For release: Friday, July 16, 2010 PLS - 4681
Technical Information: (215) 597-3282 • BLSInfoPhiladelphia@bls.govwww.bls.gov/ro3
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South Region Consumer Price Index – June 2010 (PDF)

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South1 inched down 0.1 percent in June to a level of 211.232 (1982-84=100), the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that decreases in the transportation, apparel, and recreation indexes were nearly offset by increases in the housing and medical care indexes. The remaining three major components of the CPI were unchanged over the month. The energy index declined 1.3 percent, while food prices inched down 0.1 percent in June. The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent over the month. (See table A and table 1.)

Chart 1. 1-month and 12-month percent changes ended June 2010 for the major categories of the CPI-U for the South region, not seasonally adjusted

1-month and 12-month percent changes ended June 2010 for the major categories of the CPI-U for the South region, not seasonally adjusted

Chart Data

Over the last 12 months, prices in the South increased 0.9 percent, due largely to higher prices for transportation and medical care. Since June 2009, energy prices in the region advanced 1.7 percent, while food prices increased 1.0 percent. Over the same period, the all items less food and energy index rose 0.8 percent.

Among the major categories, the transportation index decreased 1.7 percent in June, dominated by a 5.8-percent decline in motor fuel prices. Over the year, transportation prices advanced 5.1 percent as prices for new and used motor vehicles and motor fuel increased 4.6 percent and 4.8 percent, respectively.

The apparel index followed normal seasonal patterns, decreasing 1.1 percent in June. Over the last 12 months, apparel prices declined 3.0 percent.

The recreation index edged down 0.3 percent since May. Over the year, recreation prices declined 1.8 percent—the largest 12-month decrease since the inception of this index in December 1997.

The food and beverages index was unchanged in June, as a 0.2-percent decrease in prices for food at home was offset by increases in prices for food away from home and alcoholic beverages (each at 0.2 percent). Over the year, the food and beverages index advanced 1.0 percent as prices increased for food away from home (1.5 percent), food at home (0.5 percent), and alcoholic beverages (1.3 percent).

The education and communication index and the other goods and services index (which includes tobacco and smoking products, personal care products and services, and miscellaneous personal goods) were both unchanged over the month. Since last June, prices for education and communication and other goods and services rose 2.5 percent and 3.2 percent, respectively. 

The remaining two indexes increased over the month. The housing index advanced 0.6 percent during the period. Prices for fuels and utilities increased 3.5 percent in June, reflecting higher prices for electricity (5.4 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (0.8 percent). The shelter component, which includes rent of primary residence, lodging away from home, owners’ equivalent rent of residences, and tenants’ and household insurance, edged up 0.3 percent. Moderating the overall increase in the housing index, prices for household furnishings and operations declined 0.6 percent over the month. Since June 2009, the housing index declined 1.0 percent—the 11th consecutive 12-month decrease. Declines in prices for shelter (-0.8 percent), household furnishings and operations (-3.1 percent), and fuels and utilities (-0.3 percent) all contributed to the latest 12-month decrease in the housing index.

Medical care prices edged up 0.2 percent over the month, reflecting increases in both medical care services (0.2 percent) and medical care commodities (0.1 percent). Since June 2009, the medical care index advanced 4.0 percent as prices rose for both medical care services (4.5 percent) and medical care commodities (2.8 percent).

Population size groups

Over the month, consumer prices in the South were unchanged in the largest metropolitan areas, those with 1.5 million or more residents (Size Class A). Prices in the mid-size areas, those with populations between 50,000 and 1.5 million (Size Class B/C), edged down 0.2 percent since May. In the smallest areas, those with populations of less than 50,000 (Size Class D), prices increased 0.4 percent. Over the past 12 months, consumer prices in the South advanced 0.8 percent in both the largest areas (Size Class A) and the mid-sized areas (Size Class B/C) and rose 1.6 percent in the smallest areas (Size Class D).

Technical Note

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has updated the consumption expenditure weights in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) to the 2007-08 period. The updated expenditure weights for these indexes replace the 2005-06 weights that were introduced effective with the February 2008 CPI release. As originally announced by BLS in December 1998, CPI expenditure weights will continue to be updated at two year intervals.

The CPI program completed its conversion to Computer Assisted Data Collection (CADC). Due to the efficiencies gained from conversion to CADC, BLS has extended data collection to cover the entire month, beginning with data for February 2004. CPI data collection is scheduled in terms of business days – weekdays excluding holidays. Formerly, data collection covered three pricing periods, each comprising six business days in most months and five days in November and December. Consequently, the last day of scheduled data collection was usually the 18th business day of the month. This allowed time during the end of the month for the mailing of paper schedules back to the Washington Office and the data entry of the information in these schedules. Starting in February 2004, the three pricing periods now have variable lengths, between six and eight business days long. The third pricing period normally will end on the last business day of the month.

Local area CPI indexes are by-products of the national CPI program. Because each local index is a small subset of the national index, it has a smaller sample size and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and measurement error than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. The Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in escalator clauses.

We encourage users interested in learning more about changes to the CPI to contact the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Information on the Consumer Price Index and other surveys are available on our Web site at www.bls.gov. Current and historical BLS data are also posted on our Web site at www.bls.gov/ro3/. If you have additional questions, you can contact the Mid-Atlantic information office directly by dialing (215) 597-3282. Information from the Consumer Price Index program is available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200, Federal Relay Services: 1-800-877-8339.

1 South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers and Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers, South Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Item and group All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Urban Wage Earners and
Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
Historical
data
Index Percent change from
Historical
data
Index Percent change from
Jun.
2010
Jun.
2009
May
2010
Jun.
2010
Jun.
2009
May
2010

All items

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211.232 0.9 -0.1
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208.640 1.3 -0.1

All items (Dec. 1977 = 100)

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342.648    
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337.915    
 

Food and beverages

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217.730 1.0 0.0
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216.613 1.1 0.0

Food

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218.313 1.0 -0.1
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217.103 1.0 0.0

Food at home

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212.481 0.5 -0.2
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211.010 0.6 -0.1

Food away from home

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229.044 1.5 0.2
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228.254 1.6 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

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208.558 1.3 0.2
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208.892 1.8 0.2
 

Housing

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201.647 -1.0 0.6
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201.388 -0.7 0.7

Shelter

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222.625 -0.8 0.3
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221.838 -0.5 0.2

Rent of primary residence (1)

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223.286 -0.3 0.0
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221.894 -0.4 0.0

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2) (3)

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226.006 -0.3 0.2
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210.296 -0.4 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence (1) (2) (3)

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226.012 -0.3 0.2
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210.302 -0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

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218.881 -0.3 3.5
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219.961 -0.3 3.8

Household energy

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188.216 -1.6 4.5
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187.471 -1.6 4.9

Gas (piped) and electricity (1)

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189.062 -1.9 4.7
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189.109 -1.9 5.0

Electricity (1)

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185.581 -3.0 5.4
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184.115 -2.8 5.6

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

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196.203 4.5 0.8
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199.847 4.6 0.6

Household furnishings and operations

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126.277 -3.1 -0.6
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121.053 -3.1 -0.6
 

Apparel

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128.089 -3.0 -1.1
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127.511 -3.5 -1.1
 

Transportation

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189.429 5.1 -1.7
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187.370 6.0 -1.9

Private transportation

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187.329 4.9 -1.8
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185.641 5.9 -2.0

New and used motor vehicles (4)

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97.464 4.6 0.3
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96.127 7.1 0.4

New vehicles

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142.282 1.2 -0.2
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141.998 1.2 -0.1

New cars and trucks (4) (5)

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96.802 1.2 -0.2
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New cars (5)

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145.620 1.3 -0.2
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Used cars and trucks

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142.957 15.8 1.1
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143.726 15.8 1.1

Motor fuel

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230.143 4.8 -5.8
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230.048 4.8 -5.8

Gasoline (all types)

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229.198 4.2 -5.9
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229.198 4.2 -5.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular (5)

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227.790 4.2 -6.0
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227.768 4.1 -6.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (5) (6)

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239.656 4.2 -5.6
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239.637 4.2 -5.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium (5)

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228.910 4.5 -5.3
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228.579 4.5 -5.3
 

Medical care

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370.335 4.0 0.2
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374.679 4.3 0.2

Medical care commodities

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300.456 2.8 0.1
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293.999 3.0 0.0

Medical care services

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393.410 4.5 0.2
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399.594 4.8 0.2

Professional services

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327.107 3.7 0.3
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329.107 3.9 0.3
 

Recreation (4)

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113.657 -1.8 -0.3
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109.934 -2.1 -0.3
 

Education and communication (4)

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125.150 2.5 0.0
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120.038 2.0 -0.1
 

Other goods and services

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372.865 3.2 0.0
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397.264 4.2 0.1
 

Commodities

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174.866 1.3 -1.0
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176.565 2.0 -1.1

Services

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248.422 0.6 0.5
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247.359 0.8 0.6
 

All items less shelter

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208.003 1.7 -0.3
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205.340 2.1 -0.3

All items less medical care

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202.177 0.7 -0.1
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200.586 1.1 -0.2

Energy

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202.259 1.7 -1.3
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203.087 1.8 -1.4

All items less energy

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212.889 0.8 0.0
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209.346 1.2 0.0

All items less food and energy

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212.323 0.8 0.1
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207.926 1.3 0.1
 

South size A (more than 1,500,000)

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213.121 0.8 0.0
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210.985 1.0 0.0

South size B/C (50,000 to 1,500,000) (7)

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134.173 0.8 -0.2
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133.227 1.4 -0.3

South size D (nonmetropolitan, less than 50,000)

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215.216 1.6 0.4
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215.416 1.7 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Indexes for CPI-U on December 1982=100 base; CPI-W on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) This index series underwent a change in composition in January 2010. The expenditure class now includes weight from secondary residences and has been be re-titled "Owners' equivalent rent of residences." The item stratum "Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence" excludes secondary residences.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

South region includes the District of Columbia and the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia.

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2011