For release: Thursday, August 18, 2011 PLS-4809

Technical information: (215) 597-3282 • BLSInfoPhiladelphia@bls.govwww.bls.gov/ro3
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Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – July 2011 (PDF)

Regional Prices 0.2 Percent Higher Over the Month; 3.6 Percent Higher Over the Year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast region edged up 0.2 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that increases in the all items less food and energy index (0.3 percent) and the food index (0.6 percent) were moderated by a decrease in the energy index (-0.7 percent) since June. Within the all items less food and energy index, higher prices for shelter led the recent advance. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 3.6 percent—the largest over-the-year advance since October 2008. (See chart 1 and table A.) The energy index jumped 19.1 percent over the year. Prices were also higher for all items less food and energy (1.8 percent) and food (4.1 percent) since July 2010. (See table 1.)

Chart 1. 12-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), Northeast region, July 2008 to July 2011 (not seasonally adjusted)
Food

The food index rose 0.6 percent over the month. Prices for food at home advanced 0.8 percent and those for food away from home increased 0.3 percent since June.

Over the year, the food index rose 4.1 percent as prices for the food at home and food away from home components increased 5.2 and 2.6 percent, respectively. The 12-month advance in the food index was the largest since March 2009.

Energy

Due almost entirely to a 1.6-percent decline in gasoline prices, the energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, decreased 0.7 percent over the month. Utility (piped) gas service prices fell for the fifth straight month, down 9.3 percent since February and 0.3 percent since June. Moderating the recent decline in the energy index, electricity prices rose 1.9 percent in July.

Despite its recent decrease, the energy index advanced 19.1 percent over the year, due largely to a 36.8-percent jump in gasoline prices. Both the utility (piped) gas service and electricity indexes posted 12-month decreases, down 5.2 and 0.4 percent, respectively.

All items less food and energy

Led by higher prices for shelter (0.5 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (0.9 percent), the index for all items less food and energy increased 0.3 percent since June. A smaller-than-usual seasonal decrease in apparel prices, down 1.2 percent, moderated the one-month advance in the all items less food and energy index.

Over the last 12 months, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.8 percent, led by an increase in the shelter index, up 1.6 percent. Moderating the advance in the all items less food and energy index was a 1.0-percent decline in recreation prices—the 13th consecutive over-the-year decrease in this index.

The August 2011 Consumer Price Index for the Northeast region is scheduled to be released on September 15, 2011, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

1.0 4.1 0.3 2.3 0.4 3.9 0.2 0.5 0.4 3.0 0.4 1.6

February

0.3 3.9 0.4 2.4 0.4 4.0 0.6 0.7 0.0 2.5 0.5 2.0

March

0.6 3.3 0.8 2.6 0.8 3.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 2.6 0.8 2.5

April

0.9 3.8 0.5 2.2 0.5 3.9 0.2 -0.1 0.2 2.5 0.5 2.8

May

0.5 4.6 0.5 2.3 0.9 4.3 0.1 -0.8 0.2 2.6 0.5 3.2

June

0.5 5.1 0.4 2.3 1.1 5.0 0.8 -1.2 -0.1 1.7 0.1 3.4

July

0.4 4.6 0.2 2.0 0.8 5.7 0.1 -1.9 0.0 1.6 0.2 3.6

August

0.3 4.5 -0.2 1.6 -0.3 5.5 0.3 -1.2 0.1 1.4    

September

-0.8 2.6 -0.1 2.4 -0.4 5.2 0.1 -0.7 -0.1 1.2    

October

-0.5 1.7 0.2 3.1 -0.9 4.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 1.5    

November

-0.2 2.3 0.6 4.0 -1.6 1.7 0.2 2.0 0.2 1.5    

December

0.2 3.0 0.0 3.8 -0.9 0.7 -0.1 2.8 0.0 1.6    

 

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 87 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period “market basket” of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD message referral phone number:  1-800-877-8339.

For personal assistance or further information on Consumer Price Indexes, as well as other Bureau products, contact the Mid-Atlantic Information Office at (215) 597-3282 from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and 1:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. ET.
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
May
2011
Jun.
2011
Jul.
2011
Jul.
2010
May
2011
Jun.
2011

All items

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241.566 241.690 242.282 3.6 0.3 0.2

All items (December 1977 = 100)

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380.393 380.588 381.520      
 

Food and beverages

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232.474 233.553 234.819 3.9 1.0 0.5

Food

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232.053 233.202 234.580 4.1 1.1 0.6

Food at home

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231.099 232.427 234.223 5.2 1.4 0.8

Food away from home

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236.268 237.185 238.009 2.6 0.7 0.3

Alcoholic beverages

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236.830 236.952 236.670 1.4 -0.1 -0.1
 

Housing

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247.442 248.683 249.819 1.9 1.0 0.5

Shelter

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294.907 296.810 298.352 1.6 1.2 0.5

Rent of primary residence (1)

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291.893 292.746 293.597 1.9 0.6 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences (1) (2)

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306.204 307.015 308.043 1.2 0.6 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2)

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306.143 306.958 307.981 1.2 0.6 0.3

Fuels and utilities

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224.129 224.560 225.450 4.3 0.6 0.4

Household energy

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206.393 206.845 207.308 4.3 0.4 0.2

Energy services (1) (3)

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194.153 195.818 197.284 -1.8 1.6 0.7

Electricity (1)

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190.703 193.495 197.166 -0.4 3.4 1.9

Utility (piped) gas service (1) (4)

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(R)185.791 (R)184.552 184.024 -5.2 -1.0 -0.3

Household furnishings and operations

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127.689 127.396 127.445 0.9 -0.2 0.0
 

Apparel

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124.472 122.579 121.166 5.5 -2.7 -1.2
 

Transportation

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217.959 215.867 215.391 12.0 -1.2 -0.2

Private transportation

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211.647 209.252 208.854 12.5 -1.3 -0.2

New and used motor vehicles (5)

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98.488 99.699 100.580 3.5 2.1 0.9

New vehicles

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140.948 141.582 141.788 3.1 0.6 0.1

New cars and trucks (5) (6)

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97.668 98.114 98.268 3.1 0.6 0.2

New cars (6)

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137.405 138.379 138.501 2.5 0.8 0.1

Used cars and trucks

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155.539 159.467 162.306 7.0 4.4 1.8

Motor fuel

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330.328 314.376 309.459 36.7 -6.3 -1.6

Gasoline (all types)

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329.550 313.496 308.528 36.8 -6.4 -1.6

Gasoline, unleaded regular (5)

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332.273 315.567 310.498 37.3 -6.6 -1.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (6) (7)

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333.103 317.999 312.972 35.8 -6.0 -1.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium (6)

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314.149 300.646 296.123 34.7 -5.7 -1.5
 

Medical care

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421.873 421.695 421.872 3.1 0.0 0.0

Medical care commodities

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355.582 354.965 353.876 4.5 -0.5 -0.3

Medical care services

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438.119 438.122 438.804 2.7 0.2 0.2

Professional services

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336.270 336.272 336.912 1.8 0.2 0.2
 

Recreation (5)

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117.810 117.779 118.230 -1.0 0.4 0.4
 

Education and communication (5)

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132.883 132.844 133.239 -0.2 0.3 0.3
 

Other goods and services

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416.065 415.687 416.181 1.4 0.0 0.1
 

Commodity and service group

 

Commodities

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192.893 191.774 191.616 7.1 -0.7 -0.1

Commodities less food and beverages

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167.905 165.906 165.153 9.2 -1.6 -0.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

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218.852 214.327 212.473 13.6 -2.9 -0.9

Durables

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110.953 111.520 111.880 1.8 0.8 0.3

Services

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289.421 290.731 292.042 1.5 0.9 0.5
 

Special aggregate indexes

 

All items less shelter

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223.923 223.383 223.624 4.6 -0.1 0.1

All items less medical care

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233.520 233.654 234.257 3.6 0.3 0.3

Commodities less food

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170.701 168.752 168.008 8.8 -1.6 -0.4

Nondurables

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227.350 225.353 224.913 8.7 -1.1 -0.2

Nondurables less food

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219.911 215.633 213.863 12.8 -2.8 -0.8

Services less rent of shelter (2)

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293.848 294.515 295.584 1.4 0.6 0.4

Services less medical care services

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278.929 280.292 281.621 1.4 1.0 0.5

Energy

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258.577 252.096 250.285 19.1 -3.2 -0.7

All items less energy

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242.139 242.949 243.795 2.2 0.7 0.3

All items less food and energy

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245.493 246.246 247.000 1.8 0.6 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) This index series was formerly titled Gas (piped) and electricity.
(4) Revised index: Apr. 2011=195.092.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(R) Revised.

Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: August 19, 2011