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Thursday, February 20, 2014

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Consumer Price Index (CPI) for St. Louis

Prices increased 1.3 percent from the second half of 2012 to the second half of 2013


The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for the St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., metropolitan area rose 1.3 percent from the second half of 2012 to the second half of 2013, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that the increase was broad based, with higher prices for food and shelter having the largest upward impact on the index. Costs for energy registered little movement (0.1 percent), food prices rose 3.1 percent, and the all items less food and energy index advanced 1.2 percent.

Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in consumer price indexes, St. Louis, first half 2010-second half 2013

Food

Food prices rose 3.1 percent from the second half of 2012 to the second half of 2013. Costs for food at home were up 3.1 percent and prices for food away from home were 3.2 percent higher over the year.

Energy

The energy index, which includes motor fuel and household fuels, was little changed (0.1 percent) from the second half of 2012 to the second half of 2013. Electricity prices advanced 9.7 percent, with all of the increase occurring in the most recent six months of the period. Lower costs for motor fuel (-3.4 percent) and utility (piped) gas service (-5.1 percent) helped offset the increase in electricity prices over the year. Motor fuel costs declined in the latter half of the period while most of the decrease in prices for utility (piped) gas service occurred in the first part of the period.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.2 percent from the second half of 2012 to the second half of 2013. Higher costs for shelter, up 1.5 percent, led the advance. Other components that contributed to the increase included medical care (2.4 percent) and education and communication (2.2 percent). In contrast, the index for apparel decreased 3.7 percent over the year.

The St. Louis CPI-U stood at 218.499 for the second half of 2013. This means that a market basket of goods and services that cost $100.00 in 1982-84 cost $218.50 in the second half of 2013. Because metropolitan area CPI data are not adjusted for seasonal price variation, consumers and businesses should be cautious in drawing conclusions about long-term retail price trends from short-term changes in the metropolitan area indexes.

CPI-W

The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) for the St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., metropolitan area for the second half of 2013 was 218.549. The CPI-W increased 1.2 percent from the second half of 2012 to the second half of 2013.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 88 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between areas; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The St. Louis, Mo.-Ill., area covered in this release includes Clinton, Jersey, Madison, Monroe, and St. Clair Counties in Illinois; and Crawford (part), Franklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, St. Charles, St. Louis, and Warren Counties and St. Louis City in Missouri.

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Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

St. Louis, MO-IL (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Semiannual average indexes
Percent change to
2nd half 2013 from-
2nd half
2012
1st half
2013
2nd half
2013
2nd half
2012
1st half
2013

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

215.614 217.431 218.499 1.3 0.5

All items (1967=100)

640.410 645.805 648.977    

Food and beverages

229.958 234.273 237.242 3.2 1.3

Food

228.662 233.097 235.785 3.1 1.2

Food at home

218.772 221.413 225.575 3.1 1.9

Food away from home

245.124 251.103 252.933 3.2 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

221.885 223.910 230.717 4.0 3.0

Housing

201.789 202.408 204.757 1.5 1.2

Shelter

230.390 231.349 233.797 1.5 1.1

Rent of primary residence (1)

208.416 208.875 212.149 1.8 1.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

240.140 241.232 242.977 1.2 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

240.140 241.232 242.977 1.2 0.7

Fuels and utilities

205.420 205.817 212.496 3.4 3.2

Household energy

189.357 181.507 198.108 4.6 9.1

Energy services (1)

194.157 186.024 203.365 4.7 9.3

Electricity (1)

197.008 188.766 216.058 9.7 14.5

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

160.909 154.152 152.782 -5.1 -0.9

Household furnishings and operations

124.938 124.428 123.852 -0.9 -0.5

Apparel

156.711 161.184 150.927 -3.7 -6.4

Transportation

202.326 206.541 203.499 0.6 -1.5

Private transportation

202.788 206.751 203.352 0.3 -1.6

Motor fuel

322.653 331.913 311.710 -3.4 -6.1

Gasoline (all types)

317.459 326.948 306.755 -3.4 -6.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

309.388 318.545 298.815 -3.4 -6.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

362.411 375.087 351.855 -2.9 -6.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

306.554 314.080 295.659 -3.6 -5.9

Medical Care

378.276 378.404 387.348 2.4 2.4

Recreation (5)

117.855 117.611 117.155 -0.6 -0.4

Education and communication (5)

139.471 138.477 142.539 2.2 2.9

Other goods and services

305.960 309.246 308.908 1.0 -0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

215.614 217.431 218.499 1.3 0.5

Commodities

189.457 191.757 190.130 0.4 -0.8

Commodities less food & beverages

167.455 168.826 165.234 -1.3 -2.1

Nondurables less food & beverages

228.922 232.725 225.053 -1.7 -3.3

Durables

110.936 110.120 110.219 -0.6 0.1

Services

243.851 245.285 248.754 2.0 1.4
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

207.435 209.304 210.050 1.3 0.4

All items less shelter

212.539 214.715 215.361 1.3 0.3

Commodities less food

170.372 171.771 168.429 -1.1 -1.9

Nondurables

230.218 234.279 231.689 0.6 -1.1

Nondurables less food

230.134 233.865 226.938 -1.4 -3.0

Services less rent of shelter (2)

264.402 266.485 271.393 2.6 1.8

Services less medical care services

231.354 232.915 235.906 2.0 1.3

Energy

247.443 246.873 247.814 0.1 0.4

All items less energy

215.523 217.165 218.712 1.5 0.7

All items less food and energy

213.571 214.721 216.068 1.2 0.6

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

Table 2. Consumer Price Index for Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

St. Louis, MO-IL (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Semiannual average indexes
Percent change to
2nd half 2013 from-
2nd half
2012
1st half
2013
2nd half
2013
2nd half
2012
1st half
2013

Expenditure category

 
 

All Items

215.904 217.826 218.549 1.2 0.3

All items (1967=100)

635.202 640.855 642.983    

Food and beverages

230.805 234.760 237.810 3.0 1.3

Food

230.309 234.355 237.224 3.0 1.2

Food at home

219.978 222.516 226.991 3.2 2.0

Food away from home

246.696 251.782 253.192 2.6 0.6

Alcoholic beverages

212.680 214.879 220.227 3.5 2.5

Housing

204.830 205.559 208.167 1.6 1.3

Shelter

231.234 232.232 234.543 1.4 1.0

Rent of primary residence (1)

208.416 208.875 212.149 1.8 1.6

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

220.002 221.002 222.601 1.2 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

220.002 221.002 222.601 1.2 0.7

Fuels and utilities

209.617 210.268 217.586 3.8 3.5

Household energy

192.440 184.470 202.136 5.0 9.6

Energy services (1)

197.907 189.618 208.165 5.2 9.8

Electricity (1)

197.007 188.765 216.057 9.7 14.5

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

160.909 154.153 152.783 -5.1 -0.9

Household furnishings and operations

117.991 117.681 117.316 -0.6 -0.3

Apparel

154.879 161.334 149.447 -3.5 -7.4

Transportation

208.517 212.362 208.670 0.1 -1.7

Private transportation

207.823 211.577 207.698 -0.1 -1.8

Motor fuel

322.675 331.895 311.725 -3.4 -6.1

Gasoline (all types)

317.460 326.949 306.755 -3.4 -6.2

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

309.373 318.530 298.801 -3.4 -6.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

362.411 375.087 351.855 -2.9 -6.2

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

306.569 314.095 295.674 -3.6 -5.9

Medical Care

379.788 379.799 389.590 2.6 2.6

Recreation (5)

120.229 120.181 119.824 -0.3 -0.3

Education and communication (5)

133.492 132.089 135.634 1.6 2.7

Other goods and services

317.345 320.501 320.208 0.9 -0.1
 

Commodity and Service Group

 
 

All Items

215.904 217.826 218.549 1.2 0.3

Commodities

195.353 197.475 195.182 -0.1 -1.2

Commodities less food & beverages

175.651 177.001 172.710 -1.7 -2.4

Nondurables less food & beverages

232.791 237.180 228.532 -1.8 -3.6

Durables

120.672 119.267 118.983 -1.4 -0.2

Services

242.121 243.913 247.505 2.2 1.5
 

Special aggregate indexes:

 
 

All items less medical care

209.018 210.975 211.429 1.2 0.2

All items less shelter

212.440 214.716 214.922 1.2 0.1

Commodities less food

177.819 179.199 175.114 -1.5 -2.3

Nondurables

232.249 236.451 233.028 0.3 -1.4

Nondurables less food

232.722 237.020 229.035 -1.6 -3.4

Services less rent of shelter (2)

242.958 245.548 250.392 3.1 2.0

Services less medical care services

230.004 231.891 235.038 2.2 1.4

Energy

250.204 250.288 250.226 0.0 0.0

All items less energy

214.315 215.974 217.344 1.4 0.6

All items less food and energy

210.906 212.153 213.262 1.1 0.5

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a November 1984=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date:February 20, 2014