Table 1600. Number of earners in consumer unit: Shares of average annual expenditures and characteristics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1991 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | | | | Single consumers | Consumer units of two or more persons | All | | _______________________ _______________________________________________ Item | consumer | | | | | | | units | No earner |One earner | No earner |One earner |Two earners| Three or | | | | | | | more | | | | | | | ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | | | | | | Number of consumer units (in thousands).........| 97,918 | 10,364 | 16,802 | 8,928 | 19,146 | 32,766 | 9,912 | | | | | | | Consumer unit characteristics: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Income before taxes 1/........................| \$33,901 | \$10,327 | \$22,746 | \$18,556 | \$31,661 | \$46,013 | \$56,122 Income after taxes 1/.........................| 30,729 | 9,947 | 20,183 | 17,157 | 29,053 | 41,376 | 51,135 Age of reference person.......................| 47.5 | 70.1 | 38.2 | 62.7 | 47.7 | 41.2 | 46.6 | | | | | | | Average number in consumer unit: | | | | | | | Persons.....................................| 2.6 | 1.0 | 1.0 | 2.5 | 3.0 | 3.1 | 4.4 Children under 18...........................| .7 | n.a. | n.a. | .5 | 1.1 | .9 | 1.2 Persons 65 and over.........................| .3 | .8 | .1 | 1.2 | .3 | .1 | .1 Earners.....................................| 1.4 | n.a. | 1.0 | n.a. | 1.0 | 2.0 | 3.3 Vehicles....................................| 2.0 | .7 | 1.2 | 1.5 | 2.0 | 2.4 | 3.4 | | | | | | | Percent distribution: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Sex of reference person: | | | | | | | Male......................................| 65 | 27 | 55 | 66 | 65 | 79 | 80 Female....................................| 35 | 73 | 45 | 34 | 35 | 21 | 20 | | | | | | | Housing tenure: | | | | | | | Percent homeowner.........................| 63 | 57 | 33 | 71 | 67 | 71 | 81 With mortgage...........................| 39 | 7 | 21 | 14 | 40 | 56 | 64 Without mortgage........................| 25 | 50 | 12 | 57 | 27 | 16 | 16 Renter....................................| 37 | 43 | 67 | 29 | 33 | 29 | 19 | | | | | | | Race of reference person: | | | | | | | Black.....................................| 11 | 11 | 10 | 15 | 14 | 8 | 11 White and other...........................| 89 | 89 | 90 | 85 | 86 | 92 | 89 | | | | | | | Education of reference person: | | | | | | | Elementary (1-8)..........................| 10 | 27 | 4 | 20 | 11 | 5 | 7 High school (9-12)........................| 43 | 45 | 32 | 56 | 48 | 42 | 44 College...................................| 46 | 26 | 64 | 23 | 41 | 53 | 48 Never attended and other..................| 1 | 2 | (2) | 1 | 1 | (2) | 1 | | | | | | | At least one vehicle owned..................| 86 | 57 | 80 | 77 | 89 | 96 | 97 | | | | | | | Average annual expenditures.....................| \$29,614 | \$12,744 | \$20,499 | \$19,529 | \$29,407 | \$37,581 | \$45,513 | | | | | | | Food..........................................| 14.4 | 14.7 | 12.3 | 18.2 | 15.0 | 13.9 | 14.9 Food at home................................| 9.0 | 10.8 | 5.9 | 13.9 | 10.1 | 8.3 | 9.1 Cereals and bakery products...............| 1.4 | 1.8 | .9 | 2.1 | 1.5 | 1.3 | 1.4 Cereals and cereal products.............| .5 | .6 | .3 | .8 | .6 | .5 | .5 Bakery products.........................| .9 | 1.2 | .6 | 1.3 | 1.0 | .8 | .9 Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs............| 2.4 | 2.8 | 1.4 | 4.0 | 2.7 | 2.2 | 2.6 Beef....................................| .8 | .8 | .4 | 1.2 | .9 | .7 | .9 Pork....................................| .5 | .6 | .2 | 1.0 | .6 | .4 | .5 Other meats.............................| .3 | .4 | .2 | .6 | .4 | .3 | .4 Poultry.................................| .4 | .6 | .3 | .6 | .5 | .4 | .4 Fish and seafood........................| .3 | .3 | .2 | .4 | .3 | .3 | .3 Eggs....................................| .1 | .1 | .1 | .2 | .1 | .1 | .1 | | | | | | | Dairy products............................| 1.0 | 1.3 | .6 | 1.4 | 1.1 | .9 | 1.0 Fresh milk and cream....................| .4 | .6 | .3 | .7 | .5 | .4 | .4 Other dairy products....................| .6 | .7 | .4 | .8 | .6 | .5 | .6 Fruits and vegetables.....................| 1.4 | 2.0 | 1.0 | 2.4 | 1.7 | 1.3 | 1.3 Fresh fruits............................| .5 | .6 | .3 | .7 | .5 | .4 | .4 Fresh vegetables........................| .4 | .6 | .3 | .7 | .5 | .4 | .4 Processed fruits........................| .3 | .5 | .2 | .6 | .4 | .3 | .3 Processed vegetables....................| .2 | .3 | .1 | .4 | .3 | .2 | .2 | | | | | | | Other food at home........................| 2.8 | 3.0 | 2.0 | 4.0 | 3.0 | 2.6 | 2.8 Sugar and other sweets..................| .3 | .5 | .2 | .5 | .4 | .3 | .3 Fats and oils...........................| .2 | .3 | .1 | .4 | .3 | .2 | .2 Miscellaneous foods.....................| 1.3 | 1.3 | .9 | 1.8 | 1.3 | 1.2 | 1.3 Nonalcoholic beverages..................| .8 | .9 | .5 | 1.1 | .8 | .7 | .8 Food prepared by consumer unit | | | | | | | on out-of-town trips...................| .1 | .1 | .1 | .2 | .2 | .1 | .2 Food away from home.........................| 5.5 | 3.9 | 6.4 | 4.2 | 4.9 | 5.6 | 5.9 | | | | | | | Alcoholic beverages...........................| 1.0 | .6 | 1.8 | .9 | .8 | .9 | .9 | | | | | | | Housing.......................................| 31.2 | 38.7 | 33.6 | 33.2 | 32.6 | 30.4 | 27.2 Shelter.....................................| 17.5 | 21.8 | 22.0 | 15.7 | 17.5 | 17.1 | 14.8 Owned dwellings...........................| 11.1 | 9.9 | 8.5 | 9.0 | 11.4 | 12.0 | 11.2 Mortgage interest and charges...........| 6.5 | 1.5 | 5.3 | 1.7 | 6.6 | 7.9 | 7.0 Property taxes..........................| 2.7 | 4.4 | 1.8 | 3.8 | 2.8 | 2.5 | 2.7 Maintenance, repairs, insurance, | | | | | | | other expenses.........................| 1.9 | 4.0 | 1.3 | 3.5 | 2.0 | 1.7 | 1.5 | | | | | | | Rented dwellings..........................| 5.4 | 11.3 | 12.4 | 5.3 | 5.1 | 4.0 | 2.3 Other lodging.............................| 1.1 | .6 | 1.0 | 1.4 | 1.0 | 1.1 | 1.3 | | | | | | | Utilities, fuels, and public services.......| 6.7 | 10.0 | 6.0 | 9.6 | 7.5 | 6.0 | 6.3 Natural gas...............................| .8 | 1.5 | .7 | 1.4 | 1.0 | .7 | .7 Electricity...............................| 2.7 | 3.8 | 2.2 | 4.0 | 3.0 | 2.5 | 2.5 Fuel oil and other fuels..................| .3 | .8 | .2 | .6 | .4 | .3 | .3 Telephone services........................| 2.1 | 2.8 | 2.5 | 2.4 | 2.3 | 1.8 | 1.9 Water and other public services...........| .7 | 1.2 | .5 | 1.1 | .8 | .7 | .7 Household operations........................| 1.5 | 2.2 | .7 | 2.1 | 1.6 | 1.8 | .9 Personal services.........................| .7 | .5 | 3/.1 | .8 | .7 | 1.0 | .3 Other household expenses..................| .8 | 1.7 | .6 | 1.3 | .9 | .7 | .6 | | | | | | | Housekeeping supplies.......................| 1.4 | 1.7 | 1.1 | 2.1 | 1.6 | 1.4 | 1.4 Laundry and cleaning supplies.............| .4 | .4 | .3 | .6 | .5 | .4 | .4 Other household products..................| .6 | .6 | .4 | .9 | .7 | .6 | .6 Postage and stationery....................| .4 | .6 | .5 | .6 | .4 | .4 | .3 Household furnishings and equipment.........| 4.1 | 2.9 | 3.9 | 3.7 | 4.5 | 4.1 | 3.9 Household textiles........................| .3 | .4 | .2 | .3 | .5 | .3 | .3 Furniture.................................| 1.0 | .6 | .8 | .9 | 1.1 | 1.1 | .9 Floor coverings...........................| .4 | 3/.1 | .6 | .3 | .5 | .3 | .3 Major appliances..........................| .4 | .4 | .3 | .7 | .5 | .4 | .5 Small appliances, miscellaneous housewares| .3 | .3 | .2 | .3 | .3 | .3 | .2 Miscellaneous household equipment.........| 1.6 | 1.1 | 1.7 | 1.2 | 1.6 | 1.7 | 1.7 | | | | | | | Apparel and services..........................| 5.9 | 4.4 | 6.0 | 5.6 | 6.1 | 5.7 | 6.4 Men and boys................................| 1.4 | .5 | 1.5 | 1.3 | 1.5 | 1.4 | 1.7 Men, 16 and over..........................| 1.2 | .5 | 1.4 | 1.0 | 1.0 | 1.2 | 1.4 Boys, 2 to 15.............................| .3 | (4) | .1 | .3 | .5 | .3 | .3 Women and girls.............................| 2.4 | 2.4 | 2.5 | 2.2 | 2.4 | 2.3 | 2.6 Women, 16 and over........................| 2.1 | 2.4 | 2.4 | 2.0 | 1.9 | 1.9 | 2.3 Girls, 2 to 15............................| .3 | (4) | (4) | .2 | .5 | .4 | .4 Children under 2............................| .3 | .1 | .1 | .3 | .4 | .3 | .2 Footwear....................................| .8 | .7 | .8 | 1.0 | 1.0 | .7 | 1.0 Other apparel products and services.........| .9 | .6 | 1.1 | .7 | .8 | 1.0 | .9 | | | | | | | Transportation................................| 17.4 | 10.4 | 16.7 | 15.8 | 17.6 | 18.1 | 18.5 Vehicle purchases (net outlay)..............| 7.1 | 3.2 | 6.4 | 6.1 | 8.0 | 7.6 | 6.8 Cars and trucks, new......................| 3.6 | 3/1.1 | 3.4 | 4.3 | 4.2 | 3.8 | 3.3 Cars and trucks, used.....................| 3.4 | 2.1 | 2.9 | 1.8 | 3.8 | 3.7 | 3.5 Other vehicles............................| .1 | (5) | .1 | (5) | (4) | .1 | (4) Gasoline and motor oil......................| 3.4 | 2.2 | 3.1 | 3.1 | 3.4 | 3.4 | 3.8 | | | | | | | Other vehicle expenses......................| 5.9 | 3.9 | 5.8 | 5.2 | 5.3 | 6.1 | 6.9 Vehicle finance charges...................| 1.0 | .2 | .8 | .4 | .8 | 1.1 | 1.2 Maintenance and repairs...................| 2.1 | 1.6 | 2.1 | 2.0 | 1.9 | 2.1 | 2.4 Vehicle insurance.........................| 2.1 | 1.8 | 2.0 | 2.1 | 1.9 | 2.1 | 2.5 Vehicle rental, leases, licenses, | | | | | | | other charges............................| .8 | .5 | .9 | .7 | .7 | .8 | .8 Public transportation.......................| 1.0 | 1.0 | 1.4 | 1.4 | 1.0 | .9 | .9 | | | | | | | Health care...................................| 5.2 | 11.4 | 3.6 | 10.7 | 5.7 | 4.4 | 4.3 Health insurance............................| 2.2 | 5.5 | 1.4 | 5.3 | 2.5 | 1.8 | 1.6 Medical services............................| 1.9 | 3.3 | 1.4 | 2.5 | 1.9 | 1.8 | 1.8 Drugs.......................................| .8 | 2.2 | .5 | 2.4 | 1.0 | .6 | .6 Medical supplies............................| .3 | .4 | .3 | .6 | .4 | .3 | .3 | | | | | | | Entertainment.................................| 5.0 | 3.0 | 5.7 | 4.3 | 4.5 | 5.4 | 4.7 Fees and admissions.........................| 1.3 | .8 | 1.5 | 1.2 | 1.2 | 1.3 | 1.3 Television, radios, sound equipment.........| 1.6 | 1.2 | 2.0 | 1.5 | 1.5 | 1.6 | 1.6 Pets, toys, and playground equipment........| .9 | .6 | .8 | .9 | .9 | 1.0 | .8 Other entertainment supplies, equipment, | | | | | | | and services...............................| 1.2 | .4 | 1.4 | .7 | 1.0 | 1.5 | 1.0 | | | | | | | Personal care products and services...........| 1.3 | 1.4 | 1.3 | 1.6 | 1.4 | 1.3 | 1.4 | | | | | | | Reading.......................................| .6 | .7 | .6 | .7 | .5 | .5 | .5 | | | | | | | Education.....................................| 1.5 | .9 | 2.2 | .5 | 1.2 | 1.3 | 2.6 | | | | | | | Tobacco products and smoking supplies.........| .9 | .8 | .9 | 1.1 | 1.0 | .9 | 1.0 | | | | | | | Miscellaneous.................................| 2.9 | 3.4 | 3.2 | 2.6 | 2.8 | 2.8 | 2.9 | | | | | | | Cash contributions............................| 3.2 | 8.6 | 2.8 | 3.1 | 2.5 | 2.9 | 3.9 | | | | | | | Personal insurance and pensions...............| 9.4 | .8 | 9.4 | 1.6 | 8.2 | 11.5 | 10.9 Life and other personal insurance...........| 1.2 | .7 | .6 | 1.1 | 1.2 | 1.3 | 1.4 Pensions and Social Security................| 8.2 | 3/.1 | 8.8 | 3/.4 | 6.9 | 10.2 | 9.5 | | | | | | | Sources of income and personal taxes: 1/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Money income before taxes.....................| \$33,901 | \$10,327 | \$22,746 | \$18,556 | \$31,661 | \$46,013 | \$56,122 Wages and salaries..........................| 75.4 | (5) | 86.0 | (5) | 66.9 | 86.1 | 84.9 Self-employment income......................| 7.5 | (5) | 4.6 | (5) | 10.0 | 7.9 | 9.6 | | | | | | | Social Security, private and government | | | | | | | retirement.................................| 10.6 | 75.5 | 3.3 | 70.9 | 14.3 | 2.8 | 2.2 Interest, dividends, rental income, other | | | | | | | property income............................| 3.4 | 16.3 | 3.0 | 17.2 | 4.1 | 1.6 | 1.4 Unemployment and workers' compensation, | | | | | | | veterans' benefits.........................| .7 | 1.1 | .4 | 1.4 | 1.1 | .6 | .6 Public assistance, supplemental security | | | | | | | income, food stamps........................| 1.1 | 4.0 | .1 | 9.0 | 2.0 | .3 | .4 Regular contributions for support...........| .8 | 2.0 | 1.7 | 1.2 | 1.3 | .4 | .6 Other income................................| .4 | 1.1 | .9 | .4 | .2 | .3 | .3 | | | | | | | Personal taxes................................| 9.4 | 3.7 | 11.3 | 7.5 | 8.2 | 10.1 | 8.9 Federal income taxes........................| 7.2 | 2.4 | 8.9 | 5.9 | 6.3 | 7.7 | 6.7 State and local income taxes................| 1.8 | .5 | 2.0 | 1.1 | 1.5 | 2.0 | 1.8 Other taxes.................................| .4 | .8 | .3 | .6 | .5 | .3 | .4 | | | | | | | Income after taxes............................| 90.6 | 96.3 | 88.7 | 92.5 | 91.8 | 89.9 | 91.1 | | | | | | | ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1/ Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary. 2/ Value less than 0.5. 3/ Data are likely to have large sampling errors. 4/ Value less than 0.05. 5/ No data reported. n.a. Not applicable.