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13-829-SAN

Thursday, May 2, 2013

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OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES IN LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH-GLENDALE
May 2012

Workers in the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale Metropolitan Division had an average (mean) hourly wage of $25.06 in May 2012, about 14 percent above the nationwide average of $22.01, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Richard J. Holden noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly higher than their respective national averages in 19 of the 22 major occupational groups, including arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; legal; and management. Only one group had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages: production.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 8 of the 22 occupational groups, including arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; office and administrative support; and management. Conversely, 11 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including construction and extraction; installation, maintenance, and repair; and healthcare practitioners and technical. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale Metropolitan Division, and measures of statistical significance, May 2012
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Los Angeles United States Los Angeles Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.01 $25.06* 14

Management

4.9 5.5* 52.20 59.10* 13

Business and financial operations

4.9 5.4* 33.44 36.02* 8

Computer and mathematical

2.7 2.5* 38.55 40.72* 6

Architecture and engineering

1.8 1.8 37.98 44.05* 16

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.9 32.87 36.46* 11

Community and social services

1.4 1.6* 21.27 24.42* 15

Legal

0.8 1.0* 47.39 59.69* 26

Education, training, and library

6.4 6.1* 24.62 28.54* 16

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 3.7* 26.20 42.27* 61

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.9 5.2* 35.35 40.95* 16

Healthcare support

3.0 2.6* 13.36 14.77* 11

Protective service

2.5 2.8* 20.70 23.73* 15

Food preparation and serving related

8.9 8.7* 10.28 10.46* 2

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.3 2.6* 12.34 12.82* 4

Personal care and service

2.9 2.3* 11.80 13.31* 13

Sales and related

10.6 10.3* 18.26 19.44* 6

Office and administrative support

16.4 18.0* 16.54 18.04* 9

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 11.65 12.97 11

Construction and extraction

3.8 2.3* 21.61 26.01* 20

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.0* 21.09 23.31* 11

Production

6.6 6.4 16.59 15.29* -8

Transportation and material moving

6.7 7.2* 16.15 16.21 0

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Los Angeles is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale had 143,960 jobs in arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media, accounting for 3.7 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 1.3-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $42.27, measurably above the national wage of $26.20.

With employment of 19,570, producers and directors was the largest occupation within the arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media group, followed by graphic designers (9,260) and public relations specialists (7,800). Among the higher paying jobs were producers and directors, and musicians and singers, with mean hourly wages of $66.13 and $58.54, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were dancers ($13.32) and floral designers ($14.14). (Detailed occupational data for arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/oes_31084.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale Metropolitan Division, above average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media group. For instance, fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators were employed at 8.3 times the national rate in Los Angeles, and producers and directors, at 7.6 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, coaches and scouts had a location quotient of 0.9 in Los Angeles, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the California Employment Development Department.

With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for the first time. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and more than 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc.

The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm .

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Los Angeles metropolitan division were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments and 72.9 percent based on employment. The sample in the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale Metropolitan Division included 12,501 establishments with a response rate of 70 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. Metropolitan Division  includes Los Angeles County.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro9/home.htm. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

OOH Earnings Table Extraction Wizard - output frame
Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale Metropolitan Division, May 2012
Occupation Employment Mean wages  
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual(4)

Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations

143,9602.8$42.27$87,920

Art Directors

2,8303.057.01118,590

Craft Artists

4002.829.6661,700

Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators

3,0808.332.4567,500

Multimedia Artists and Animators

5,7306.643.1189,660

Artists and Related Workers, All Other

2301.128.1658,580

Commercial and Industrial Designers

1,2901.527.4757,130

Fashion Designers

3,2006.534.8272,420

Floral Designers

6500.514.1429,420

Graphic Designers

9,2601.627.8057,820

Interior Designers

1,8201.529.9562,300

Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers

1,4900.715.9533,170

Set and Exhibit Designers

1,3705.330.6563,750

Designers, All Other

7703.426.2554,600

Producers and Directors

19,5707.666.13137,560

Athletes and Sports Competitors

(5)(5)(5)128,180

Coaches and Scouts

5,4900.9(5)47,000

Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials

4501.0(5)25,100

Dancers

8602.613.32(6)

Music Directors and Composers

4000.533.1468,930

Musicians and Singers

2,6702.158.54(6)

Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other

1,3502.730.22(6)

Radio and Television Announcers

9101.034.9672,710

Public Address System and Other Announcers

4001.735.9874,840

Reporters and Correspondents

1,4501.125.1952,400

Public Relations Specialists

7,8001.336.1875,250

Editors

4,1001.432.1266,810

Technical Writers

9700.736.8376,600

Writers and Authors

4,1603.357.47119,530

Interpreters and Translators

2,1601.530.0962,590

Media and Communication Workers, All Other

6,2009.531.6565,830

Audio and Video Equipment Technicians

3,9402.426.3354,770

Broadcast Technicians

4,1604.423.7849,460

Sound Engineering Technicians

2,4705.834.9672,710

Photographers

1,6801.028.6859,650

Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture

1,7003.536.5976,120

Film and Video Editors

4,7607.545.9495,550

Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other

3,0207.234.9272,630

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_31084.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
(6) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

 

Last Modified Date: May 2, 2013