Long-term unemployed

Fact Sheet Prototype

Basic concepts

  • People who are jobless, looking for a job, and available for work are unemployed.
  • The duration of unemployment represents the length of time (through the current reference week) that individuals classified as unemployed have been looking for work and refers to job searches in progress rather than the duration of a completed spell.   There is no requirement that an individual receive unemployment insurance benefits to be counted as unemployed in the CPS.
  • Long-term unemployed refers to individuals who have been looking for work for 27 weeks or more.
  • See https://www.bls.gov/cps/cps_htgm.htm and https://www.bls.gov/cps/eetech_intro.pdf for more detailed technical information.


Percent of unemployed jobless for 27 weeks or longer, seasonally adjusted

Percent of unemployed jobless for 27 weeks or longer, seasonally adjusted

View chart data

Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment, seasonally adjusted, May 2014–October 2014
Data seriesBack data
May 2014Jun 2014Jul 2014Aug 2014Sep 2014Oct 2014
Number of unemployed (in thousands)

15 weeks and over

Historical Data
4,8144,5534,5564,4504,3714,332

15 to 26 weeks

Historical Data
1,4411,4721,4121,4861,4161,417

27 weeks and over

Historical Data
3,3743,0813,1552,9632,9542,916
Percent distribution

15 weeks and over

Historical Data
49.348.547.646.847.247.5

15 to 26 weeks

Historical Data
14.815.714.715.615.315.5

27 weeks and over

Historical Data
34.632.832.931.231.932.0
Unemployed persons 16 years and over by duration of unemployment and age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and marital status, annual averages, 2010–2013
CharacteristicTotal27 weeks and over
Back data200820092010201120122013Back data200820092010201120122013
Number of unemployed (in thousands)
Age and Sex

Total, 16 years and over

Historical Data
8,92414,26514,82513,74712,50611,460
Historical Data
1,7614,4966,4156,0165,1364,310

16-19 years

Historical Data
1,2851,5521,5281,4001,3971,327
Historical Data
146302349319284233

20-24 years

Historical Data
1,5452,2072,3292,2342,0541,997
Historical Data
245575796775677611

25-34 years

Historical Data
1,9493,2843,3863,1872,7642,504
Historical Data
3719981,4411,3621,108943

35-44 years

Historical Data
1,6042,7222,7032,3892,1581,913
Historical Data
3349001,2601,140963800

45-54 years

Historical Data
1,4732,5922,7692,4932,1811,945
Historical Data
3919721,4361,2961,074860

55-64 years

Historical Data
8031,4871,6601,5791,4701,340
Historical Data
212582900873778665

65 years and over

Historical Data
264421449465482435
Historical Data
62168233252252197

Men, 16 years and over

Historical Data
5,0338,4538,6267,6846,7716,314
Historical Data
1,0112,6823,8443,3882,8172,403

16-19 years

Historical Data
736898863786787746
Historical Data
91192218181167147

20-24 years

Historical Data
9201,3291,3981,2751,1631,143
Historical Data
160353510456422373

25-34 years

Historical Data
1,1191,9881,9931,7951,4761,381
Historical Data
215605866761595515

35-44 years

Historical Data
8751,6001,5341,3161,1241,015
Historical Data
191516725637506436

45-54 years

Historical Data
8041,5581,6141,3701,1421,039
Historical Data
206583860710556449

55-64 years

Historical Data
425840962882811741
Historical Data
109332524491432372

65 years and over

Historical Data
153241262261268250
Historical Data
41100141152139111

Women, 16 years and over

Historical Data
3,8915,8116,1996,0635,7345,146
Historical Data
7501,8142,5712,6282,3191,907

16-19 years

Historical Data
549654665613609581
Historical Data
5610913113811786

20-24 years

Historical Data
625878931960891854
Historical Data
86222286319255239

25-34 years

Historical Data
1,9493,2843,3863,1872,7642,504
Historical Data
156393576600513429

35-44 years

Historical Data
1,6042,7222,7032,3892,1581,913
Historical Data
143384535503457364

45-54 years

Historical Data
1,4732,5922,7692,4932,1811,945
Historical Data
185389576586518411

55-64 years

Historical Data
377647698697659600
Historical Data
103250376382346293

65 years and over

Historical Data
111180187204214185
Historical Data
21689110011386
Race and Hispanic or Latino Ethnicity

White, 16 years and over

Historical Data
6,50910,64810,9169,8898,9158,033
Historical Data
1,1733,1604,5754,1273,4922,877

Men

Historical Data
3,7276,4216,4765,6314,9314,520
Historical Data
6791,9172,7972,3731,9551,646

Women

Historical Data
2,7824,2274,4404,2573,9853,513
Historical Data
4941,2431,7781,7541,5361,232

Black or African American, 16 years and over

Historical Data
1,7882,6062,8522,8312,5442,429
Historical Data
4601,0151,3791,4021,1951,051

Men

Historical Data
9491,4481,5501,5021,2921,236
Historical Data
255570770744617541

Women

Historical Data
8391,1591,3021,3291,2521,192
Historical Data
205444609658579509

Asian, 16 years and over

Historical Data
285522543518483448
Historical Data
62183262259223188

Men

Historical Data
160306305269249253
Historical Data
37111153134119101

Women

Historical Data
125216238250234195
Historical Data
257310912410487

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over

Historical Data
1,6782,7062,8432,6292,5142,257
Historical Data
2917641,1171,049962782

Men

Historical Data
1,0071,6701,7111,5271,3831,263
Historical Data
167441675594524440

Women

Historical Data
6721,0361,1321,1021,130994
Historical Data
124323442455438341
Marital Status

Men, 16 years and over

            

Married, spouse present

Historical Data
1,5903,1153,1382,6712,2741,993
Historical Data
3139971,5011,267998785

Widowed, divorced, or separated

Historical Data
7391,3261,3521,1861,005923
Historical Data
176473677614472399

Never married

Historical Data
2,7054,0114,1353,8273,4923,398
Historical Data
5231,2121,6661,5071,3471,219

Women, 16 years and over

              

Married, spouse present

Historical Data
1,3252,0572,1602,0311,9151,653
Historical Data
275665957930841631

Widowed, divorced, or separated

Historical Data
8491,3301,3971,4201,2861,112
Historical Data
196469633690588487

Never married

Historical Data
1,7172,4242,6422,6122,5332,381
Historical Data
2796809811,008891789

Resources for further exploration

Selected BLS publications on long-term unemployment

 

For more information, contact the CPS help desk.

 

 

Last Modified Date: November 12, 2014