For release: Wednesday, December 15, 2010 PLS - 4740
Technical Information: (215) 597-3282 • BLSInfoPhiladelphia@bls.govwww.bls.gov/ro3
Media Contact: (215) 861-5600 • BLSMediaPhiladelphia@bls.gov

Consumer Price Index, South Region – November 2010 (PDF)

Prices in the South Were Unchanged Over the Month and up 1.1 Percent Over the Year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South was unchanged in November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that prices for energy (-0.2 percent) and for food (0.1 percent) were little changed over the month, while prices for all items less food and energy were unchanged. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 1.1 percent. The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.9 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

Chart 1. 12-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), South region, November 2007-November 2010

12-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), South region, November 2007-November 2010

Food

Food prices inched up 0.1 percent in November as prices for food away from home edged up 0.1 percent and those for food at home were unchanged.

Over the year, the index for food advanced 1.5 percent. Prices for food at home rose 1.9 percent and prices for food away from home increased 1.1 percent.

Energy

The energy index edged down 0.2 percent in November following a 0.2-percent increase in October. Within the energy index, prices decreased 2.4 percent for both electricity and utility (piped) gas service since October. In contrast, prices for motor fuel increased 1.4 percent over the month.

Over the year, the energy index rose 2.2 percent as higher prices for motor fuel (6.7 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for electricity (-3.1 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (-6.5 percent).

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy was unchanged in November. Among the components of the index, prices for apparel recorded a seasonal decline of 0.7 percent and those for education and communication edged down 0.2 percent over the month. New vehicle costs rose 0.3 percent over the month.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 0.9 percent. Higher prices for medical care (3.3 percent), shelter (0.5 percent), and education and communication (1.8 percent) contributed to the increase.

The Consumer Price Index for December 2010 is scheduled to be released on Friday, January 14, 2011 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 87 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 25,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of the items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period “market basket” of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: (800) 877-8339.

For personal assistance or further information on Consumer Price Indexes, as well as other Bureau products, contact the Mid-Atlantic Information Office at (215) 597-3282 from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and 1:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. ET.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes
Percent change from-
Sep.
2010
Oct.
2010
Nov.
2010
Nov.
2009
Sep.
2010
Oct.
2010

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

211.775 212.026 211.996 1.1 0.1 0.0

All items (December 1977=100)

343.529 343.935 343.887      

Food and beverages

218.960 218.990 219.060 1.5 0.0 0.0

Food

219.468 219.485 219.607 1.5 0.1 0.1

Food at home

213.994 214.166 214.216 1.9 0.1 0.0

Food away from home

229.714 229.516 229.740 1.1 0.0 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

210.789 210.990 210.353 1.1 -0.2 -0.3

Housing

201.546 200.846 200.420 -0.2 -0.6 -0.2

Shelter

222.633 222.920 223.024 0.5 0.2 0.0

Rent of primary residence (1)

222.914 222.905 223.260 -0.2 0.2 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

226.630 227.023 227.279 0.5 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

226.627 227.020 227.275 0.5 0.3 0.1

Fuels and utilities

218.749 211.579 208.366 -1.5 -4.7 -1.5

Household energy

187.608 179.398 175.444 -3.2 -6.5 -2.2

Gas (piped) and electricity (1) (3)

188.413 179.894 175.562 -3.6 -6.8 -2.4

Electricity (1)

185.848 176.176 171.933 -3.1 -7.5 -2.4

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

189.223 189.523 184.970 -6.5 -2.2 -2.4

Household furnishings and operations

125.767 125.799 125.276 -2.7 -0.4 -0.4

Apparel

131.030 132.390 131.410 -1.5 0.3 -0.7

Transportation

189.022 191.629 192.866 3.9 2.0 0.6

Private transportation

187.139 189.761 190.888 3.9 2.0 0.6

New and used motor vehicles (4)

97.598 97.265 97.084 1.0 -0.5 -0.2

New vehicles

141.711 142.144 142.538 -0.6 0.6 0.3

New cars and trucks (4) (5)

96.440 96.732 97.000 -0.6 0.6 0.3

New cars (5)

144.945 145.554 145.636 -1.3 0.5 0.1

Used cars and trucks

144.392 142.443 140.820 5.5 -2.5 -1.1

Motor fuel

226.738 236.158 239.497 6.7 5.6 1.4

Gasoline (all types)

225.822 235.269 238.547 6.5 5.6 1.4

Unleaded regular (5)

224.326 234.017 237.215 6.6 5.7 1.4

Unleaded midgrade (5) (6)

236.444 245.795 249.380 6.5 5.5 1.5

Unleaded premium (5)

225.831 234.161 237.549 6.4 5.2 1.4

Medical Care

372.421 373.117 373.267 3.3 0.2 0.0

Medical care commodities

299.703 299.808 300.360 1.7 0.2 0.2

Medical care services

396.737 397.686 397.649 3.8 0.2 0.0

Professional services

329.008 328.894 329.510 3.4 0.2 0.2

Recreation (4)

113.256 112.961 112.802 -1.2 -0.4 -0.1

Education and communication (4)

127.105 127.017 126.781 1.8 -0.3 -0.2

Other goods and services

376.018 375.173 375.348 1.3 -0.2 0.0
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All Items

211.775 212.026 211.996 1.1 0.1 0.0

Commodities

175.234 176.197 176.280 1.1 0.6 0.0

Commodities less food & beverages

153.034 154.362 154.449 0.9 0.9 0.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

194.580 197.597 198.229 1.8 1.9 0.3

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

234.110 238.112 239.652 2.8 2.4 0.6

Durables

114.161 113.916 113.494 -0.6 -0.6 -0.4

Services

249.140 248.696 248.556 1.1 -0.2 -0.1

Rent of shelter (2)

228.838 229.119 229.216 0.4 0.2 0.0

Transportation services

269.052 270.813 273.106 4.1 1.5 0.8

Other services

300.838 300.590 300.368 1.5 -0.2 -0.1
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

202.651 202.880 202.844 0.9 0.1 0.0

All items less food

210.387 210.674 210.621 1.0 0.1 0.0

All items less shelter

208.777 209.014 208.928 1.4 0.1 0.0

Commodities less food

154.940 156.239 156.305 0.9 0.9 0.0

Nondurables

206.562 208.202 208.576 1.7 1.0 0.2

Nondurables less food

195.325 198.180 198.740 1.7 1.7 0.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

231.041 234.697 236.043 2.7 2.2 0.6

Services less rent of shelter (2)

282.470 281.051 280.592 1.8 -0.7 -0.2

Services less medical care services

235.426 234.914 234.771 0.8 -0.3 -0.1

Energy

200.340 200.768 200.406 2.2 0.0 -0.2

All items less energy

213.713 213.944 213.952 1.0 0.1 0.0

All items less food and energy

213.088 213.359 213.346 0.9 0.1 0.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

146.590 146.635 146.148 -0.6 -0.3 -0.3

Energy commodities

230.162 239.565 243.133 6.8 5.6 1.5

Services less energy services

255.348 255.767 256.074 1.4 0.3 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) In January, 2011, this series will be re-titled Energy services.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
- Data not available.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: December 16, 2010