News Release Information

14-1737-KAN

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (816) 285-7000

Business Employment Dynamics in Kansas – December 2013


From September 2013 to December 2013, gross job gains in private sector establishments in Kansas totaled 69,066, while gross job losses numbered 58,856, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 10,210. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that this is the fifth consecutive quarter where gross job gains have led gross job losses in Kansas.

Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses of employment in Kansas, December 2008-December 2013, by quarter, seasonally adjusted

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Employment gains in Kansas have remained above 60,000 each quarter since June 2010; the December 2013 gain was the largest registered since March 2012. Gross job losses declined in the three months ended in December 2013 after increasing in each of the three previous quarters. (See chart 1.) The 58,856 gross job losses recorded in the fourth quarter of 2013 were the third lowest recorded in Kansas since publication of the series began in 1992.

Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Kansas, December 2008-December 2013, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 6.3 percent of private sector employment in Kansas in the quarter ended December 2013, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.4 percent of private employment. (See chart 2.) Generally, the rate of gross job gains in Kansas has been below the U.S. rate since March 2009.

During the fourth quarter 2013, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in eight industry sectors in Kansas. For example, within professional and business services, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,107. While 13,811 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments, 11,704 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry in the 3 months ended December 2013. In construction, 8,140 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments and 6,337 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 300 in two industry sectors. Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 274 in financial activities and by 142 in leisure and hospitality.

For More Information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 800-877-8339.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Kansas, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses Gross job gains and job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended) (3 months ended)
Dec. Mar. June Sept. Dec. Dec. Mar. June Sept. Dec.
2012 2013 2013 2013 2013 2012 2013 2013 2013 2013

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

67,871 61,140 67,481 67,108 69,066 6.3 5.6 6.2 6.1 6.3

At expanding establishments

53,090 49,963 55,451 53,519 56,369 4.9 4.6 5.1 4.9 5.1

At opening establishments

14,781 11,177 12,030 13,589 12,697 1.4 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2

Gross job losses

58,658 59,438 60,483 62,717 58,856 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.3

At contracting establishments

47,737 49,683 49,439 51,642 48,525 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.4

At closing establishments

10,921 9,755 11,044 11,075 10,331 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

9,213 1,702 6,998 4,391 10,210 0.9 0.1 0.7 0.4 1.0

Construction

Gross job gains

6,207 6,446 7,029 7,570 8,140 11.3 11.7 12.6 13.3 13.9

At expanding establishments

4,840 5,249 5,531 5,403 6,630 8.8 9.5 9.9 9.5 11.3

At opening establishments

1,367 1,197 1,498 2,167 1,510 2.5 2.2 2.7 3.8 2.6

Gross job losses

6,344 6,046 6,225 5,936 6,337 11.5 10.9 11.1 10.4 10.8

At contracting establishments

4,949 4,863 4,918 4,712 4,993 9.0 8.8 8.8 8.3 8.5

At closing establishments

1,395 1,183 1,307 1,224 1,344 2.5 2.1 2.3 2.1 2.3

Net employment change (2)

-137 400 804 1,634 1,803 -0.2 0.8 1.5 2.9 3.1

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

4,878 4,941 4,880 4,410 5,394 2.9 3.0 3.0 2.7 3.3

At expanding establishments

4,307 4,647 4,503 4,131 4,955 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.5 3.0

At opening establishments

571 294 377 279 439 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Gross job losses

5,562 3,816 4,985 4,812 3,929 3.4 2.4 3.0 3.0 2.4

At contracting establishments

5,212 3,532 4,586 4,386 3,511 3.2 2.2 2.8 2.7 2.1

At closing establishments

350 284 399 426 418 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Net employment change (2)

-684 1,125 -105 -402 1,465 -0.5 0.6 0.0 -0.3 0.9

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

3,292 2,682 3,109 4,102 3,528 5.5 4.6 5.3 6.8 5.8

At expanding establishments

2,341 2,225 2,454 3,414 2,784 3.9 3.8 4.2 5.7 4.6

At opening establishments

951 457 655 688 744 1.6 0.8 1.1 1.1 1.2

Gross job losses

2,752 2,956 2,758 2,579 2,698 4.6 5.0 4.7 4.3 4.4

At contracting establishments

2,099 2,113 2,278 2,084 1,957 3.5 3.6 3.9 3.5 3.2

At closing establishments

653 843 480 495 741 1.1 1.4 0.8 0.8 1.2

Net employment change (2)

540 -274 351 1,523 830 0.9 -0.4 0.6 2.5 1.4

Retail trade

Gross job gains

8,760 8,145 8,642 8,873 8,816 6.1 5.7 6.0 6.1 6.1

At expanding establishments

7,424 7,173 7,523 7,454 7,694 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.3

At opening establishments

1,336 972 1,119 1,419 1,122 0.9 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.8

Gross job losses

8,233 8,052 7,651 8,055 7,881 5.8 5.6 5.3 5.5 5.4

At contracting establishments

7,097 7,391 6,675 7,006 6,971 5.0 5.1 4.6 4.8 4.8

At closing establishments

1,136 661 976 1,049 910 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.6

Net employment change (2)

527 93 991 818 935 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.6 0.7

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

2,705 2,393 2,363 2,294 3,137 6.4 5.6 5.6 5.5 7.4

At expanding establishments

2,272 1,910 1,903 2,006 2,618 5.4 4.5 4.5 4.8 6.2

At opening establishments

433 483 460 288 519 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.7 1.2

Gross job losses

1,982 2,203 2,587 3,322 2,035 4.7 5.1 6.1 7.9 4.8

At contracting establishments

1,638 1,926 2,245 2,871 1,642 3.9 4.5 5.3 6.8 3.9

At closing establishments

344 277 342 451 393 0.8 0.6 0.8 1.1 0.9

Net employment change (2)

723 190 -224 -1,028 1,102 1.7 0.5 -0.5 -2.4 2.6

Financial activities

Gross job gains

3,896 3,008 4,187 3,309 3,467 5.6 4.3 5.9 4.7 4.9

At expanding establishments

2,844 2,398 3,166 2,694 2,690 4.1 3.4 4.5 3.8 3.8

At opening establishments

1,052 610 1,021 615 777 1.5 0.9 1.4 0.9 1.1

Gross job losses

3,253 3,123 3,098 3,583 3,741 4.6 4.4 4.4 5.0 5.3

At contracting establishments

2,317 2,345 2,446 2,937 2,813 3.3 3.3 3.5 4.1 4.0

At closing establishments

936 778 652 646 928 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.3

Net employment change (2)

643 -115 1,089 -274 -274 1.0 -0.1 1.5 -0.3 -0.4

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

13,976 12,442 14,141 14,136 13,811 9.0 7.9 8.8 8.7 8.4

At expanding establishments

10,744 10,269 11,859 11,154 10,748 6.9 6.5 7.4 6.9 6.5

At opening establishments

3,232 2,173 2,282 2,982 3,063 2.1 1.4 1.4 1.8 1.9

Gross job losses

10,958 10,873 11,527 11,119 11,704 7.1 6.8 7.2 6.9 7.0

At contracting establishments

8,502 8,932 8,505 8,724 9,669 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.4 5.8

At closing establishments

2,456 1,941 3,022 2,395 2,035 1.6 1.2 1.9 1.5 1.2

Net employment change (2)

3,018 1,569 2,614 3,017 2,107 1.9 1.1 1.6 1.8 1.4

Education and health services

Gross job gains

8,329 6,393 6,877 7,051 7,400 4.6 3.5 3.8 3.8 4.1

At expanding establishments

6,558 5,127 5,668 5,718 6,508 3.6 2.8 3.1 3.1 3.6

At opening establishments

1,771 1,266 1,209 1,333 892 1.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5

Gross job losses

5,705 7,269 6,839 7,703 6,148 3.1 4.0 3.7 4.3 3.4

At contracting establishments

4,956 6,125 6,021 6,499 5,255 2.7 3.4 3.3 3.6 2.9

At closing establishments

749 1,144 818 1,204 893 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.5

Net employment change (2)

2,624 -876 38 -652 1,252 1.5 -0.5 0.1 -0.5 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

10,525 10,236 10,444 9,632 9,573 8.8 8.5 8.6 8.0 7.9

At expanding establishments

7,632 7,492 8,118 6,872 7,019 6.4 6.2 6.7 5.7 5.8

At opening establishments

2,893 2,744 2,326 2,760 2,554 2.4 2.3 1.9 2.3 2.1

Gross job losses

8,885 9,575 9,405 10,644 9,715 7.4 7.8 7.7 8.7 8.0

At contracting establishments

7,020 7,817 7,667 8,433 7,894 5.8 6.4 6.3 6.9 6.5

At closing establishments

1,865 1,758 1,738 2,211 1,821 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.8 1.5

Net employment change (2)

1,640 661 1,039 -1,012 -142 1.4 0.7 0.9 -0.7 -0.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

2,190 1,871 2,296 2,628 2,572 6.7 5.8 7.2 8.2 7.8

At expanding establishments

1,753 1,518 1,799 2,117 1,937 5.4 4.7 5.6 6.6 5.9

At opening establishments

437 353 497 511 635 1.3 1.1 1.6 1.6 1.9

Gross job losses

2,201 2,371 2,395 2,223 2,151 6.7 7.3 7.5 6.9 6.6

At contracting establishments

1,796 1,937 1,989 1,669 1,718 5.5 6.0 6.2 5.2 5.3

At closing establishments

405 434 406 554 433 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.7 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-11 -500 -99 405 421 0.0 -1.5 -0.3 1.3 1.2

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector, not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment (3 months ended) Gross job losses as a percent of employment (3 months ended)
Dec. 2012 Mar. 2013 June 2013 Sept. 2013 Dec. 2013 Dec. 2012 Mar. 2013 June 2013 Sept. 2013 Dec. 2013

United States(1)

6.4 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.6 5.8 5.8 5.8

Alabama

5.8 6.0 5.9 5.5 6.0 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.3

Alaska

9.8 10.7 10.6 9.7 10.1 10.1 9.6 10.0 9.8 10.4

Arizona

6.9 6.2 6.2 6.4 6.8 5.8 5.9 6.1 5.5 5.4

Arkansas

6.0 5.7 5.2 5.8 5.7 5.3 5.5 5.8 5.4 5.4

California

7.4 9.0 7.0 6.7 7.3 6.2 5.9 6.4 6.1 6.2

Colorado

7.1 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.9 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.1

Connecticut

5.4 5.1 5.6 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.2 4.8 5.4 5.3

Delaware

6.8 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.4 5.7 5.9 5.8 6.0 5.8

District of Columbia

6.8 5.7 6.1 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.3 5.5

Florida

7.1 6.7 7.1 7.0 7.0 6.3 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.1

Georgia

6.8 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.8 5.9 5.7 6.2 6.0 5.9

Hawaii

5.4 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.3 4.3 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.5

Idaho

7.9 8.1 8.0 7.7 8.3 7.2 7.2 7.5 7.2 7.4

Illinois

5.3 5.5 5.8 5.7 5.9 5.2 5.5 5.3 5.8 5.4

Indiana

5.9 5.6 5.7 5.5 6.1 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.1

Iowa

5.7 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.5

Kansas

6.3 5.6 6.2 6.1 6.3 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.3

Kentucky

6.5 5.8 5.8 5.8 6.5 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.4 5.3

Louisiana

7.0 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.6 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.0 6.1

Maine

7.0 6.7 8.1 7.3 7.0 7.5 7.0 6.4 7.4 7.4

Maryland

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.3 6.3 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.3

Massachusetts

5.4 6.2 6.1 5.4 5.4 5.3 4.9 5.0 5.5 5.4

Michigan

6.0 6.0 6.3 5.9 6.1 5.4 5.0 5.8 5.8 5.6

Minnesota

5.9 6.0 6.1 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.2 5.2 5.5 5.7

Mississippi

6.8 5.9 5.8 6.1 6.5 6.1 5.5 6.0 5.8 5.5

Missouri

6.4 6.5 5.9 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.7 5.5

Montana

8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7 8.3 7.8 7.4 7.7 7.5 7.4

Nebraska

5.9 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.2 5.2 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.7

Nevada

6.0 6.3 6.6 6.0 6.3 5.7 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.2

New Hampshire

6.5 6.3 6.8 6.0 6.6 6.4 6.1 5.9 6.5 5.8

New Jersey

6.4 6.3 6.6 6.2 6.4 6.2 5.8 5.6 6.0 6.2

New Mexico

7.4 6.2 6.7 6.5 6.7 6.2 6.5 6.8 6.7 6.2

New York

6.4 6.3 6.4 6.4 6.6 6.1 5.9 5.8 6.1 6.0

North Carolina

6.5 6.0 6.3 6.2 6.4 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.7

North Dakota

8.3 8.3 7.2 8.3 8.2 6.8 6.6 7.9 6.9 6.9

Ohio

6.1 5.9 6.2 5.5 6.0 5.5 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.3

Oklahoma

6.7 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.1 5.6 6.0 5.7 5.6 6.1

Oregon

7.0 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.5

Pennsylvania

5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.4 5.1 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1

Rhode Island

6.3 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.7 6.1 5.7

South Carolina

6.6 5.8 6.3 6.2 6.6 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.5

South Dakota

6.3 6.3 6.5 6.2 6.9 6.2 6.2 5.8 6.3 6.0

Tennessee

6.1 5.4 5.5 5.4 6.3 5.1 5.1 5.4 5.2 4.7

Texas

6.1 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.1 5.0 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.1

Utah

7.3 7.3 7.0 6.8 7.4 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.2 6.0

Vermont

7.6 7.0 7.3 7.1 7.4 7.1 6.7 7.8 7.4 6.7

Virginia

6.0 5.7 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.6 5.9 5.6

Washington

7.1 8.6 7.3 7.0 6.9 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.4 6.3

West Virginia

6.4 6.3 6.1 5.9 6.4 6.5 6.1 6.6 6.4 6.4

Wisconsin

5.7 5.4 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.2

Wyoming

9.5 8.7 8.5 8.2 9.4 8.4 8.5 9.0 8.1 8.4

Puerto Rico

6.8 5.6 5.9 6.1 6.9 5.9 6.4 6.2 6.6 5.5

Virgin Islands

7.0 5.6 5.0 5.5 5.2 5.6 6.5 6.5 6.8 5.9

Footnotes:
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: September 16, 2014