News Release Information

13-1455-KAN

Wednesday, July 17, 2013

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Occupational Employment and Wages in St. Louis, May 2012


Workers in the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $21.47 in May 2012, slightly less than the nationwide average of $22.01, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly higher than their respective national averages in 2 of the 22 major occupational groups: construction and extraction, and production. Fourteen groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; healthcare practitioners and technical; protective service; and life, physical, and social science.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including healthcare practitioners and technical, computer and mathematical, and food preparation and serving related. Conversely, eight groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including transportation and material moving; education, training, and library; and production. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2012
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States St. Louis United States St. Louis Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.01 $21.47* -2

Management

4.9 5.3* 52.20 48.39* -7

Business and financial operations

4.9 5.1* 33.44 32.14* -4

Computer and mathematical

2.7 3.6* 38.55 36.74* -5

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.7* 37.98 36.33* -4

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.6* 32.87 29.51* -10

Community and social services

1.4 1.3* 21.27 19.69* -7

Legal

0.8 0.7* 47.39 44.07 -7

Education, training, and library

6.4 5.8* 24.62 22.80* -7

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.4 26.20 21.50* -18

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.9 6.9* 35.35 30.93* -13

Healthcare support

3.0 3.0 13.36 12.48* -7

Protective service

2.5 2.3 20.70 18.72* -10

Food preparation and serving related

8.9 9.5* 10.28 9.84* -4

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.3 3.2 12.34 12.40 0

Personal care and service

2.9 3.1* 11.80 10.88* -8

Sales and related

10.6 10.5 18.26 17.58* -4

Office and administrative support

16.4 16.4 16.54 16.47 0

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 11.65 12.08 4

Construction and extraction

3.8 3.7 21.61 26.55* 23

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.8 21.09 21.23 1

Production

6.6 6.0* 16.59 17.55* 6

Transportation and material moving

6.7 6.0* 16.15 16.05 -1

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in St. Louis is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—healthcare practitioners and technical—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. St. Louis had 87,870 jobs in healthcare practitioners and technical, accounting for 6.9 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 5.9-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $30.93, measurably below the national wage of $35.35.

With employment of 33,580, registered nurses was the largest occupation within the healthcare practitioners and technical group, followed by licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses (7,130) and pharmacy technicians (4,660). Among the higher paying jobs were general internists and family and general practioners with mean hourly wages of $105.19 and $93.81, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were psychiatric technicians ($11.89) and dispensing opticians ($14.24). (Detailed occupational data for healthcare practitioners and technical are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/oes_41180.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area, above average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the healthcare practitioners and technical group. For instance, psychiatric technicians were employed at 2.8 times the national rate in St. Louis. On the other hand, licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses had a location quotient of 1.0 in St. Louis, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Missouri Department of Economic Development.

With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for the first time. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and more than 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc.

The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm .

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments and 72.9 percent based on employment. The sample in the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area included 8,037 establishments with a response rate of 73 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

Area definitions.  The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The St. Louis, Mo.-Il. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Franklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, St. Charles, St. Louis, St. Louis city, Warren, and Washington Counties of Missouri and Bond, Calhoun, Clinton, Jersey, Macoupin, Madison, Monroe, and St. Clair Counties of Illinois.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro7/home.htm. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2012
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual(4)

Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations

87,8701.2$30.93$64,330

Chiropractors

3301.238.1079,250

Dentists, General

7900.978.88164,060

Orthodontists

(5)(5)94.37196,290

Dietitians and Nutritionists

5100.922.8247,470

Optometrists

3001.149.16102,260

Pharmacists

3,1201.153.07110,380

Anesthesiologists

(5)(5)(6)(6)

Family and General Practitioners

1,1301.193.81195,130

Internists, General

5001.1105.19218,790

Obstetricians and Gynecologists

2601.395.36198,340

Pediatricians, General

2800.981.40169,310

Psychiatrists

1600.764.92135,030

Surgeons

1900.5(6)(6)

Physicians and Surgeons, All Other

3,2101.167.07139,510

Physician Assistants

5900.735.5373,890

Podiatrists

1301.481.55169,630

Occupational Therapists

1,3301.333.1168,860

Physical Therapists

1,9401.033.4569,580

Radiation Therapists

1701.035.2673,340

Recreational Therapists

2201.220.3542,320

Respiratory Therapists

1,3501.224.7651,510

Speech-Language Pathologists

1,3301.135.8574,560

Exercise Physiologists

300.621.3144,320

Therapists, All Other

700.524.7151,390

Veterinarians

5601.036.1575,190

Registered Nurses

33,5801.328.1458,530

Nurse Anesthetists

(5)(5)66.92139,200

Nurse Practitioners

1,4701.438.3179,680

Audiologists

1801.631.0164,500

Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other

700.229.1860,690

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists

1,4500.926.9155,980

Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians

1,5801.017.4636,310

Dental Hygienists

1,7701.033.8870,470

Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians

4400.920.9843,640

Diagnostic Medical Sonographers

6501.230.2862,990

Nuclear Medicine Technologists

2401.232.2867,150

Radiologic Technologists

2,2401.223.7749,430

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologists

2400.827.8958,010

Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics

3,0501.316.7234,780

Dietetic Technicians

2901.222.6947,190

Pharmacy Technicians

4,6601.414.4229,990

Psychiatric Technicians

1,8702.811.8924,740

Respiratory Therapy Technicians

2501.922.7047,220

Surgical Technologists

8400.919.6940,940

Veterinary Technologists and Technicians

7000.913.0627,160

Ophthalmic Medical Technicians

(5)(5)12.7426,490

Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses

7,1301.019.3840,320

Medical Records and Health Information Technicians

2,0501.217.5536,510

Opticians, Dispensing

7601.214.2429,610

Orthotists and Prosthetists

500.632.4967,580

Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other

8701.118.0537,540

Occupational Health and Safety Specialists

5000.932.9068,420

Occupational Health and Safety Technicians

800.726.2554,590

Athletic Trainers

1400.7(5)41,500

Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers, All Other

1,1702.524.7151,390

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in St. Louis, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_41180.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
(6) This wage is equal to or greater than $80.00 per hour or $166,400 per year.

 

Last Modified Date: July 17, 2013