News Release Information

13-911-DAL

Thursday, May 9, 2013

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Tulsa
May 2012


Workers in the Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $19.73 in May 2012, about 10 percent below the nationwide average of $22.01, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly lower than their respective national averages in 16 of the 22 major occupational groups, including education, training, and library; construction and extraction; and computer and mathematical. Local area wages were significantly higher than the national average in only 1 of the 22 major occupational groups, production.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; installation, maintenance, and repair; and construction and extraction. Conversely, 11 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including education, training, and library; computer and mathematical; and personal care and service. (See table A and box note at end of release.)


Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2012
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United
States
Tulsa     United    
    States    
    Tulsa     Percent
difference(1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.01 $19.73 * -10

Management

4.9 5.6 * 52.20 43.47 * -17

Business and financial operations

4.9 4.2 * 33.44 28.17 * -16

Computer and mathematical

2.7 1.8 * 38.55 30.84 * -20

Architecture and engineering

1.8 2.2 * 37.98 36.99 -3

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.5 * 32.87 37.23 13

Community and social service

1.4 1.1 * 21.27 17.63 * -17

Legal

0.8 0.8 47.39 44.73 -6

Education, training, and library

6.4 5.3 * 24.62 19.26 * -22

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 0.8 * 26.20 19.79 * -24

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 5.9 35.35 31.91 * -10

Healthcare support

3.0 2.9 13.36 12.03 * -10

Protective service

2.5 2.0 20.70 17.78 * -14

Food preparation and serving related

8.9 8.3 * 10.28 9.32 * -9

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.3 2.7 * 12.34 10.77 * -13

Personal care and service

2.9 2.2 * 11.80 10.96 * -7

Sales and related

10.6 10.9 18.26 16.83 * -8

Office and administrative support

16.4 17.4 * 16.54 15.37 * -7

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.2 * 11.65 11.50 -1

Construction and extraction

3.8 4.8 * 21.61 17.03 * -21

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 5.1 * 21.09 20.40 -3

Production

6.6 9.1 * 16.59 17.60 * 6

Transportation and material moving

6.7 6.1 * 16.15 14.97 * -7

* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Tulsa is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.


One occupational group–production–was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Tulsa had 37,850 jobs in production, accounting for 9.1 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.6-percent national share. The local average hourly wage for this occupational group was $17.60, well above the national average wage of $16.59

With employment of 5,840, team assemblers was the largest occupation within the production group, followed by welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers (3,790) and
first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (2,700). Among the higher paying jobs were gas plant operators and first-line supervisors of production and operating workers, with mean hourly wages of $31.09 and $27.60, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($9.02) and packaging and filling machine operators and tenders ($11.30). (Detailed occupational data for production workers are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_46140.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Tulsa metropolitan area, above average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers were employed at 4.4 times the national rate in Tulsa, and welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers, at 3.6 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, laundry and dry-cleaning workers had a location quotient of 1.0 in Tulsa, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Oklahoma Employment Security Commission.

With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for the first time. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and more than 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc/.

The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.



OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.



Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments and 72.9 percent based on employment. The sample in the Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area included 3,597 establishments with a response rate of 77 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) Creek, Okmulgee, Osage, Pawnee, Rogers, Tulsa, and Wagoner Counties in Oklahoma.


Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro6. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the
BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon
request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.


Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation,
Tulsa Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2012
Occupation(1) Employment Mean wages
Level(2) Location
quotient(3)
Hourly Annual(4)

Production occupations

37,850 1.4 $17.60 $36,610

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

2,700 1.5 27.60 57,410

Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers

(5) (5) 20.14 41,900

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers

(5) (5) 16.00 33,290

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

730 1.2 15.01 31,230

Electromechanical equipment assemblers

(5) (5) 18.02 37,480

Engine and other machine assemblers

420 3.2 17.98 37,390

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

690 2.8 17.52 36,430

Fiberglass laminators and fabricators

120 2.1 16.01 33,310

Team assemblers

5,840 1.8 15.27 31,750

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

420 0.5 15.31 31,840

Bakers

550 1.1 11.67 24,260

Butchers and meat cutters

280 0.7 12.16 25,290

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

50 0.1 12.56 26,110

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

30 0.5 13.71 28,520

Food batchmakers

130 0.4 11.29 23,480

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

260 2.4 13.09 27,220

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

740 1.7 18.54 38,560

Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic

70 0.9 27.75 57,720

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

190 0.8 17.05 35,470

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

50 0.7 19.17 39,880

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

210 1.9 16.48 34,290

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, & tenders, metal & plastic

1,050 1.8 14.44 30,020

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

250 3.8 15.99 33,260

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

190 0.8 13.76 28,610

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

330 2.7 19.29 40,120

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

70 1.0 14.44 30,020

Machinists

2,380 1.9 17.99 37,420

Foundry mold and coremakers

60 1.5 11.98 24,930

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

150 0.4 12.28 25,530

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

300 1.1 16.45 34,210

Tool and die makers

210 0.9 22.79 47,410

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

3,790 3.6 19.55 40,650

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

380 2.4 18.01 37,450

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

90 1.3 14.22 29,570

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

110 1.0 14.15 29,420

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

70 1.9 14.64 30,460

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

70 1.1 11.83 24,610

Prepress technicians and workers

(5) (5) 16.33 33,960

Printing press operators

380 0.7 15.19 31,590

Print binding and finishing workers

70 0.4 13.16 27,370

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

640 1.0 9.02 18,760

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

(5) (5) 9.62 20,010

Sewing machine operators

140 0.3 11.17 23,230

Upholsterers

60 0.7 15.94 33,150

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

210 0.8 14.07 29,270

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

30 0.3 12.97 26,970

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

70 0.3 13.09 27,230

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

150 1.3 24.70 51,380

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

290 0.8 17.19 35,750

Gas plant operators

70 1.9 31.09 64,660

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

580 4.4 25.13 52,260

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

140 0.8 15.98 33,240

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

60 0.5 10.89 22,640

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

40 0.4 13.81 28,720

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

180 1.8 14.46 30,080

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

360 1.0 19.17 39,880

Cutters and trimmers, hand

90 2.0 14.35 29,850

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

140 0.8 12.30 25,590

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

70 0.3 16.12 33,520

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

90 1.5 14.26 29,660

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

2,650 1.8 23.18 48,220

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

50 0.7 17.35 36,100

Dental laboratory technicians

150 1.3 14.02 29,170

Medical appliance technicians

110 2.7 13.23 27,520

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

180 2.0 11.87 24,680

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

1,050 0.9 11.30 23,490

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

680 2.7 16.20 33,700

Painters, transportation equipment

240 1.6 17.56 36,520

Painting, coating, and decorating workers

30 0.6 12.91 26,860

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

130 0.9 11.75 24,440

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

40 0.8 12.86 26,760

Etchers and engravers

(5) (5) 15.27 31,750

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

100 1.0 17.73 36,870

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

440 1.4 22.37 46,540

Helpers-production workers

2,050 1.5 12.82 26,660

Production workers, all other

410 0.6 15.15 31,520

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Tulsa MSA, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_46140.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a 'year-round, full-time' hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimates not available.

Last Modified Date: May 9, 2013