Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
PRINT:Print
OEWS OEWS Program Links

Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2021

51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers

Help production workers by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Apprentice workers are classified in the appropriate production occupations (51-0000).


National estimates for Helpers--Production Workers
Industry profile for Helpers--Production Workers
Geographic profile for Helpers--Production Workers

National estimates for Helpers--Production Workers:

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for Helpers--Production Workers:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
202,860 1.3 % $ 15.82 $ 32,910 0.4 %

Percentile wage estimates for Helpers--Production Workers:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $ 10.98 $ 13.59 $ 14.42 $ 17.85 $ 22.23
Annual Wage (2) $ 22,830 $ 28,260 $ 30,000 $ 37,120 $ 46,230


Industry profile for Helpers--Production Workers:

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for Helpers--Production Workers are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in Helpers--Production Workers, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in Helpers--Production Workers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Employment Services 36,180 1.04 $ 12.85 $ 26,720
Animal Slaughtering and Processing 18,290 3.51 $ 15.50 $ 32,240
Converted Paper Product Manufacturing 10,490 4.02 $ 17.48 $ 36,370
Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing (3323 and 3324 only) 9,390 2.02 $ 15.80 $ 32,860
Bakeries and Tortilla Manufacturing 8,450 2.86 $ 15.60 $ 32,440

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in Helpers--Production Workers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills 3,960 4.52 $ 21.94 $ 45,630
Converted Paper Product Manufacturing 10,490 4.02 $ 17.48 $ 36,370
Animal Slaughtering and Processing 18,290 3.51 $ 15.50 $ 32,240
Coating, Engraving, Heat Treating, and Allied Activities 3,960 3.20 $ 15.64 $ 32,530
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 2,350 3.01 $ 18.25 $ 37,960

Top paying industries for Helpers--Production Workers:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries (8) (8) $ 27.87 $ 57,960
Rail Transportation 80 0.04 $ 25.73 $ 53,510
Natural Gas Distribution 50 0.05 $ 25.26 $ 52,530
Motor Vehicle Manufacturing 310 0.13 $ 23.03 $ 47,900
Building Equipment Contractors 720 0.03 $ 23.02 $ 47,890


Geographic profile for Helpers--Production Workers:

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for Helpers--Production Workers are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in Helpers--Production Workers, see the Create Customized Tables function.



Map of employment of helpers--production workers by state, May 2021


States with the highest employment level in Helpers--Production Workers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Texas 21,430 1.75 1.22 $ 15.21 $ 31,630
California 19,670 1.19 0.83 $ 17.27 $ 35,920
Alabama 13,080 6.79 4.71 $ 12.49 $ 25,980
North Carolina 10,100 2.28 1.59 $ 14.20 $ 29,540
Illinois 8,400 1.50 1.04 $ 16.05 $ 33,370


Map of location quotient of helpers--production workers by state, May 2021


States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Helpers--Production Workers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alabama 13,080 6.79 4.71 $ 12.49 $ 25,980
Arkansas 6,250 5.25 3.65 $ 14.85 $ 30,890
Mississippi 4,880 4.43 3.08 $ 13.89 $ 28,880
South Carolina 5,950 2.88 2.00 $ 14.66 $ 30,490
Indiana 7,800 2.62 1.82 $ 17.39 $ 36,180


Map of annual mean wages of helpers--production workers by state, May 2021


Top paying states for Helpers--Production Workers:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Wyoming 260 1.01 0.70 $ 19.29 $ 40,130
Massachusetts 2,030 0.60 0.42 $ 18.71 $ 38,910
Alaska 180 0.61 0.43 $ 18.30 $ 38,070
Connecticut 1,210 0.77 0.53 $ 18.30 $ 38,070
Washington 2,120 0.66 0.46 $ 18.29 $ 38,050



Map of employment of helpers--production workers by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in Helpers--Production Workers:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 7,300 1.28 0.89 $ 16.94 $ 35,240
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI 6,440 1.52 1.06 $ 17.13 $ 35,640
Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX 6,040 2.08 1.45 $ 15.38 $ 31,990
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 5,890 1.64 1.14 $ 15.63 $ 32,500
New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA 5,730 0.66 0.46 $ 18.15 $ 37,750
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 3,160 1.73 1.20 $ 16.02 $ 33,320
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 2,600 0.98 0.68 $ 17.20 $ 35,780
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 2,550 5.28 3.67 $ 13.12 $ 27,290
Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC 2,510 2.07 1.44 $ 15.16 $ 31,530
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC 2,060 2.91 2.02 $ 14.72 $ 30,610


Map of location quotient of helpers--production workers by area, May 2021


Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in Helpers--Production Workers:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Gadsden, AL 860 26.92 18.69 $ 9.57 $ 19,910
Auburn-Opelika, AL 590 9.95 6.91 $ 11.29 $ 23,490
Elkhart-Goshen, IN 1,130 8.45 5.87 $ 19.09 $ 39,700
Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL 400 7.63 5.30 $ 11.22 $ 23,340
Florence, SC 640 7.57 5.26 $ 14.45 $ 30,050
Tuscaloosa, AL 710 7.40 5.14 $ 14.04 $ 29,200
Lebanon, PA 360 7.25 5.04 $ 14.43 $ 30,010
Harrisonburg, VA 430 7.00 4.86 $ 15.19 $ 31,580
Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville, AL 300 6.87 4.77 $ 11.92 $ 24,800
Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO 1,680 6.87 4.77 $ 15.07 $ 31,350