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14-743-DAL

Thursday, May 1, 2014

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Tulsa
May 2013


Workers in the Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $20.04 in May 2013, 10 percent below the nationwide average of $22.33, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly higher than their respective national averages in only 1 of the 22 major groups–production occupations, and lower in 16. Local wages were not statistically different from the national averages in five groups.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; construction and extraction; and office and administrative support. Conversely, 11 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including education, training, and library; computer and mathematical; and business and financial operations. (See table A and box note at end of release.)


Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2013
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United
States
Tulsa     United    
    States    
    Tulsa     Percent
difference(1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.33 $20.04 * -10

Management

4.9 5.6 * 53.15 44.76 * -16

Business and financial operations

5.0 4.0 * 34.14 29.29 * -14

Computer and mathematical

2.8 1.6 * 39.43 31.23 * -21

Architecture and engineering

1.8 2.0 * 38.51 37.95 -1

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.5 * 33.37 37.88 14

Community and social service

1.4 1.2 * 21.50 17.89 * -17

Legal

0.8 0.9 47.89 42.60 -11

Education, training, and library

6.3 4.9 * 24.76 19.30 * -22

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 0.9 * 26.72 22.18 * -17

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.8 5.7 35.93 31.45 * -12

Healthcare support

3.0 2.6 * 13.61 12.69 * -7

Protective service

2.5 2.0 20.92 17.23 * -18

Food preparation and serving related

9.0 8.7 * 10.38 9.46 * -9

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 2.7 * 12.51 10.68 * -15

Personal care and service

3.0 2.5 * 11.88 10.65 * -10

Sales and related

10.6 10.7 18.37 17.29 * -6

Office and administrative support

16.2 17.5 * 16.78 15.75 * -6

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1 * 11.70 12.22 4

Construction and extraction

3.8 5.2 * 21.94 17.43 * -21

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 4.5 * 21.35 19.48 * -9

Production

6.6 9.4 * 16.79 18.28 * 9

Transportation and material moving

6.8 6.7 16.28 17.30 6

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Tulsa is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.


One occupational group–production–was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Tulsa had 39,570 jobs in production, accounting for 9.4 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.6-percent national share. The local average hourly wage for this occupational group was $18.28, nearly 10 percent above the national average of $16.79.

With employment of 5,040, team assemblers was one of the largest occupations within the production group, as were welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers (4,180) and production worker helpers (2,810). Among the higher paying jobs were petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers and first-line supervisors of production and operating workers, with mean hourly wages of $40.38 and $28.58, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($9.92) and packaging and filling machine operators and tenders ($11.09). (Detailed occupational data for production workers are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_46140.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Tulsa metropolitan area, above average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers were employed at 10.2 times the national rate in Tulsa, and petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers, at 4.6 times the U.S. average. Tulsa’s aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers location quotient ranked third-highest in the country among all metropolitan areas, trailing only Seattle, Washington (29.53) and Wichita, Kansas (21.62). On the other hand, electrical and electronic equipment assemblers had a location quotient of 1.0 in Tulsa, meaning the local employment share in this particular occupation matched the national average.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Oklahoma Employment Security Commission.



OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Houston-Sugar Land- Baytown Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.



Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2013 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, and November 2010. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 75.3 percent based on establishments and 71.6 percent based on employment. The sample in the Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area included 3,615 establishments with a response rate of 77 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcma.htm, respectively.

The May 2013 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) Creek, Okmulgee, Osage, Pawnee, Rogers, Tulsa, and Wagoner Counties in Oklahoma.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro6. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2013/may/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.


Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation,
Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2013
Occupation(1) Employment Mean wages
Level(2) Location
quotient(3)
Hourly Annual(4)

Production occupations

39,570 1.4 $18.28 $38,020

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

2,620 1.4 $28.58 $59,450

Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers

1,380 10.2 $19.67 $40,910

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers

(5) (5) $17.11 $35,580

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

630 1.0 $14.00 $29,120

Electromechanical equipment assemblers

610 3.9 $17.77 $36,970

Engine and other machine assemblers

490 3.9 $17.23 $35,840

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

700 2.8 $17.03 $35,430

Team assemblers

5,040 1.5 $15.66 $32,560

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

410 0.5 $14.68 $30,530

Bakers

530 1.0 $11.65 $24,230

Butchers and meat cutters

410 0.9 $11.92 $24,790

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

70 0.1 $12.99 $27,020

Food batchmakers

270 0.8 $11.89 $24,740

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

150 1.4 $11.79 $24,530

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

890 2.0 $19.84 $41,270

Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic

60 0.8 $25.28 $52,590

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

80 0.4 $17.60 $36,600

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

90 1.3 $23.21 $48,280

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

160 1.6 $17.45 $36,300

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,160 2.0 $15.56 $32,370

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

330 5.3 $17.89 $37,220

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

300 1.3 $14.64 $30,450

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

260 2.0 $19.21 $39,960

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

80 1.0 $14.13 $29,380

Machinists

2,540 2.0 $18.28 $38,030

Foundry mold and coremakers

70 1.6 $12.53 $26,070

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

170 0.4 $13.76 $28,610

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

760 2.6 $14.99 $31,180

Tool and die makers

220 0.9 $23.71 $49,320

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

4,180 3.7 $19.85 $41,280

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

440 2.7 $18.98 $39,480

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

130 2.0 $17.17 $35,710

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

230 2.0 $14.11 $29,340

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

70 1.9 $14.81 $30,800

Prepress technicians and workers

70 0.6 $16.58 $34,490

Printing press operators

300 0.6 $15.89 $33,040

Print binding and finishing workers

90 0.5 $13.68 $28,460

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

660 1.0 $9.92 $20,640

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

90 0.6 $9.00 $18,720

Sewing machine operators

140 0.3 $11.64 $24,210

Upholsterers

50 0.6 $17.52 $36,450

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

180 0.7 $14.69 $30,560

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

40 0.3 $13.34 $27,740

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

(5) (5) $13.87 $28,850

Power plant operators

160 1.2 $28.95 $60,220

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

150 1.3 $24.22 $50,370

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

280 0.8 $18.00 $37,440

Gas plant operators

140 3.1 27.95 58,140

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

610 4.61 40.38 83,990

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

160 0.8 17.68 36,770

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

60 0.4 9.80 20,380

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

30 0.4 15.96 33,200

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

220 2.2 13.05 27,150

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

200 0.5 20.00 41,590

Cutters and trimmers, hand

80 1.8 13.94 28,990

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

260 1.4 13.79 28,690

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5) (5) 15.36 31,950

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

150 2.4 14.97 31,150

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

2,780 1.9 23.98 49,890

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

50 0.7 19.37 40,290

Dental laboratory technicians

200 1.8 17.06 35,480

Medical appliance technicians

(5) (5) 13.56 28,210

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

190 2.1 12.76 26,530

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

960 0.8 11.09 23,060

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

580 2.1 17.36 36,110

Painters, transportation equipment

260 1.7 20.22 42,050

Painting, coating, and decorating workers

50 0.9 12.92 26,880

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

100 0.9 12.44 25,880

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

30 0.6 14.87 30,940

Etchers and engravers

(5) (5) 15.46 32,150

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

90 0.9 19.47 40,490

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

560 1.9 21.29 44,280

Helpers-production workers

2,810 2.1 14.21 29,550

Production workers, all other

380 0.6 15.91 33,100

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Tulsa MSA, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_46140.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a 'year-round, full-time' hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimates not released.

Last Modified Date: May 1, 2014