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Consumer Price Index

CPI Home

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.


  • Starting in January 2022, weights for the Consumer Price Index will be calculated based on consumer expenditure data from 2019-2020. The BLS considered interventions, but decided to maintain normal procedures. Read More »
  • The impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on CPI data Read More »


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Latest Numbers


Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.3% in Aug 2021 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 5.2% in Aug 2021 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +235,000(p) in Aug 2021 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.17(p) in Aug 2021 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: +0.7%(p) in Aug 2021 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.7% in 2nd Qtr of 2021 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: +2.1%(r) in 2nd Qtr of 2021 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: -0.3% in Aug 2021 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: +0.4% in Aug 2021 News Release Historical Data

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News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.3% in August; gasoline, food, shelter among indexes rising


In August, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers rose 0.3 percent on a seasonally adjusted basis; rising 5.3 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent in August (SA); up 4.0 percent over the year (NSA).
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Next Release

September 2021 CPI data are scheduled to be released on October 13, 2021, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.
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The Economics Daily

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Taking a look at one of the common Labor Day traditions

Labor Day—which became an official holiday in 1894—marks the unofficial end of summer in the United States. Many Americans choose to celebrate with festivities such as outdoor barbeques. With the first Monday in September right around the corner, let’s take a look at prices for essential barbeque items. read more »

Spotlight on Statistics

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Industry on Tap: Wineries

This Spotlight on Statistics examines historical employment trends for wineries and other components of the beverage manufacturing industry. Additionally, the Spotlight looks at trends for wages, number of establishments, and consumer prices in the winery industry and compares them to trends among distilleries, breweries, and soft drink and ice manufacturing. Let's take a look. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Improving the cost-of-living measure for older populations: some recommendations

A report by the Government Accountability Office recommended that the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) explore the use of National Accounts data to improve the calculation of the Consumer Price Index and assess the data sources used to calculate the CPI for older populations. This Beyond the Numbers article summarizes GAO findings and BLS responses. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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From the barrel to the pump: the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on prices for petroleum products

This article details price movements for petroleum products in the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. read more »