For release: Friday, July 15, 2011 PLS-4801

Technical information: (215) 597-3282 • BLSInfoPhiladelphia@bls.govwww.bls.gov/ro3
Media contact: (215) 861-5600 • BLSMediaPhiladelphia@bls.gov


Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – June 2011 (PDF)

Regional Prices 0.1 Percent Higher Over the Month; 3.4 Percent Higher Over the Year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast region inched up 0.1 percent in June, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that increases in both the all items less food and energy index and the food index were nearly offset by a decrease in the energy index since May 2011. Within the all items less food and energy index, higher prices for shelter led the recent advance. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 3.4 percent—the largest over-the-year advance since October 2008. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index jumped 19.7 percent over the year. Prices were also higher for both all items less food and energy (1.6 percent) and food (3.3 percent) since June 2010. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. 12-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), Northeast region, June 2008 to June 2011 (not seasonally adjusted)

Food

The food index rose 0.5 percent in June. Prices for food at home advanced 0.6 percent and those for food away from home increased 0.4 percent over the month.

Over the year, the food index rose 3.3 percent as prices for the food at home and food away from home components increased 4.1 and 2.4 percent, respectively. The 12-month advance in the food index was the largest since April 2009.

Energy

Dominated by lower gasoline prices, the energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, decreased 2.5 percent over the month. Following eight months of uninterrupted increases totaling 49.8 percent, gasoline prices dropped 4.9 percent in June—the largest one-month decrease in a year. Utility (piped) gas service prices declined for the fourth straight month, down 7.3 percent since February and 0.7 percent since May. Moderating the decline in the energy index was a seasonal increase of 1.5 percent in electricity prices, which normally rise in June as summer rate schedules are introduced, then decline in October.

Despite its recent decline, the energy index advanced 19.7 percent over the year, due largely to a 37.7-percent jump in gasoline prices. Both the electricity and utility (piped) gas service indexes posted 12-month decreases, down 1.3 and 2.7 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.3 percent since May. Higher prices for shelter (0.6 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (1.2 percent) led the overall rise. A smaller-than-usual seasonal decrease in apparel prices, down 1.5 percent, helped to moderate the one-month advance in the all items less food and energy index.

Over the last 12 months, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.6 percent. Higher prices for shelter (1.3 percent) led the overall increase. Partially offsetting this and other advances was a 1.9-percent decline in recreation prices.

The July 2011 Consumer Price Index for the Northeast region is scheduled to be released on August 18, 2011, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).
Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

1.0 4.1 0.3 2.3 0.4 3.9 0.2 0.5 0.4 3.0 0.4 1.6

February

0.3 3.9 0.4 2.4 0.4 4.0 0.6 0.7 0.0 2.5 0.5 2.0

March

0.6 3.3 0.8 2.6 0.8 3.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 2.6 0.8 2.5

April

0.9 3.8 0.5 2.2 0.5 3.9 0.2 -0.1 0.2 2.5 0.5 2.8

May

0.5 4.6 0.5 2.3 0.9 4.3 0.1 -0.8 0.2 2.6 0.5 3.2

June

0.5 5.1 0.4 2.3 1.1 5.0 0.8 -1.2 -0.1 1.7 0.1 3.4

July

0.4 4.6 0.2 2.0 0.8 5.7 0.1 -1.9 0.0 1.6    

August

0.3 4.5 -0.2 1.6 -0.3 5.5 0.3 -1.2 0.1 1.4    

September

-0.8 2.6 -0.1 2.4 -0.4 5.2 0.1 -0.7 -0.1 1.2    

October

-0.5 1.7 0.2 3.1 -0.9 4.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 1.5    

November

-0.2 2.3 0.6 4.0 -1.6 1.7 0.2 2.0 0.2 1.5    

December

0.2 3.0 0.0 3.8 -0.9 0.7 -0.1 2.8 0.0 1.6    

 

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 87 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD message referral phone number:  1-800-877-8339.

For personal assistance or further information on Consumer Price Indexes, as well as other Bureau products, contact the Mid-Atlantic Information Office at (215) 597-3282 from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and 1:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. ET.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Apr.
2011
May
2011
Jun.
2011
Jun.
2010
Apr.
2011
May
2011

All items

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240.267 241.566 241.690 3.4 0.6 0.1

All items (December 1977 = 100)

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378.347 380.393 380.588      
 

Food and beverages

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231.284 232.474 233.553 3.2 1.0 0.5

Food

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230.790 232.053 233.202 3.3 1.0 0.5

Food at home

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229.242 231.099 232.427 4.1 1.4 0.6

Food away from home

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235.801 236.268 237.185 2.4 0.6 0.4

Alcoholic beverages

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236.659 236.830 236.952 2.0 0.1 0.1
 

Housing

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246.734 247.442 248.683 1.6 0.8 0.5

Shelter

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294.098 294.907 296.810 1.3 0.9 0.6

Rent of primary residence (1)

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291.612 291.893 292.746 2.0 0.4 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

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305.728 306.204 307.015 0.9 0.4 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

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305.668 306.143 306.958 0.9 0.4 0.3

Fuels and utilities

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224.674 224.129 224.560 4.5 -0.1 0.2

Household energy

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207.076 206.393 206.845 4.6 -0.1 0.2

Energy services (1) (3)

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194.448 194.153 195.818 -1.7 0.7 0.9

Electricity (1)

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187.350 190.703 193.495 -1.3 3.3 1.5

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

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198.652 189.351 188.112 -2.7 -5.3 -0.7

Household furnishings and operations

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126.345 127.689 127.396 0.4 0.8 -0.2
 

Apparel

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125.177 124.472 122.579 3.2 -2.1 -1.5
 

Transportation

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213.683 217.959 215.867 12.3 1.0 -1.0

Private transportation

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207.201 211.647 209.252 12.9 1.0 -1.1

New and used motor vehicles (4)

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97.638 98.488 99.699 3.3 2.1 1.2

New vehicles

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139.888 140.948 141.582 3.2 1.2 0.4

New cars and trucks (4) (5)

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96.937 97.668 98.114 3.2 1.2 0.5

New cars (5)

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135.896 137.405 138.379 2.7 1.8 0.7

Used cars and trucks

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152.795 155.539 159.467 6.6 4.4 2.5

Motor fuel

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313.983 330.328 314.376 37.5 0.1 -4.8

Gasoline (all types)

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312.891 329.550 313.496 37.7 0.2 -4.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular (4)

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315.446 332.273 315.567 38.2 0.0 -5.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (5) (6)

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316.104 333.103 317.999 36.6 0.6 -4.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium (5)

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298.619 314.149 300.646 35.4 0.7 -4.3
 

Medical care

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421.215 421.873 421.695 3.2 0.1 0.0

Medical care commodities

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355.229 355.582 354.965 4.3 -0.1 -0.2

Medical care services

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437.354 438.119 438.122 2.8 0.2 0.0

Professional services

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335.405 336.270 336.272 1.8 0.3 0.0
 

Recreation (4)

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117.308 117.810 117.779 -1.9 0.4 0.0
 

Education and communication (4)

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133.051 132.883 132.844 -0.1 -0.2 0.0
 

Other goods and services

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415.951 416.065 415.687 2.3 -0.1 -0.1
 

Commodity and service group

 

Commodities

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190.939 192.893 191.774 6.8 0.4 -0.6

Commodities less food and beverages

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165.711 167.905 165.906 9.0 0.1 -1.2

Nondurables less food and beverages

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215.557 218.852 214.327 13.4 -0.6 -2.1

Durables

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109.932 110.953 111.520 1.6 1.4 0.5

Services

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288.740 289.421 290.731 1.3 0.7 0.5
 

Special aggregate indexes

 

All items less shelter

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222.429 223.923 223.383 4.4 0.4 -0.2

All items less medical care

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232.208 233.520 233.654 3.4 0.6 0.1

Commodities less food

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168.553 170.701 168.752 8.7 0.1 -1.1

Nondurables

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224.988 227.350 225.353 8.3 0.2 -0.9

Nondurables less food

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216.782 219.911 215.633 12.7 -0.5 -1.9

Services less rent of shelter (2)

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293.288 293.848 294.515 1.3 0.4 0.2

Services less medical care services

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278.259 278.929 280.292 1.2 0.7 0.5

Energy

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252.063 258.577 252.096 19.7 0.0 -2.5

All items less energy

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241.368 242.139 242.949 1.9 0.7 0.3

All items less food and energy

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244.808 245.493 246.246 1.6 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) This index series was formerly titled Gas (piped) and electricity.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: July 18, 2011