News Release Information

14-367-PHI

Wednesday, March 5, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:

Unemployment in the Pittsburgh Area by County – December 2013

Unemployment Rates in All Area Counties Declined Over the Year

In December, Allegheny County reported the lowest unemployment rate in the Pittsburgh, Pa. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) at 5.2 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that among the seven counties that make up the metropolitan area, Fayette and Armstrong registered the highest unemployment rates at 7.8 and 7.3 percent, respectively, exceeding the national rate of 6.5 percent. (See chart 1 and chart 2. The Technical Note at the end of this release contains the metropolitan area definition. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Chart 1. Unemployment rates for the United States and counties in the Pittsburgh, Pa. Metropolitan Statistical Area, December 2013, not seasonally adjusted

In December 2013, unemployment rates in all seven Pittsburgh-area counties were lower by 1.0 percentage point or more from their year-ago levels. (See table A.) Fayette County had the largest decline over the year, down 2.2 percentage points, and was the only county in the Pittsburgh area to record a decrease over 2.0 points. Beaver County registered the smallest unemployment rate decrease, down 1.0 percentage point from December 2012 to December 2013, and was the only county to post a decline smaller than the nation’s 1.1 point decrease.

Table A. Unemployment rates for the United States, the Pittsburgh, Pa. Metropolitan Statistical Area, and its components, not seasonally adjusted

Area
Back
data
Unemployment rates
Net change from
Dec
2011
Dec
2012
Dec
2013 (1)
Dec 2011
to
Dec 2013 (1)
Dec 2012
to
Dec 2013 (1)

United States

Jump to page with historical data
8.3 7.6 6.5 -1.8 -1.1

Pittsburgh, Pa. Metropolitan Statistical Area

Jump to page with historical data
6.8 7.2 5.7 -1.1 -1.5

Allegheny County, Pa.

Jump to page with historical data
6.4 6.8 5.2 -1.2 -1.6

Armstrong County, Pa.

Jump to page with historical data
8.5 9.1 7.3 -1.2 -1.8

Beaver County, Pa.

Jump to page with historical data
7.0 7.5 6.5 -0.5 -1.0

Butler County, Pa.

Jump to page with historical data
6.4 6.7 5.3 -1.1 -1.4

Fayette County, Pa.

Jump to page with historical data
9.4 10.0 7.8 -1.6 -2.2

Washington County, Pa.

Jump to page with historical data
6.8 7.3 5.8 -1.0 -1.5

Westmoreland County, Pa.

Jump to page with historical data
7.0 7.6 5.9 -1.1 -1.7

Footnotes
(1) Data for the Pittsburgh, Pa. Metropolitan Statistical Area and its components are preliminary for the most recent month.

All seven Pittsburgh-area counties also recorded lower unemployment rates in December 2013 than their December 2011 levels. Fayette County posted the largest rate decrease of 1.6 percentage points, which was below the national rate decline of 1.8 points. Beaver County had the smallest unemployment rate decline from December 2011 to December 2013, down 0.5 percentage point.

Technical Note

This release presents unemployment rate data for states and counties from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program, a federal-state cooperative endeavor. 

Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and over.  Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month) or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm, plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.  The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor force.

Method of estimation. Estimates for the substate areas in this release are prepared through indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach. Employment estimates, which are based largely on “place of work” estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program, are adjusted to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is available from BLS upon request.

Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data for prior years reflect adjustments made at the end of each year. The adjusted estimates reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revisions in the other data sources, and model reestimation.  All substate estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised model-based estimates

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service:  (800)-877-8339.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, dated December 1, 2009. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Pittsburgh, Pa. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Butler, Fayette, Washington, and Westmoreland counties in Pennsylvania.

Chart 2. Unemployment rates for counties in the Pittsburgh, Pa. Metropolitan Statistical Area, not seasonally adjusted, December 2013

 

Last Modified Date: March 5, 2014