 236.9 -22.5 -8.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

606.3 619.5 627.5 610.4 4.1 0.7

Information

32.0 31.5 31.5 31.2 -0.8 -2.5

Financial activities

149.1 153.3 152.1 152.1 3.0 2.0

Professional and business services

467.9 469.3 468.6 459.7 -8.2 -1.8

Education and health services

358.0 376.1 377.5 376.0 18.0 5.0

Leisure and hospitality

282.8 307.7 309.0 304.0 21.2 7.5

Other services

104.3 107.1 106.1 105.7 1.4 1.3

Government

375.0 392.2 391.6 381.7 6.7 1.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

 

Total nonfarm

5,700.9 5,928.5 5,952.5 5,834.3 133.4 2.3

Mining and logging

4.9 4.6 4.3 4.2 -0.7 -14.3

Construction

205.7 223.8 223.7 222.4 16.7 8.1

Manufacturing

517.5 514.3 514.5 509.3 -8.2 -1.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,068.1 1,108.2 1,118.4 1,086.4 18.3 1.7

Information

218.8 231.3 233.1 223.7 4.9 2.2

Financial activities

324.7 333.6 335.8 331.0 6.3 1.9

Professional and business services

867.3 903.5 906.9 881.7 14.4 1.7

Education and health services

917.5 966.7 969.6 956.6 39.1 4.3

Leisure and hospitality

661.5 701.2 706.4 692.5 31.0 4.7

Other services

195.9 202.5 200.5 196.8 0.9 0.5

Government

719.0 738.8 739.3 729.7 10.7 1.5

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL

 

Total nonfarm

2,472.0 2,564.1 2,572.7 2,543.3 71.3 2.9

Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

105.2 118.1 119.1 116.2 11.0 10.5

Manufacturing

82.5 85.3 85.0 85.0 2.5 3.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

581.1 598.0 605.3 592.3 11.2 1.9

Information

47.6 48.7 48.5 48.0 0.4 0.8

Financial activities

171.5 178.0 177.6 177.2 5.7 3.3

Professional and business services

395.1 418.7 417.3 409.8 14.7 3.7

Education and health services

360.6 373.3 376.5 372.9 12.3 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

305.3 311.7 313.5 314.0 8.7 2.8

Other services

119.5 123.2 122.7 121.9 2.4 2.0

Government

303.0 308.5 306.6 305.4 2.4 0.8

New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA

 

Total nonfarm

9,072.8 9,522.4 9,537.1 9,259.5 186.7 2.1

Mining, logging, and construction

338.2 390.5 382.2 358.1 19.9 5.9

Manufacturing

363.7 370.7 370.8 367.7 4.0 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,704.0 1,760.5 1,778.2 1,715.5 11.5 0.7

Information

280.9 285.3 289.1 283.1 2.2 0.8

Financial activities

750.4 770.3 772.2 761.0 10.6 1.4

Professional and business services

1,426.3 1,516.6 1,516.1 1,466.8 40.5 2.8

Education and health services

1,736.2 1,823.7 1,828.6 1,793.5 57.3 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

804.5 866.7 859.0 821.6 17.1 2.1

Other services

402.1 412.9 417.5 410.3 8.2 2.0

Government

1,266.5 1,325.2 1,323.4 1,281.9 15.4 1.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

Total nonfarm

2,754.5 2,875.4 2,879.2 2,812.7 58.2 2.1

Mining, logging, and construction

99.1 114.4 112.6 107.2 8.1 8.2

Manufacturing

180.4 181.2 182.0 181.1 0.7 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

511.1 531.6 539.6 517.8 6.7 1.3

Information

45.9 46.5 46.9 46.4 0.5 1.1

Financial activities

205.3 209.2 210.4 209.0 3.7 1.8

Professional and business services

435.4 460.2 459.3 451.3 15.9 3.7

Education and health services

593.1 619.4 616.8 607.5 14.4 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

235.1 249.7 248.5 239.4 4.3 1.8

Other services

115.4 118.3 118.7 116.8 1.4 1.2

Government

333.7 344.9 344.4 336.2 2.5 0.7

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ

 

Total nonfarm

1,879.7 1,979.0 1,984.7 1,946.8 67.1 3.6

Mining and logging

3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3 -0.1 -2.9

Construction

94.8 102.5 101.2 100.8 6.0 6.3

Manufacturing

117.8 121.4 121.2 120.4 2.6 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

369.9 395.4 398.7 383.8 13.9 3.8

Information

35.4 37.6 38.3 38.1 2.7 7.6

Financial activities

163.1 169.6 171.8 171.7 8.6 5.3

Professional and business services

316.4 336.8 342.2 332.5 16.1 5.1

Education and health services

274.6 290.7 291.9 289.0 14.4 5.2

Leisure and hospitality

204.8 211.7 210.9 210.8 6.0 2.9

Other services

64.4 65.9 65.7 65.2 0.8 1.2

Government

235.1 244.1 239.5 231.2 -3.9 -1.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA

 

Total nonfarm

2,196.2 2,304.1 2,313.1 2,275.0 78.8 3.6

Mining and logging

1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 -0.1 -10.0

Construction

102.9 114.4 114.7 113.4 10.5 10.2

Manufacturing

124.2 127.8 128.4 125.8 1.6 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

361.4 380.5 386.7 372.8 11.4 3.2

Information

81.3 86.5 86.4 85.2 3.9 4.8

Financial activities

127.3 129.5 129.8 128.9 1.6 1.3

Professional and business services

446.2 473.1 475.0 470.1 23.9 5.4

Education and health services

320.1 335.3 335.3 334.0 13.9 4.3

Leisure and hospitality

244.4 258.5 259.9 252.9 8.5 3.5

Other services

81.6 83.6 83.2 81.2 -0.4 -0.5

Government

305.8 313.9 312.7 309.8 4.0 1.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

Total nonfarm

3,100.9 3,219.5 3,222.2 3,171.5 70.6 2.3

Mining, logging, and construction

142.1 155.5 153.8 150.0 7.9 5.6

Manufacturing

51.5 54.1 53.5 51.9 0.4 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

397.9 412.6 420.0 403.7 5.8 1.5

Information

77.7 76.3 75.6 74.9 -2.8 -3.6

Financial activities

152.1 154.6 155.2 154.6 2.5 1.6

Professional and business services

705.1 732.6 729.9 723.2 18.1 2.6

Education and health services

409.6 419.4 419.9 419.1 9.5 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

290.4 311.5 312.1 306.9 16.5 5.7

Other services

192.7 199.5 200.0 197.0 4.3 2.2

Government

681.8 703.4 702.2 690.2 8.4 1.2

(p) preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, April 01, 2016