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Consumer Price Index

CPI Home

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.

Notices

  • Starting in January 2022, weights for the Consumer Price Index will be calculated based on consumer expenditure data from 2019-2020. The BLS considered interventions, but decided to maintain normal procedures. Read More »
  • The impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on CPI data Read More »

Charts

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Latest Numbers

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Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.9% in Oct 2021 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 4.2% in Nov 2021 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +210,000(p) in Nov 2021 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.08(p) in Nov 2021 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: +0.6%(p) in Oct 2021 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +1.3% in 3rd Qtr of 2021 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: -5.0% in 3rd Qtr of 2021 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: +1.2% in Oct 2021 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: +1.5% in Oct 2021 News Release Historical Data

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News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.9% in October as most indexes increase

11/10/2021

In October, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers rose 0.9 percent on a seasonally adjusted basis; rising 6.2 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.6 percent in October (SA); up 4.6 percent over the year (NSA).
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Next Release

November 2021 CPI data are scheduled to be released on December 10, 2021, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.
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Publications

The Economics Daily

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Consumer prices increase 6.2 percent for the year ended October 2021

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 6.2 percent from October 2020 to October 2021, the largest 12-month increase since the period ending November 1990. Prices for all items less food and energy rose 4.6 percent over the last 12 months, the largest 12-month increase since the period ending August 1991. Energy prices rose 30.0 percent over the last 12 months, and the food index increased 5.3 percent. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Measuring consumer price change during economic downturns: a review of assumptions about consumer spending

During economic downturns, how do these measures help in analyzing price change, and what can we assume about consumption? This Beyond the Numbers article explores the final C-CPI-U during the Great Recession and the recession that occurred as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, the article evaluates consumer spending assumptions of the CPI-U and preliminary C-CPI-U during these recessionary periods to highlight challenges of lagged consumer spending data. read more »

Spotlight on Statistics

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Industry on Tap: Wineries

This Spotlight on Statistics examines historical employment trends for wineries and other components of the beverage manufacturing industry. Additionally, the Spotlight looks at trends for wages, number of establishments, and consumer prices in the winery industry and compares them to trends among distilleries, breweries, and soft drink and ice manufacturing. Let's take a look. read more »