News Release Information

14-1303-DAL

Tuesday, July 29, 2014

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Further information:

Houston Area Employment — June 2014


Total nonfarm employment in the Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 2,886,500 in June 2014, up 87,500 from one year earlier, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. From June 2013 to June 2014, local nonfarm employment rose 3.1 percent, above the national increase of 1.9 percent. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that among the 12 largest metropolitan areas in the country, Houston ranked second in the rate of job growth. (See chart 1 and table 1; the Technical Note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

Chart 1.  Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change in the United States and the Houston metropolitan area, June 2008—June 2014


Industry employment

Trade, transportation, and utilities registered the largest annual job gain among Houston’s supersectors, up 17,100 from June 2013. This growth was led by job gains of 7,700 in wholesale trade and 6,100 in transportation and utilities, up 5.1 and 4.7 percent, respectively. The retail trade industry, which accounted for one-half of the sector’s total employment, rose 1.2 percent, adding 3,300 jobs over the year. The local supersector growth rate of 3.0 percent compared to the national gain of 2.3 percent. (See table 1 and chart 2.)

Two supersectors – education and health services and professional and business services – each gained 12,500 jobs in the Houston area from June 2013 to June 2014. The local education and health services industry continued registering annual gains, something it has done in every month since February 1991. The sector’s 3.7-percent local growth rate was nearly double the 1.9-percent national rate. Local supersector job gains were concentrated in the health care industry, mainly in ambulatory health care services. In the area’s professional and business services supersector, job growth was led by gains in architectural, engineering, and related services and in computer systems design and related services. Local employment in professional and business services rose 2.9 percent over the year, below the national gain of 3.5 percent.

Leisure and hospitality expanded 11,900 in the Houston area since June 2013, with nearly all the job gains occurring in the supersector’s largest industry, food services and drinking places. Since June 2013, leisure and hospitality employment rose 4.3 percent locally and 2.8 percent nationally.

Chart 2.  Total nonfarm and industry supersector employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and the Houston metropolitan area, June 2014


Government in Houston gained 10,000 jobs in June 2014, the 20th consecutive month of annual increases following a 20-month period of declines. Employment gains in local government were led by educational services, which accounted for nearly all of the supersector’s increase. State government employment in Houston was little changed over the year and employment in federal government dipped. Locally, government employment rose 2.7 percent compared to 0.3 percent nationally.

Employment in Houston manufacturing advanced 6,900 over the year. The non-durable industry, which accounts for about one-third of total local manufacturing employment, was responsible for the majority (4,700) of the manufacturing gain. Jobs in Houston’s manufacturing supersector increased 2.7 percent over the year, while nationally, the industry rose 1.1 percent.

The local mining and logging industry added 6,700 jobs since June 2013, a 6.2-percent gain compared to the national increase of 5.0 percent.

The construction supersector increased 5,600 from June 2013 to June 2014. Construction of buildings added most of these jobs, up 4,900. Houston’s construction supersector rose 2.9 percent compared to a national gain of 3.2 percent.

Two additional supersectors recorded employment advances of at least 1,000 from June a year ago: financial activities (2,300) and other services (1,500). Annual growth rates in both of these Houston supersectors were approximately double the national rates.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Houston was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in June 2014. All 12 areas recorded over-the-year job growth, with 6 of them greater than the national average of 1.9 percent. (See chart 3 and table 2.) The fastest rate of job growth was in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, up 3.6 percent, followed by Houston, up 3.1 percent. The slowest rate of expansion occurred in Detroit-Warren-Livonia, up 0.3 percent.

Chart 3.  Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year percent change, United States and 12 largest metropolitan areas, June 2014


New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island added the largest number of jobs from the previous June, gaining 137,800, followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana (118,700) and Dallas (112,100). Employment expanded by more than 50,000 in Houston, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta. Detroit registered the smallest 12-month increase (5,000) during the period.

Professional and business services led employment growth in Atlanta, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Dallas, and San Francisco. (See
table 2.) In four other metropolitan areas, education and health services recorded the largest gains—Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Los Angeles, New York, and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington.

Over the year, manufacturing recorded the largest loss of jobs in Chicago, Dallas, Los Angeles, and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, while government led job losses in three areas.

Additional information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.



Technical Note


This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a "link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for state CES data at the total nonfarm and supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on December 1, 2009. A detailed list of geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Austin, Brazoria, Chambers, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, San Jacinto, and Waller Counties in Texas.


Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, U.S. and Houston metropolitan area, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
Jun.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014(p)
Change from Jun.
2013 to Jun. 2014
Number Percent

U.S.

 

Total nonfarm

137,195 138,265 139,179 139,761 2,566 1.9

Mining and logging

873 892 900 917 44 5.0

Construction

6,018 5,869 6,054 6,210 192 3.2

Manufacturing

12,074 12,035 12,096 12,203 129 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,852 26,056 26,256 26,443 591 2.3

Information

2,694 2,655 2,653 2,668 -26 -1.0

Financial activities

7,933 7,886 7,919 7,997 64 0.8

Professional and business services

18,681 19,061 19,153 19,342 661 3.5

Education and health services

20,874 21,534 21,486 21,265 391 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

14,871 14,469 14,864 15,280 409 2.8

Other services

5,531 5,501 5,537 5,571 40 0.7

Government

21,794 22,307 22,261 21,865 71 0.3

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

 

Total nonfarm

2,799.0 2,865.9 2,883.0 2,886.5 87.5 3.1

Mining and logging

107.4 110.8 111.7 114.1 6.7 6.2

Construction

190.7 197.0 196.8 196.3 5.6 2.9

Manufacturing

252.8 256.9 258.3 259.7 6.9 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

564.3 575.1 578.4 581.4 17.1 3.0

Information

32.7 32.8 32.9 33.2 0.5 1.5

Financial activities

143.2 142.8 144.4 145.5 2.3 1.6

Professional and business services

429.7 437.9 438.6 442.2 12.5 2.9

Education and health services

335.9 344.3 347.3 348.4 12.5 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

277.5 282.6 287.8 289.4 11.9 4.3

Other services

100.3 101.7 102.9 101.8 1.5 1.5

Government

364.5 384.0 383.9 374.5 10.0 2.7

(p) preliminary



Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 largest metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area and Industry
Jun.
2013
Apr.
2014
May
2014
Jun.
2014(p)
Change from
Jun. 2013 to Jun. 2014
Number Percent

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA

 

Total nonfarm

2,402.6 2,445.5 2,464.9 2,460.9 58.3 2.4

Mining and logging

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.0 0.0

Construction

91.8 95.8 97.6 97.4 5.6 6.1

Manufacturing

149.1 150.0 151.3 152.9 3.8 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

532.7 543.3 546.3 548.5 15.8 3.0

Information

84.3 85.0 85.5 86.9 2.6 3.1

Financial activities

156.4 156.5 158.6 159.7 3.3 2.1

Professional and business services

436.5 446.4 452.2 453.2 16.7 3.8

Education and health services

290.8 299.5 299.9 292.8 2.0 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

251.2 253.8 259.4 263.0 11.8 4.7

Other services

94.2 92.8 93.5 91.8 -2.4 -2.5

Government

314.4 321.2 319.4 313.5 -0.9 -0.3

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH

 

Total nonfarm

2,581.1 2,574.3 2,599.9 2,622.8 41.7 1.6

Mining and logging

0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

93.0 84.4 89.0 92.7 -0.3 -0.3

Manufacturing

195.2 192.9 193.4 195.5 0.3 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

413.0 410.7 414.8 421.1 8.1 2.0

Information

75.2 76.8 77.6 79.3 4.1 5.5

Financial activities

173.9 169.9 171.5 173.7 -0.2 -0.1

Professional and business services

439.3 438.2 442.5 448.0 8.7 2.0

Education and health services

524.1 551.8 547.8 539.9 15.8 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

258.8 241.2 252.2 262.7 3.9 1.5

Other services

101.1 100.1 101.1 102.8 1.7 1.7

Government

306.9 307.8 309.4 306.5 -0.4 -0.1

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL-IN-WI

 

Total nonfarm

4,491.0 4,435.9 4,485.2 4,524.2 33.2 0.7

Mining and logging

1.6 1.2 1.4 1.4 -0.2 -12.5

Construction

156.9 143.6 153.6 162.9 6.0 3.8

Manufacturing

413.3 403.7 404.1 406.1 -7.2 -1.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

899.4 887.9 897.0 905.3 5.9 0.7

Information

81.5 79.0 79.3 80.5 -1.0 -1.2

Financial activities

292.4 284.5 285.1 290.5 -1.9 -0.6

Professional and business services

777.7 774.7 782.1 789.2 11.5 1.5

Education and health services

673.8 687.0 688.6 681.4 7.6 1.1

Leisure and hospitality

446.8 424.9 439.3 451.3 4.5 1.0

Other services

192.4 191.9 191.5 196.4 4.0 2.1

Government

555.2 557.5 563.2 559.2 4.0 0.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX

 

Total nonfarm

3,100.5 3,176.2 3,198.6 3,212.6 112.1 3.6

Mining, logging, and construction

176.4 182.5 187.2 190.8 14.4 8.2

Manufacturing

259.0 254.3 256.5 257.6 -1.4 -0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

634.5 655.6 659.4 662.1 27.6 4.3

Information

79.4 80.1 81.2 81.2 1.8 2.3

Financial activities

254.3 252.6 252.4 254.2 -0.1 0.0

Professional and business services

483.7 506.0 511.4 523.8 40.1 8.3

Education and health services

382.3 391.8 391.5 392.7 10.4 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

326.6 335.7 338.5 336.9 10.3 3.2

Other services

112.9 114.1 116.1 113.8 0.9 0.8

Government

391.4 403.5 404.4 399.5 8.1 2.1

Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

 

Total nonfarm

1,892.2 1,847.4 1,880.9 1,897.2 5.0 0.3

Mining, logging, and construction

61.1 54.5 60.3 62.8 1.7 2.8

Manufacturing

231.2 226.6 232.2 238.8 7.6 3.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

350.9 347.3 351.9 355.9 5.0 1.4

Information

27.6 26.8 27.1 27.4 -0.2 -0.7

Financial activities

105.1 97.5 97.6 97.9 -7.2 -6.9

Professional and business services

362.7 358.0 366.7 365.3 2.6 0.7

Education and health services

297.7 297.5 298.8 299.4 1.7 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

187.1 173.5 181.8 186.0 -1.1 -0.6

Other services

78.7 77.0 77.3 76.9 -1.8 -2.3

Government

190.1 188.7 187.2 186.8 -3.3 -1.7

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX

 

Total nonfarm

2,799.0 2,865.9 2,883.0 2,886.5 87.5 3.1

Mining and logging

107.4 110.8 111.7 114.1 6.7 6.2

Construction

190.7 197.0 196.8 196.3 5.6 2.9

Manufacturing

252.8 256.9 258.3 259.7 6.9 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

564.3 575.1 578.4 581.4 17.1 3.0

Information

32.7 32.8 32.9 33.2 0.5 1.5

Financial activities

143.2 142.8 144.4 145.5 2.3 1.6

Professional and business services

429.7 437.9 438.6 442.2 12.5 2.9

Education and health services

335.9 344.3 347.3 348.4 12.5 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

277.5 282.6 287.8 289.4 11.9 4.3

Other services

100.3 101.7 102.9 101.8 1.5 1.5

Government

364.5 384.0 383.9 374.5 10.0 2.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA

 

Total nonfarm

5,568.7 5,666.2 5,675.9 5,687.4 118.7 2.1

Mining and logging

5.2 5.2 5.3 5.4 0.2 3.8

Construction

194.2 208.0 207.6 209.9 15.7 8.1

Manufacturing

526.9 511.7 509.1 509.7 -17.2 -3.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,027.5 1,037.8 1,037.6 1,042.9 15.4 1.5

Information

219.1 230.8 227.1 231.9 12.8 5.8

Financial activities

326.7 320.1 321.4 322.8 -3.9 -1.2

Professional and business services

852.7 882.2 881.4 882.2 29.5 3.5

Education and health services

877.0 931.7 930.8 920.4 43.4 4.9

Leisure and hospitality

636.4 632.8 642.5 650.2 13.8 2.2

Other services

191.9 195.2 197.8 197.9 6.0 3.1

Government

711.1 710.7 715.3 714.1 3.0 0.4

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL

 

Total nonfarm

2,321.4 2,420.0 2,417.2 2,391.7 70.3 3.0

Mining and logging

0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.1 20.0

Construction

92.5 98.0 98.4 102.3 9.8 10.6

Manufacturing

77.9 78.2 78.9 79.5 1.6 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

547.5 562.9 563.1 562.7 15.2 2.8

Information

46.0 46.8 46.8 46.6 0.6 1.3

Financial activities

164.9 166.7 168.8 168.8 3.9 2.4

Professional and business services

370.2 384.9 382.0 384.6 14.4 3.9

Education and health services

345.0 355.5 355.1 352.1 7.1 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

285.2 301.9 299.1 297.2 12.0 4.2

Other services

111.4 115.6 116.0 115.0 3.6 3.2

Government

280.3 308.9 308.4 282.3 2.0 0.7

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA

 

Total nonfarm

8,787.6 8,766.0 8,842.5 8,925.4 137.8 1.6

Mining, logging, and construction

326.6 317.2 326.9 331.8 5.2 1.6

Manufacturing

359.2 355.3 356.3 358.4 -0.8 -0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,611.5 1,612.4 1,629.5 1,646.4 34.9 2.2

Information

278.7 273.6 272.4 272.4 -6.3 -2.3

Financial activities

743.7 732.3 729.2 742.4 -1.3 -0.2

Professional and business services

1,398.5 1,396.3 1,408.9 1,427.7 29.2 2.1

Education and health services

1,605.0 1,667.4 1,672.2 1,659.2 54.2 3.4

Leisure and hospitality

826.3 775.3 809.6 851.3 25.0 3.0

Other services

387.0 385.8 388.0 392.4 5.4 1.4

Government

1,251.1 1,250.4 1,249.5 1,243.4 -7.7 -0.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD

 

Total nonfarm

2,768.8 2,767.9 2,785.0 2,796.2 27.4 1.0

Mining, logging, and construction

104.7 104.5 106.6 110.1 5.4 5.2

Manufacturing

180.9 178.0 179.3 179.9 -1.0 -0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

509.0 506.0 510.5 513.6 4.6 0.9

Information

47.5 46.3 46.3 46.4 -1.1 -2.3

Financial activities

205.0 202.2 203.1 205.4 0.4 0.2

Professional and business services

441.5 441.4 443.5 444.6 3.1 0.7

Education and health services

562.1 585.7 581.1 576.2 14.1 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

252.6 240.9 251.4 259.2 6.6 2.6

Other services

124.4 119.5 120.7 123.0 -1.4 -1.1

Government

341.1 343.4 342.5 337.8 -3.3 -1.0

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA

 

Total nonfarm

2,104.2 2,139.1 2,152.6 2,167.1 62.9 3.0

Mining and logging

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

Construction

94.5 97.2 100.1 100.6 6.1 6.5

Manufacturing

115.5 117.6 117.3 117.7 2.2 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

342.6 344.8 346.1 350.6 8.0 2.3

Information

73.9 75.2 74.9 76.2 2.3 3.1

Financial activities

126.5 125.6 125.6 127.1 0.6 0.5

Professional and business services

416.3 423.1 427.4 432.4 16.1 3.9

Education and health services

312.8 325.0 326.2 324.5 11.7 3.7

Leisure and hospitality

242.8 245.2 248.5 252.8 10.0 4.1

Other services

80.3 79.9 80.5 80.7 0.4 0.5

Government

297.7 304.3 304.8 303.3 5.6 1.9

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

 

Total nonfarm

3,095.1 3,085.5 3,095.8 3,121.9 26.8 0.9

Mining, logging, and construction

148.8 145.4 144.2 151.5 2.7 1.8

Manufacturing

48.7 45.9 45.9 46.0 -2.7 -5.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

389.1 392.4 392.4 397.4 8.3 2.1

Information

76.5 74.0 73.7 74.0 -2.5 -3.3

Financial activities

152.1 152.7 154.1 155.5 3.4 2.2

Professional and business services

711.2 702.1 704.8 712.9 1.7 0.2

Education and health services

383.1 401.2 395.9 390.9 7.8 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

304.6 294.1 304.3 313.9 9.3 3.1

Other services

190.7 189.1 189.8 192.1 1.4 0.7

Government

690.3 688.6 690.7 687.7 -2.6 -0.4

(p) preliminary

Last Modified Date: July 29, 2014