September 2010

BLS Spotlight on Statistics: Back to College

Chart Data

For the College Educated: Increasing Employment ...

Number of employed people 25 years and over by educational attainment, 1992–2009 annual averages
Year Less than a high school diploma High school graduates, no college Some college or associate degree Bachelor's degree and higher

1992

11,843,000 35,305,000 25,526,000 27,273,000

1993

11,201,000 35,395,000 26,903,000 28,115,000

1994

11,053,000 35,135,000 28,696,000 29,257,000

1995

10,945,000 34,999,000 29,681,000 30,412,000

1996

11,317,000 35,300,000 29,994,000 31,459,000

1997

11,546,000 36,163,000 30,321,000 32,488,000

1998

11,673,000 35,976,000 30,477,000 33,730,000

1999

11,294,000 36,017,000 31,209,000 34,905,000

2000

11,692,000 36,452,000 32,308,000 36,020,000

2001

11,669,000 36,078,000 32,586,000 36,514,000

2002

11,535,000 35,779,000 32,094,000 37,395,000

2003

11,537,000 35,857,000 32,420,000 38,570,000

2004

11,408,000 35,944,000 32,977,000 39,293,000

2005

11,712,000 36,398,000 33,625,000 40,225,000

2006

11,892,000 36,702,000 34,143,000 41,649,000

2007

11,521,000 36,857,000 34,612,000 43,182,000

2008

11,073,000 36,097,000 35,040,000 43,951,000

2009

10,371,000 34,487,000 33,888,000 43,531,000

Source: Current Population Survey | Chart

 

... Lower Unemployment ...

Unemployment rate for people 25 years and over by educational attainment, 1992–2009 annual averages (Percent)
Year Less than a high school diploma High school graduates, no college Some college or associate degree Bachelor's degree and higher

1992

11.5 6.8 5.6 3.2

1993

10.8 6.3 5.2 2.9

1994

9.8 5.4 4.5 2.6

1995

9.0 4.8 4.0 2.4

1996

8.7 4.7 3.7 2.2

1997

8.1 4.3 3.3 2.0

1998

7.1 4.0 3.0 1.8

1999

6.7 3.5 2.8 1.8

2000

6.3 3.4 2.7 1.7

2001

7.2 4.2 3.3 2.3

2002

8.4 5.3 4.5 2.9

2003

8.8 5.5 4.8 3.1

2004

8.5 5.0 4.2 2.7

2005

7.6 4.7 3.9 2.3

2006

6.8 4.3 3.6 2.0

2007

7.1 4.4 3.6 2.0

2008

9.0 5.7 4.6 2.6

2009

14.6 9.7 8.0 4.6

Source: Current Population Survey | Chart

 

... and Higher Earnings

Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers 25 years and over by educational attainment, 2005–09 annual averages
Year Less than a high school diploma High school graduates, no college Some college or associate degree Bachelor's degree and higher

2005

$409 $583 $670 $1,013

2006

$419 $595 $692 $1,039

2007

$428 $604 $704 $1,072

2008

$453 $618 $722 $1,115

2009

$454 $626 $726 $1,137

Source: Current Population Survey | Chart

 

Degree Attainment by Age 22

School enrollment status of young adults during the October when age 22, by sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2002–07
Characteristic High school dropouts High school graduates, not enrolled in college General Educational Development (GED) recipients, not enrolled in college Enrolled in college Bachelor's degree or more

Total

11.3 44.3 7.3 27.0 9.7

Men

12.4 46.6 8.5 25.2 6.9

Women

10.2 41.9 5.9 29.1 12.8

White, non-Hispanic

9.0 43.3 7.1 29.0 11.5

Black, non-Hispanic

17.3 47.3 10.3 20.3 4.2

Hispanic or Latino

17.2 49.5 5.9 22.9 3.8

Source: National Longitudinal Surveys | Chart

 

Time to Sleep, Learn, and Play

Time use on an average weekday for full-time university and college students during the traditional school year (September through May), 200509
Activity Hours

Total

24.0

Sleeping

8.4

Educational activities

3.6

Leisure and sports

3.5

Work and work-related

2.9

Traveling

1.5

Eating and drinking

1.0

Grooming

0.8

Other

2.3

NOTE: Data include individuals, ages 15 to 49, who were enrolled full time at a university or college. Data include non-holiday weekdays and are averages for the traditional school year (September through May) 200509.

Source: American Time Use Survey | Chart

 

Around the World

College or university degree attainment of the adult population, selected countries, 2007
Country Percent with college or university degree

Italy

13

Portugal

14

Mexico

15

Austria

18

Germany

24

France

27

Spain

29

Sweden

31

Netherlands

31

United Kingdom

32

Ireland

32

Denmark

32

Norway

34

Australia

34

Korea, Rep. of

35

United States

40

New Zealand

41

Japan

41

Canada

48

NOTE: The adult population is defined as persons ages 25 to 64.

Source: International Labor Comparisons | Chart

 

The Price of Tuition

12-month percentage change, college tution and fees, and all items, 1979–2009
Year College
tuition
and fees
All items

1979

8.0 11.3

1980

9.4 13.5

1981

12.4 10.3

1982

13.4 6.2

1983

10.4 3.2

1984

10.2 4.3

1985

9.1 3.6

1986

8.1 1.9

1987

7.6 3.6

1988

7.6 4.1

1989

7.9 4.8

1990

8.1 5.4

1991

10.2 4.2

1992

10.7 3.0

1993

9.4 3.0

1994

7.0 2.6

1995

6.0 2.8

1996

5.7 3.0

1997

5.1 2.3

1998

4.2 1.6

1999

4.0 2.2

2000

4.1 3.4

2001

5.1 2.8

2002

6.8 1.6

2003

8.4 2.3

2004

9.5 2.7

2005

7.5 3.4

2006

6.7 3.2

2007

6.2 2.8

2008

6.2 3.8

2009

6.0 -0.4

Source: Consumer Price Index | Chart

 

College and University Employment Increasing ...

Employment in colleges and universities, and percentage of total nonfarm employment in colleges and universities, 1958–2009
Year State
government, education
Colleges and universities (private sector) Colleges and universities, total Total employment (all industries) Colleges and universities percentage of total nonfarm employment

1958

388,800 379,400 768,200 51,426,000 1.49

1959

419,800 393,900 813,700 53,374,000 1.52

1960

447,500 402,200 849,700 54,296,000 1.56

1961

474,200 424,100 898,300 54,105,000 1.66

1962

510,500 453,700 964,200 55,659,000 1.73

1963

557,100 471,800 1,028,900 56,764,000 1.81

1964

608,800 496,100 1,104,900 58,391,000 1.89

1965

679,100 512,800 1,191,900 60,874,000 1.96

1966

775,100 531,600 1,306,700 64,020,000 2.04

1967

873,400 553,100 1,426,500 65,931,000 2.16

1968

958,000 583,300 1,541,300 68,023,000 2.27

1969

1,042,100 601,700 1,643,800 70,512,000 2.33

1970

1,104,400 600,500 1,704,900 71,006,000 2.40

1971

1,148,700 596,800 1,745,500 71,335,000 2.45

1972

1,187,700 600,300 1,788,000 73,798,000 2.42

1973

1,205,200 606,600 1,811,800 76,912,000 2.36

1974

1,266,800 614,800 1,881,600 78,389,000 2.40

1975

1,322,700 633,900 1,956,600 77,069,000 2.54

1976

1,371,300 651,300 2,022,600 79,502,000 2.54

1977

1,385,200 661,900 2,047,100 82,593,000 2.48

1978

1,367,200 676,000 2,043,200 86,826,000 2.35

1979

1,378,300 675,400 2,053,700 89,932,000 2.28

1980

1,397,900 684,600 2,082,500 90,528,000 2.30

1981

1,420,200 706,600 2,126,800 91,289,000 2.33

1982

1,432,600 709,500 2,142,100 89,677,000 2.39

1983

1,450,100 722,800 2,172,900 90,280,000 2.41

1984

1,488,000 743,500 2,231,500 94,530,000 2.36

1985

1,539,900 805,000 2,344,900 97,511,000 2.40

1986

1,560,900 858,300 2,419,200 99,474,000 2.43

1987

1,586,200 860,500 2,446,700 102,088,000 2.40

1988

1,620,500 915,600 2,536,100 105,345,000 2.41

1989

1,668,100 942,700 2,610,800 108,014,000 2.42

1990

1,729,900 939,000 2,668,900 109,487,000 2.44

1991

1,767,600 965,500 2,733,100 108,375,000 2.52

1992

1,798,600 941,000 2,739,600 108,726,000 2.52

1993

1,834,100 940,000 2,774,100 110,844,000 2.50

1994

1,881,900 1,017,100 2,899,000 114,291,000 2.54

1995

1,919,000 1,082,800 3,001,800 117,298,000 2.56

1996

1,910,700 1,104,100 3,014,800 119,708,000 2.52

1997

1,904,000 1,131,700 3,035,700 122,776,000 2.47

1998

1,922,200 1,161,400 3,083,600 125,930,000 2.45

1999

1,983,200 1,188,100 3,171,300 128,993,000 2.46

2000

2,030,600 1,196,300 3,226,900 131,785,000 2.45

2001

2,112,900 1,258,200 3,371,100 131,826,000 2.56

2002

2,242,800 1,339,100 3,581,900 130,341,000 2.75

2003

2,254,700 1,361,000 3,615,700 129,999,000 2.78

2004

2,238,100 1,373,700 3,611,800 131,435,000 2.75

2005

2,259,900 1,393,400 3,653,300 133,703,000 2.73

2006

2,292,500 1,445,600 3,738,100 136,086,000 2.75

2007

2,317,500 1,482,600 3,800,100 137,598,000 2.76

2008

2,354,400 1,518,300 3,872,700 136,790,000 2.83

2009

2,370,500 1,553,700 3,924,200 130,920,000 3.00

NOTE: Employment in colleges and universities is the sum of private sector employment in colleges and universities and State government employment in education. Federal and local government college and university employment, which is relatively small, is not included. State employment in education may include some employees that are not employed in colleges and universities.

Source: Current Employment Statistics | Chart

 

... And Expected to Continue Increasing

Employment and employment change, postsecondary teachers and all occupations, 2008–2018
Occupation Employment, 2008 Projected employment, 2018 Projected employment change, 2008–2018 Percent change, 2008–2018

Postsecondary teachers

1,699,200 1,956,100 256,900 15.1

Total, all occupations

150,931,700 166,205,600 15,273,900 10.1

Source: Employment Projections | Chart

 

College Compensation Costs

Cost of compensation (per hour worked) for wages, salaries, and benefits in junior colleges, colleges, universities and professional schools, civilian sector, 1st quarter 2010
Compensation component Cost per hour Percent of total

Total compensation

$44.82 100.0

Wages and salaries

$31.12 69.4

Insurance plans

$4.18 9.3

Paid leave

$3.76 8.4

Retirement and savings

$2.86 6.4

Legally required benefits

$2.77 6.2

Supplemental pay

$0.14 0.3

Source: National Compensation Survey | Chart

 

Professor Pay

Mean annual earnings and employment of selected postsecondary teachers in colleges and universities, May 2009
Postsecondary teaching occupation Mean annual earnings Employment

Health Specialties Teachers

$103,340 133,070

Art, Drama, and Music Teachers

$68,230 80,790

Business Teachers

$83,840 73,790

English Language and Literature Teachers

$65,860 65,490

Education Teachers

$62,160 56,880

Biological Science Teachers

$87,220 54,810

Nursing Instructors and Teachers

$65,240 49,140

Mathematical Science Teachers

$70,550 48,100

Engineering Teachers

$92,970 34,270

Psychology Teachers

$72,140 33,450

Computer Science Teachers

$75,860 32,240

Foreign Language and Literature Teachers

$63,300 27,020

Communications Teachers

$65,190 25,090

History Teachers

$69,280 21,810

Chemistry Teachers

$77,350 20,370

Philosophy and Religion Teachers

$67,610 19,630

Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers

$60,580 16,850

Sociology Teachers

$71,970 16,380

Political Science Teachers

$76,990 15,180

Physics Teachers

$83,320 12,870

Economics Teachers

$89,320 12,860

Law Teachers

$109,150 12,690

Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers

$62,750 12,610

Agricultural Sciences Teachers

$80,790 10,230

Source: Occupational Employment Statistics | Chart

 

Worker Safety

Incidence rates(1) of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work, colleges, universities, and professional schools & private industry, 2008
Event or exposure Colleges, universities, and professional schools Private industry

Total

64.5 113.3

Fall on same level

13.4 16.6

Contact with object, equipment

13.2 30.7

Overexertion

13.2 26.4

Fall to lower level

5.7 7.1

Slips, trips

3.3 3.7

Exposed to harmful substance

3.1 4.8

Repetitive motion

2.5 3.2

Transportation accidents

2.1 5.1

Assault, violent act

0.9 2.4

Fires, explosions

(2)-- 0.2

All other

6.9 13.1

Footnotes:
(1) Incidence rates represent the number of injuries and illnesses per 10,000 full-time workers.
(2) Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication guidelines or data for incidence rates less than 0.05 per 10,000 full-time workers.

Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities | Chart

 

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