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Friday, April 24, 2015


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Occupational Employment and Wages in Las Vegas-Paradise, May 2014

Workers in the Las Vegas-Paradise Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $20.10 in May 2014, about 11 percent below the nationwide average of $22.71, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Richard J. Holden noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 10 of the 22 major occupational groups, including healthcare practitioners and technical; healthcare support; and installation, maintenance, and repair. Eight groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including management; business and financial operations; and computer and mathematical.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including food preparation and serving related; personal care and service; and building and grounds cleaning and maintenance. Conversely, 13 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including production; education, training, and library; and business and financial operations. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Las Vegas-Paradise Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2014
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Las Vegas United States Las Vegas Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.71 $20.10* -11


5.0 4.6* 54.08 46.63* -14

Business and financial operations

5.1 3.4* 34.81 30.49* -12

Computer and mathematical

2.8 1.3* 40.37 36.36* -10

Architecture and engineering

1.8 0.8* 39.19 36.58* -7

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.3* 33.69 35.15* 4

Community and social services

1.4 0.8* 21.79 23.79* 9


0.8 0.8 48.61 46.66 -4

Education, training, and library

6.2 3.9* 25.10 22.96* -9

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.6* 26.82 25.93 -3

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.8 4.1* 36.54 40.54* 11

Healthcare support

2.9 1.9* 13.86 16.48* 19

Protective service

2.4 3.6* 21.14 18.83 -11

Food preparation and serving related

9.1 16.0* 10.57 12.50* 18

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 6.5* 12.68 14.71* 16

Personal care and service

3.1 6.7* 12.01 12.64* 5

Sales and related

10.5 11.4* 18.59 15.94* -14

Office and administrative support

16.0 15.5* 17.08 16.54* -3

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 (2)* 12.09 14.77* 22

Construction and extraction

3.9 4.0 22.40 24.19* 8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.4* 21.74 23.82* 10


6.6 2.8* 17.06 16.03* -6

Transportation and material moving

6.8 6.9 16.57 16.68 1

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Las Vegas is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Indicates a value of less than 0.05 percent
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—food preparation and serving related—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Las Vegas-Paradise had 139,410 jobs in food preparation and serving related, accounting for 16.0 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 9.1-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $12.50, significantly above the national wage of $10.57.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the food preparation and serving related group included waiters and waitresses (30,160), combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food (22,410), and restaurant cooks (15,450). Among the higher paying jobs were chefs and head cooks, and first-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers, with mean hourly wages of $25.12 and $16.49, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were fast food cooks ($9.08) and combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food ($9.55). (Detailed occupational data for food preparation and serving related are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Las Vegas-Paradise Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the food preparation and serving related group. For instance, dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers were employed at 4.6 times the national rate in Las Vegas, and bartenders, at 3.0 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food, had a location quotient of 1.1 in Las Vegas, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Nevada Department of Employment.


A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year. May 2014 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2014, November 2013, May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, and November 2011. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 74.3 percent based on establishments and 70.5 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 57.1 percent of total national employment. (Response rates are slightly lower for these estimates due to the federal shutdown in October 2013.) The sample in the Las Vegas-Paradise Metropolitan Statistical Area included 4,369 establishments with a response rate of 63 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from and, respectively.

The May 2014 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. Metropolitan Statistical Area  includes Clark County.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Las Vegas-Paradise Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2014
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations

139,410 1.8 $12.50 $26,010

Chefs and Head Cooks

2,820 3.7 25.12 52,250

First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers

7,970 1.4 16.49 34,310

Cooks, Fast Food

5,980 1.8 9.08 18,880

Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria

1,020 0.4 14.95 31,100

Cooks, Restaurant

15,450 2.2 14.21 29,570

Cooks, Short Order

2,060 1.8 13.81 28,710

Cooks, All Other

40 0.3 17.02 35,410

Food Preparation Workers

7,680 1.4 13.01 27,070


11,080 3.0 14.01 29,130

Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food

22,410 1.1 9.55 19,870

Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop

3,590 1.2 11.80 24,550

Waiters and Waitresses

30,160 1.9 11.33 23,560

Food Servers, Nonrestaurant

1,300 0.8 11.18 23,250

Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers

12,150 4.6 12.18 25,340


8,550 2.6 13.16 27,370

Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop

5,020 2.1 12.98 26,990

Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other

2,150 7.3 13.68 28,460

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Las Vegas-Paradise, NV, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.


Last Modified Date: Friday, April 24, 2015