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New jobs by major occupational group, projected 2018–28

| September 2019

What are the hot jobs of the future? No one knows for sure, but the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) identifies occupations that are projected to grow from 2018 to 2028.

BLS expects total U.S. employment to increase 5 percent over the decade, resulting in about 8.4 million new jobs. Nearly half of those jobs are projected to be concentrated in three groups: food preparation and serving related, personal care and service, and healthcare practitioner and technical occupations. (See chart 1.)

View Chart Data

 Chart 1. New jobs by major occupational group

Employment change, projected 2018–28

Major occupational group Numeric change, projected 2018–28 Occupational openings, projected 2018–28 annual average

Food preparation and serving related

1,488,300 2,638,000

Personal care and service

1,237,600 1,266,600

Healthcare practitioners and technical

1,082,600 650,300

Healthcare support

785,200 613,600


706,900 955,100

Construction and extraction

704,000 907,500

Computer and mathematical

593,900 422,300

Business and financial operations

591,800 897,800

Education, training, and library

512,900 937,000

Transportation and material moving

483,100 1,435,600

Community and social service

306,200 336,900

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

290,800 798,900

Installation, maintenance, and repair

233,200 632,900

Architecture and engineering

113,300 226,600

Life, physical, and social science

97,400 143,300

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

96,800 335,000

Protective service

95,200 400,400


93,300 101,200

Farming, fishing, and forestry

3,200 177,700

Sales and related

-79,800 2,177,200


-429,500 1,028,100

Office and administrative support

-608,100 2,611,700

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program.

In the food preparation and serving related group, the occupation projected to add the most jobs is combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food (640,100 new jobs). Most of the projected growth in personal care and service is for personal care aides—the occupation projected to add the most jobs (881,000) in the economy. Registered nurses is the occupation projected to have the most new jobs (371,500) in the healthcare practitioners and technical group.

And job creation won’t be the only source of occupational openings over the 2018–28 decade. Openings also are projected to arise from the need to replace workers who leave an occupation permanently. That’s true even in occupational groups with projected employment declines. For example, despite a projected loss of 608,100 jobs from 2018 to 2028 in office and administrative support occupations, this group is expected to have more than 2.6 million openings each year, on average, over the decade.

See projected employment and more information, such as typical education and median wages, in hundreds of occupational profiles in the Occupational Outlook Handbook. The full set of projections is available from the BLS Employment Projections program.

About the Author

Elka Torpey is an economist in the Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections, BLS. She can be reached at torpey.elka@bls.gov .

Suggested citation:

Elka Torpey, "New jobs by major occupational group, projected 2018–28," Career Outlook, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, September 2019.

Telephone: 1-202-691-5700 www.bls.gov/careeroutlook Contact Career Outlook

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