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13-1266-PHI

Thursday, June 27, 2013

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton – May 2012

Workers in the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $21.27 in May 2012, 3 percent below the nationwide average of $22.01, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly lower than their respective national averages in 6 of the 22 major occupational groups, including arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; business and financial operations; and community and social service. Six other groups had hourly wages that were measurably higher than their respective national averages; included in this grouping were education, training, and library; construction and extraction; and production. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, Allentwon-Bethlehem-Easton Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2012
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Allentown- Bethlehem-Easton United States Allentown- Bethlehem-Easton Percent difference(1)

Total, all occupations

100.0
100.0
$22.01
$21.27*
-3

Management

4.9
4.0*
52.20
52.50
1

Business and financial operations

4.9
3.9*
33.44
31.57*
-6

Computer and mathematical

2.7
2.0*
38.55
37.50
-3

Architecture and engineering

1.8
1.6
37.98
38.28
1

Life, physical, and social science

0.8
0.7*
32.87
33.81
3

Community and social service

1.4
1.6
21.27
20.21*
-5

Legal

0.8
0.5*
47.39
44.76
-6

Education, training, and library

6.4
7.1
24.62
26.05*
6

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3
1.0*
26.20
22.10*
-16

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9
6.8*
35.35
36.19
2

Healthcare support

3.0
3.8*
13.36
13.55
1

Protective service

2.5
1.8*
20.70
19.82
-4

Food preparation and serving related

8.9
8.2*
10.28
10.64*
4

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.3
3.4
12.34
12.82*
4

Personal care and service

2.9
3.0
11.80
11.16*
-5

Sales and related

10.6
10.3
18.26
17.51*
-4

Office and administrative support

16.4
17.5*
16.54
16.07*
-3

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3
0.1*
11.65
14.62*
25

Construction and extraction

3.8
3.3*
21.61
22.39*
4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9
4.0
21.09
21.01
-0

Production

6.6
7.5*
16.59
17.23*
4

Transportation and material moving

6.7
8.0*
16.15
15.76
-2
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Allentown is above the national mean wage, while a negative percent difference reflects a lower wage.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Allentown employment was more highly concentrated in 5 of the 22 occupational groups including transportation and material moving, office and administrative support, and production. Conversely, 10 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation; these groups included business and financial operations, management, and food preparation and serving related.

One occupational group—transportation and material moving—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Allentown had 27,120 jobs in transportation and material moving, accounting for 8.0 percent of local area employment, significantly larger than the 6.7-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $15.76, similar to the national wage of $16.15.

With employment of 6,750, hand laborers and freight, stock, and material movers was the largest occupation within the transportation and material moving group, followed by heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers with 5,350 jobs. Among the higher-paying jobs were first-line supervisors of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators and first-line supervisors of hand helpers, laborers, and material movers, with mean hourly wages of $28.24 and $23.95, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were cleaners of vehicles and equipment ($10.86) and taxi drivers and chauffeurs ($11.27). (Detailed occupational data for transportation and material moving operations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_109000.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area as it does nationally. In the Allentown area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in several of the occupations within the production group. For instance, industrial truck and tractor operators were employed at over twice the national rate in Allentown, and hand packers and packagers, at over one-and-a-half times the U.S. average. On the other hand, school or special client bus drivers had a location quotient of 1.0 in Allentown, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry and the New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development.

With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for the first time. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and more than 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc/.

The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

 

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments and 72.9 percent based on employment. The sample in the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton Metropolitan Statistical Area included 3,615 establishments with a response rate of 78 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, Pa.-N.J. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Carbon, Leigh and Northampton Counties in Pennsylvania and Warren County in New Jersey.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro3/. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2012
Occupation(1) Employment(2) Mean wage
Level Location quotient(3) Hourly Annual(4)

Transportation and material moving occupations

27,120 1.2 $15.76 $32,780

First-line supervisors of helpers, laborers, and material movers, hand

420 1.0 23.95 49,820

First-line supervisors of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators

550 1.1 28.24 58,740

Commercial pilots

70 0.8 (5) 90,650

Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians

70 1.6 13.35 27,760

Bus drivers, transit and intercity

490 1.1 17.75 36,910

Bus drivers, school or special client

1,230 1.0 13.32 27,710

Driver/sales workers

1,140 1.1 13.20 27,460

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers

5,350 1.3 20.37 42,370

Light truck or delivery services drivers

2,480 1.2 15.46 32,160

Taxi drivers and chauffeurs

470 1.1 11.27 23,450

Parking lot attendants

140 0.4 10.30 21,420

Automotive and watercraft service attendants

280 1.0 8.97 18,650

Transportation attendants, except flight attendants

100 1.6 10.25 21,310

Conveyor operators and tenders

170 1.7 11.77 24,480

Crane and tower operators

(6) (6) 20.01 41,620

Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators

130 1.1 20.21 42,040

Industrial truck and tractor operators

2,910 2.3 15.84 32,940

Cleaners of vehicles and equipment

620 0.8 10.86 22,600

Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand

6,750 1.2 13.51 28,090

Machine feeders and offbearers

220 0.8 13.85 28,810

Packers and packagers, hand

2,910 1.7 12.60 26,200

Refuse and recyclable material collectors

370 1.2 13.72 28,540

Material moving workers, all other

30 0.5 14.24 29,630

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton MSA, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_10900.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figureof 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full-time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.
(6) Estimates not available..

Last Modified Date: June 27, 2013