CES Quarterly Birth/Death Comparison Tables

The tables on this page show the differences between the birth/death forecasts calculated from an annual update of the input data and a quarterly update of the input data. Tables are available from 2004 to 2014. In the tables, the second column titled "Birth Death" indicates whether the data represent the birth/death forecasts produced from annual or quarterly input data and whether that forecast was used in production or was part of a simulation.

From 2004 to 2009, CES used birth/death forecasts based on an annual update of the input data in CES estimate calculations. The tables corresponding to those years compare the annual production birth/death forecasts to simulated forecasts based on a quarterly update of the input data.

From 2010 to 2014, CES used birth/death forecasts based on a quarterly update of the input data in CES estimate calculation. The tables corresponding to those years compare the annual birth/death forecasts produced during the annual review of forecasts to the forecasts used in production based on the quarterly update of input files.

After 2014, CES began adjusting birth/death forecasting to account for quarterly sample implementation in CES estimation and no longer produces birth/death forecasts comparable to prior years using annual input data. Consequently, there will be no further updates to this page.

More information about quarterly sample implementation in the CES program is available in The Sample section of the CES Technical Notes at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cestn.htm#section1. More information about the CES birth/death model is available in the Birth/Death Model section of the CES Technical Notes at www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cestn.htm#section5c.

Use the following links to skip to a specific year.

| 2004| 2005| 2006| 2007| 2008| 2009| 2010| 2011| 2012| 2013| 2014|


Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2014
Industry Birth Death April May June July August September October November December Cumulative
Mining and logging Simulated Annual BD 1 2 3 2 2 1 2 1 1 15
Production Quarterly BD 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 0 0 11
Difference 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 4
Construction Simulated Annual BD 33 35 23 6 8 7 9 -16 -21 84
Production Quarterly BD 32 36 23 9 12 6 8 -11 -21 94
Difference 1 -1 0 -3 -4 1 1 -5 0 -10
Manufacturing Simulated Annual BD -2 6 3 -5 4 0 2 1 0 9
Production Quarterly BD -1 6 4 -5 4 1 1 1 0 11
Difference -1 0 -1 0 0 -1 1 0 0 -2
Trade, transportation, and utilities Simulated Annual BD 18 24 13 3 18 13 35 7 5 136
Production Quarterly BD 17 25 12 -1 14 9 22 8 3 109
Difference 1 -1 1 4 4 4 13 -1 2 27
Information Simulated Annual BD 0 4 0 0 3 -2 5 4 -1 13
Production Quarterly BD 1 5 -1 -1 3 -1 4 4 -1 13
Difference -1 -1 1 1 0 -1 1 0 0 0
Financial activities Simulated Annual BD 4 8 4 1 6 -1 16 2 10 50
Production Quarterly BD 6 8 3 0 4 -1 13 3 10 46
Difference -2 0 1 1 2 0 3 -1 0 4
Professional and business services Simulated Annual BD 74 27 10 27 18 -15 70 5 -12 204
Production Quarterly BD 75 21 3 25 19 -14 68 12 -13 196
Difference -1 6 7 2 -1 -1 2 -7 1 8
Education and health services Simulated Annual BD 20 18 -12 7 19 13 46 11 -2 120
Production Quarterly BD 18 17 -15 3 22 11 40 13 -3 106
Difference 2 1 3 4 -3 2 6 -2 1 14
Leisure and hospitality Simulated Annual BD 78 79 90 48 20 -44 -30 -25 1 217
Production Quarterly BD 75 79 84 52 21 -35 -23 -22 4 235
Difference 3 0 6 -4 -1 -9 -7 -3 -3 -18
Other services Simulated Annual BD 10 7 6 -3 1 -2 4 -2 0 21
Production Quarterly BD 10 6 6 -4 2 -3 2 0 1 20
Difference 0 1 0 1 -1 1 2 -2 -1 1
Total Private Simulated Annual BD 236 210 140 86 99 -30 159 -12 -19 869
Production Quarterly BD 234 205 121 80 102 -26 137 8 -20 841
Difference 2 5 19 6 -3 -4 22 -20 1 28

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2013
Industry Birth Death April May June July August September October November December Cumulative
Mining and logging Simulated Annual BD 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 14
Production Quarterly BD 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 0 13
Difference 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Construction Simulated Annual BD 28 37 23 3 8 5 1 -16 -23 66
Production Quarterly BD 28 35 22 2 8 5 3 -16 -22 65
Difference 0 2 1 1 0 0 -2 0 -1 1
Manufacturing Simulated Annual BD -4 5 3 -5 4 0 0 1 0 4
Production Quarterly BD -3 5 3 -5 3 0 0 1 0 4
Difference -1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Trade, transportation, and utilities Simulated Annual BD 12 23 7 0 16 13 27 3 5 106
Production Quarterly BD 8 25 14 -3 14 12 27 6 5 108
Difference 4 -2 -7 3 2 1 0 -3 0 -2
Information Simulated Annual BD 2 5 1 -1 3 -1 4 3 1 17
Production Quarterly BD 0 4 0 -1 3 -2 4 4 -1 11
Difference 2 1 1 0 0 1 0 -1 2 6
Financial activities Simulated Annual BD 3 7 2 -2 3 0 14 0 10 37
Production Quarterly BD 3 7 4 0 5 -1 15 1 11 45
Difference 0 0 -2 -2 -2 1 -1 -1 -1 -8
Professional and business services Simulated Annual BD 61 28 12 17 18 -7 60 -3 -3 183
Production Quarterly BD 63 29 12 20 19 -13 68 7 -11 194
Difference -2 -1 0 -3 -1 6 -8 -10 8 -11
Education and health services Simulated Annual BD 22 15 -11 9 15 16 47 7 2 122
Production Quarterly BD 17 14 -13 4 16 15 41 8 2 104
Difference 5 1 2 5 -1 1 6 -1 0 18
Leisure and hospitality Simulated Annual BD 72 76 79 45 18 -40 -40 -26 0 184
Production Quarterly BD 68 77 83 40 18 -42 -37 -25 1 183
Difference 4 -1 -4 5 0 2 -3 -1 -1 1
Other services Simulated Annual BD 9 7 4 -2 2 -1 3 -1 0 21
Production Quarterly BD 8 7 5 -5 2 -1 3 -2 0 17
Difference 1 0 -1 3 0 0 0 1 0 4
Total Private Simulated Annual BD 206 205 122 66 89 -14 118 -31 -7 754
Production Quarterly BD 193 205 132 54 90 -26 126 -15 -15 744
Difference 13 0 -10 12 -1 12 -8 -16 8 10

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2012
Industry Birth Death April May June July August September October November December Cumulative
Mining and logging Simulated Annual BD 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 0 0 12
Production Quarterly BD 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 0 13
Difference 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 -1
Construction Simulated Annual BD 24 37 22 -6 7 3 2 -17 -22 50
Production Quarterly BD 29 36 22 3 8 5 -1 -16 -21 65
Difference -5 1 0 -9 -1 -2 3 -1 -1 -15
Manufacturing Simulated Annual BD -6 7 4 -8 4 0 -2 1 1 1
Production Quarterly BD -4 6 3 -6 3 1 -2 2 0 3
Difference -2 1 1 -2 1 -1 0 -1 1 -2
Trade, transportation, and utilities Simulated Annual BD 5 25 12 -12 13 8 27 2 5 85
Production Quarterly BD 11 23 8 -3 16 14 23 3 5 100
Difference -6 2 4 -9 -3 -6 4 -1 0 -15
Information Simulated Annual BD 2 4 1 -2 4 1 3 3 3 19
Production Quarterly BD 2 5 1 -2 4 0 3 3 2 18
Difference 0 -1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1
Financial activities Simulated Annual BD -7 8 5 -6 2 -3 14 1 9 23
Production Quarterly BD 2 6 3 -3 3 0 12 1 10 34
Difference -9 2 2 -3 -1 -3 2 0 -1 -11
Professional and business services Simulated Annual BD 58 26 20 2 20 -8 52 -1 -4 165
Production Quarterly BD 61 29 12 11 18 -6 53 -4 -1 173
Difference -3 -3 8 -9 2 -2 -1 3 -3 -8
Education and health services Simulated Annual BD 16 18 -7 4 15 12 49 9 2 118
Production Quarterly BD 22 14 -13 8 14 18 41 7 3 114
Difference -6 4 6 -4 1 -6 8 2 -1 4
Leisure and hospitality Simulated Annual BD 72 76 77 38 19 -38 -35 -25 0 184
Production Quarterly BD 74 76 82 45 17 -41 -43 -25 -2 183
Difference -2 0 -5 -7 2 3 8 0 2 1
Other services Simulated Annual BD 7 8 5 -7 3 -2 4 -2 0 16
Production Quarterly BD 8 7 4 -3 2 -1 2 -1 0 18
Difference -1 1 1 -4 1 -1 2 -1 0 -2
Total Private Simulated Annual BD 172 211 141 5 89 -26 116 -29 -6 673
Production Quarterly BD 206 204 124 52 87 -9 90 -29 -4 721
Difference -34 7 17 -47 2 -17 26 0 -2 -48

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2011
Industry Birth Death April May June July August September October November December Cumulative
Mining and logging Simulated Annual BD 0 1 2 1 1 1 1 0 0 7
Production Quarterly BD 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 0 0 10
Difference -1 -1 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 -3
Construction Simulated Annual BD 8 36 21 -18 5 4 0 -16 -20 20
Production Quarterly BD 25 35 21 -8 6 2 2 -17 -23 43
Difference -17 1 0 -10 -1 2 -2 1 3 -23
Manufacturing Simulated Annual BD -9 7 5 -11 3 0 -3 1 1 -6
Production Quarterly BD -7 6 4 -10 4 0 -2 2 1 -2
Difference -2 1 1 -1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 -4
Trade, transportation, and utilities Simulated Annual BD -1 21 12 -19 11 6 16 2 9 57
Production Quarterly BD 4 25 10 -15 13 4 23 2 7 73
Difference -5 -4 2 -4 -2 2 -7 0 2 -16
Information Simulated Annual BD 2 3 1 -3 4 0 4 2 1 14
Production Quarterly BD 2 4 1 -2 3 2 2 2 3 17
Difference 0 -1 0 -1 1 -2 2 0 -2 -3
Financial activities Simulated Annual BD -2 6 5 -11 5 -1 11 1 11 25
Production Quarterly BD 0 7 2 -6 2 -3 14 1 8 25
Difference -2 -1 3 -5 3 2 -3 0 3 0
Professional and business services Simulated Annual BD 50 18 15 -1 19 -9 42 5 2 141
Production Quarterly BD 57 26 19 -1 18 -15 52 -1 -7 148
Difference -7 -8 -4 0 1 6 -10 6 9 -7
Education and health services Simulated Annual BD 20 15 -7 2 19 11 45 10 5 120
Production Quarterly BD 18 18 -9 -1 16 7 46 8 0 103
Difference 2 -3 2 3 3 4 -1 2 5 17
Leisure and hospitality Simulated Annual BD 66 78 72 29 21 -36 -44 -24 0 162
Production Quarterly BD 67 75 76 33 20 -38 -38 -24 0 171
Difference -1 3 -4 -4 1 2 -6 0 0 -9
Other services Simulated Annual BD 7 7 5 -7 3 -1 -1 0 2 15
Production Quarterly BD 8 8 5 -9 3 -3 2 -2 0 12
Difference -1 -1 0 2 0 2 -3 2 2 3
Total Private Simulated Annual BD 141 192 131 -38 91 -25 71 -19 11 555
Production Quarterly BD 175 206 131 -18 87 -43 102 -29 -11 600
Difference -34 -14 0 -20 4 18 -31 10 22 -45

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2010
Industry Birth Death April May June July August September October November December Cumulative
Mining and logging Production Annual BD 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 0 0 12
Simulated Quarterly BD -4 0 2 1 1 0 0 0 1 1
Difference 5 2 0 1 1 1 2 0 -1 11
Construction Production Annual BD 22 41 24 -8 12 7 -2 -16 -21 59
Simulated Quarterly BD 4 28 12 -25 0 1 -1 -8 -17 -6
Difference 18 13 12 17 12 6 -1 -8 -4 65
Manufacturing Production Annual BD -7 7 5 -12 6 3 -4 3 2 3
Simulated Quarterly BD -5 1 1 -4 0 -1 -2 1 0 -9
Difference -2 6 4 -8 6 4 -2 2 2 12
Trade, transportation, and utilities Production Annual BD 8 26 15 -9 17 15 16 10 12 110
Simulated Quarterly BD -4 9 5 -21 6 4 9 2 3 13
Difference 12 17 10 12 11 11 7 8 9 97
Information Production Annual BD 1 5 1 -1 5 0 2 1 2 16
Simulated Quarterly BD 3 3 0 -2 2 -1 2 1 0 8
Difference -2 2 1 1 3 1 0 0 2 8
Financial activities Production Annual BD -5 8 5 -9 4 3 6 -1 11 22
Simulated Quarterly BD -3 7 5 -19 3 -2 9 -1 8 7
Difference -2 1 0 10 1 5 -3 0 3 15
Professional and business services Production Annual BD 63 27 16 4 26 6 45 2 1 190
Simulated Quarterly BD 33 13 11 -8 16 -9 43 -7 0 92
Difference 30 14 5 12 10 15 2 9 1 98
Education and health services Production Annual BD 24 13 -7 6 16 17 36 12 8 125
Simulated Quarterly BD 14 9 -8 -4 14 9 34 9 2 79
Difference 10 4 1 10 2 8 2 3 6 46
Leisure and hospitality Production Annual BD 73 78 80 38 23 -41 -39 -18 7 201
Simulated Quarterly BD 60 74 72 23 22 -37 -45 -22 2 149
Difference 13 4 8 15 1 -4 6 4 5 52
Other services Production Annual BD 8 8 6 -5 4 0 -1 -1 2 21
Simulated Quarterly BD 6 4 2 -10 1 0 -2 0 1 2
Difference 2 4 4 5 3 0 1 -1 1 19
Total Private Production Annual BD 188 215 147 6 115 11 61 -8 24 759
Simulated Quarterly BD 104 148 102 -69 65 -36 47 -25 0 336
Difference 84 67 45 75 50 47 14 17 24 423

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2009
Quarterly series are simulated and were not used in estimation.
Industry Birth Death April May June July August September October November December Cumulative
Mining and logging Production Annual BD 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 0 11
Simulated Quarterly BD 0 1 2 3 1 1 2 0 0 10
Difference 1 1 0 -2 1 0 -1 1 0 1
Construction Production Annual BD 38 43 31 -1 15 11 5 -7 -12 123
Simulated Quarterly BD 22 35 16 -5 5 2 1 -8 -18 50
Difference 16 8 15 4 10 9 4 1 6 73
Manufacturing Production Annual BD -8 7 7 -9 4 3 -7 3 2 2
Simulated Quarterly BD -4 1 1 -7 2 -1 -5 3 0 -10
Difference -4 6 6 -2 2 4 -2 0 2 12
Trade, transportation, and utilities Production Annual BD 16 30 21 -5 18 20 26 16 18 160
Simulated Quarterly BD 4 12 10 -2 8 9 10 7 5 63
Difference 12 18 11 -3 10 11 16 9 13 97
Information Production Annual BD 5 5 2 -2 5 0 1 3 3 22
Simulated Quarterly BD 2 4 1 3 5 -2 5 6 0 24
Difference 3 1 1 -5 0 2 -4 -3 3 -2
Financial activities Production Annual BD 1 7 7 -3 4 5 14 4 15 54
Simulated Quarterly BD -6 4 2 -10 3 1 1 -2 10 3
Difference 7 3 5 7 1 4 13 6 5 51
Professional and business services Production Annual BD 65 28 25 8 26 5 49 11 9 226
Simulated Quarterly BD 62 22 13 6 25 7 43 6 0 184
Difference 3 6 12 2 1 -2 6 5 9 42
Education and health services Production Annual BD 25 13 -5 6 16 19 33 13 9 129
Simulated Quarterly BD 18 7 -9 3 13 17 28 9 6 92
Difference 7 6 4 3 3 2 5 4 3 37
Leisure and hospitality Production Annual BD 76 77 87 43 24 -33 -36 -14 12 236
Simulated Quarterly BD 75 79 82 40 23 -43 -43 -16 4 201
Difference 1 -2 5 3 1 10 7 2 8 35
Other services Production Annual BD 7 8 8 -6 4 3 0 0 3 27
Simulated Quarterly BD 9 5 3 -5 1 2 -2 0 1 14
Difference -2 3 5 -1 3 1 2 0 2 13
Total Private Production Annual BD 226 220 185 32 118 34 86 30 59 990
Simulated Quarterly BD 182 170 121 26 86 -7 40 5 8 631
Difference 44 50 64 6 32 41 46 25 51 359

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2008
Quarterly series are simulated and were not used in estimation.
Industry Birth Death April May June July August September October November December Cumulative
Mining and logging Production Annual BD 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 0 1 12
Simulated Quarterly BD 1 1 2 0 2 1 1 1 0 9
Difference 0 1 0 1 0 1 0 -1 1 3
Construction Production Annual BD 45 42 29 1 16 12 7 -7 -8 137
Simulated Quarterly BD 33 36 18 1 4 4 8 -4 -9 91
Difference 12 6 11 0 12 8 -1 -3 1 46
Manufacturing Production Annual BD -10 9 7 -14 4 3 -6 3 3 -1
Simulated Quarterly BD -2 1 1 -3 0 -1 -1 4 0 -1
Difference -8 8 6 -11 4 4 -5 -1 3 0
Trade, transportation, and utilities Production Annual BD 24 31 20 -12 21 20 23 17 20 164
Simulated Quarterly BD 15 16 11 -1 9 14 21 14 8 107
Difference 9 15 9 -11 12 6 2 3 12 57
Information Production Annual BD 3 5 1 -5 4 1 1 3 3 16
Simulated Quarterly BD 0 4 2 -2 4 -1 -2 2 2 9
Difference 3 1 -1 -3 0 2 3 1 1 7
Financial activities Production Annual BD 8 9 8 -4 9 8 13 5 18 74
Simulated Quarterly BD -2 5 5 -6 0 2 6 0 12 22
Difference 10 4 3 2 9 6 7 5 6 52
Professional and business services Production Annual BD 72 23 22 -2 23 10 43 11 10 212
Simulated Quarterly BD 41 16 16 5 24 2 48 8 6 166
Difference 31 7 6 -7 -1 8 -5 3 4 46
Education and health services Production Annual BD 31 11 -5 3 16 18 30 10 10 124
Simulated Quarterly BD 15 7 -5 5 11 17 31 9 4 94
Difference 16 4 0 -2 5 1 -1 1 6 30
Leisure and hospitality Production Annual BD 83 77 86 44 26 -35 -40 -12 12 241
Simulated Quarterly BD 78 75 82 38 25 -30 -41 -5 9 231
Difference 5 2 4 6 1 -5 1 -7 3 10
Other services Production Annual BD 10 8 7 -8 4 3 -1 0 3 26
Simulated Quarterly BD 6 2 5 -5 1 3 -1 0 1 12
Difference 4 6 2 -3 3 0 0 0 2 14
Total Private Production Annual BD 267 217 177 4 125 42 71 30 72 1,005
Simulated Quarterly BD 185 163 137 32 80 11 70 29 33 740
Difference 82 54 40 -28 45 31 1 1 39 265

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2007
Quarterly series are simulated and were not used in estimation.
Industry Birth Death April May June July August September October November December Cumulative
Mining and logging Production Annual BD 2 1 1 2 1 1 0 0 0 8
Simulated Quarterly BD 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 11
Difference 1 -1 -1 1 0 0 -1 -1 -1 -3
Construction Production Annual BD 49 40 26 8 15 12 14 -3 -9 152
Simulated Quarterly BD 41 35 21 -1 7 3 8 -5 -7 102
Difference 8 5 5 9 8 9 6 2 -2 50
Manufacturing Production Annual BD 3 7 7 -10 4 3 -5 4 2 15
Simulated Quarterly BD -1 2 1 -9 0 -1 -1 1 0 -8
Difference 4 5 6 -1 4 4 -4 3 2 23
Trade, transportation, and utilities Production Annual BD 30 29 19 -13 22 16 28 24 23 178
Simulated Quarterly BD 17 18 13 -6 11 13 20 15 11 112
Difference 13 11 6 -7 11 3 8 9 12 66
Information Production Annual BD 7 5 -1 -3 3 -3 4 4 3 19
Simulated Quarterly BD 3 2 5 -6 3 -2 6 6 7 24
Difference 4 3 -6 3 0 -1 -2 -2 -4 -5
Financial activities Production Annual BD 26 7 6 6 11 6 25 8 17 112
Simulated Quarterly BD 10 6 5 -4 4 3 13 2 15 54
Difference 16 1 1 10 7 3 12 6 2 58
Professional and business services Production Annual BD 44 19 20 -5 20 6 36 12 5 157
Simulated Quarterly BD 73 19 19 0 19 7 36 6 4 183
Difference -29 0 1 -5 1 -1 0 6 1 -26
Education and health services Production Annual BD 47 13 -9 5 14 11 39 11 9 140
Simulated Quarterly BD 28 7 -7 -1 12 16 27 6 7 95
Difference 19 6 -2 6 2 -5 12 5 2 45
Leisure and hospitality Production Annual BD 95 75 81 44 26 -36 -37 -10 14 252
Simulated Quarterly BD 83 75 82 41 24 -34 -37 -11 12 235
Difference 12 0 -1 3 2 -2 0 1 2 17
Other services Production Annual BD 14 7 6 -8 4 1 -1 1 2 26
Simulated Quarterly BD 8 4 5 -9 2 2 -1 0 1 12
Difference 6 3 1 1 2 -1 0 1 1 14
Total Private Production Annual BD 317 203 156 26 120 17 103 51 66 1,059
Simulated Quarterly BD 263 170 146 6 83 8 72 21 51 820
Difference 54 33 10 20 37 9 31 30 15 239

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2006
Quarterly series are simulated and were not used in estimation.
Industry Birth Death April May June July August September October November December Cumulative
Mining and logging Production Annual BD 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 7
Simulated Quarterly BD 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 5
Difference 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2
Construction Production Annual BD 36 39 29 -8 14 10 8 -8 -7 113
Simulated Quarterly BD 39 32 19 4 6 5 12 -3 -8 106
Difference -3 7 10 -12 8 5 -4 -5 1 7
Manufacturing Production Annual BD -1 7 9 -21 2 5 -4 3 2 2
Simulated Quarterly BD -3 0 2 -4 -1 -1 -1 1 0 -7
Difference 2 7 7 -17 3 6 -3 2 2 9
Trade, transportation, and utilities Production Annual BD 23 26 20 -28 23 19 24 20 20 147
Simulated Quarterly BD 18 18 11 -7 10 12 22 11 8 103
Difference 5 8 9 -21 13 7 2 9 12 44
Information Production Annual BD 7 4 -2 -6 6 -6 4 7 -1 13
Simulated Quarterly BD 2 1 0 -4 2 -1 0 1 2 3
Difference 5 3 -2 -2 4 -5 4 6 -3 10
Financial activities Production Annual BD 19 5 6 -11 7 3 19 4 9 61
Simulated Quarterly BD 7 2 4 -2 6 3 15 3 14 52
Difference 12 3 2 -9 1 0 4 1 -5 9
Professional and business services Production Annual BD 62 33 28 -8 22 10 30 1 12 190
Simulated Quarterly BD 72 18 20 -5 18 9 33 5 4 174
Difference -10 15 8 -3 4 1 -3 -4 8 16
Education and health services Production Annual BD 31 13 -4 -4 16 11 33 10 7 113
Simulated Quarterly BD 24 10 -7 7 13 15 28 4 8 102
Difference 7 3 3 -11 3 -4 5 6 -1 11
Leisure and hospitality Production Annual BD 85 76 81 38 25 -28 -41 -9 11 238
Simulated Quarterly BD 88 77 83 47 27 -36 -40 -9 12 249
Difference -3 -1 -2 -9 -2 8 -1 0 -1 -11
Other services Production Annual BD 8 7 7 -10 5 3 -1 1 2 22
Simulated Quarterly BD 10 3 5 -5 2 1 -4 1 1 14
Difference -2 4 2 -5 3 2 3 0 1 8
Total Private Production Annual BD 271 211 175 -57 121 28 73 29 55 906
Simulated Quarterly BD 258 161 138 32 84 8 65 14 41 801
Difference 13 50 37 -89 37 20 8 15 14 105

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2005
Quarterly series are simulated and were not used in estimation.
Industry Birth Death April May June July August September October November December Cumulative
Mining and logging Production Annual BD 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 7
Simulated Quarterly BD -2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Difference 3 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 7
Construction Production Annual BD 34 38 29 -11 16 11 0 -9 -9 99
Simulated Quarterly BD 35 28 17 -5 6 4 9 -6 -6 82
Difference -1 10 12 -6 10 7 -9 -3 -3 17
Manufacturing Production Annual BD 1 8 8 -21 0 6 -4 3 4 5
Simulated Quarterly BD -5 0 1 -5 -1 -1 2 1 0 -8
Difference 6 8 7 -16 1 7 -6 2 4 13
Trade, transportation, and utilities Production Annual BD 18 26 23 -25 25 19 13 16 20 135
Simulated Quarterly BD 14 18 14 -15 13 13 18 7 10 92
Difference 4 8 9 -10 12 6 -5 9 10 43
Information Production Annual BD 11 7 0 -3 5 -3 6 4 2 29
Simulated Quarterly BD 5 3 0 -7 3 -2 2 1 0 5
Difference 6 4 0 4 2 -1 4 3 2 24
Financial activities Production Annual BD 13 10 11 -13 10 9 10 6 13 69
Simulated Quarterly BD 18 4 4 -2 8 2 11 0 10 55
Difference -5 6 7 -11 2 7 -1 6 3 14
Professional and business services Production Annual BD 64 19 25 -15 23 13 35 -5 0 159
Simulated Quarterly BD 63 19 21 -11 22 7 37 5 6 169
Difference 1 0 4 -4 1 6 -2 -10 -6 -10
Education and health services Production Annual BD 21 14 -1 -11 19 19 20 9 8 98
Simulated Quarterly BD 19 7 -5 0 14 14 26 6 6 87
Difference 2 7 4 -11 5 5 -6 3 2 11
Leisure and hospitality Production Annual BD 90 75 81 32 27 -25 -42 -8 12 242
Simulated Quarterly BD 77 72 82 40 26 -23 -40 -11 10 233
Difference 13 3 -1 -8 1 -2 -2 3 2 9
Other services Production Annual BD 5 9 7 -10 6 4 -2 2 3 24
Simulated Quarterly BD 5 3 5 -8 1 1 -1 1 2 9
Difference 0 6 2 -2 5 3 -1 1 1 15
Total Private Production Annual BD 258 207 184 -76 132 54 37 18 53 867
Simulated Quarterly BD 229 155 140 -13 92 15 64 4 38 724
Difference 29 52 44 -63 40 39 -27 14 15 143

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Comparison of Annual Birth/Death to Quarterly Birth/Death for 2004
Quarterly series are simulated and were not used in estimation.
Industry Birth Death April May June July August September October November December Cumulative
Mining and logging Production Annual BD 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 3
Simulated Quarterly BD -1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Difference 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Construction Production Annual BD 38 39 31 -7 16 10 2 -7 -10 112
Simulated Quarterly BD 30 29 19 -6 6 5 4 -8 -7 72
Difference 8 10 12 -1 10 5 -2 1 -3 40
Manufacturing Production Annual BD 3 8 7 -22 4 6 -10 5 1 2
Simulated Quarterly BD 2 0 1 -8 0 -2 0 1 0 -6
Difference 1 8 6 -14 4 8 -10 4 1 8
Trade, transportation, and utilities Production Annual BD 19 23 22 -15 21 19 10 22 18 139
Simulated Quarterly BD 20 16 14 -11 12 13 16 11 16 107
Difference -1 7 8 -4 9 6 -6 11 2 32
Information Production Annual BD 2 3 1 -6 3 -2 2 4 2 9
Simulated Quarterly BD 11 2 0 0 4 -1 2 3 1 22
Difference -9 1 1 -6 -1 -1 0 1 1 -13
Financial activities Production Annual BD 16 7 10 -18 8 6 11 10 13 63
Simulated Quarterly BD 20 8 5 -1 5 2 11 3 10 63
Difference -4 -1 5 -17 3 4 0 7 3 0
Professional and business services Production Annual BD 66 26 24 -32 24 14 41 17 33 213
Simulated Quarterly BD 61 13 22 -10 25 14 2 -5 2 124
Difference 5 13 2 -22 -1 0 39 22 31 89
Education and health services Production Annual BD 37 11 -2 -10 17 15 29 12 8 117
Simulated Quarterly BD 16 10 0 -3 18 18 20 7 8 94
Difference 21 1 -2 -7 -1 -3 9 5 0 23
Leisure and hospitality Production Annual BD 80 71 81 30 21 -31 -40 -10 11 213
Simulated Quarterly BD 80 72 79 43 23 -25 -39 -12 12 233
Difference 0 -1 2 -13 -2 -6 -1 2 -1 -20
Other services Production Annual BD 9 6 7 -11 5 2 -3 1 2 18
Simulated Quarterly BD 5 2 4 -7 3 2 -3 1 2 9
Difference 4 4 3 -4 2 0 0 0 0 9
Total Private Production Annual BD 270 195 182 -91 120 39 42 54 78 889
Simulated Quarterly BD 244 153 145 -3 96 26 13 1 44 719
Difference 26 42 37 -88 24 13 29 53 34 170

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Last Modified Date: May 6, 2016