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Thursday, November 17, 2016

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Consumer Price Index, Los Angeles area — October 2016

Area prices were up 0.4 percent over the past month, up 2.2 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Los Angeles area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.4 percent in October, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the October increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and electricity. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 2.2 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices decreased 0.9 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.8 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices advanced 0.4 percent for the month of October. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 0.5 percent, and prices for food away from home crept up 0.2 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices inched up 0.1 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 3.6 percent since a year ago, but prices for food at home decreased 2.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 2.7 percent over the month. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for electricity (5.6 percent). Prices for gasoline increased 1.6 percent, and prices for natural gas service were virtually unchanged for the same period.

Energy prices decreased 0.9 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-5.6 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service jumped 11.2 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 4.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy crept up 0.2 percent in October. Higher prices for household furnishings and operations (1.0 percent) and shelter (0.3 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for other goods and services (-0.8 percent) and apparel (-0.2 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.8 percent. Components contributing to the increase included medical care (7.7 percent) and shelter (5.0 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in education and communication (-3.6 percent) and apparel (-1.4 percent).

Table A. Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County CPI-U monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Monthly Annual

January

0.9 1.8 0.8 2.1 0.8 2.0 0.5 0.8 -0.3 -0.1 0.7 3.1

February

0.5 2.3 0.5 2.1 0.7 2.2 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.0 2.4

March

1.1 3.0 1.0 2.0 0.1 1.3 0.6 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.3 1.7

April

0.5 3.3 0.0 1.5 -0.4 0.9 0.0 1.4 -0.1 0.5 0.2 2.0

May

0.0 3.1 0.1 1.6 0.1 1.0 0.4 1.7 1.0 1.1 0.5 1.4

June

-0.4 2.9 -0.4 1.6 -0.1 1.4 0.1 1.8 -0.3 0.8 0.1 1.8

July

-0.4 2.4 -0.1 1.9 -0.1 1.3 0.1 2.0 0.7 1.4 0.0 1.1

August

0.2 2.4 0.6 2.3 0.1 0.8 -0.1 1.8 -0.3 1.1 0.0 1.4

September

0.5 3.1 0.4 2.2 0.2 0.6 0.0 1.7 -0.4 0.7 0.2 1.9

October

0.0 2.8 0.8 3.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 1.4 0.2 1.0 0.4 2.2

November

-0.1 3.0 -1.0 2.1 -0.5 0.4 -0.7 1.3 0.0 1.6    

December

-0.5 2.2 -0.7 1.9 0.0 1.1 -0.5 0.7 -0.1 2.0    

The November 2016 Consumer Price Index for the Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County is scheduled to be released on December 15, 2016..


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, and Ventura Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Aug.
2016
Sep.
2016
Oct.
2016
Oct.
2015
Aug.
2016
Sep.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

249.700 250.145 251.098 2.2 0.6 0.4

All items (1967=100)

737.723 739.038 741.855 - - -

Food and beverages

250.820 250.958 251.982 0.3 0.5 0.4

Food

250.771 250.961 251.921 0.1 0.5 0.4

Food at home

253.217 253.368 254.659 -2.4 0.6 0.5

Food away from home

243.992 244.226 244.766 3.6 0.3 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

236.634 236.018 237.906 2.7 0.5 0.8

Housing

278.827 280.005 281.615 4.6 1.0 0.6

Shelter

318.650 319.854 320.795 5.0 0.7 0.3

Rent of primary residence (1)

333.819 335.004 337.209 5.3 1.0 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

330.789 331.993 332.914 4.8 0.6 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

330.770 331.974 332.895 4.8 0.6 0.3

Fuels and utilities

303.350 303.548 312.131 4.9 2.9 2.8

Household energy

268.581 269.105 280.018 5.6 4.3 4.1

Energy services (1)

267.472 267.998 279.015 5.7 4.3 4.1

Electricity (1)

297.154 297.144 313.726 4.3 5.6 5.6

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

245.277 247.095 247.433 11.2 0.9 0.1

Household furnishings and operations

113.705 115.082 116.212 0.7 2.2 1.0

Apparel

112.359 112.048 111.876 -1.4 -0.4 -0.2

Transportation

189.529 189.650 190.597 -1.8 0.6 0.5

Private transportation

184.964 185.094 186.098 -1.4 0.6 0.5

Motor fuel

205.366 212.508 215.917 -5.6 5.1 1.6

Gasoline (all types)

200.841 207.870 211.196 -5.6 5.2 1.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

200.955 207.978 211.267 -5.8 5.1 1.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

194.039 199.841 203.617 -5.1 4.9 1.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

192.970 200.004 203.277 -4.7 5.3 1.6

Medical care

467.393 466.430 466.477 7.7 -0.2 0.0

Recreation (5)

106.315 106.986 106.914 0.7 0.6 -0.1

Education and communication (5)

143.228 141.794 141.982 -3.6 -0.9 0.1

Other goods and services

392.387 394.520 391.495 -0.1 -0.2 -0.8
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

249.700 250.145 251.098 2.2 0.6 0.4

Commodities

172.693 173.569 173.944 -1.0 0.7 0.2

Commodities less food & beverages

132.074 133.205 133.296 -2.0 0.9 0.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

171.592 174.073 173.785 -1.5 1.3 -0.2

Durables

93.346 93.144 93.612 -3.1 0.3 0.5

Services

318.233 318.290 319.761 3.8 0.5 0.5
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

240.307 240.804 241.788 1.8 0.6 0.4

All items less shelter

219.575 219.676 220.640 0.4 0.5 0.4

Commodities less food

136.470 137.570 137.709 -1.8 0.9 0.1

Nondurables

211.890 213.347 213.657 -0.5 0.8 0.1

Nondurables less food

177.446 179.804 179.623 -1.1 1.2 -0.1

Services less rent of shelter (2)

326.653 325.020 327.305 2.3 0.2 0.7

Services less medical care services

305.702 305.931 307.281 3.5 0.5 0.4

Energy

230.391 235.020 241.322 -0.9 4.7 2.7

All items less energy

253.052 253.185 253.742 2.4 0.3 0.2

All items less food and energy

253.775 253.898 254.388 2.8 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, November 17, 2016