Table 1900. Occupation of reference person: Shares of average annual expenditures and characteristics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1990 __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | | | | | Wage and salary earners | | | | | | _____________________________________________________ | | | | | | | | |All other, | Self- | Total | Mana- |Techni- | |Construc-| Opera- | |including Item |employed| wage | gers | cal, | | tion |tors, fab-|Retired| not |workers | and | and | sales |Service| workers | ricators | |reporting | |salary |profes-| and |workers| and me- | and | | | |earners|sionals|clerical| | chanics | laborers | | | | | |workers | | | | | | | | | | | | | | __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | | | | | | | | Number of consumer units (in thousands).........| 6,084 | 65,536| 20,746| 18,066 | 7,111| 6,502 | 13,111 | 16,253| 9,094 | | | | | | | | | Consumer unit characteristics: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Income before taxes 1/........................|\$37,508 |\$36,950|\$51,359|\$33,487 |\$21,798| \$33,587 | \$28,692 |\$18,188| \$15,874 Income after taxes 1/.........................| 34,683 | 33,272| 45,452| 30,216 | 20,159| 30,687 | 26,516 | 17,161| 14,718 Average number of persons in consumer unit....| 2.7 | 2.7| 2.7| 2.5 | 2.5| 3.1 | 3.0 | 1.7| 2.7 Age of reference person.......................| 47.9 | 40.2| 41.1| 39.6 | 40.3| 39.4 | 40.0 | 73.2| 50.3 | | | | | | | | | Average number in consumer unit: | | | | | | | | | Earners.....................................| 1.8 | 1.7| 1.8| 1.7 | 1.6| 1.9 | 1.8 | .2| .5 Vehicles....................................| 2.5 | 2.1| 2.3| 1.9 | 1.6| 2.6 | 2.3 | 1.5| 1.2 Children under 18...........................| .7 | .8| .8| .7 | .7| 1.0 | 1.0 | .1| .9 Persons 65 and over.........................| .2 | .1| .1| .1 | .1| .1 | .1 | 1.2| .3 | | | | | | | | | Percent distribution: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Sex of reference person: | | | | | | | | | Male......................................| 84 | 69| 72| 53 | 51| 95 | 83 | 57| 32 Female....................................| 16 | 31| 28| 47 | 49| 5 | 17 | 43| 68 | | | | | | | | | Housing tenure: | | | | | | | | | Percent homeowner.........................| 76 | 59| 69| 55 | 43| 65 | 56 | 79| 48 Homeowner with mortgage.................| 47 | 46| 60| 41 | 29| 49 | 40 | 14| 19 Homeowner without mortgage..............| 29 | 13| 9| 13 | 14| 16 | 16 | 65| 28 Renter....................................| 24 | 41| 31| 45 | 57| 35 | 44 | 21| 52 | | | | | | | | | Race of reference person: | | | | | | | | | Black.....................................| 6 | 11| 6| 12 | 23| 6 | 14 | 7| 25 White and other...........................| 94 | 89| 94| 88 | 77| 94 | 86 | 93| 75 | | | | | | | | | Education of reference person: | | | | | | | | | Elementary (1-8)..........................| 9 | 5| 1| 2 | 10| 8 | 12 | 27| 21 High school (9-12)........................| 39 | 41| 18| 42 | 52| 61 | 63 | 47| 53 College...................................| 52 | 53| 82| 56 | 38| 31 | 24 | 25| 25 Never attended and other..................| (2) | (2) | (3) | (2) | (2) | (3) | 1 | 1| 2 | | | | | | | | | At least one vehicle owned..................| 95 | 91| 94| 89 | 81| 96 | 91 | 79| 63 | | | | | | | | | Average annual expenditures.....................|\$35,795 |\$31,514|\$41,901|\$29,047 |\$21,253| \$28,100 | \$25,465 |\$18,144| \$18,505 | | | | | | | | | Food..........................................| 14.2 | 14.7| 13.3| 15.2 | 16.6| 15.1 | 16.5 | 16.4| 18.3 Food at home................................| 7.7 | 8.2| 6.7| 8.4 | 10.2| 9.1 | 10.4 | 11.1| 12.8 Cereals and bakery products...............| 1.2 | 1.2| 1.0| 1.2 | 1.4| 1.3 | 1.5 | 1.7| 1.8 Cereals and cereal products.............| .4 | .4| .4| .4 | .5| .5 | .6 | .6| .6 Bakery products.........................| .8 | .8| .7| .8 | .9| .8 | 1.0 | 1.2| 1.2 Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs............| 2.1 | 2.2| 1.6| 2.4 | 3.0| 2.6 | 2.8 | 3.0| 3.8 Beef....................................| .6 | .7| .5| .8 | .9| .9 | .9 | 1.0| 1.2 Pork....................................| .4 | .4| .3| .5 | .7| .5 | .6 | .6| .8 Other meats.............................| .3 | .3| .2| .4 | .4| .4 | .5 | .4| .6 Poultry.................................| .3 | .3| .3| .4 | .5| .4 | .4 | .5| .7 Fish and seafood........................| .3 | .3| .2| .3 | .3| .3 | .3 | .3| .4 Eggs....................................| .1 | .1| .1| .1 | .1| .1 | .1 | .2| .2 | | | | | | | | | Dairy products............................| .9 | 1.0| .8| 1.0 | 1.2| 1.1 | 1.2 | 1.4| 1.5 Fresh milk and cream....................| .4 | .5| .3| .5 | .6| .6 | .6 | .7| .7 Other dairy products....................| .5 | .5| .4| .5 | .6| .6 | .6 | .7| .7 Fruits and vegetables.....................| 1.2 | 1.3| 1.1| 1.3 | 1.5| 1.4 | 1.6 | 2.0| 2.2 Fresh fruits............................| .4 | .4| .4| .4 | .4| .5 | .5 | .7| .7 Fresh vegetables........................| .4 | .4| .3| .4 | .5| .4 | .5 | .6| .7 Processed fruits........................| .3 | .3| .3| .3 | .4| .3 | .4 | .5| .5 Processed vegetables....................| .2 | .2| .2| .2 | .3| .2 | .3 | .3| .4 | | | | | | | | | Other food at home........................| 2.3 | 2.5| 2.1| 2.6 | 3.1| 2.8 | 3.2 | 3.0| 3.4 Sugar and other sweets..................| .3 | .3| .3| .3 | .4| .3 | .4 | .5| .4 Fats and oils...........................| .2 | .2| .2| .2 | .3| .2 | .3 | .3| .3 Miscellaneous foods.....................| 1.0 | 1.2| 1.0| 1.2 | 1.4| 1.2 | 1.5 | 1.2| 1.5 Nonalcoholic beverages..................| .6 | .7| .6| .7 | 1.0| .9 | .9 | .8| 1.1 Food prepared by consumer unit | | | | | | | | | on out-of-town trips...................| .1 | .1| .1| .1 | .1| .1 | .1 | .1| .1 Food away from home.........................| 6.5 | 6.5| 6.6| 6.8 | 6.3| 5.9 | 6.1 | 5.3| 5.5 | | | | | | | | | Alcoholic beverages...........................| 1.0 | 1.1| 1.0| 1.1 | 1.2| 1.2 | 1.1 | .8| .7 | | | | | | | | | Housing.......................................| 29.8 | 31.1| 31.9| 31.9 | 30.7| 30.1 | 28.7 | 33.0| 33.3 Shelter.....................................| 17.0 | 18.0| 18.8| 18.6 | 17.6| 17.0 | 15.9 | 16.6| 17.8 Owned dwellings...........................| 10.5 | 10.7| 12.6| 10.3 | 6.8| 10.5 | 8.4 | 10.0| 7.8 | | | | | | | | | Mortgage interest.......................| 6.1 | 7.3| 8.8| 7.1 | 4.4| 6.9 | 5.5 | 1.8| 3.9 Property taxes..........................| 2.5 | 1.8| 2.1| 1.7 | 1.2| 1.8 | 1.5 | 4.1| 1.9 Maintenance, repairs, insurance, | | | | | | | | | other expenses.........................| 1.9 | 1.6| 1.7| 1.5 | 1.2| 1.8 | 1.4 | 4.2| 1.9 Rented dwellings..........................| 3.6 | 5.5| 3.8| 6.7 | 9.8| 5.2 | 6.4 | 4.4| 8.4 Other lodging.............................| 2.9 | 1.8| 2.5| 1.5 | 1.0| 1.3 | 1.1 | 2.2| 1.7 | | | | | | | | | Utilities, fuels, and public services.......| 6.4 | 6.2| 5.3| 6.4 | 7.5| 6.8 | 7.2 | 9.3| 8.7 Natural gas...............................| .7 | .8| .7| .8 | 1.0| .9 | .9 | 1.3| 1.2 Electricity...............................| 2.8 | 2.4| 2.1| 2.5 | 2.9| 2.8 | 2.9 | 3.7| 3.4 Fuel oil and other fuels..................| .4 | .3| .2| .2 | .4| .4 | .4 | .8| .5 Telephone.................................| 1.9 | 2.0| 1.7| 2.2 | 2.6| 2.1 | 2.2 | 2.3| 2.7 Water and other public services...........| .6 | .6| .6| .7 | .6| .7 | .7 | 1.1| .8 Household operations........................| 1.8 | 1.5| 1.8| 1.6 | 1.0| 1.3 | 1.1 | 1.9| 1.2 Personal services.........................| .6 | .9| .9| 1.0 | .7| 1.0 | .7 | .5| .4 Other household expenses..................| 1.2 | .7| .9| .7 | .3| .4 | .4 | 1.4| .9 | | | | | | | | | Housekeeping supplies.......................| 1.2 | 1.4| 1.3| 1.4 | 1.4| 1.4 | 1.4 | 1.8| 2.0 Laundry and cleaning supplies.............| .3 | .4| .3| .4 | .5| .4 | .5 | .5| .6 Other household products..................| .5 | .6| .6| .6 | .6| .6 | .6 | .7| .8 Postage and stationery....................| .4 | .4| .4| .4 | .4| .4 | .3 | .6| .6 Household furnishings and equipment.........| 3.4 | 4.1| 4.7| 3.9 | 3.2| 3.6 | 3.1 | 3.4| 3.6 Household textiles........................| .3 | .3| .4| .3 | .3| .3 | .2 | .3| .5 Furniture.................................| .9 | 1.2| 1.3| 1.1 | 1.0| 1.0 | .9 | .9| .9 Floor coverings...........................| .3 | .3| .4| .4 | .2| .4 | .1 | .2| 4/.2 Major appliances..........................| .5 | .5| .5| .5 | .5| .5 | .6 | .6| .5 Small appliances, miscellaneous housewares| .2 | .2| .2| .2 | .2| .2 | .2 | .2| .2 Miscellaneous household equipment.........| 1.2 | 1.5| 1.8| 1.3 | 1.0| 1.2 | 1.1 | 1.1| 1.3 | | | | | | | | | Apparel and services..........................| 5.4 | 5.9| 6.1| 5.7 | 6.3| 5.4 | 5.3 | 3.9| 7.1 Men and boys................................| 1.5 | 1.4| 1.4| 1.3 | 1.3| 1.5 | 1.6 | .8| 1.7 Men, 16 and over..........................| 1.2 | 1.2| 1.2| 1.0 | 1.1| 1.1 | 1.3 | .7| 1.3 Boys, 2 to 15.............................| .2 | .3| .2| .3 | .2| .4 | .3 | .1| .4 Women and girls.............................| 2.2 | 2.4| 2.6| 2.4 | 2.7| 2.0 | 1.8 | 1.9| 3.0 Women, 16 and over........................| 1.9 | 2.1| 2.3| 2.0 | 2.4| 1.6 | 1.4 | 1.8| 2.7 Girls, 2 to 15............................| .3 | .3| .3| .4 | .3| .4 | .4 | .1| .3 Children under 2............................| .3 | .3| .2| .3 | .3| .3 | .3 | .1| .4 Footwear....................................| .7 | .8| .8| .7 | 1.0| .8 | .7 | .7| 1.1 | | | | | | | | | Other apparel products and services.........| 0.8 | 1.0| 1.1| 1.0 | 1.1| 0.7 | 0.8 | 0.5| 1.0 | | | | | | | | | Transportation................................| 17.0 | 18.4| 17.1| 17.8 | 19.1| 21.1 | 21.4 | 17.3| 16.3 Vehicle purchases (net outlay)..............| 7.2 | 7.6| 7.1| 6.6 | 7.6| 9.2 | 9.6 | 7.2| 7.4 Cars and trucks, new......................| 3.5 | 4.0| 4.4| 3.9 | 3.4| 4.2 | 3.5 | 5.2| 3.9 Cars and trucks, used.....................| 3.7 | 3.5| 2.7| 2.6 | 4.1| 4.8 | 6.0 | 2.0| 3.3 Other vehicles............................| (3) | .1| (3) | .1 | 4/.1| .1 | .1 | (3) | 4/.2 Gasoline and motor oil......................| 3.3 | 3.8| 3.1| 3.7 | 4.1| 5.2 | 4.8 | 3.5| 3.4 Other vehicle expenses......................| 5.2 | 6.0| 5.7| 6.3 | 6.4| 6.2 | 6.4 | 5.3| 4.4 Vehicle finance charges...................| .9 | 1.2| 1.1| 1.2 | 1.2| 1.4 | 1.4 | .5| .6 Maintenance and repairs...................| 2.0 | 2.1| 1.9| 2.3 | 2.3| 1.9 | 2.3 | 2.1| 1.8 Vehicle insurance.........................| 1.6 | 2.0| 1.9| 2.0 | 2.3| 2.2 | 2.2 | 2.3| 1.5 Vehicle rental, licenses, other charges...| .7 | .7| .8| .7 | .6| .6 | .5 | .5| .5 Public transportation.......................| 1.3 | 1.0| 1.2| 1.2 | .9| .6 | .5 | 1.3| 1.1 | | | | | | | | | Health care...................................| 6.1 | 4.1| 4.0| 4.4 | 4.2| 4.0 | 4.0 | 11.3| 6.8 Health insurance............................| 2.8 | 1.5| 1.4| 1.7 | 1.6| 1.5 | 1.5 | 5.3| 2.4 Medical services............................| 2.2 | 1.7| 1.8| 1.9 | 1.7| 1.6 | 1.5 | 3.2| 2.6 Drugs.......................................| .9 | .6| .6| .6 | .7| .7 | .8 | 2.4| 1.5 Medical supplies............................| .2 | .3| .3| .3 | .3| .2 | .2 | .4| .3 | | | | | | | | | Entertainment.................................| 4.8 | 5.3| 5.9| 4.8 | 4.3| 5.0 | 4.9 | 4.0| 4.0 Fees and admissions.........................| 1.4 | 1.3| 1.6| 1.3 | 1.0| 1.1 | .9 | 1.3| 1.0 Television, radios, sound equipment.........| 1.4 | 1.6| 1.6| 1.6 | 1.7| 1.7 | 1.8 | 1.4| 1.6 Pets, toys, and playground equipment........| 1.0 | 1.0| 1.0| 1.0 | .8| 1.1 | 1.1 | .8| .8 Other entertainment supplies, equipment, | | | | | | | | | and services...............................| 1.0 | 1.3| 1.7| .9 | .8| 1.1 | 1.2 | .5| .6 | | | | | | | | | Personal care products and services...........| 1.3 | 1.2| 1.2| 1.3 | 1.4| 1.1 | 1.2 | 1.4| 1.6 | | | | | | | | | Reading.......................................| .5 | .5| .6| .5 | .4| .5 | .4 | .7| .4 | | | | | | | | | Education.....................................| 1.5 | 1.6| 1.8| 1.6 | 1.9| 1.1 | 1.1 | .4| 1.2 | | | | | | | | | Tobacco products and smoking supplies.........| .8 | .9| .6| 1.0 | 1.4| 1.3 | 1.5 | .9| 1.5 | | | | | | | | | Miscellaneous.................................| 3.0 | 2.2| 2.0| 2.3 | 2.0| 2.5 | 2.3 | 2.2| 2.5 | | | | | | | | | Cash contributions............................| 3.8 | 2.5| 3.1| 2.1 | 1.9| 1.9 | 2.2 | 5.4| 2.3 | | | | | | | | | Personal insurance and pensions...............| 10.8 | 10.4| 11.3| 10.1 | 8.5| 9.8 | 9.4 | 2.4| 4.0 Life and other personal insurance...........| 1.6 | 1.2| 1.4| 1.0 | 1.2| 1.1 | 1.1 | 1.1| 1.2 Pensions and Social Security................| 9.2 | 9.2| 10.0| 9.1 | 7.3| 8.8 | 8.4 | 1.3| 2.8 | | | | | | | | | Sources of income and personal taxes: 1/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Money income before taxes.....................|\$37,508 |\$36,950|\$51,359|\$33,487 |\$21,798| \$33,587 | \$28,692 |\$18,188| \$15,874 Wages and salaries..........................| 22.0 | 89.8| 88.7| 90.7 | 84.3| 94.1 | 91.4 | 11.4| 44.0 Self-employment income......................| 64.7 | 3.6| 5.6| 2.6 | 2.3| .9 | 1.5 | .7| 5.4 Social Security, private and government | | | | | | | | | retirement.................................| 7.7 | 2.9| 2.4| 2.9 | 6.5| 2.5 | 2.9 | 69.4| 26.4 Interest, dividends, rental income, other | | | | | | | | | property income............................| 4.5 | 1.6| 2.0| 1.4 | 1.5| .7 | 1.4 | 16.0| 4.4 Unemployment and workers' compensation, | | | | | | | | | veterans' benefits.........................| .3 | .6| .3| .4 | .5| .9 | 1.3 | .8| 3.4 Public assistance, supplemental security | | | | | | | | | income, food stamps........................| .2 | .5| .1| .4 | 2.4| .4 | .8 | .8| 13.8 Regular contributions for support...........| .4 | .8| .7| 1.3 | 1.4| .3 | .5 | .5| 2.3 Other income................................| .2 | .3| .2| .3 | 1.0| .1 | .2 | .4| .3 | | | | | | | | | Personal taxes................................| 7.5 | 10.0| 11.5| 9.8 | 7.5| 8.6 | 7.6 | 5.6| 7.3 Federal income taxes........................| 5.9 | 7.8| 9.1| 7.7 | 5.7| 6.7 | 5.7 | 4.4| 6.1 State and local income taxes................| 1.3 | 1.9| 2.1| 2.0 | 1.6| 1.7 | 1.7 | .8| 1.0 Other taxes.................................| .4 | .2| .2| .1 | .2| .2 | .2 | .4| .2 | | | | | | | | | Income after taxes............................| 92.5 | 90.0| 88.5| 90.2 | 92.5| 91.4 | 92.4 | 94.4| 92.7 | | | | | | | | | __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1/ Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary. 2/ Value less than 0.5. 3/ Value less than 0.05. 4/ Data are likely to have large sampling errors.