News Release Information


Wednesday, June 6, 2012


Technical information:
Media contact:
  • Martin Kohli (646) 264-3620

Occupational Employment and Wages in Trenton-Ewing, May 2011

Workers in the Trenton-Ewing Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $27.62 in May 2011, about 27 percent above the nationwide average of $21.74, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Deborah A. Brown noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly higher than their respective national averages in 19 of the 22 major occupational groups, including management, protective service, and construction and extraction. No other group had an hourly wage significantly lower than its respective national average. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Trenton-Ewing Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2011
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage Percent


United States Trenton United States Trenton

Total, all occupations

100.00% 100.00%   $21.74 $27.62 * 27


4.8 6.2 * 51.64 61.42 * 19

Business and financial operations

4.8 9.3 * 33.05 37.47 * 13

Computer and mathematical

2.7 4.7 * 37.85 41.49 * 10

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.7 37.08 38.5 * 4

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 2.7 * 32.44 38.01 * 17

Community and social service

1.5 2.4 * 21.07 25.44 * 21


0.8 1.3 * 47.3 47.12 0

Education, training, and library

6.6 8.8 24.46 27.3 * 12

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.1 * 25.89 29.92 * 16

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 5.3 34.97 38.91 * 11

Healthcare support

3.1 3 13.16 13.95 * 6

Protective service

2.5 3.3 * 20.54 29.82 * 45

Food preparation and serving related

8.7 5.5 * 10.3 11.56 * 12

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.3 3.1 12.29 13.86 * 13

Personal care and service

2.8 2.4 * 11.84 14.89 * 26

Sales and related

10.6 8.7 * 18.04 21.3 * 18

Office and administrative support

16.7 18.4 * 16.4 19.15 * 17

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 (2) * 11.68 14.43 24

Construction and extraction

3.9 2.1 * 21.46 27.98 * 30

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 2.7 * 20.86 24.22 * 16


6.5 2.7 * 16.45 18.25 * 11

Transportation and material moving

6.7 4.6 * 15.96 15.96 0

* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Trenton is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Indicates a value of less than 0.05 percent. 

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 8 of the 22 occupational groups, including business and financial operations, computer and mathematical, and life, physical, and social science. Conversely, nine groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including production, food preparation and serving related, and transportation and material moving.

One occupational group—business and financial operations—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Trenton-Ewing had 20,230 jobs in business and financial operations, accounting for 9.3 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 4.8-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $37.47, measurably above the national wage of $33.05.

With employment of 2,550, accountants and auditors was one of the largest occupations within the business and financial operations group, as were management analysts (2,180) and compliance officers (1,110). Among the higher paying jobs were financial examiners and management analysts, with mean hourly wages of $48.50 and $47.44, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were credit counselors ($22.46) and meeting, convention, and event planners ($25.40). (Detailed occupational data for business and financial operations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Trenton-Ewing Metropolitan Statistical Area, above average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the business and financial operations group. For instance, compliance officers were employed at 3.1 times the national rate in Trenton, and compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists, at 2.8 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, meeting, convention, and event planners had a location quotient of 1.1 in Trenton, indicating that this particular occupation's local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and nearly 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas.

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Trenton Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands also are surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 establishments in May and November of each year for a 3-year period. The nationwide response rate for the May 2011 survey was 77.3 percent based on establishments and 73.3 percent based on employment. May 2011 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, November 2009, May 2009, and November 2008. The sample in the Nassau-Suffolk Metropolitan Division included 6,579 establishments with a response rate of 77 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

The May 2011 OES estimates mark the first set of estimates based in part on data collected using the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. Nearly all the occupations in this release are 2010 SOC occupations; however, some are not. The May 2012 OES data will reflect the full set of detailed occupations in the 2010 SOC. For a list of all occupations, including 2010 SOC occupations, and how data collected on two structures were combined, see the OES Frequently Asked Questions online at

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: 1 (800) 877-8339.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Trenton-Ewing, N.J. Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of Mercer County.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at If you have additional questions, contact the New York-New Jersey Economic Analysis and Information unit at (646) 264-3600. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: 1 (800) 877-8339.
Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Trenton-Ewing Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2011
Occupation(1) Employment Mean Wages
Level(2) Location


Hourly Annual(4)

Business and financial operations occupations

20,230 1.9 $37.47 $77,940

Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products

120 0.7 34.17 71,070

Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products

380 0.8 32.63 67,870

Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators

700 1.6 33.09 68,820

Compliance officers

1,110 3.1 36.84 76,620

Cost estimators

160 0.5 35.13 73,060

Human resources, training, and labor relations specialists, all other

1,380 1.9 31.38 65,280


190 1.0 41.81 86,950

Management analysts

2,180 2.4 47.44 98,680

Meeting, convention, and event planners

110 1.1 25.40 52,840

Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists

450 2.8 32.01 66,580

Training and development specialists

650 1.9 35.05 72,890

Market research analysts and marketing specialists

670 1.3 33.49 69,660

Business operations specialists, all other

6,000 3.7 36.66 76,250

Accountants and auditors

2,550 1.4 38.00 79,030

Appraisers and assessors of real estate

60 0.6 35.21 73,230

Budget analysts

200 2.0 35.74 74,340

Credit analysts

120 1.2 39.76 82,700

Financial analysts

840 2.2 40.76 84,770

Personal financial advisors

370 1.4 47.11 97,990

Insurance underwriters

350 2.3 35.84 74,540

Financial examiners

(5) (5) 48.50 100,880

Credit counselors

40 0.7 22.46 46,710

Loan officers

150 0.3 32.64 67,900

Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents

270 2.4 34.01 70,750

Financial specialists, all other

910 3.6 35.65 74,160

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Trenton-Ewing, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.


Last Modified Date:
June 7, 2012