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Monday, June 23, 2014


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Occupational Employment and Wages in Springfield, Mo. – May 2013

Workers in the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $17.71 in May 2013, about 21 percent below the nationwide average of $22.33, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that, after testing for statistical significance, no wages in the local area were significantly higher than their respective national averages in 22 major occupational groups. Nineteen groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including legal, management, and computer and mathematical.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including healthcare practitioners and technical, transportation and material moving, and office and administrative support. Conversely, nine groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including architecture and engineering, computer and mathematical, and protective service. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2013
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Springfield United States Springfield Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.33 $17.71* -21


4.9 4.4* 53.15 39.07* -26

Business and financial operations

5.0 4.3* 34.14 24.08* -29

Computer and mathematical

2.8 1.8* 39.43 26.59* -33

Architecture and engineering

1.8 0.8* 38.51 30.83* -20

Life, physical, and social science

0.9 0.4* 33.37 26.06* -22

Community and social services

1.4 1.5 21.50 17.46* -19


0.8 0.6* 47.89 31.72* -34

Education, training, and library

6.3 5.9 24.76 23.56 -5

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.2 26.72 17.39* -35

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.8 7.3* 35.93 28.12* -22

Healthcare support

3.0 3.8* 13.61 11.54* -15

Protective service

2.5 1.7* 20.92 17.31* -17

Food preparation and serving related

9.0 9.7* 10.38 9.19* -11

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 2.6* 12.51 10.99* -12

Personal care and service

3.0 3.0 11.88 10.68* -10

Sales and related

10.6 11.2 18.37 14.45* -21

Office and administrative support

16.2 17.2* 16.78 14.01* -17

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 (2) 11.70 11.27 -4

Construction and extraction

3.8 3.1* 21.94 19.74* -10

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 4.7* 21.35 18.18* -15


6.6 6.7 16.79 15.15* -10

Transportation and material moving

6.8 8.1* 16.28 15.61 -4

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Springfield is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Estimate not released.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—office and administrative support—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Springfield had 32,590 jobs in office and administrative support, accounting for 17.2 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 16.2-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $14.01, measurably below the national wage of $16.78.

With employment of 5,310, general office clerks was one of the largest occupations within the office and administrative support group, as were stock clerks and order fillers (2,670). Among the higher paying jobs were postal service mail carriers and first-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers, with mean hourly wages of $24.12 and $21.25, respectively. Occupations at the lower end of the wage scale included order clerks ($9.71) and tellers ($10.35). (Detailed occupational data for office and administrative support are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area, above average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the office and administrative support group. For instance, interviewers, except eligibility and loan, were employed at 2.6 times the national rate in Springfield, and order clerks, at 2.3 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks had a location quotient of 1.0 in Springfield, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Missouri Department of Economic Development.

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2013 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2013, November 2012, May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, and November 2010. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 75.3 percent based on establishments and 71.6 percent based on employment. The sample in the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area included 2,056 establishments with a response rate of 69 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and 821 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data. OES data by state and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area are available from and, respectively.

The May 2013 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at

Area definitions.  The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Springfield, Mo. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Christian, Dallas, Greene, Polk, and Webster Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2013
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual(4)

Office and Administrative Support Occupations


First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers


Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service


Bill and Account Collectors


Billing and Posting Clerks


Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks


Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks


Procurement Clerks




Court, Municipal, and License Clerks


Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks


Customer Service Representatives


Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs


File Clerks


Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks


Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan


Library Assistants, Clerical


Loan Interviewers and Clerks


New Accounts Clerks


Order Clerks


Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping


Receptionists and Information Clerks


Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks


Information and Record Clerks, All Other


Cargo and Freight Agents


Couriers and Messengers


Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers


Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance


Meter Readers, Utilities


Postal Service Clerks


Postal Service Mail Carriers


Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators


Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks


Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks


Stock Clerks and Order Fillers


Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping


Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants


Legal Secretaries


Medical Secretaries


Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive


Computer Operators


Data Entry Keyers


Word Processors and Typists


Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks


Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service


Office Clerks, General


Office Machine Operators, Except Computer


Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other


(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Springfield, MO, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.


Last Modified Date: June 23, 2014