News Release Information

14-1429-CHI

Friday, August 1, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Detroit Area Employment – June 2014


Total nonfarm employment for the Detroit-Warren-Livonia Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 1,897,200 in June 2014, up 5,000 or 0.3 percent over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During this same period the national job count increased 1.9 percent. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that the June increase in Detroit area employment comes after four consecutive over-the-year decreases. (See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at the end of this release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change in the United States and the Detroit metropolitan area, June 2008-2014

The Detroit metropolitan area is made up of two metropolitan divisions—separately identifiable employment centers within the larger metropolitan area. The Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills division, which accounted for 62 percent of the metropolitan area's employment, added 4,900 jobs from June a year ago, a gain of 0.4 percent. The Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn Metropolitan Division, the area’s other employment center, experienced little change in employment over the 12-month period. (See table 1.)

Industry employment

Manufacturing gained the largest number of jobs in the Detroit area in June 2014, up 7,600 from June a year ago. This supersector has recorded over-the-year employment gains since May 2010. At 3.3 percent, the recent annual rate of job growth in manufacturing locally out-paced the national gain of 1.1 percent. (See chart 2 and table 1.)

Chart 2. Over-the-year percent change in employment by selected industry supersector, United States and the Detroit metropolitan area, June 2014

Trade, transportation, and utilities recorded the second-largest employment increase in the Detroit area in June 2014, up 5,000 over the year. Local over-the-year job gains in this supersector stretch back uninterrupted to June 2010. The Detroit area’s 1.4-percent rate of job growth in trade, transportation, and utilities trailed the 2.3-percent increase nationwide.

In the Detroit area, professional and business services, the area’s largest supersector, added 2,600 jobs from June 2013 to June 2014. The local rate of job growth in this sector, at 0.7 percent, was well below the national advance of 3.5 percent during this 12-month period. Professional and business services in the Detroit area has recorded over-the-year employment gains since April 2010, though the rate of job gains has slowed in recent months.

Two other local supersectors recorded over-the-year employment gains of more than 1,000 in June 2014. The mining, logging, and construction sector in the Detroit area gained 1,700 jobs, a 2.8-percent increase. Education and health services also added 1,700 jobs over the year, an increase of 0.6 percent. Nationally, employment in education and health services grew at a 1.9-percent pace.

Financial activities recorded the largest employment decrease in the Detroit area in June 2014, down 7,200 over the year. Local employment losses in this supersector began in December 2013 and have continued since that time. The 6.9-percent rate of job loss locally in financial activities in June 2014 was in contrast to the 0.8-percent increase nationally.

Local employment in the government sector fell by 3,300, or 1.7 percent in June 2014. With few exceptions, government in the Detroit area has recorded over-the-year employment declines during the past decade. Nationally, government payrolls increased 0.3 percent since last June.

Leisure and hospitality employment fell by 1,100, or 0.6 percent from June 2013 to June 2014. This local area supersector has experienced over-the-year employment declines since November 2013. Nationally, leisure and hospitality posted a 2.8 percent rate of job gain from June 2013.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Detroit was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in June 2014. All 12 areas recorded over-the-year job growth, with 6 of them greater than the national average of 1.9 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.6 percent, followed by Houston, up 3.1 percent. The slowest rate of expansion occurred in Detroit, up 0.3 percent. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

Chart 3. Over-the-year percent change in employment, United States and 12 largest areas, June 2014

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island added the largest number of jobs from the previous June, gaining 137,800, followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana (118,700) and Dallas (112,100). Employment expanded by more than 50,000 in Houston, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta. Detroit registered the smallest 12-month increase (5,000) during the period.

Professional and business services led employment growth in Atlanta, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Dallas, and San Francisco. (See table 2.) In four other metropolitan areas, education and health services recorded the largest gains—Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Los Angeles, New York, and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington.

Over the year, manufacturing recorded the largest loss of jobs in Chicago, Dallas, Los Angeles, and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, while government led job losses in three areas.

Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Industry employment data for all states and metropolitan areas from the CES program are also available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Definitions.  Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation.  The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates. More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available on line at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.

Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates.  The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae.

Area definitions.  The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget dated December 1, 2009. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich. Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) includes Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.

  • The The Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. Metropolitan Division (MD) includes Wayne County in Michigan.
  • The The Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich. Metropolitan Division (MD) includes Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, and St. Clair Counties in Michigan.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.


Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, the United States and the Detroit metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
June
2013
Apr
2014
May
2014
June
2014 (P)
Change from June
2013 to June 2014
Number Percent

United States

 

Total nonfarm

137,195 138,265 139,179 139,761 2,566 1.9

Mining and logging

873 892 900 917 44 5.0

Construction

6,018 5,869 6,054 6,210 192 3.2

Manufacturing

12,074 12,035 12,096 12,203 129 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,852 26,056 26,256 26,443 591 2.3

Information

2,694 2,655 2,653 2,668 -26 -1.0

Financial activities

7,933 7,886 7,919 7,997 64 0.8

Professional and business services

18,681 19,061 19,153 19,342 661 3.5

Education and health services

20,874 21,534 21,486 21,265 391 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

14,871 14,469 14,864 15,280 409 2.8

Other services

5,531 5,501 5,537 5,571 40 0.7

Government

21,794 22,307 22,261 21,865 71 0.3

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area

 

Total nonfarm

1,892.2 1,847.4 1,880.9 1,897.2 5.0 0.3

Mining, logging, and construction

61.1 54.5 60.3 62.8 1.7 2.8

Manufacturing

231.2 226.6 232.2 238.8 7.6 3.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

350.9 347.3 351.9 355.9 5.0 1.4

Information

27.6 26.8 27.1 27.4 -0.2 -0.7

Financial activities

105.1 97.5 97.6 97.9 -7.2 -6.9

Professional and business Services

362.7 358.0 366.7 365.3 2.6 0.7

Education and health services

297.7 297.5 298.8 299.4 1.7 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

187.1 173.5 181.8 186.0 -1.1 -0.6

Other services

78.7 77.0 77.3 76.9 -1.8 -2.3

Government

190.1 188.7 187.2 186.8 -3.3 -1.7

Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

725.5 706.2 717.7 725.6 0.1 0.0

Mining, logging, and construction

18.8 16.9 19.4 19.7 0.9 4.8

Manufacturing

82.7 75.5 78.5 83.4 0.7 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

137.7 136.4 137.8 139.0 1.3 0.9

Information

7.5 7.3 7.4 7.5 0.0 0.0

Financial activities

34.7 32.6 32.5 32.9 -1.8 -5.2

Professional and business services

119.6 118.5 122.1 121.8 2.2 1.8

Education and health services

128.6 129.4 129.2 129.2 0.6 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

76.5 72.2 74.4 76.1 -0.4 -0.5

Other services

31.1 30.2 30.6 30.7 -0.4 -1.3

Government

88.3 87.2 85.8 85.3 -3.0 -3.4

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, MI Metropolitan Division

 

Total nonfarm

1,166.7 1,141.2 1,163.2 1,171.6 4.9 0.4

Mining, logging, and construction

42.3 37.6 40.9 43.1 0.8 1.9

Manufacturing

148.5 151.1 153.7 155.4 6.9 4.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

213.2 210.9 214.1 216.9 3.7 1.7

Information

20.1 19.5 19.7 19.9 -0.2 -1.0

Financial activities

70.4 64.9 65.1 65.0 -5.4 -7.7

Professional and business services

243.1 239.5 244.6 243.5 0.4 0.2

Education and health services

169.1 168.1 169.6 170.2 1.1 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

110.6 101.3 107.4 109.9 -0.7 -0.6

Other services

47.6 46.8 46.7 46.2 -1.4 -2.9

Government

101.8 101.5 101.4 101.5 -0.3 -0.3

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
June
2013
Apr
2014
May
2014
June
2014 (P)
Change from June
2013 to June 2014
Number Percent

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA

 

Total nonfarm

2,402.6 2,445.5 2,464.9 2,460.9 58.3 2.4

Mining and logging

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.0 0.0

Construction

91.8 95.8 97.6 97.4 5.6 6.1

Manufacturing

149.1 150.0 151.3 152.9 3.8 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

532.7 543.3 546.3 548.5 15.8 3.0

Information

84.3 85.0 85.5 86.9 2.6 3.1

Financial activities

156.4 156.5 158.6 159.7 3.3 2.1

Professional and business services

436.5 446.4 452.2 453.2 16.7 3.8

Education and health services

290.8 299.5 299.9 292.8 2.0 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

251.2 253.8 259.4 263.0 11.8 4.7

Other services

94.2 92.8 93.5 91.8 -2.4 -2.5

Government

314.4 321.2 319.4 313.5 -0.9 -0.3

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

 

Total nonfarm

2,581.1 2,574.3 2,599.9 2,622.8 41.7 1.6

Mining and logging

0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

93.0 84.4 89.0 92.7 -0.3 -0.3

Manufacturing

195.2 192.9 193.4 195.5 0.3 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

413.0 410.7 414.8 421.1 8.1 2.0

Information

75.2 76.8 77.6 79.3 4.1 5.5

Financial activities

173.9 169.9 171.5 173.7 -0.2 -0.1

Professional and business services

439.3 438.2 442.5 448.0 8.7 2.0

Education and health services

524.1 551.8 547.8 539.9 15.8 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

258.8 241.2 252.2 262.7 3.9 1.5

Other services

101.1 100.1 101.1 102.8 1.7 1.7

Government

306.9 307.8 309.4 306.5 -0.4 -0.1

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI

 

Total nonfarm

4,491.0 4,435.9 4,485.2 4,524.2 33.2 0.7

Mining and logging

1.6 1.2 1.4 1.4 -0.2 -12.5

Construction

156.9 143.6 153.6 162.9 6.0 3.8

Manufacturing

413.3 403.7 404.1 406.1 -7.2 -1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

899.4 887.9 897.0 905.3 5.9 0.7

Information

81.5 79.0 79.3 80.5 -1.0 -1.2

Financial activities

292.4 284.5 285.1 290.5 -1.9 -0.6

Professional and business services

777.7 774.7 782.1 789.2 11.5 1.5

Education and health services

673.8 687.0 688.6 681.4 7.6 1.1

Leisure and hospitality

446.8 424.9 439.3 451.3 4.5 1.0

Other services

192.4 191.9 191.5 196.4 4.0 2.1

Government

555.2 557.5 563.2 559.2 4.0 0.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

Total nonfarm

3,100.5 3,176.2 3,198.6 3,212.6 112.1 3.6

Mining, logging, and construction

176.4 182.5 187.2 190.8 14.4 8.2

Manufacturing

259.0 254.3 256.5 257.6 -1.4 -0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

634.5 655.6 659.4 662.1 27.6 4.3

Information

79.4 80.1 81.2 81.2 1.8 2.3

Financial activities

254.3 252.6 252.4 254.2 -0.1 0.0

Professional and business services

483.7 506.0 511.4 523.8 40.1 8.3

Education and health services

382.3 391.8 391.5 392.7 10.4 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

326.6 335.7 338.5 336.9 10.3 3.2

Other services

112.9 114.1 116.1 113.8 0.9 0.8

Government

391.4 403.5 404.4 399.5 8.1 2.1

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

 

Total nonfarm

1,892.2 1,847.4 1,880.9 1,897.2 5.0 0.3

Mining, logging, and construction

61.1 54.5 60.3 62.8 1.7 2.8

Manufacturing

231.2 226.6 232.2 238.8 7.6 3.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

350.9 347.3 351.9 355.9 5.0 1.4

Information

27.6 26.8 27.1 27.4 -0.2 -0.7

Financial activities

105.1 97.5 97.6 97.9 -7.2 -6.9

Professional and business services

362.7 358.0 366.7 365.3 2.6 0.7

Education and health services

297.7 297.5 298.8 299.4 1.7 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

187.1 173.5 181.8 186.0 -1.1 -0.6

Other services

78.7 77.0 77.3 76.9 -1.8 -2.3

Government

190.1 188.7 187.2 186.8 -3.3 -1.7

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX

 

Total nonfarm

2,799.0 2,865.9 2,883.0 2,886.5 87.5 3.1

Mining and logging

107.4 110.8 111.7 114.1 6.7 6.2

Construction

190.7 197.0 196.8 196.3 5.6 2.9

Manufacturing

252.8 256.9 258.3 259.7 6.9 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

564.3 575.1 578.4 581.4 17.1 3.0

Information

32.7 32.8 32.9 33.2 0.5 1.5

Financial activities

143.2 142.8 144.4 145.5 2.3 1.6

Professional and business services

429.7 437.9 438.6 442.2 12.5 2.9

Education and health services

335.9 344.3 347.3 348.4 12.5 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

277.5 282.6 287.8 289.4 11.9 4.3

Other services

100.3 101.7 102.9 101.8 1.5 1.5

Government

364.5 384.0 383.9 374.5 10.0 2.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA

 

Total nonfarm

5,568.7 5,666.2 5,675.9 5,687.4 118.7 2.1

Mining and logging

5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4 0.2 3.8

Construction

194.2 208.0 207.6 209.9 15.7 8.1

Manufacturing

526.9 511.7 509.1 509.7 -17.2 -3.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,027.5 1,037.8 1,037.6 1,042.9 15.4 1.5

Information

219.1 230.8 227.1 231.9 12.8 5.8

Financial activities

326.7 320.1 321.4 322.8 -3.9 -1.2

Professional and business services

852.7 882.2 881.4 882.2 29.5 3.5

Education and health services

877.0 931.7 930.8 920.4 43.4 4.9

Leisure and hospitality

636.4 632.8 642.5 650.2 13.8 2.2

Other services

191.9 195.2 197.8 197.9 6.0 3.1

Government

711.1 710.7 715.3 714.1 3.0 0.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL

 

Total nonfarm

2,321.4 2,420.0 2,417.2 2,391.7 70.3 3.0

Mining and logging

0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.1 20.0

Construction

92.5 98.0 98.4 102.3 9.8 10.6

Manufacturing

77.9 78.2 78.9 79.5 1.6 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

547.5 562.9 563.1 562.7 15.2 2.8

Information

46.0 46.8 46.8 46.6 0.6 1.3

Financial activities

164.9 166.7 168.8 168.8 3.9 2.4

Professional and business services

370.2 384.9 382.0 384.6 14.4 3.9

Education and health services

345.0 355.5 355.1 352.1 7.1 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

285.2 301.9 299.1 297.2 12.0 4.2

Other services

111.4 115.6 116.0 115.0 3.6 3.2

Government

280.3 308.9 308.4 282.3 2.0 0.7

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA

 

Total nonfarm

8,787.6 8,766.0 8,842.5 8,925.4 137.8 1.6

Mining, logging, and constructionn

326.6 317.2 326.9 331.8 5.2 1.6

Manufacturing

359.2 355.3 356.3 358.4 -0.8 -0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,611.5 1,612.4 1,629.5 1,646.4 34.9 2.2

Information

278.7 273.6 272.4 272.4 -6.3 -2.3

Financial activities

743.7 732.3 729.2 742.4 -1.3 -0.2

Professional and business services

1,398.5 1,396.3 1,408.9 1,427.7 29.2 2.1

Education and health services

1,605.0 1,667.4 1,672.2 1,659.2 54.2 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

826.3 775.3 809.6 851.3 25.0 3.0

Other services

387.0 385.8 388.0 392.4 5.4 1.4

Government

1,251.1 1,250.4 1,249.5 1,243.4 -7.7 -0.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

Total nonfarm

2,768.8 2,767.9 2,785.0 2,796.2 27.4 1.0

Mining, logging, and construction

104.7 104.5 106.6 110.1 5.4 5.2

Manufacturing

180.9 178.0 179.3 179.9 -1.0 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

509.0 506.0 510.5 513.6 4.6 0.9

Information

47.5 46.3 46.3 46.4 -1.1 -2.3

Financial activities

205.0 202.2 203.1 205.4 0.4 0.2

Professional and business services

441.5 441.4 443.5 444.6 3.1 0.7

Education and health services

562.1 585.7 581.1 576.2 14.1 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

252.6 240.9 251.4 259.2 6.6 2.6

Other services

124.4 119.5 120.7 123.0 -1.4 -1.1

Government

341.1 343.4 342.5 337.8 -3.3 -1.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA

 

Total nonfarm

2,104.2 2,139.1 2,152.6 2,167.1 62.9 3.0

Mining and logging

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

Construction

94.5 97.2 100.1 100.6 6.1 6.5

Manufacturing

115.5 117.6 117.3 117.7 2.2 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

342.6 344.8 346.1 350.6 8.0 2.3

Information

73.9 75.2 74.9 76.2 2.3 3.1

Financial activities

126.5 125.6 125.6 127.1 0.6 0.5

Professional and business services

416.3 423.1 427.4 432.4 16.1 3.9

Education and health services

312.8 325.0 326.2 324.5 11.7 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

242.8 245.2 248.5 252.8 10.0 4.1

Other services

80.3 79.9 80.5 80.7 0.4 0.5

Government

297.7 304.3 304.8 303.3 5.6 1.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

Total nonfarm

3,095.1 3,085.5 3,095.8 3,121.9 26.8 0.9

Mining, logging, and construction

148.8 145.4 144.2 151.5 2.7 1.8

Manufacturing

48.7 45.9 45.9 46.0 -2.7 -5.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

389.1 392.4 392.4 397.4 8.3 2.1

Information

76.5 74.0 73.7 74.0 -2.5 -3.3

Financial activities

152.1 152.7 154.1 155.5 3.4 2.2

Professional and business services

711.2 702.1 704.8 712.9 1.7 0.2

Education and health services

383.1 401.2 395.9 390.9 7.8 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

304.6 294.1 304.3 313.9 9.3 3.1

Other services

190.7 189.1 189.8 192.1 1.4 0.7

Government

690.3 688.6 690.7 687.7 -2.6 -0.4

Footnotes
(P) Preliminary

 

Last Modified Date: August 1, 2014