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14-426-CHI

Tuesday, March 18, 2014

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Consumer Price Index, Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint – February 2014


The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint area rose 1.1 percent from December to February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Charlene Peiffer noted that the energy index increased 1.4 percent while the food index rose 0.4 percent over the bi-monthly period. The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.1 percent from December to February. Among the indexes within the all items less food and energy category, prices were higher for shelter and apparel over the two-month period. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the past 12 months the Detroit all items CPI-U rose 0.7 percent. The energy index fell 6.8 percent compared to last February due to declines in prices for gasoline, utility (piped) gas service, and electricity. The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.7 percent over the year.

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint

Food

Food prices rose 0.4 percent from December to February following a 1.1-percent increase over the previous bi-monthly period. Between the two components of the food index, prices for food at home (groceries) rose 0.4 percent while prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) were up 0.3 percent. Grocery prices were up 1.4 percent from February a year ago, while prices for food away from home were 3.2 percent higher. From February 2013 to February 2014, overall food prices rose 2.0 percent.

Energy

The energy index for Detroit rose 1.4 percent from December to February primarily due to increases in prices for gasoline (4.8 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (1.0 percent). In contrast, prices for electricity fell 6.1 percent over the bi-monthly period.

From February 2013 to February 2014, overall energy prices decreased 6.8 percent. Prices for gasoline and utility (piped) gas service fell 10.6 percent and 4.2 percent, respectively, over this same period. In addition, electricity prices fell 2.3 percent over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.1 percent from December to February. Among the index’s components, increases in prices for shelter (1.4 percent) and apparel (7.2 percent) were recorded over the bi-monthly period.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 1.7 percent. Annual increases in costs for shelter (3.0 percent), medical care (3.6 percent), and apparel (4.6 percent) were contributing factors.

____________

The April 2014 Consumer Price Index for Detroit is scheduled to be released on May 15, 2014, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Table A. Percent Changes in the CPI-U, Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, Mich. (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure Category Percent changes from preceding 2 months 12 mo. ended Feb. '14
2013 2014
Feb. Apr. June Aug. Oct. Dec. Feb.

All items

1.1 0.0 1.2 -0.7 -0.1 -0.7 1.1 0.7

Food & beverages

0.5 0.3 0.1 0.4 -0.2 1.1 0.3 1.9

Food

0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 -0.2 1.1 0.4 2.0

Housing

0.6 0.1 0.8 -0.7 0.3 0.6 0.8 1.9

Apparel

-3.7 3.4 -1.9 3.3 0.1 -6.9 7.2 4.6

Transportation

3.1 -0.8 3.4 -2.8 -1.6 -3.2 2.4 -2.8

Medical care

1.6 -0.4 0.8 1.7 0.3 0.5 0.8 3.6

Recreation

2.3 -0.1 3.7 -3.6 -0.9 -2.9 -0.1 -4.0

Education & communication

0.6 -0.5 0.0 1.3 2.0 -0.4 -0.2 2.2

Other goods & services

-0.5 0.9 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.8 0.4 2.3
Special Indexes

Energy

3.9 -0.1 6.6 -8.4 -2.8 -3.0 1.4 -6.8

All items less food & energy

0.8 0.0 0.6 0.3 0.3 -0.6 1.1 1.7


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 88 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, Mich. consolidated area covered in this release is comprised of Genesee, Lapeer, Lenawee, Livingston, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, Washtenaw, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

 

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes
Percent change from-
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Feb.
2014
Feb.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

218.217 - 220.516 0.7 1.1 -

All items (1967=100)

648.633 - 655.464 - - -

Food and beverages

215.009 - 215.658 1.9 0.3 -

Food

215.278 - 216.032 2.0 0.4 -

Food at home

208.984 209.551 209.824 1.4 0.4 0.1

Food away from home

224.936 - 225.546 3.2 0.3 -

Alcoholic beverages

205.560 - 204.807 0.7 -0.4 -

Housing

197.237 - 198.810 1.9 0.8 -

Shelter

219.528 221.266 222.548 3.0 1.4 0.6

Rent of primary residence (1)

224.349 224.663 224.818 3.0 0.2 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

220.348 220.957 221.306 2.6 0.4 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

220.348 220.957 221.306 2.6 0.4 0.2

Fuels and utilities

244.732 - 239.996 -1.2 -1.9 -

Household energy

196.685 190.701 192.003 -2.2 -2.4 0.7

Energy services (1)

198.487 191.886 192.091 -3.1 -3.2 0.1

Electricity (1)

220.851 207.380 207.384 -2.3 -6.1 0.0

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

162.314 163.452 163.859 -4.2 1.0 0.2

Household furnishings and operations

119.382 - 120.025 -2.4 0.5 -

Apparel

114.578 - 122.824 4.6 7.2 -

Transportation

240.138 - 245.803 -2.8 2.4 -

Private transportation

238.796 - 244.474 -2.7 2.4 -

Motor fuel

280.443 289.873 294.028 -10.1 4.8 1.4

Gasoline (all types)

278.462 287.889 291.942 -10.6 4.8 1.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

285.389 295.231 299.523 -10.9 5.0 1.5

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

313.693 324.055 327.997 -9.2 4.6 1.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

264.627 272.292 275.733 -8.6 4.2 1.3

Medical care

398.122 - 401.181 3.6 0.8 -

Recreation (5)

114.092 - 113.942 -4.0 -0.1 -

Education and communication (5)

143.655 - 143.335 2.2 -0.2 -

Other goods and services

403.118 - 404.723 2.3 0.4 -
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

218.217 - 220.516 0.7 1.1 -

Commodities

177.634 - 180.339 -0.9 1.5 -

Commodities less food & beverages

157.979 - 161.633 -2.3 2.3 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

193.830 - 200.791 -2.9 3.6 -

Durables

116.100 - 116.393 -1.4 0.3 -

Services

260.394 - 262.332 1.8 0.7 -
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

211.040 - 213.315 0.5 1.1 -

All items less shelter

220.932 - 222.957 -0.2 0.9 -

Commodities less food

159.815 - 163.331 -2.2 2.2 -

Nondurables

204.481 - 208.382 -0.8 1.9 -

Nondurables less food

194.543 - 201.020 -2.8 3.3 -

Services less rent of shelter (2)

318.256 - 318.668 0.7 0.1 -

Services less medical care services

250.747 - 252.615 1.7 0.7 -

Energy

238.383 239.125 241.727 -6.8 1.4 1.1

All items less energy

218.589 - 220.802 1.7 1.0 -

All items less food and energy

219.737 - 222.244 1.7 1.1 -

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.

 

Last Modified Date: March 18, 2014