For release: Wednesday, June 15, 2011 PLS-4795

Technical information: (215) 597-3282 • BLSInfoPhiladelphia@bls.govwww.bls.gov/ro3
Media contact: (215) 861-5600 • BLSMediaPhiladelphia@bls.gov


Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – May 2011 (PDF)

Regional Prices 0.5 Percent Higher Over the Month; 3.2 Percent Higher Over the Year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast region rose 0.5 percent in May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the recent increase was led by a 2.6-percent advance in the energy index, which reflected higher gasoline prices. Also contributing to the overall rise in the CPI, the all items less food and energy index rose 0.3 percent and the food index increased 0.5 percent over the month. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 3.2 percent—the largest over-the-year advance since October 2008. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index jumped 19.7 percent over the year. Prices were also higher for both all items less food and energy (1.4 percent) and food (2.9 percent) since May 2010. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. 12-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), Northeast region, May 2008 to May 2011 (not seasonally adjusted)

Food

The food index rose 0.5 percent in May. The food at home index advanced 0.8 percent and the food away from home index edged up 0.2 percent over the month.

Over the year, the food index rose 2.9 percent as the food at home and food away from home components increased 3.3 and 2.3 percent, respectively.

Energy

Due almost entirely to higher gasoline prices, the energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, increased 2.6 percent in May. Gasoline prices advanced for the eighth straight month, up 49.8 percent since September 2010 and 5.3 percent since April. Following a 1.2-percent decrease in April, electricity prices rose 1.8 percent in May. Lower utility (piped) gas service prices, down 4.7 percent since April, moderated the rise in the energy index.

Posting its largest 12-month increase since September 2008, the energy index advanced 19.7 percent over the year, due largely to a 36.8-percent jump in gasoline prices. Both the utility (piped) gas service and electricity indexes posted 12-month decreases, down 3.3 and 1.2 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.3 percent since April. Higher prices for shelter (0.3 percent), new and used motor vehicles (0.9 percent), and household furnishings and operations (1.1 percent) led the overall rise. A 0.6-percent seasonal decrease in apparel prices helped to moderate the one-month advance in the all items less food and energy index.

Over the last 12 months, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.4 percent. Higher prices for shelter (1.0 percent) and medical care (3.4 percent) led the overall increase. Partially offsetting these and other advances was a 1.0-percent decline in recreation prices.

The June 2011 Consumer Price Index for the Northeast region is scheduled to be released on July 15, 2011, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).
Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

1.0 4.1 0.3 2.3 0.4 3.9 0.2 0.5 0.4 3.0 0.4 1.6

February

0.3 3.9 0.4 2.4 0.4 4.0 0.6 0.7 0.0 2.5 0.5 2.0

March

0.6 3.3 0.8 2.6 0.8 3.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 2.6 0.8 2.5

April

0.9 3.8 0.5 2.2 0.5 3.9 0.2 -0.1 0.2 2.5 0.5 2.8

May

0.5 4.6 0.5 2.3 0.9 4.3 0.1 -0.8 0.2 2.6 0.5 3.2

June

0.5 5.1 0.4 2.3 1.1 5.0 0.8 -1.2 -0.1 1.7    

July

0.4 4.6 0.2 2.0 0.8 5.7 0.1 -1.9 0.0 1.6    

August

0.3 4.5 -0.2 1.6 -0.3 5.5 0.3 -1.2 0.1 1.4    

September

-0.8 2.6 -0.1 2.4 -0.4 5.2 0.1 -0.7 -0.1 1.2    

October

-0.5 1.7 0.2 3.1 -0.9 4.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 1.5    

November

-0.2 2.3 0.6 4.0 -1.6 1.7 0.2 2.0 0.2 1.5    

December

0.2 3.0 0.0 3.8 -0.9 0.7 -0.1 2.8 0.0 1.6    

 

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 87 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD message referral phone number:  1-800-877-8339.

For personal assistance or further information on Consumer Price Indexes, as well as other Bureau products, contact the Mid-Atlantic Information Office at (215) 597-3282 from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and 1:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. ET.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
May
2010
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011

All items

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239.074 240.267 241.566 3.2 1.0 0.5

All items (December 1977 = 100)

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376.469 378.347 380.393      
 

Food and beverages

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231.199 231.284 232.474 2.8 0.6 0.5

Food

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230.765 230.790 232.053 2.9 0.6 0.5

Food at home

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229.710 229.242 231.099 3.3 0.6 0.8

Food away from home

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235.103 235.801 236.268 2.3 0.5 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

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235.737 236.659 236.830 2.0 0.5 0.1
 

Housing

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246.351 246.734 247.442 1.4 0.4 0.3

Shelter

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293.555 294.098 294.907 1.0 0.5 0.3

Rent of primary residence (1)

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291.306 291.612 291.893 2.0 0.2 0.1

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

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305.263 305.728 306.204 0.8 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

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305.219 305.668 306.143 0.8 0.3 0.2

Fuels and utilities

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225.415 224.674 224.129 4.4 -0.6 -0.2

Household energy

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207.895 207.076 206.393 4.5 -0.7 -0.3

Energy services (1) (3)

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196.991 194.448 194.153 -1.8 -1.4 -0.2

Electricity (1)

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189.694 187.350 190.703 -1.2 0.5 1.8

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

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201.513 198.652 189.351 -3.3 -6.0 -4.7

Household furnishings and operations

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125.652 126.345 127.689 0.6 1.6 1.1
 

Apparel

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125.943 125.177 124.472 0.7 -1.2 -0.6
 

Transportation

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208.702 213.683 217.959 12.1 4.4 2.0

Private transportation

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202.007 207.201 211.647 12.5 4.8 2.1

New and used motor vehicles (4)

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97.084 97.638 98.488 2.2 1.4 0.9

New vehicles

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139.188 139.888 140.948 2.5 1.3 0.8

New cars and trucks (4) (5)

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96.443 96.937 97.668 2.5 1.3 0.8

New cars (5)

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135.297 135.896 137.405 2.0 1.6 1.1

Used cars and trucks

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150.644 152.795 155.539 5.3 3.2 1.8

Motor fuel

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292.825 313.983 330.328 36.7 12.8 5.2

Gasoline (all types)

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291.604 312.891 329.550 36.8 13.0 5.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

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293.969 315.446 332.273 37.2 13.0 5.3

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (5) (6)

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294.700 316.104 333.103 36.3 13.0 5.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium (5)

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278.384 298.619 314.149 35.1 12.8 5.2
 

Medical care

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419.884 421.215 421.873 3.4 0.5 0.2

Medical care commodities

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354.037 355.229 355.582 4.6 0.4 0.1

Medical care services

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436.001 437.354 438.119 3.0 0.5 0.2

Professional services

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334.852 335.405 336.270 2.1 0.4 0.3
 

Recreation (4)

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116.829 117.308 117.810 -1.0 0.8 0.4
 

Education and communication (4)

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133.255 133.051 132.883 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1
 

Other goods and services

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413.452 415.951 416.065 2.7 0.6 0.0
 

Commodity and service group

 

Commodities

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188.829 190.939 192.893 6.4 2.2 1.0

Commodities less food and beverages

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162.838 165.711 167.905 8.6 3.1 1.3

Nondurables less food and beverages

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210.651 215.557 218.852 12.9 3.9 1.5

Durables

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109.175 109.932 110.953 1.0 1.6 0.9

Services

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288.413 288.740 289.421 1.2 0.3 0.2
 

Special aggregate indexes

 

All items less shelter

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220.981 222.429 223.923 4.3 1.3 0.7

All items less medical care

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231.028 232.208 233.520 3.2 1.1 0.6

Commodities less food

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165.720 168.553 170.701 8.3 3.0 1.3

Nondurables

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222.247 224.988 227.350 7.9 2.3 1.0

Nondurables less food

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212.088 216.782 219.911 12.2 3.7 1.4

Services less rent of shelter (2)

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293.204 293.288 293.848 1.5 0.2 0.2

Services less medical care services

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277.988 278.259 278.929 1.1 0.3 0.2

Energy

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243.593 252.063 258.577 19.7 6.2 2.6

All items less energy

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240.918 241.368 242.139 1.6 0.5 0.3

All items less food and energy

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244.277 244.808 245.493 1.4 0.5 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) This index series was formerly titled Gas (piped) and electricity.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: June 16, 2011