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Friday, April 26, 2013

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OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES IN PHOENIX-MESA-GLENDALE
May 2012

Workers in the Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $21.75 in May 2012, about 1 percent below the nationwide average of $22.01, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Regional Commissioner Richard J. Holden noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were significantly higher than their respective national averages in 3 of the 22 major occupational groups: healthcare practitioners and technical, healthcare support, and food preparation and serving related. Eleven groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including life, physical, and social science; management; and arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 8 of the 22 occupational groups, including office and administrative support, sales and related, and management. Conversely, nine groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including production; education, training, and library; and transportation and material moving. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2012
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Phoenix United States Phoenix Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0% 100.0% $22.01 $21.75 -1

Management

4.9 5.8* 52.20 47.97* -8

Business and financial operations

4.9 5.3* 33.44 31.05* -7

Computer and mathematical

2.7 3.3* 38.55 36.60* -5

Architecture and engineering

1.8 2.1* 37.98 36.65* -4

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.6* 32.87 27.37* -17

Community and social services

1.4 1.3* 21.27 20.43* -4

Legal

0.8 0.8 47.39 45.13 -5

Education, training, and library

6.4 5.5* 24.62 22.00* -11

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.3 1.2* 26.20 22.43* -14

Healthcare practitioner and technical

5.9 5.3* 35.35 36.98* 5

Healthcare support

3.0 2.5* 13.36 14.29* 7

Protective service

2.5 2.8* 20.70 20.55 -1

Food preparation and serving related

8.9 9.0 10.28 10.70* 4

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.3 3.2 12.34 11.56* -6

Personal care and service

2.9 3.1 11.80 11.92 1

Sales and related

10.6 11.6* 18.26 18.05 -1

Office and administrative support

16.4 17.8* 16.54 16.64 1

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 11.65 11.07 -5

Construction and extraction

3.8 4.2* 21.61 19.30* -11

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.9 21.09 21.18 0

Production

6.6 4.6* 16.59 16.03* -3

Transportation and material moving

6.7 6.1* 16.15 17.35 7

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in Phoenix is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—office and administrative support—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale had 307,200 jobs in office and administrative support, accounting for 17.8 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 16.4-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $16.64, compared to the national wage of $16.54.

With employment of 46,000, customer service representatives was the largest occupation within the office and administrative support group, followed by general office clerks (32,600) and secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive (28,800). Among the higher paying jobs were postal service mail carriers and postal service clerks, with mean hourly wages of $25.60 and $24.79, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks ($10.93) and telephone operators ($11.52). (Detailed occupational data for office and administrative support are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/oes_38060.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale Metropolitan Statistical Area, above average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the office and administrative support group. For instance, loan interviewers and clerks were employed at 2.6 times the national rate in Phoenix, and bill and account collectors, at 1.9 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, stock clerks and order fillers had a location quotient of 1.0 in Phoenix, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Arizona Department of Commerce.

With the release of the May 2012 estimates, OES data are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system for the first time. The OES survey provides estimates of employment and hourly and annual wages for wage and salary workers in 22 major occupational groups and more than 800 detailed occupations for the nation, states, metropolitan statistical areas, metropolitan divisions, and nonmetropolitan areas. In addition, employment and wage estimates for 94 minor groups and 458 broad occupations are available in the national data for the first time. Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc.

The May 2012 OES estimates are the first to be produced using the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2012 NAICS is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm .

OES wage and employment data for the 22 major occupational groups in the Phoenix metropolitan statistical area were compared to their respective national averages based on statistical significance testing. Only those occupations with wages or employment shares above or below the national wage or share after testing for significance at the 90-percent confidence level meet the criteria.

NOTE: A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also surveyed, but their data are not included in the national estimates. OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year for a 3-year period. May 2012 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected in May 2012, November 2011, May 2011, November 2010, May 2010, and November 2009. The overall national response rate for the six panels is 76.6 percent based on establishments and 72.9 percent based on employment. The sample in the Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale Metropolitan Statistical Area included 7,198 establishments with a response rate of 76 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

Area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, Ariz. Metropolitan Statistical Area  includes Maricopa and Pinal Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/ro9/home.htm. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/2012/may/methods_statement.pdf. Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

OOH Earnings Table Extraction Wizard - output frame
Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2012
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual(4)

Office and Administrative Support Occupations

307,2001.1$16.64$34,610

First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers

25,2001.423.6849,250

Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service

1,1800.713.1327,310

Telephone Operators

1100.811.5223,960

Bill and Account Collectors

9,7301.916.8034,950

Billing and Posting Clerks

6,9201.117.1235,610

Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks

18,7500.917.9737,370

Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks

2,2001.018.1837,810

Procurement Clerks

9701.118.3838,240

Tellers

4,9000.712.7726,570

Financial Clerks, All Other

1,5102.918.6338,750

Brokerage Clerks

1,2501.521.2144,120

Correspondence Clerks

1501.120.0741,750

Court, Municipal, and License Clerks

1,7701.116.9035,150

Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks

1,0301.515.7432,730

Customer Service Representatives

46,0001.515.4532,130

Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs

7200.418.1237,700

File Clerks

2,2501.114.5030,170

Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks

2,2700.810.9322,730

Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan

1,9100.712.7526,530

Library Assistants, Clerical

7900.612.7126,430

Loan Interviewers and Clerks

6,5402.618.7539,000

New Accounts Clerks

4400.620.0541,700

Order Clerks

3,2801.212.8226,670

Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping

1,7400.917.6536,710

Receptionists and Information Clerks

11,5700.913.4928,060

Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks

2,1901.217.9837,390

Information and Record Clerks, All Other

2,7601.217.2735,920

Cargo and Freight Agents

2800.319.7841,140

Couriers and Messengers

4200.413.8128,730

Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers

1,2000.921.1544,000

Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance

3,5701.514.7930,750

Meter Readers, Utilities

8301.617.5436,480

Postal Service Clerks

5900.624.7951,570

Postal Service Mail Carriers

3,3500.825.6053,240

Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators

1,5300.924.0349,990

Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks

4,2301.120.8843,440

Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks

9,4401.013.9128,930

Stock Clerks and Order Fillers

24,1801.012.1125,180

Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping

7600.814.5830,330

Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants

8,9700.823.7049,290

Legal Secretaries

2,6300.921.0543,790

Medical Secretaries

11,6201.714.9931,190

Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive

28,8001.015.9433,140

Computer Operators

1,6901.816.9635,280

Data Entry Keyers

3,1701.214.0329,180

Word Processors and Typists

5100.415.1131,430

Desktop Publishers

1800.920.8143,280

Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks

3,7701.316.7334,800

Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service

1,5001.114.6530,480

Office Clerks, General

32,6000.915.5032,250

Office Machine Operators, Except Computer

9301.014.3429,830

Proofreaders and Copy Markers

600.415.3531,930

Statistical Assistants

2401.219.3240,190

Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other

1,6600.616.6834,690

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale, AZ, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_38060.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a ‘year-round, full-time’ hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

 

Last Modified Date: April 26, 2013