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14-1540-KAN

Tuesday, August 19, 2014

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Consumer Price Index (CPI) for Kansas City

Prices increased 0.4 percent from the first half of 2013 to the first half of 2014


The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the Kansas City, Mo.-Kan., metropolitan area increased 0.4 percent from the first half of 2013 to the first half of 2014, the smallest annual gain since semi-annual publication began in 1984, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that the indexes for food and shelter had the largest upward impact on the all items index. Costs for energy were up 0.9 percent, food prices increased 2.3 percent, and the all items less food and energy index was unchanged over the year.

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in consumer price indexes, Kansas City, first half 2011-first half 2014

Food

Food prices advanced 2.3 percent from the first half of 2013 to the first half of 2014. Within the food index, costs for food at home were up 2.6 percent and prices for food away from home increased 2.0 percent. These compared with gains of 1.0 percent and 3.3 percent, respectively, in the 12-month period that ended in the first half of 2013.

Energy

The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, advanced 0.9 percent from the first half of 2013 to the first half of 2014, with all of the increase occurring in the most recent six months of the period. Higher prices for utility (piped) gas service (11.7 percent) were largely responsible for the increase in the energy component. Costs for electricity rose a modest 0.2 percent over the year and contributed to the increase. Moderating the advance in energy costs, the motor fuel index declined 1.9 percent over the period.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy was unchanged from the first half of 2013 to the first half of 2014, following a gain of 1.9 percent in the same period one year ago. Shelter costs advanced 0.9 percent. Prices for recreation and other goods and services rose 0.7 and 0.4 percent, respectively, over the year. In contrast, the index for education and communication declined 2.3 percent, medical care costs decreased 1.2 percent, and prices for apparel were down 1.4 percent from the first half of 2013 to the first half of 2014.

The Kansas City CPI-U stood at 222.842 for the first half of 2014. This means that a market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in 1982-84 cost $222.84 in the first half of 2014. Because metropolitan area CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the metropolitan area indexes.

CPI-W

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) for the Kansas City, Mo.-Kan., metropolitan area for the first half of 2014 was 214.905. The CPI-W increased 0.3 percent from the first half of 2013 to the first half of 2014.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 88 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Kansas City, Mo.-Kan., area covered in this release includes Johnson, Leavenworth, Miami, and Wyandotte Counties in Kansas; and Cass, Clay, Clinton, Jackson, Lafayette, Platte, and Ray Counties in Missouri.

 

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Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339
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Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Kansas City, MO-KS (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Semiannual average indexes
Percent change to
1st half 2014 from-
1st half
2013
2nd half
2013
1st half
2014
1st half
2013
2nd half
2013

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

222.057 221.168 222.842 0.4 0.8

All items (1967=100)

659.367 656.728 661.697    

Food and beverages

244.571 245.839 249.749 2.1 1.6

Food

249.422 251.032 255.052 2.3 1.6

Food at home

239.135 239.889 245.461 2.6 2.3

Food away from home

266.221 267.350 271.526 2.0 1.6

Alcoholic beverages

188.819 186.036 188.608 -0.1 1.4

Housing

205.208 205.725 207.730 1.2 1.0

Shelter

227.398 227.290 229.512 0.9 1.0

Rent of primary residence (1)

229.640 231.179 233.518 1.7 1.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

222.618 224.288 225.719 1.4 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

222.618 224.288 225.719 1.4 0.6

Fuels and utilities

223.325 227.862 232.356 4.0 2.0

Household energy

191.876 197.745 200.999 4.8 1.6

Energy services (1)

189.621 195.379 198.208 4.5 1.4

Electricity (1)

156.115 162.759 156.491 0.2 -3.9

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

195.372 197.406 218.245 11.7 10.6

Household furnishings and operations

124.390 124.209 124.098 -0.2 -0.1

Apparel

121.931 121.369 120.186 -1.4 -1.0

Transportation

214.678 209.137 212.086 -1.2 1.4

Private transportation

211.422 206.124 209.281 -1.0 1.5

Motor fuel

311.821 293.340 306.027 -1.9 4.3

Gasoline (all types)

312.590 293.351 305.006 -2.4 4.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

306.541 286.887 298.380 -2.7 4.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

378.478 356.776 370.843 -2.0 3.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

300.869 285.500 296.360 -1.5 3.8

Medical Care

340.966 338.640 336.849 -1.2 -0.5

Recreation (5)

129.408 130.811 130.336 0.7 -0.4

Education and communication (5)

130.783 128.337 127.780 -2.3 -0.4

Other goods and services

379.256 378.223 380.770 0.4 0.7
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

222.057 221.168 222.842 0.4 0.8

Commodities

192.599 189.752 190.720 -1.0 0.5

Commodities less food & beverages

166.885 162.513 162.366 -2.7 -0.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

228.260 220.081 220.256 -3.5 0.1

Durables

110.190 108.921 108.145 -1.9 -0.7

Services

251.249 252.158 254.498 1.3 0.9
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

215.426 214.611 216.459 0.5 0.9

All items less shelter

221.862 220.654 222.129 0.1 0.7

Commodities less food

167.820 163.487 163.401 -2.6 -0.1

Nondurables

236.556 232.799 234.689 -0.8 0.8

Nondurables less food

226.135 218.289 218.537 -3.4 0.1

Services less rent of shelter (2)

288.945 290.439 292.831 1.3 0.8

Services less medical care services

239.624 240.130 242.062 1.0 0.8

Energy

248.236 243.102 250.577 0.9 3.1

All items less energy

220.641 220.334 221.493 0.4 0.5

All items less food and energy

215.974 215.355 216.040 0.0 0.3

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Kansas City, MO-KS (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Semiannual average indexes
Percent change to
1st half 2014 from-
1st half
2013
2nd half
2013
1st half
2014
1st half
2013
2nd half
2013

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

214.173 213.175 214.905 0.3 0.8

All items (1967=100)

627.527 624.604 629.671    

Food and beverages

246.776 248.473 252.235 2.2 1.5

Food

250.800 252.789 256.689 2.3 1.5

Food at home

237.804 239.069 244.696 2.9 2.4

Food away from home

272.911 274.036 277.819 1.8 1.4

Alcoholic beverages

192.014 189.549 191.419 -0.3 1.0

Housing

195.805 197.025 198.978 1.6 1.0

Shelter

214.650 215.170 216.955 1.1 0.8

Rent of primary residence (1)

229.640 231.179 233.518 1.7 1.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

202.680 204.200 205.503 1.4 0.6

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

202.680 204.200 205.503 1.4 0.6

Fuels and utilities

223.164 227.794 232.043 4.0 1.9

Household energy

192.256 198.273 201.318 4.7 1.5

Energy services (1)

190.448 196.348 198.887 4.4 1.3

Electricity (1)

156.117 162.761 156.493 0.2 -3.9

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

195.372 197.405 218.244 11.7 10.6

Household furnishings and operations

111.529 112.698 112.691 1.0 0.0

Apparel

112.073 109.300 109.178 -2.6 -0.1

Transportation

202.828 197.614 201.722 -0.5 2.1

Private transportation

201.359 196.207 200.502 -0.4 2.2

Motor fuel

311.940 293.351 305.973 -1.9 4.3

Gasoline (all types)

312.583 293.344 304.999 -2.4 4.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

306.538 286.884 298.377 -2.7 4.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

378.478 356.776 370.843 -2.0 3.9

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

300.857 285.490 296.349 -1.5 3.8

Medical Care

348.446 346.416 344.466 -1.1 -0.6

Recreation (5)

128.812 130.190 129.064 0.2 -0.9

Education and communication (5)

121.794 117.928 117.148 -3.8 -0.7

Other goods and services

404.905 404.123 407.396 0.6 0.8
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

214.173 213.175 214.905 0.3 0.8

Commodities

189.781 186.705 188.214 -0.8 0.8

Commodities less food & beverages

163.125 158.594 159.601 -2.2 0.6

Nondurables less food & beverages

229.233 219.909 222.040 -3.1 1.0

Durables

111.537 110.447 109.080 -2.2 -1.2

Services

242.613 243.687 245.722 1.3 0.8
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

208.413 207.457 209.334 0.4 0.9

All items less shelter

215.174 213.569 215.275 0.0 0.8

Commodities less food

164.390 159.884 160.876 -2.1 0.6

Nondurables

238.730 234.269 236.928 -0.8 1.1

Nondurables less food

228.080 219.068 221.118 -3.1 0.9

Services less rent of shelter (2)

254.260 255.266 257.138 1.1 0.7

Services less medical care services

230.908 231.616 233.250 1.0 0.7

Energy

248.000 242.329 249.848 0.7 3.1

All items less energy

211.650 211.391 212.323 0.3 0.4

All items less food and energy

203.788 203.185 203.598 -0.1 0.2

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1984=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: August 19, 2014