For release: Friday, October 15, 2010 PLS - 4715
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Consumer Price Index, South Region – September 2010 (PDF)

Prices in the South up 0.2 Percent Over the Month and 1.4 Percent Over the Year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South edged up 0.2 percent in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, attributed the monthly increase to advances in the indexes for food (0.6 percent) and all items less food and energy (0.3 percent). The energy index declined 1.0 percent over the month. Within the all items less food and energy group, apparel and medical care were among those indexes that recorded increases. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 1.4 percent. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 1.0 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

Chart 1. 12-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), South region, September 2007 - September 2010

12-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), South region, September 2007 - September 2010

Food

Food prices rose 0.6 percent in September following a 0.2-percent increase in the previous month. Within the food index, prices for food at home rose 0.6 percent and those for food away from home increased 0.5 percent.

Over the year, the index for food advanced 1.6 percent as prices for both food at home and food away from home increased 1.7 percent and 1.5 percent, respectively.

Energy

The energy index declined 1.0 percent in September following a 0.3-percent increase in August. Within the energy index, prices for motor fuel decreased 1.2 percent, while those for utility (piped) gas service and electricity fell 5.4 percent and 0.2 percent, respectively.

Over the year, the energy index rose 3.9 percent as higher prices for motor fuel (7.7 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (1.9 percent) more than offset lower electricity prices (-0.8 percent).

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.3 percent in September. Among the components of the index, apparel prices recorded a seasonal advance of 3.6 percent. Costs for medical care rose 1.2 percent over the month—the largest one-month increase since February 1992.  

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.0 percent. Higher prices for used cars and trucks (12.5 percent) and medical care (4.0 percent) contributed to the increase.

The Consumer Price Index for October 2010 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, November 17, 2010 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 87 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 25,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of the items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period “market basket” of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: (800) 877-8339.

For personal assistance or further information on Consumer Price Indexes, as well as other Bureau products, contact the Mid-Atlantic Information Office at (215) 597-3282 from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and 1:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. ET.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes
Percent change from-
Jul.
2010
Aug.
2010
Sep.
2010
Sep.
2009
Jul.
2010
Aug.
2010

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

210.988 211.308 211.775 1.4 0.4 0.2

All items (December 1977=100)

342.251 342.771 343.529      

Food and beverages

217.387 217.776 218.960 1.6 0.7 0.5

Food

217.865 218.246 219.468 1.6 0.7 0.6

Food at home

212.260 212.765 213.994 1.7 0.8 0.6

Food away from home

228.274 228.487 229.714 1.5 0.6 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

209.621 210.114 210.789 1.6 0.6 0.3

Housing

201.755 201.567 201.546 -0.3 -0.1 0.0

Shelter

222.720 222.398 222.633 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

223.286 222.334 222.914 -0.5 -0.2 0.3

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

226.142 226.324 226.630 0.2 0.2 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

226.147 226.327 226.627 0.2 0.2 0.1

Fuels and utilities

219.625 220.029 218.749 0.9 -0.4 -0.6

Household energy

188.930 189.099 187.608 0.0 -0.7 -0.8

Gas (piped) and electricity (1)

189.900 190.042 188.413 -0.4 -0.8 -0.9

Electricity (1)

185.577 186.155 185.848 -0.8 0.1 -0.2

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

202.843 199.934 189.223 1.9 -6.7 -5.4

Household furnishings and operations

125.997 125.886 125.767 -2.5 -0.2 -0.1

Apparel

124.970 126.424 131.030 -1.9 4.8 3.6

Transportation

189.385 189.920 189.022 5.9 -0.2 -0.5

Private transportation

187.283 187.979 187.139 5.9 -0.1 -0.4

New and used motor vehicles (3)

97.658 97.953 97.598 5.4 -0.1 -0.4

New vehicles

141.725 141.552 141.711 3.2 0.0 0.1

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

96.427 96.321 96.440 3.3 0.0 0.1

New cars (3)

144.850 144.629 144.945 3.1 0.1 0.2

Used cars and trucks

144.743 146.183 144.392 12.5 -0.2 -1.2

Motor fuel

228.265 229.424 226.738 7.7 -0.7 -1.2

Gasoline (all types)

227.398 228.570 225.822 7.5 -0.7 -1.2

Unleaded regular (4)

225.896 226.988 224.326 7.6 -0.7 -1.2

Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

238.191 239.602 236.444 7.2 -0.7 -1.3

Unleaded premium (4)

227.256 228.663 225.831 7.2 -0.6 -1.2

Medical Care

367.594 368.139 372.421 4.0 1.3 1.2

Medical care commodities

298.122 298.778 299.703 1.8 0.5 0.3

Medical care services

390.548 391.029 396.737 4.8 1.6 1.5

Professional services

327.625 328.155 329.008 3.6 0.4 0.3

Recreation (3)

113.370 113.513 113.256 -2.2 -0.1 -0.2

Education and communication (3)

125.465 126.476 127.105 2.2 1.3 0.5

Other goods and services

375.887 376.423 376.018 2.2 0.0 -0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

210.988 211.308 211.775 1.4 0.4 0.2

Commodities

174.178 174.649 175.234 2.0 0.6 0.3

Commodities less food & beverages

152.217 152.712 153.034 2.3 0.5 0.2

Nondurables less food & beverages

192.774 193.639 194.580 2.1 0.9 0.5

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

234.622 235.180 234.110 3.4 -0.2 -0.5

Durables

114.268 114.417 114.161 2.5 -0.1 -0.2

Services

248.608 248.784 249.140 0.9 0.2 0.1

Rent of shelter (2)

228.943 228.597 228.838 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Transportation services

268.810 269.025 269.052 3.7 0.1 0.0

Other services

298.554 300.439 300.838 1.2 0.8 0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

202.035 202.343 202.651 1.2 0.3 0.2

All items less food

209.729 210.040 210.387 1.3 0.3 0.2

All items less shelter

207.613 208.208 208.777 2.1 0.6 0.3

Commodities less food

154.112 154.607 154.940 2.2 0.5 0.2

Nondurables

204.857 205.504 206.562 1.8 0.8 0.5

Nondurables less food

193.557 194.400 195.325 2.0 0.9 0.5

Nondurables less food and apparel

231.406 231.955 231.041 3.3 -0.2 -0.4

Services less rent of shelter (2)

281.077 281.952 282.470 2.2 0.5 0.2

Services less medical care services

235.223 235.378 235.426 0.6 0.1 0.0

Energy

201.718 202.353 200.340 3.9 -0.7 -1.0

All items less energy

212.677 212.963 213.713 1.1 0.5 0.4

All items less food and energy

212.153 212.422 213.088 1.0 0.4 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

145.391 145.789 146.590 1.0 0.8 0.5

Energy commodities

231.555 232.738 230.162 7.8 -0.6 -1.1

Services less energy services

254.601 254.781 255.348 1.0 0.3 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: October 15, 2010