News Release Information

13-2340-CHI

Thursday, December 5, 2013

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Detroit Area Employment – October 2013


Total nonfarm employment for the Detroit-Warren-Livonia Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 1,862,000 in October 2013, up 19,800 or 1.1 percent over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.7 percent. (See chart 1 and table 1.) Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that in October, Detroit area job growth continued the trend of over-the-year gains that began in May 2010. (All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; over-the-year analysis is used throughout. Technical Note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions.)

Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change in the United States and the Detroit metropolitan area, October 2007-2013

The Detroit metropolitan area is made up of two metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. Employment in the Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills Metropolitan Division increased 21,100 from October a year ago, a gain of 1.9 percent. In contrast, the Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn Metropolitan Division lost 1,300 jobs over the 12-month period. The Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills division accounted for 61 percent of the metropolitan area's total employment in October 2013. (See table 1.)

Industry employment

Professional and business services gained the largest number of jobs in the Detroit area in October 2013, up 11,300 from October a year ago. With few exceptions, this supersector has experienced over-the-year employment gains since April 2010. The rate of job growth in this industry in October 2013 was 3.3 percent locally, comparable to the national gain of 3.5 percent. (See chart 2 and table 1.)

Chart 2. Over-the-year percent change in employment by selected industry supersector, United States and the Detroit metropolitan area, October 2013

Manufacturing recorded the second largest employment increase in the Detroit area in October 2013, up 8,600 over the year. Local employment gains in this supersector began in May 2010 and have continued unabated since that time. The rate of job growth in manufacturing in October 2013 was 3.9 percent locally, greater than the 0.4-percent increase nationally.

Local employment in trade, transportation, and utilities grew by 4,000 over the year. Since June 2010, this supersector has experienced over-the-year employment gains of 3,000 or more in all but five months. Employment in trade, transportation, and utilities increased 1.2 percent in the Detroit area from October 2012 to October 2013 compared to the national growth rate of 2.0 percent over this same period.

Government recorded the largest employment decline in the Detroit area in October 2013, down 2,500 over the year. The rate of job loss in the public sector, at 1.3 percent, outpaced the national decline of 0.1 percent during this 12-month period. With few exceptions, the public sector in the Detroit area has recorded over-the-year employment losses since January 2004.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Detroit was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in October 2013. (See chart 3 and table 2.) All of these areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with five exceeding the national average of 1.7 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Dallas, up 3.1 percent, closely followed by Houston-Sugar-Land-Baytown, up 2.9 percent. The slowest rate of expansion occurred in Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, up 0.7 percent. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

Chart 3. Over-the-year percent change in employment, United States and 12 largest areas, October 2013

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area added the largest number of jobs, 141,800, since October 2012. New York was followed by Dallas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, and Houston where employment expanded by 79,000 or more in each area. Only Detroit-Warren-Livonia had an employment increase below 20,000 over the year.

Professional and business services led employment growth in 4 of the 12 metropolitan areas: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Dallas, and Detroit. (See table 2.) Education and health services recorded the largest gains in three areas: Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, New York, and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington. (See table 2.) Leisure and hospitality added the most jobs in three other areas: Los Angeles, San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, and Washington.

Government recorded the largest loss of jobs in seven areas–Atlanta, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, New York, and Philadelphia.


Partial Federal Government Shutdown

Bureau of Labor Statistics data collection, analysis, and dissemination activities were suspended from October 1, 2013, through October 16, 2013, due to the partial shutdown of the federal government. The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for September 2013, which had been scheduled for October 22, 2013, was cancelled due to the lack of adequate processing time upon resumption of operations. Subnational employment and unemployment estimates for the latest month are generally preliminary, subject to revision the following month. With the publication of this news release highlighting preliminary data for October 2013, estimates for September 2013 are being issued for the first time. These September estimates will not be subject to further updating until early 2014, per our usual annual revision activities. Information on the impact of the partial federal government shutdown on these surveys is available at www.bls.gov/bls/shutdown_2013_empsit_qa.pdf.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Industry employment data for all states and metropolitan areas from the CES program are also available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Employment definitions.  Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation.  The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates. More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available on line at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.

Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates.  The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae.

Area definitions.  The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget dated December 1, 2009. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.

  • The The Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. Metropolitan Division (MD) includes Wayne County in Michigan.
  • The The Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich. Metropolitan Division (MD) includes Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, and St. Clair Counties in Michigan.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.


Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, the United States and the Detroit metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
Oct
2012
Aug
2013
Sept
2013
Oct
2013 (P)
Change from Oct
2012 to Oct 2013
Number Percent

United States

 

Total nonfarm

135,241 136,002 136,600 137,540 2,299 1.7

Mining and logging

852 895 894 895 43 5.0

Construction

5,880 6,086 6,055 6,056 176 3.0

Manufacturing

11,980 12,060 12,033 12,029 49 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,684 26,006 26,015 26,187 503 2.0

Information

2,664 2,683 2,665 2,676 12 0.5

Financial activities

7,820 7,956 7,906 7,911 91 1.2

Professional and business services

18,239 18,770 18,743 18,884 645 3.5

Education and health services

20,616 20,420 20,661 20,948 332 1.6

Leisure and hospitality

13,796 14,837 14,402 14,227 431 3.1

Other services

5,456 5,526 5,481 5,495 39 0.7

Government

22,254 20,763 21,745 22,232 -22 -0.1

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area

 

Total nonfarm

1,842.2 1,840.2 1,851.6 1,862.0 19.8 1.1

Mining, logging, and construction

59.0 59.2 59.0 59.0 0.0 0.0

Manufacturing

221.0 228.1 228.8 229.6 8.6 3.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

341.1 346.8 344.7 345.1 4.0 1.2

Information

26.3 27.2 26.6 27.0 0.7 2.7

Financial activities

100.4 99.6 100.0 98.8 -1.6 -1.6

Professional and business Services

346.8 348.3 353.2 358.1 11.3 3.3

Education and health services

297.7 296.7 294.7 298.8 1.1 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

175.1 183.6 177.9 174.9 -0.2 -0.1

Other services

75.8 74.2 74.0 74.2 -1.6 -2.1

Government

199.0 176.5 192.7 196.5 -2.5 -1.3

Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

722.2 709.9 716.4 720.9 -1.3 -0.2

Mining, logging, and construction

19.3 18.3 18.1 18.0 -1.3 -6.7

Manufacturing

80.0 81.0 81.3 82.0 2.0 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

135.0 137.5 136.5 136.1 1.1 0.8

Information

7.0 7.2 7.0 7.1 0.1 1.4

Financial activities

32.4 31.5 31.4 31.3 -1.1 -3.4

Professional and business services

120.4 121.9 123.4 124.6 4.2 3.5

Education and health services

130.3 125.3 125.5 128.6 -1.7 -1.3

Leisure and hospitality

73.9 75.5 74.5 73.3 -0.6 -0.8

Other services

30.4 28.0 28.6 29.2 -1.2 -3.9

Government

93.5 83.7 90.1 90.7 -2.8 -3.0

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

1,120.0 1,130.3 1,135.2 1,141.1 21.1 1.9

Mining, logging, and construction

39.7 40.9 40.9 41.0 1.3 3.3

Manufacturing

141.0 147.1 147.5 147.6 6.6 4.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

206.1 209.3 208.2 209.0 2.9 1.4

Information

19.3 20.0 19.6 19.9 0.6 3.1

Financial activities

68.0 68.1 68.6 67.5 -0.5 -0.7

Professional and business services

226.4 226.4 229.8 233.5 7.1 3.1

Education and health services

167.4 171.4 169.2 170.2 2.8 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

101.2 108.1 103.4 101.6 0.4 0.4

Other services

45.4 46.2 45.4 45.0 -0.4 -0.9

Government

105.5 92.8 102.6 105.8 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
Oct
2012
Aug
2013
Sept
2013
Oct
2013 (P)
Change from Oct
2012 to Oct 2013
Number Percent

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA

 

Total nonfarm

2,371.1 2,418.7 2,419.1 2,434.4 63.3 2.7

Mining and logging

1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.0 0.0

Construction

88.1 96.2 96.0 96.6 8.5 9.6

Manufacturing

149.7 147.2 147.2 148.9 -0.8 -0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

531.4 541.5 540.5 544.8 13.4 2.5

Information

83.4 86.5 86.1 86.0 2.6 3.1

Financial activities

154.6 157.3 157.4 158.5 3.9 2.5

Professional and business services

422.3 437.5 437.5 438.8 16.5 3.9

Education and health services

289.2 297.6 297.2 299.9 10.7 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

238.0 250.0 246.7 247.9 9.9 4.2

Other services

93.6 93.0 93.8 94.5 0.9 1.0

Government

319.7 310.8 315.6 317.4 -2.3 -0.7

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

 

Total nonfarm

2,540.1 2,556.9 2,572.2 2,593.0 52.9 2.1

Mining and logging

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0

Construction

89.0 98.1 96.8 97.0 8.0 9.0

Manufacturing

195.1 194.2 192.4 192.6 -2.5 -1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

406.0 409.7 409.7 415.4 9.4 2.3

Information

75.5 79.8 81.2 81.5 6.0 7.9

Financial activities

173.7 176.7 173.2 173.3 -0.4 -0.2

Professional and business services

427.2 438.0 434.5 435.5 8.3 1.9

Education and health services

523.5 517.5 529.1 540.7 17.2 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

241.5 259.5 246.9 246.1 4.6 1.9

Other services

99.1 103.2 100.4 99.4 0.3 0.3

Government

309.0 279.7 307.5 311.0 2.0 0.6

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI

 

Total nonfarm

4,427.0 4,456.6 4,458.1 4,483.0 56.0 1.3

Mining and logging

1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 -0.1 -7.1

Construction

156.3 156.2 153.1 153.8 -2.5 -1.6

Manufacturing

415.6 414.7 414.2 414.2 -1.4 -0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

889.5 890.4 892.3 898.7 9.2 1.0

Information

80.6 81.9 81.1 81.8 1.2 1.5

Financial activities

288.7 295.4 291.2 290.9 2.2 0.8

Professional and business services

757.9 782.0 777.7 785.7 27.8 3.7

Education and health services

671.7 666.4 672.5 679.9 8.2 1.2

Leisure and hospitality

419.3 442.6 434.0 428.5 9.2 2.2

Other services

188.5 193.9 194.5 195.4 6.9 3.7

Government

557.5 531.7 546.1 552.8 -4.7 -0.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

Total nonfarm

3,052.3 3,133.0 3,134.8 3,148.4 96.1 3.1

Mining, logging, and construction

175.1 182.6 182.9 183.5 8.4 4.8

Manufacturing

258.2 260.9 260.3 260.4 2.2 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

624.2 646.1 642.1 644.4 20.2 3.2

Information

77.3 78.8 78.1 78.6 1.3 1.7

Financial activities

245.9 259.0 259.8 256.5 10.6 4.3

Professional and business services

482.1 509.0 507.0 512.8 30.7 6.4

Education and health services

385.9 391.7 391.0 394.2 8.3 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

304.2 319.2 316.7 315.8 11.6 3.8

Other services

107.9 109.3 109.2 108.4 0.5 0.5

Government

391.5 376.4 387.7 393.8 2.3 0.6

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

 

Total nonfarm

1,842.2 1,840.2 1,851.6 1,862.0 19.8 1.1

Mining, logging, and construction

59.0 59.2 59.0 59.0 0.0 0.0

Manufacturing

221.0 228.1 228.8 229.6 8.6 3.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

341.1 346.8 344.7 345.1 4.0 1.2

Information

26.3 27.2 26.6 27.0 0.7 2.7

Financial activities

100.4 99.6 100.0 98.8 -1.6 -1.6

Professional and business services

346.8 348.3 353.2 358.1 11.3 3.3

Education and health services

297.7 296.7 294.7 298.8 1.1 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

175.1 183.6 177.9 174.9 -0.2 -0.1

Other services

75.8 74.2 74.0 74.2 -1.6 -2.1

Government

199.0 176.5 192.7 196.5 -2.5 -1.3

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX

 

Total nonfarm

2,732.9 2,781.3 2,799.8 2,812.5 79.6 2.9

Mining and logging

102.8 108.9 109.2 108.8 6.0 5.8

Construction

184.8 188.6 186.6 189.8 5.0 2.7

Manufacturing

246.7 251.3 251.7 252.8 6.1 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

549.3 570.9 572.4 572.8 23.5 4.3

Information

31.9 32.7 32.8 33.0 1.1 3.4

Financial activities

141.5 143.6 142.3 140.9 -0.6 -0.4

Professional and business services

409.9 425.8 426.9 427.4 17.5 4.3

Education and health services

335.0 342.2 344.3 346.7 11.7 3.5

Leisure and hospitality

261.4 276.2 270.6 269.7 8.3 3.2

Other services

96.8 93.9 92.9 94.1 -2.7 -2.8

Government

372.8 347.2 370.1 376.5 3.7 1.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA

 

Total nonfarm

5,324.8 5,324.1 5,347.0 5,409.5 84.7 1.6

Mining and logging

4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 -0.1 -2.1

Construction

185.0 198.8 198.4 201.3 16.3 8.8

Manufacturing

524.3 524.1 522.8 521.4 -2.9 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,017.3 1,007.9 1,009.1 1,016.0 -1.3 -0.1

Information

212.2 214.4 217.2 219.8 7.6 3.6

Financial activities

321.9 331.4 332.0 332.3 10.4 3.2

Professional and business services

839.4 850.0 847.7 860.3 20.9 2.5

Education and health services

724.0 716.7 726.7 738.3 14.3 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

604.4 635.4 629.7 629.0 24.6 4.1

Other services

188.2 186.9 187.4 189.5 1.3 0.7

Government

703.3 653.8 671.3 696.9 -6.4 -0.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL

 

Total nonfarm

2,288.9 2,302.1 2,313.8 2,329.4 40.5 1.8

Mining and logging

0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.0

Construction

91.3 91.1 89.4 89.7 -1.6 -1.8

Manufacturing

77.1 76.9 77.3 76.8 -0.3 -0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

540.0 550.2 553.5 558.0 18.0 3.3

Information

45.0 45.2 45.4 45.4 0.4 0.9

Financial activities

162.3 166.7 166.7 167.0 4.7 2.9

Professional and business services

349.0 351.8 353.8 356.6 7.6 2.2

Education and health services

342.9 342.4 345.0 345.6 2.7 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

271.6 276.9 277.5 281.5 9.9 3.6

Other services

106.1 107.1 106.5 107.4 1.3 1.2

Government

302.9 293.1 298.0 300.7 -2.2 -0.7

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA

 

Total nonfarm

8,645.5 8,699.4 8,712.0 8,787.3 141.8 1.6

Mining, logging, and constructionn

311.6 327.8 329.0 320.6 9.0 2.9

Manufacturing

360.3 353.1 354.2 355.0 -5.3 -1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,594.7 1,610.6 1,614.9 1,626.3 31.6 2.0

Information

277.9 275.1 274.4 275.0 -2.9 -1.0

Financial activities

735.4 747.2 743.4 744.3 8.9 1.2

Professional and business services

1,363.5 1,389.1 1,375.4 1,385.0 21.5 1.6

Education and health services

1,612.7 1,590.3 1,633.4 1,671.5 58.8 3.6

Leisure and hospitality

756.0 828.6 797.7 781.0 25.0 3.3

Other services

382.4 385.5 383.8 387.1 4.7 1.2

Government

1,251.0 1,192.1 1,205.8 1,241.5 -9.5 -0.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

Total nonfarm

2,753.3 2,736.6 2,752.4 2,777.8 24.5 0.9

Mining, logging, and construction

101.9 104.9 104.8 105.1 3.2 3.1

Manufacturing

181.3 182.4 180.4 180.2 -1.1 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

507.9 502.0 507.1 508.3 0.4 0.1

Information

48.2 47.9 47.4 47.6 -0.6 -1.2

Financial activities

201.8 204.2 202.8 203.5 1.7 0.8

Professional and business services

429.7 435.6 434.4 438.9 9.2 2.1

Education and health services

586.5 580.5 590.8 600.3 13.8 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

237.9 255.5 243.0 240.9 3.0 1.3

Other services

121.6 124.3 122.2 122.8 1.2 1.0

Government

336.5 299.3 319.5 330.2 -6.3 -1.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA

 

Total nonfarm

2,005.7 2,013.0 2,018.6 2,035.2 29.5 1.5

Mining and logging

1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

Construction

92.3 96.5 95.0 94.9 2.6 2.8

Manufacturing

116.1 116.0 116.4 116.8 0.7 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

333.2 337.5 338.0 341.1 7.9 2.4

Information

68.2 69.0 68.7 68.7 0.5 0.7

Financial activities

127.0 128.1 127.8 127.5 0.5 0.4

Professional and business services

403.6 406.3 406.1 410.7 7.1 1.8

Education and health services

259.5 254.5 258.2 260.4 0.9 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

231.3 239.7 238.3 239.3 8.0 3.5

Other services

76.6 77.1 76.6 76.6 0.0 0.0

Government

296.6 287.0 292.3 298.0 1.4 0.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

Total nonfarm

3,067.1 3,070.5 3,072.8 3,087.8 20.7 0.7

Mining, logging, and construction

145.4 146.5 144.8 142.9 -2.5 -1.7

Manufacturing

48.6 48.4 47.9 47.9 -0.7 -1.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

388.4 390.3 388.3 393.5 5.1 1.3

Information

77.0 76.7 75.7 75.5 -1.5 -1.9

Financial activities

149.0 156.7 154.9 155.6 6.6 4.4

Professional and business services

707.7 710.7 707.0 705.3 -2.4 -0.3

Education and health services

387.9 379.9 384.1 391.0 3.1 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

279.9 305.1 295.4 295.4 15.5 5.5

Other services

187.1 188.7 185.8 186.3 -0.8 -0.4

Government

696.1 667.5 688.9 694.4 -1.7 -0.2

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: December 5, 2013