For release: Wednesday, June 15, 2011 PLS-4796

Technical information: (215) 597-3282 • BLSInfoPhiladelphia@bls.govwww.bls.gov/ro3
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Consumer Price Index, South Region – May 2011 (PDF)

Prices in the South up 0.5 percent over the month and 4.0 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the South rose 0.5 percent in May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that prices advanced for energy, food, and all items less food and energy. Within the all items less food and energy group, new and used motor vehicles, medical care, and apparel were among those indexes that recorded increases. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 4.0 percent. The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.7 percent over the year. (See chart 1.)

Chart 1. 12-month percent change in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), South region, March 2008-March 2011

Food

Food prices rose 0.5 percent in May. Within the food index, prices for food at home increased 0.7 percent and prices for food away from home inched up 0.1 percent over the month.

Over the year, the index for food advanced 3.7 percent as prices for food at home and food away from home increased 5.1 and 1.9 percent, respectively.

Energy

Energy prices advanced 2.5 percent in May, led by a 3.0-percent rise in motor fuel prices. The index for electricity increased 1.7 percent and that for utility (piped) gas service rose 1.6 percent over the month.

Over the year, the energy index advanced 21.9 percent, reflecting a 37.2-percent jump in motor fuel prices. Electricity prices rose 1.9 percent during the same period, while prices for utility (piped) gas service declined 2.7 percent.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy inched up 0.1 percent in May. Among the components of the index, prices for new and used motor vehicles increased 1.0 percent, those for medical care edged up 0.3 percent, and apparel prices advanced 0.4 percent.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 1.7 percent, due largely to higher prices for shelter (1.3 percent) and medical care (2.7 percent).

The Consumer Price Index for June 2011 is scheduled to be released on Friday, July 15, 2011 at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

Table A. South region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.7 4.3 0.1 1.8 0.5 4.9 0.4 -0.1 0.3 2.8 0.5 1.7

February

0.2 3.8 0.5 2.2 0.3 4.6 0.5 0.1 0.0 2.3 0.5 2.2

March

0.5 3.7 1.0 2.6 0.8 4.4 0.3 -0.3 0.6 2.5 1.2 2.8

April

1.0 4.0 0.9 2.5 0.7 4.2 0.3 -0.7 0.1 2.4 0.7 3.4

May

0.4 4.4 0.6 2.7 0.9 4.6 0.3 -1.3 0.0 2.0 0.5 4.0

June

0.4 4.5 0.4 2.7 1.1 5.3 1.0 -1.4 -0.1 0.9 - -

July

0.4 4.5 -0.1 2.3 0.5 5.8 -0.3 -2.1 -0.1 1.0 - -

August

0.1 4.1 -0.3 2.0 -0.4 5.6 0.1 -1.6 0.2 1.1 - -

September

-0.7 2.0 0.3 3.0 0.1 5.4 0.0 -1.8 0.2 1.4 - -

October

-0.6 1.1 0.2 3.8 -1.2 3.9 0.2 -0.4 0.1 1.3 - -

November

-0.2 1.9 0.6 4.7 -2.2 1.0 0.2 2.0 0.0 1.1 - -

December

0.3 2.5 0.0 4.4 -1.0 0.0 -0.1 2.9 0.2 1.4 - -

 

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 87 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of the items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period “market basket” of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The South region is comprised of Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: (800) 877-8339.

For personal assistance or further information on Consumer Price Indexes, as well as other Bureau products, contact the Mid-Atlantic Information Office at (215) 597-3282 from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. and 1:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. ET.


Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
South (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes
Percent change from-
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
May
2010
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

217.214 218.820 219.820 4.0 1.2 0.5

All items (December 1977=100)

352.351 354.956 356.579      

Food and beverages

223.642 224.691 225.664 3.6 0.9 0.4

Food

224.414 225.523 226.560 3.7 1.0 0.5

Food at home

220.852 222.313 223.933 5.1 1.4 0.7

Food away from home

232.055 232.685 232.924 1.9 0.4 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

211.903 212.153 212.266 2.0 0.2 0.1

Housing

202.135 202.368 202.771 1.2 0.3 0.2

Shelter

224.591 224.805 224.907 1.3 0.1 0.0

Rent of primary residence (1)

224.786 225.193 225.387 0.9 0.3 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

228.341 228.512 228.554 1.3 0.1 0.0

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

228.333 228.505 228.547 1.3 0.1 0.0

Fuels and utilities

212.508 213.609 216.430 2.3 1.8 1.3

Household energy

179.296 180.418 183.315 1.8 2.2 1.6

Energy services (1)

178.689 179.814 182.773 1.2 2.3 1.6

Electricity (1)

175.388 176.498 179.427 1.9 2.3 1.7

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

185.514 186.639 189.541 -2.7 2.2 1.6

Household furnishings and operations

125.987 125.700 125.576 -1.2 -0.3 -0.1

Apparel

130.803 131.976 132.526 2.3 1.3 0.4

Transportation

211.178 217.453 220.726 14.6 4.5 1.5

Private transportation

209.388 215.804 219.300 15.0 4.7 1.6

New and used motor vehicles (3)

98.770 99.404 100.401 3.3 1.7 1.0

New vehicles

146.154 146.605 147.881 3.7 1.2 0.9

New cars and trucks (3) (4)

99.477 99.778 100.659 3.8 1.2 0.9

New cars (4)

149.309 149.886 151.798 4.1 1.7 1.3

Used cars and trucks

142.454 143.954 146.034 3.3 2.5 1.4

Motor fuel

303.500 325.316 335.115 37.2 10.4 3.0

Gasoline (all types)

302.323 324.483 334.583 37.4 10.7 3.1

Unleaded regular (4)

301.878 324.475 334.482 38.0 10.8 3.1

Unleaded midgrade (4) (5)

313.704 335.785 346.758 36.6 10.5 3.3

Unleaded premium (4)

296.560 316.717 326.500 35.1 10.1 3.1

Medical care

377.518 378.857 379.828 2.7 0.6 0.3

Medical care commodities

304.012 305.829 306.046 1.9 0.7 0.1

Medical care services

402.073 403.163 404.454 3.0 0.6 0.3

Professional services

334.002 334.197 334.583 2.6 0.2 0.1

Recreation (3)

113.942 114.194 114.278 0.3 0.3 0.1

Education and communication (3)

126.783 126.614 126.475 1.0 -0.2 -0.1

Other goods and services

376.969 377.713 377.149 1.1 0.0 -0.1
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All Items

217.214 218.820 219.820 4.0 1.2 0.5

Commodities

184.635 187.378 188.925 7.0 2.3 0.8

Commodities less food and beverages

164.178 167.562 169.312 9.0 3.1 1.0

Nondurables less food and beverages

216.717 223.511 226.548 13.8 4.5 1.4

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

269.134 279.194 283.677 17.3 5.4 1.6

Durables

115.057 115.260 115.811 1.1 0.7 0.5

Services

250.749 251.257 251.730 1.9 0.4 0.2

Rent of shelter (2)

230.824 231.046 231.164 1.3 0.1 0.1

Transportation services

276.570 278.265 278.494 4.4 0.7 0.1

Other services

302.893 303.139 303.213 1.7 0.1 0.0
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

208.034 209.631 210.620 4.1 1.2 0.5

All items less food

215.899 217.583 218.576 4.0 1.2 0.5

All items less shelter

215.735 217.945 219.334 5.2 1.7 0.6

Commodities less food

165.822 169.123 170.830 8.7 3.0 1.0

Nondurables

220.672 224.822 226.912 8.9 2.8 0.9

Nondurables less food

216.253 222.670 225.539 13.1 4.3 1.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

262.987 272.157 276.243 16.1 5.0 1.5

Services less rent of shelter (2)

283.619 284.520 285.478 2.5 0.7 0.3

Services less medical care services

236.791 237.255 237.672 1.8 0.4 0.2

Energy

232.733 243.658 249.746 21.9 7.3 2.5

All items less energy

216.108 216.661 217.086 2.0 0.5 0.2

All items less food and energy

215.028 215.481 215.797 1.7 0.4 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

147.192 147.656 148.128 1.2 0.6 0.3

Energy commodities

307.515 329.203 338.961 36.9 10.2 3.0

Services less energy services

258.165 258.607 258.814 1.9 0.3 0.1

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
Regions defined as the four Census regions. South includes Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: June 16, 2011