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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

NAICS 331000 - Primary Metal Manufacturing


These national industry-specific occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every state and the District of Columbia, in NAICS 331000 - Primary Metal Manufacturing.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

NAICS 331000 - Primary Metal Manufacturing is part of: Sectors 31, 32, and 33 - Manufacturing.

Industries within NAICS 331000 - Primary Metal Manufacturing

Links to OEWS estimates for other industries

SOC Major Groups in NAICS 331000 - Primary Metal Manufacturing:

To sort this table by a different column, click on the column header


NAICS 331000 - Primary Metal Manufacturing

Occupation code Occupation title (click on the occupation title to view an occupational profile) Level Employment Employment RSE Percent of total employment Median hourly wage Mean hourly wage Annual mean wage Mean wage RSE
00-0000 All Occupations total 342,380 0.0% 100.00% $22.86 $26.65 $55,440 0.3%
11-0000 Management Occupations major 18,470 1.5% 5.39% $58.00 $63.73 $132,550 0.8%
11-1000 Top Executives minor 6,040 2.8% 1.76% $61.81 $73.12 $152,090 1.2%
11-1011 Chief Executives detail 220 9.6% 0.06% (5) $118.84 $247,200 3.1%
11-1021 General and Operations Managers detail 5,810 2.8% 1.70% $61.56 $71.37 $148,450 1.2%
11-2000 Advertising, Marketing, Promotions, Public Relations, and Sales Managers minor 1,500 4.4% 0.44% $61.36 $69.50 $144,560 3.7%
11-2020 Marketing and Sales Managers broad 1,500 4.5% 0.44% $61.36 $69.50 $144,560 3.7%
11-2021 Marketing Managers detail 270 8.7% 0.08% $61.47 $65.62 $136,490 2.3%
11-2022 Sales Managers detail 1,230 4.9% 0.36% $61.22 $70.36 $146,340 4.5%
11-3000 Operations Specialties Managers minor 8,830 1.6% 2.58% $51.15 $56.60 $117,730 0.7%
11-3010 Administrative Services and Facilities Managers broad 850 3.7% 0.25% $49.09 $53.97 $112,250 1.1%
11-3012 Administrative Services Managers detail 280 9.5% 0.08% $49.79 $56.62 $117,760 1.4%
11-3013 Facilities Managers detail 560 3.9% 0.16% $48.46 $52.62 $109,450 1.5%
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers detail 430 6.0% 0.13% $60.97 $62.01 $128,990 1.1%
11-3031 Financial Managers detail 1,200 4.3% 0.35% $62.44 $68.88 $143,260 1.2%
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers detail 4,950 1.8% 1.45% $48.91 $53.63 $111,540 0.7%
11-3061 Purchasing Managers detail 340 6.5% 0.10% $51.53 $57.77 $120,160 1.7%
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers detail 390 11.4% 0.11% $45.44 $48.95 $101,820 5.7%
11-3121 Human Resources Managers detail 620 4.7% 0.18% $57.76 $61.09 $127,070 1.6%
11-3131 Training and Development Managers detail 30 24.5% 0.01% $45.52 $45.76 $95,190 8.3%
11-9000 Other Management Occupations minor 2,100 2.6% 0.61% $58.28 $62.58 $130,170 2.4%
11-9021 Construction Managers detail 60 16.7% 0.02% $38.40 $50.78 $105,620 7.5%
11-9041 Architectural and Engineering Managers detail 1,290 2.6% 0.38% $61.06 $64.32 $133,790 0.7%
11-9199 Managers, All Other detail 700 4.7% 0.20% $48.32 $60.59 $126,020 7.1%
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations major 11,150 1.5% 3.26% $34.57 $35.81 $74,480 0.6%
13-1000 Business Operations Specialists minor 8,170 1.9% 2.39% $32.57 $35.17 $73,150 0.7%
13-1020 Buyers and Purchasing Agents broad 1,960 2.6% 0.57% $29.96 $32.74 $68,100 0.9%
13-1041 Compliance Officers detail 220 4.0% 0.06% $36.57 $35.35 $73,520 2.2%
13-1051 Cost Estimators detail 570 11.5% 0.17% $30.39 $32.18 $66,930 3.7%
13-1070 Human Resources Workers broad 1,870 1.9% 0.55% $30.51 $34.18 $71,090 0.7%
13-1071 Human Resources Specialists detail 1,810 1.9% 0.53% $30.51 $34.15 $71,030 0.7%
13-1075 Labor Relations Specialists detail 60 4.7% 0.02% $30.60 $35.09 $72,990 1.0%
13-1080 Logisticians and Project Management Specialists broad 1,550 3.3% 0.45% $38.41 $40.94 $85,160 0.8%
13-1081 Logisticians detail 770 4.3% 0.23% $37.03 $37.28 $77,540 1.0%
13-1082 Project Management Specialists detail 780 4.9% 0.23% $45.26 $44.56 $92,690 1.0%
13-1111 Management Analysts detail 420 8.8% 0.12% $38.17 $40.63 $84,520 2.3%
13-1141 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists detail 120 5.1% 0.04% $29.24 $32.26 $67,090 1.3%
13-1151 Training and Development Specialists detail 470 5.2% 0.14% $30.40 $33.43 $69,540 1.6%
13-1161 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists detail 370 7.0% 0.11% $31.38 $37.16 $77,300 3.2%
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other detail 610 13.0% 0.18% $28.43 $31.06 $64,610 6.3%
13-2000 Financial Specialists minor 2,980 2.5% 0.87% $36.76 $37.56 $78,130 0.7%
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors detail 2,550 2.9% 0.74% $36.58 $37.45 $77,890 0.9%
13-2041 Credit Analysts detail 30 19.6% 0.01% $37.03 $37.44 $77,870 4.6%
13-2050 Financial Analysts and Advisors broad 320 5.1% 0.09% $37.16 $37.47 $77,940 1.2%
13-2051 Financial and Investment Analysts detail 310 5.3% 0.09% $37.16 $37.50 $77,990 1.2%
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other detail 50 14.4% 0.02% $47.13 $41.00 $85,270 3.5%
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations major 2,570 2.1% 0.75% $37.89 $39.71 $82,590 0.9%
15-1200 Computer Occupations minor 2,510 2.2% 0.73% $37.89 $39.52 $82,190 0.9%
15-1210 Computer and Information Analysts broad 420 5.8% 0.12% $40.23 $42.29 $87,960 2.4%
15-1211 Computer Systems Analysts detail 400 5.4% 0.12% $40.22 $42.38 $88,150 2.6%
15-1230 Computer Support Specialists broad 600 3.4% 0.17% $29.37 $31.65 $65,830 1.2%
15-1231 Computer Network Support Specialists detail 110 6.3% 0.03% $35.54 $35.90 $74,670 2.5%
15-1232 Computer User Support Specialists detail 490 3.9% 0.14% $29.16 $30.68 $63,810 1.5%
15-1240 Database and Network Administrators and Architects broad 680 5.0% 0.20% $38.39 $41.24 $85,780 1.5%
15-1241 Computer Network Architects detail 60 15.2% 0.02% $48.02 $49.19 $102,320 2.6%
15-1242 Database Administrators detail 80 8.2% 0.02% $47.62 $46.58 $96,890 4.2%
15-1244 Network and Computer Systems Administrators detail 520 7.6% 0.15% $37.65 $39.01 $81,140 1.5%
15-1250 Software and Web Developers, Programmers, and Testers broad 600 4.1% 0.18% $46.31 $43.96 $91,440 1.2%
15-1251 Computer Programmers detail 150 11.9% 0.04% $43.92 $41.15 $85,580 3.9%
15-1252 Software Developers detail 420 3.1% 0.12% $47.37 $45.62 $94,890 0.8%
15-1299 Computer Occupations, All Other detail 200 5.0% 0.06% $37.26 $37.91 $78,840 1.7%
15-2000 Mathematical Science Occupations minor 70 2.7% 0.02% $47.27 $46.59 $96,900 1.2%
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts detail 40 7.3% 0.01% $48.41 $49.32 $102,580 1.2%
15-2051 Data Scientists detail 30 2.1% 0.01% $47.27 $44.40 $92,350 0.5%
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations major 16,100 1.1% 4.70% $37.46 $39.03 $81,180 0.5%
17-2000 Engineers minor 11,940 1.1% 3.49% $39.49 $42.84 $89,100 0.5%
17-2041 Chemical Engineers detail 40 12.8% 0.01% $47.92 $51.39 $106,880 1.3%
17-2051 Civil Engineers detail 80 7.9% 0.02% $37.31 $42.77 $88,970 2.6%
17-2070 Electrical and Electronics Engineers broad 810 5.3% 0.24% $48.57 $49.52 $102,990 1.6%
17-2071 Electrical Engineers detail 750 5.2% 0.22% $48.57 $49.82 $103,630 1.8%
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer detail 60 15.2% 0.02% $45.66 $45.87 $95,420 1.5%
17-2081 Environmental Engineers detail 250 3.0% 0.07% $38.71 $41.84 $87,020 0.8%
17-2110 Industrial Engineers, Including Health and Safety broad 6,440 1.4% 1.88% $39.21 $42.36 $88,100 0.5%
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors detail 220 8.7% 0.06% $45.82 $44.87 $93,330 1.8%
17-2112 Industrial Engineers detail 6,220 1.5% 1.82% $39.04 $42.27 $87,920 0.5%
17-2131 Materials Engineers detail 1,330 3.3% 0.39% $39.61 $43.26 $89,970 0.8%
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers detail 2,510 2.6% 0.73% $38.49 $41.55 $86,420 0.9%
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers detail 90 5.1% 0.03% $30.12 $34.13 $70,990 1.9%
17-2199 Engineers, All Other detail 360 7.7% 0.11% $44.15 $45.32 $94,260 0.8%
17-3000 Drafters, Engineering Technicians, and Mapping Technicians minor 4,170 2.0% 1.22% $28.42 $28.13 $58,500 0.6%
17-3010 Drafters broad 500 6.1% 0.15% $23.74 $26.82 $55,780 1.3%
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters detail 40 47.6% 0.01% $22.52 $25.10 $52,200 12.4%
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters detail 350 6.2% 0.10% $24.58 $27.11 $56,380 1.6%
17-3019 Drafters, All Other detail 110 8.0% 0.03% $24.99 $26.91 $55,960 2.1%
17-3020 Engineering Technologists and Technicians, Except Drafters broad 3,660 2.2% 1.07% $28.44 $28.31 $58,870 0.6%
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail 550 7.0% 0.16% $31.40 $32.71 $68,040 1.2%
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical and Mechatronics Technologists and Technicians detail 40 32.7% 0.01% $35.33 $33.02 $68,680 5.7%
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail 190 2.8% 0.05% $23.02 $26.50 $55,110 1.7%
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail 1,380 2.6% 0.40% $25.88 $26.76 $55,670 0.9%
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail 650 4.0% 0.19% $29.32 $30.74 $63,940 0.6%
17-3029 Engineering Technologists and Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other detail 830 5.4% 0.24% $23.32 $26.24 $54,580 1.3%
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations major 2,630 2.5% 0.77% $29.67 $32.51 $67,620 1.1%
19-2000 Physical Scientists minor 450 7.3% 0.13% $37.66 $38.86 $80,830 3.6%
19-2030 Chemists and Materials Scientists broad 360 6.6% 0.11% $37.35 $38.31 $79,680 2.0%
19-2031 Chemists detail 300 7.2% 0.09% $37.03 $36.67 $76,280 1.7%
19-2032 Materials Scientists detail 60 9.2% 0.02% $47.02 $47.26 $98,310 4.4%
19-2040 Environmental Scientists and Geoscientists broad 90 15.9% 0.03% $37.98 $40.93 $85,140 13.9%
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health detail 70 13.1% 0.02% $37.23 $36.93 $76,800 1.8%
19-4000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians minor 1,020 3.3% 0.30% $23.85 $25.80 $53,660 1.0%
19-4031 Chemical Technicians detail 720 4.4% 0.21% $24.42 $25.53 $53,110 1.2%
19-4090 Miscellaneous Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians broad 280 3.3% 0.08% $23.14 $26.05 $54,180 1.2%
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other detail 280 3.3% 0.08% $23.14 $26.05 $54,180 1.2%
19-5010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians broad 1,160 2.6% 0.34% $36.00 $35.96 $74,790 0.9%
19-5011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists detail 870 3.0% 0.25% $37.03 $37.60 $78,200 1.0%
19-5012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians detail 280 5.9% 0.08% $29.92 $30.92 $64,320 1.7%
23-0000 Legal Occupations major 80 22.5% 0.02% $78.28 $75.48 $157,000 4.0%
23-1000 Lawyers, Judges, and Related Workers minor 60 17.8% 0.02% $95.13 $94.61 $196,780 6.1%
23-1010 Lawyers and Judicial Law Clerks broad 60 17.8% 0.02% $95.13 $94.61 $196,780 6.1%
23-1011 Lawyers detail 60 17.8% 0.02% $95.13 $94.61 $196,780 6.1%
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations major 140 7.2% 0.04% $23.69 $27.92 $58,060 5.3%
27-1000 Art and Design Workers minor 110 7.7% 0.03% $22.84 $26.50 $55,120 7.8%
27-1020 Designers broad 90 11.8% 0.02% $23.69 $28.77 $59,850 9.0%
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers detail 50 14.0% 0.02% $23.69 $31.52 $65,560 12.2%
27-1024 Graphic Designers detail 30 19.7% 0.01% $23.61 $24.64 $51,250 5.0%
27-3000 Media and Communication Workers minor 30 16.8% 0.01% $30.08 $32.41 $67,420 4.7%
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations major 120 7.7% 0.04% $29.12 $32.94 $68,520 0.8%
29-1000 Healthcare Diagnosing or Treating Practitioners minor 50 10.5% 0.01% $37.82 $39.53 $82,210 0.5%
29-1141 Registered Nurses detail 50 11.4% 0.01% $37.32 $37.73 $78,480 0.5%
29-2000 Health Technologists and Technicians minor 70 7.3% 0.02% $29.12 $28.13 $58,520 0.6%
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations major 770 3.3% 0.23% $18.82 $20.02 $41,640 0.9%
33-1000 Supervisors of Protective Service Workers minor 40 6.7% 0.01% $26.00 $28.73 $59,760 1.8%
33-1090 Miscellaneous First-Line Supervisors, Protective Service Workers broad 40 6.7% 0.01% $26.00 $28.73 $59,760 1.8%
33-9000 Other Protective Service Workers minor 740 3.3% 0.22% $18.82 $19.61 $40,780 0.9%
33-9030 Security Guards and Gambling Surveillance Officers broad 740 3.3% 0.22% $18.82 $19.61 $40,780 0.9%
33-9032 Security Guards detail 740 3.3% 0.22% $18.82 $19.61 $40,780 0.9%
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations major 1,510 3.0% 0.44% $17.30 $17.98 $37,390 0.9%
37-2000 Building Cleaning and Pest Control Workers minor 1,430 3.2% 0.42% $17.23 $17.75 $36,910 0.9%
37-2010 Building Cleaning Workers broad 1,430 3.2% 0.42% $17.23 $17.75 $36,910 0.9%
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners detail 1,360 3.3% 0.40% $17.34 $17.83 $37,080 1.0%
37-3010 Grounds Maintenance Workers broad 80 14.2% 0.02% $18.45 $21.47 $44,670 4.2%
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers detail 80 14.2% 0.02% $18.50 $21.54 $44,800 4.3%
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations major 6,450 2.8% 1.89% $37.02 $39.36 $81,870 0.9%
41-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Sales Workers broad 400 14.8% 0.12% $48.78 $47.54 $98,890 2.7%
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers detail 400 14.9% 0.12% $49.08 $47.76 $99,340 2.7%
41-3000 Sales Representatives, Services minor 150 16.6% 0.04% $22.05 $24.87 $51,720 3.3%
41-3091 Sales Representatives of Services, Except Advertising, Insurance, Financial Services, and Travel detail 150 17.0% 0.04% (8) (8) (8) (8)
41-4010 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing broad 5,650 2.7% 1.65% $36.84 $39.26 $81,660 0.9%
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products detail 250 7.6% 0.07% $37.87 $42.67 $88,750 4.3%
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products detail 5,390 2.8% 1.58% $36.83 $39.10 $81,320 0.9%
41-9000 Other Sales and Related Workers minor 240 8.1% 0.07% $37.61 $39.43 $82,010 3.7%
41-9031 Sales Engineers detail 180 9.8% 0.05% $38.81 $41.24 $85,780 2.2%
41-9090 Miscellaneous Sales and Related Workers broad 50 14.3% 0.01% $28.75 $39.78 $82,740 13.0%
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other detail 50 14.3% 0.01% $28.75 $39.78 $82,740 13.0%
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations major 23,190 1.2% 6.77% $22.23 $22.82 $47,460 0.5%
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers detail 1,500 2.6% 0.44% $29.94 $32.52 $67,650 1.2%
43-3000 Financial Clerks minor 2,530 2.8% 0.74% $22.42 $22.26 $46,310 0.8%
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks detail 140 12.1% 0.04% $22.42 $22.10 $45,960 3.7%
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks detail 1,880 3.0% 0.55% $22.31 $21.83 $45,400 0.8%
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks detail 270 6.9% 0.08% $23.45 $25.27 $52,560 2.1%
43-3061 Procurement Clerks detail 210 9.1% 0.06% $22.58 $22.04 $45,850 1.7%
43-4000 Information and Record Clerks minor 2,890 3.1% 0.85% $22.22 $23.47 $48,810 1.5%
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives detail 1,920 3.9% 0.56% $22.94 $25.40 $52,820 1.9%
43-4071 File Clerks detail 50 13.9% 0.01% $17.27 $18.24 $37,940 3.2%
43-4151 Order Clerks detail 330 11.4% 0.10% $18.30 $20.65 $42,960 1.4%
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping detail 240 5.8% 0.07% $20.54 $20.47 $42,580 1.9%
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks detail 330 11.0% 0.10% $17.92 $18.41 $38,280 1.8%
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other detail 30 4.3% 0.01% $17.74 $18.30 $38,070 0.9%
43-5000 Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Workers minor 10,830 1.6% 3.16% $22.22 $22.38 $46,550 0.5%
43-5030 Dispatchers broad 40 29.2% 0.01% $23.38 $25.99 $54,050 6.4%
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance detail 40 29.2% 0.01% $23.38 $25.99 $54,050 6.4%
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks detail 3,510 2.2% 1.02% $24.26 $26.77 $55,680 0.6%
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Inventory Clerks detail 7,030 2.2% 2.05% $18.42 $20.24 $42,100 0.5%
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping detail 240 12.9% 0.07% $17.96 $20.23 $42,090 1.8%
43-6010 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants broad 2,090 4.1% 0.61% $21.98 $22.29 $46,370 1.7%
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants detail 340 10.2% 0.10% $29.94 $32.11 $66,780 2.1%
43-6014 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive detail 1,750 5.3% 0.51% $19.63 $20.39 $42,420 1.2%
43-9000 Other Office and Administrative Support Workers minor 3,340 3.1% 0.98% $18.17 $20.08 $41,760 1.0%
43-9020 Data Entry and Information Processing Workers broad 140 25.6% 0.04% $17.91 $18.85 $39,200 5.3%
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers detail 140 25.6% 0.04% $17.91 $18.85 $39,200 5.3%
43-9061 Office Clerks, General detail 3,100 3.2% 0.90% $18.14 $19.98 $41,570 1.1%
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer detail 40 11.9% 0.01% $34.87 $33.02 $68,670 2.8%
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other detail 60 21.4% 0.02% $18.55 $19.53 $40,630 1.8%
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations major 7,130 4.7% 2.08% $29.50 $30.50 $63,440 1.4%
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers detail 490 5.2% 0.14% $38.63 $40.01 $83,220 1.9%
47-2000 Construction Trades Workers minor 6,220 5.2% 1.82% $29.35 $30.08 $62,560 1.6%
47-2020 Brickmasons, Blockmasons, and Stonemasons broad 120 13.0% 0.03% $23.40 $26.69 $55,500 1.8%
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons detail 120 13.0% 0.03% $23.40 $26.69 $55,500 1.8%
47-2031 Carpenters detail 90 12.3% 0.03% $35.48 $33.59 $69,870 2.3%
47-2061 Construction Laborers detail 40 39.9% 0.01% $18.15 $17.82 $37,060 2.3%
47-2070 Construction Equipment Operators broad 390 7.8% 0.11% $28.55 $27.85 $57,920 1.3%
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators detail 390 7.8% 0.11% $28.55 $27.85 $57,920 1.3%
47-2111 Electricians detail 4,330 3.4% 1.26% $29.67 $30.47 $63,380 0.5%
47-2140 Painters and Paperhangers broad 70 12.4% 0.02% $14.23 $15.82 $32,900 2.6%
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance detail 70 12.4% 0.02% $14.23 $15.82 $32,900 2.6%
47-2150 Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters broad 130 25.7% 0.04% $35.75 $32.47 $67,530 2.6%
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters detail 130 25.7% 0.04% $35.75 $32.47 $67,530 2.6%
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers detail 320 23.4% 0.09% $30.69 $31.53 $65,570 12.2%
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers detail 520 37.5% 0.15% $27.93 $33.42 $69,510 19.2%
47-3010 Helpers, Construction Trades broad (8) (8) (8) $14.76 $16.78 $34,890 6.6%
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians detail 60 8.7% 0.02% $14.21 $14.54 $30,230 0.5%
47-5000 Extraction Workers minor 310 8.3% 0.09% $30.23 $28.50 $59,280 3.1%
47-5040 Underground Mining Machine Operators broad 290 5.2% 0.09% $30.23 $29.29 $60,930 2.0%
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations major 30,700 0.8% 8.97% $28.50 $27.85 $57,920 0.3%
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers detail 3,140 1.8% 0.92% $37.89 $38.99 $81,100 0.7%
49-2000 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers minor 690 3.4% 0.20% $29.07 $29.63 $61,630 0.7%
49-2090 Miscellaneous Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers broad 690 3.4% 0.20% $29.07 $29.63 $61,630 0.7%
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment detail 670 3.2% 0.20% $29.07 $29.67 $61,720 0.7%
49-3000 Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers minor 650 4.7% 0.19% $28.85 $30.28 $62,970 2.1%
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists detail 200 9.7% 0.06% $28.57 $27.48 $57,160 3.6%
49-3040 Heavy Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Service Technicians and Mechanics broad 430 5.6% 0.13% $29.07 $31.87 $66,290 2.2%
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines detail 430 5.6% 0.13% $29.07 $31.87 $66,290 2.2%
49-9000 Other Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations minor 26,220 0.9% 7.66% $27.66 $26.40 $54,920 0.3%
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers detail 80 10.2% 0.02% $25.49 $27.61 $57,440 1.0%
49-9040 Industrial Machinery Installation, Repair, and Maintenance Workers broad 17,270 1.4% 5.04% $28.63 $27.33 $56,840 0.3%
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics detail 13,540 1.9% 3.96% $28.80 $27.40 $56,990 0.4%
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery detail 1,840 3.5% 0.54% $25.91 $26.02 $54,130 0.6%
49-9044 Millwrights detail 1,710 2.2% 0.50% $28.94 $28.46 $59,200 0.5%
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons detail 180 3.3% 0.05% $23.54 $24.60 $51,170 0.6%
49-9071 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General detail 8,500 2.1% 2.48% $23.14 $24.79 $51,570 0.5%
49-9090 Miscellaneous Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers broad 340 5.3% 0.10% $17.59 $18.36 $38,180 1.4%
49-9096 Riggers detail 80 5.7% 0.02% $22.82 $20.56 $42,750 1.6%
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers detail 170 5.5% 0.05% $14.71 $17.54 $36,490 1.7%
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other detail 100 17.4% 0.03% $15.30 $18.00 $37,440 6.7%
51-0000 Production Occupations major 192,260 0.4% 56.15% $21.42 $21.95 $45,650 0.3%
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers detail 17,340 0.9% 5.06% $30.17 $33.04 $68,730 0.4%
51-2000 Assemblers and Fabricators minor 9,510 5.8% 2.78% $17.92 $18.39 $38,250 1.1%
51-2020 Electrical, Electronics, and Electromechanical Assemblers broad 1,530 10.5% 0.45% $18.45 $20.13 $41,860 2.0%
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers detail 1,250 10.0% 0.37% $20.54 $20.52 $42,680 1.5%
51-2028 Electrical, Electronic, and Electromechanical Assemblers, Except Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers detail 280 30.8% 0.08% $17.44 $18.38 $38,230 9.9%
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters detail 950 10.5% 0.28% $21.95 $22.05 $45,870 2.1%
51-2090 Miscellaneous Assemblers and Fabricators broad 7,020 7.5% 2.05% $17.31 $17.51 $36,410 1.3%
51-4000 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers minor 130,460 0.6% 38.10% $20.24 $21.06 $43,810 0.3%
51-4020 Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic broad 26,860 2.4% 7.84% $22.33 $22.39 $46,570 0.6%
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 11,260 4.2% 3.29% $20.10 $20.86 $43,390 0.9%
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 570 23.5% 0.17% $22.68 $23.31 $48,490 2.7%
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 15,030 3.1% 4.39% $22.95 $23.50 $48,880 0.6%
51-4030 Machine Tool Cutting Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic broad 27,380 2.1% 8.00% $18.18 $19.84 $41,260 0.4%
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 13,180 3.6% 3.85% $18.09 $19.32 $40,190 0.8%
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 270 4.0% 0.08% $18.09 $18.07 $37,590 1.0%
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 10,410 2.2% 3.04% $18.05 $19.56 $40,690 0.5%
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 460 13.1% 0.13% $22.23 $22.40 $46,600 2.8%
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 3,060 9.5% 0.89% $22.74 $22.78 $47,370 1.9%
51-4041 Machinists detail 9,510 3.4% 2.78% $22.05 $22.07 $45,900 0.8%
51-4050 Metal Furnace Operators, Tenders, Pourers, and Casters broad 17,820 1.7% 5.20% $22.57 $22.38 $46,540 0.5%
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders detail 12,180 2.3% 3.56% $22.55 $22.45 $46,690 0.6%
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal detail 5,640 2.4% 1.65% $22.67 $22.22 $46,220 0.5%
51-4060 Model Makers and Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic broad 970 3.8% 0.28% $23.00 $23.41 $48,690 0.8%
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic detail 160 11.0% 0.05% $23.21 $21.80 $45,340 1.3%
51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic detail 810 3.9% 0.24% $22.93 $23.73 $49,350 0.9%
51-4070 Molders and Molding Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic broad 23,920 2.3% 6.99% $18.09 $19.51 $40,580 0.4%
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers detail 9,180 3.2% 2.68% $18.13 $19.27 $40,080 0.6%
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 14,740 3.5% 4.30% $18.04 $19.66 $40,890 0.5%
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 8,240 6.0% 2.41% $18.75 $20.09 $41,790 1.6%
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers detail 3,460 3.5% 1.01% $22.54 $22.88 $47,580 0.8%
51-4120 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Workers broad 7,780 3.5% 2.27% $21.19 $21.41 $44,540 0.8%
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers detail 7,150 3.7% 2.09% $21.25 $21.58 $44,880 0.8%
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 630 15.3% 0.18% $18.21 $19.57 $40,710 4.8%
51-4190 Miscellaneous Metal Workers and Plastic Workers broad 4,520 3.2% 1.32% $19.77 $20.84 $43,340 0.6%
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 1,720 3.4% 0.50% $22.76 $22.78 $47,380 0.7%
51-4192 Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic detail 70 13.8% 0.02% $23.09 $23.78 $49,450 2.1%
51-4193 Plating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 1,170 9.1% 0.34% $18.23 $19.16 $39,840 1.2%
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners detail 240 8.2% 0.07% $18.83 $20.71 $43,070 2.1%
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other detail 1,320 5.2% 0.39% $18.01 $19.67 $40,900 1.2%
51-6000 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers minor 330 35.7% 0.10% $15.00 $15.95 $33,180 3.8%
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators detail 50 9.3% 0.01% $14.38 $14.24 $29,630 0.5%
51-6060 Textile Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders broad (8) (8) (8) $18.18 $17.46 $36,320 8.5%
51-6090 Miscellaneous Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers broad (8) (8) (8) $14.56 $15.43 $32,100 7.7%
51-7000 Woodworkers minor 70 9.0% 0.02% $18.18 $17.91 $37,250 0.4%
51-7040 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders broad 70 9.5% 0.02% $18.18 $17.18 $35,730 0.5%
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood detail 30 20.6% 0.01% $16.35 $16.29 $33,880 1.5%
51-8000 Plant and System Operators minor 770 7.5% 0.23% $28.56 $27.22 $56,620 2.5%
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators detail 90 9.4% 0.03% $28.90 $26.70 $55,540 1.6%
51-8031 Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators detail 280 4.5% 0.08% $23.53 $25.81 $53,690 1.5%
51-8090 Miscellaneous Plant and System Operators broad 220 22.6% 0.06% $20.60 $23.41 $48,690 7.4%
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators detail 190 26.1% 0.06% $18.99 $22.95 $47,730 9.2%
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other detail 30 12.4% 0.01% $29.33 $26.28 $54,660 3.8%
51-9000 Other Production Occupations minor 33,780 1.3% 9.87% $18.69 $20.61 $42,880 0.4%
51-9010 Chemical Processing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders broad 1,440 8.0% 0.42% $23.31 $24.39 $50,720 2.6%
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders detail 1,080 5.4% 0.32% $26.95 $25.73 $53,520 1.3%
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 350 26.7% 0.10% $18.23 $20.25 $42,120 8.3%
51-9020 Crushing, Grinding, Polishing, Mixing, and Blending Workers broad 2,290 6.7% 0.67% $18.18 $19.30 $40,150 1.0%
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 620 17.2% 0.18% $19.22 $20.93 $43,530 2.5%
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand detail 1,030 9.4% 0.30% $15.13 $16.48 $34,270 1.8%
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 640 6.6% 0.19% $22.43 $22.27 $46,330 1.3%
51-9030 Cutting Workers broad 610 20.1% 0.18% $18.27 $19.01 $39,540 3.0%
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand detail (8) (8) (8) $13.96 $15.00 $31,200 21.3%
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 560 21.0% 0.16% $18.55 $19.40 $40,360 2.8%
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 450 6.2% 0.13% $19.93 $19.95 $41,490 1.7%
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders detail 670 6.7% 0.20% $23.09 $22.25 $46,280 2.7%
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers detail 12,100 1.7% 3.54% $21.90 $21.59 $44,900 0.5%
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders detail 1,060 9.4% 0.31% $17.59 $18.88 $39,270 2.7%
51-9120 Painting Workers broad 1,840 7.5% 0.54% $17.92 $18.89 $39,300 2.0%
51-9124 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 1,820 7.6% 0.53% $17.92 $18.90 $39,300 2.0%
51-9160 Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Operators and Programmers broad 4,490 3.2% 1.31% $21.16 $22.06 $45,880 1.1%
51-9161 Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Operators detail 3,860 3.5% 1.13% $19.00 $21.06 $43,810 1.2%
51-9162 Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Programmers detail 630 5.0% 0.18% $28.88 $28.20 $58,660 1.7%
51-9190 Miscellaneous Production Workers broad 8,820 2.3% 2.58% $17.85 $18.86 $39,220 0.5%
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders detail 480 5.4% 0.14% $21.49 $21.35 $44,400 1.4%
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers detail 100 8.0% 0.03% (8) (8) (8) (8)
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic detail 110 20.4% 0.03% $18.05 $18.24 $37,940 4.9%
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers detail 5,980 3.0% 1.75% $17.63 $17.90 $37,230 0.6%
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other detail 2,120 4.7% 0.62% $19.59 $20.78 $43,220 1.0%
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations major 29,090 1.7% 8.50% $18.65 $20.67 $42,990 0.5%
53-1040 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material Moving Workers broad 1,050 5.3% 0.31% $29.98 $31.48 $65,480 1.9%
53-1047 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material Moving Workers, Except Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors detail 1,050 5.3% 0.31% $29.98 $31.48 $65,480 1.9%
53-3000 Motor Vehicle Operators minor 2,500 9.1% 0.73% $22.55 $22.71 $47,230 2.3%
53-3030 Driver/Sales Workers and Truck Drivers broad 2,450 9.2% 0.72% $22.64 $22.83 $47,480 2.4%
53-3032 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers detail 1,610 5.8% 0.47% $23.22 $23.63 $49,140 1.3%
53-3033 Light Truck Drivers detail 830 23.0% 0.24% $20.06 $21.35 $44,400 5.5%
53-3050 Passenger Vehicle Drivers broad 40 37.8% 0.01% $17.30 $16.34 $33,980 8.0%
53-4000 Rail Transportation Workers minor 170 2.1% 0.05% $28.90 $29.17 $60,680 1.1%
53-4010 Locomotive Engineers and Operators broad 120 1.9% 0.03% $30.08 $30.78 $64,020 1.2%
53-4011 Locomotive Engineers detail 80 5.5% 0.02% $30.58 $32.84 $68,320 0.4%
53-4013 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers detail 40 10.2% 0.01% $29.54 $26.09 $54,270 1.6%
53-4099 Rail Transportation Workers, All Other detail 50 3.3% 0.01% $27.20 $26.08 $54,240 0.6%
53-7000 Material Moving Workers minor 25,350 1.6% 7.40% $18.45 $19.94 $41,480 0.5%
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders detail 90 17.4% 0.03% $16.51 $16.43 $34,160 2.6%
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators detail 4,230 2.8% 1.24% $23.84 $24.31 $50,560 0.5%
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators detail 80 6.1% 0.02% $18.67 $18.79 $39,090 1.2%
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators detail 5,460 3.4% 1.59% $18.51 $20.29 $42,190 0.8%
53-7060 Laborers and Material Movers broad 15,390 2.2% 4.49% $18.11 $18.65 $38,790 0.5%
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment detail 200 6.2% 0.06% $18.20 $19.80 $41,170 1.6%
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand detail 9,810 2.5% 2.86% $18.24 $18.97 $39,460 0.7%
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers detail 940 9.0% 0.27% $18.31 $19.86 $41,320 2.0%
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand detail 2,670 8.2% 0.78% $15.08 $16.30 $33,910 0.9%
53-7065 Stockers and Order Fillers detail 1,770 10.2% 0.52% $18.04 $19.65 $40,860 2.3%
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders detail 60 42.9% 0.02% $17.50 $17.08 $35,520 5.5%


About May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $100.00 per hour or $208,000 per year.

(8) Estimate not released.




Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Occupation Profiles

Technical notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022