Civilian labor force participation rate, by age, sex, race, and ethnicity

Other available formats: (XLSX)

Table 3.3 Civilian labor force participation rate, by age, sex, race, and ethnicity, 1996, 2006, 2016, and projected 2026 (in percent)

Group

Participation rate

Percentage-point change

Annual growth rate

1996

2006

2016

2026

1996–06

2006–16

2016–26

1996–06

2006–16

2016–26

Total, 16 years and older

66.8

66.2

62.8

61.0

-0.6

-3.4

-1.8

-0.1

-0.5

-0.3

16 to 24

65.5

60.6

55.2

52.5

-4.9

-5.4

-2.7

-0.8

-0.9

-0.5

16 to 19

52.3

43.7

35.2

31.7

-8.6

-8.5

-3.5

-1.8

-2.1

-1.0

20 to 24

76.8

74.6

70.5

68.8

-2.2

-4.1

-1.7

-0.3

-0.6

-0.2

25 to 54

83.8

82.9

81.3

81.6

-0.9

-1.6

0.3

-0.1

-0.2

0.0

25 to 34

84.1

83.0

81.6

81.8

-1.1

-1.4

0.2

-0.1

-0.2

0.0

35 to 44

84.8

83.8

82.4

82.3

-1.0

-1.4

-0.1

-0.1

-0.2

0.0

45 to 54

82.1

81.9

80.0

80.7

-0.2

-1.9

0.7

0.0

-0.2

0.1

55 and older

30.3

38.0

40.0

38.9

7.7

2.0

-1.1

2.3

0.5

-0.3

55 to 64

57.9

63.7

64.1

66.6

5.8

0.4

2.5

1.0

0.1

0.4

55 to 59

68.5

72.0

71.5

73.9

3.5

-0.5

2.4

0.5

-0.1

0.3

60 to 64

45.8

52.5

55.8

59.6

6.7

3.3

3.8

1.4

0.6

0.7

60 to 61

56.2

60.6

63.2

66.6

4.4

2.6

3.4

0.8

0.4

0.5

62 to 64

38.4

46.7

50.4

55.0

8.3

3.7

4.6

2

0.8

0.9

65 and older

12.1

15.4

19.3

21.8

3.3

3.9

2.5

2.4

2.3

1.2

65 to 74

17.5

23.6

26.8

30.2

6.1

3.2

3.4

3.0

1.3

1.2

65 to 69

21.9

29.0

32.2

36.6

7.1

3.2

4.4

2.8

1.1

1.3

70 to 74

12.5

17.0

19.2

22.7

4.5

2.2

3.5

3.1

1.2

1.7

75 and older

4.7

6.4

8.4

10.8

1.7

2

2.4

3.1

2.8

2.5

75 to 79

6.8

9.6

12.1

15.1

2.8

2.5

3.0

3.5

2.3

2.2

 

Men, 16 years and older

74.9

73.5

69.2

66.2

-1.4

-4.3

-3.0

-0.2

-0.6

-0.4

16 to 24

68.8

63.3

56.5

52.6

-5.5

-6.8

-3.9

-0.8

-1.1

-0.7

16 to 19

53.2

43.7

35.3

30.8

-9.5

-8.4

-4.5

-1.9

-2.1

-1.4

20 to 24

82.5

79.6

73.0

70.0

-2.9

-6.6

-3.0

-0.4

-0.9

-0.4

25 to 54

91.8

90.6

88.5

87.6

-1.2

-2.1

-0.9

-0.1

-0.2

-0.1

25 to 34

93.2

91.7

88.8

87.6

-1.5

-2.9

-1.2

-0.2

-0.3

-0.1

35 to 44

92.4

92.1

90.6

89.8

-0.3

-1.5

-0.8

0.0

-0.2

-0.1

45 to 54

89.1

88.1

86.3

85.2

-1.0

-1.8

-1.1

-0.1

-0.2

-0.1

55 and older

38.3

44.9

46.2

43.4

6.6

1.3

-2.8

1.6

0.3

-0.6

55 to 64

67.0

69.6

70.2

70.1

2.6

0.6

-0.1

0.4

0.1

0.0

55 to 59

77.9

77.7

77.4

76.8

-0.2

-0.3

-0.6

0.0

0.0

-0.1

60 to 64

54.3

58.6

62.0

63.4

4.3

3.4

1.4

0.8

0.6

0.2

60 to 61

66.2

67.2

69.8

69.4

1.0

2.6

-0.4

0.2

0.4

-0.1

62 to 64

45.7

52.4

56.1

59.5

6.7

3.7

3.4

1.4

0.7

0.6

65 and older

16.9

20.3

24.0

25.9

3.4

3.7

1.9

1.8

1.7

0.8

65 to 74

22.9

28.8

31.5

34.7

5.9

2.7

3.2

2.3

0.9

1.0

65 to 69

27.5

34.4

36.9

40.5

6.9

2.5

3.6

2.3

0.7

0.9

70 to 74

17.3

21.6

23.8

27.8

4.3

2.2

4.0

2.2

1.0

1.6

75 and older

7.3

9.5

11.7

13.6

2.2

2.2

1.9

2.7

2.1

1.5

75 to 79

9.7

13.2

15.3

18.0

3.5

2.1

2.7

3.1

1.5

1.6

 

Women, 16 years and older

59.3

59.4

56.8

56.1

0.1

-2.6

-0.7

0.0

-0.4

-0.1

16 to 24

62.2

57.9

53.8

52.3

-4.3

-4.1

-1.5

-0.7

-0.7

-0.3

16 to 19

51.3

43.7

35.1

32.7

-7.6

-8.6

-2.4

-1.6

-2.2

-0.7

20 to 24

71.3

69.5

68.0

67.6

-1.8

-1.5

-0.4

-0.3

-0.2

-0.1

25 to 54

76.1

75.5

74.3

75.7

-0.6

-1.2

1.4

-0.1

-0.2

0.2

25 to 34

75.2

74.4

74.5

76.0

-0.8

0.1

1.5

-0.1

0.0

0.2

35 to 44

77.5

75.9

74.5

74.8

-1.6

-1.4

0.3

-0.2

-0.2

0.0

45 to 54

75.4

76.0

73.9

76.4

0.6

-2.1

2.5

0.1

-0.3

0.3

55 and older

23.9

32.3

34.7

34.9

8.4

2.4

0.2

3.1

0.7

0.1

55 to 64

49.6

58.2

58.4

63.4

8.6

0.2

5.0

1.6

0.0

0.8

55 to 59

59.8

66.7

65.9

71.1

6.9

-0.8

5.2

1.1

-0.1

0.8

60 to 64

38.2

47.0

50.1

56.0

8.8

3.1

5.9

2.1

0.6

1.1

60 to 61

47.2

54.6

57.0

63.9

7.4

2.4

6.9

1.5

0.4

1.1

62 to 64

31.8

41.5

45.3

51.0

9.7

3.8

5.7

2.7

0.9

1.2

65 and older

8.6

11.7

15.5

18.3

3.1

3.8

2.8

3.1

2.9

1.7

65 to 74

13.1

19.2

22.7

26.2

6.1

3.5

3.5

3.9

1.7

1.4

65 to 69

17.2

24.2

28.0

33.2

7.0

3.8

5.2

3.5

1.5

1.7

70 to 74

8.8

13.1

15.2

18.3

4.3

2.1

3.1

4.1

1.5

1.9

75 and older

3.1

4.4

6.1

8.6

0.8

1.2

4.9

3.9

4.0

8.8

75 to 79

4.7

7.0

9.5

12.7

2.3

2.5

3.2

4.1

3.1

2.9

 

Race:

White

67.2

66.5

62.9

61.1

-0.7

-3.6

-1.8

-0.1

-0.6

-0.3

Men

75.8

74.3

69.8

66.8

-1.5

-4.5

-3.0

-0.2

-0.6

-0.4

Women

59.1

59.0

56.3

55.6

-0.1

-2.7

-0.7

0.0

-0.5

-0.1

 

Black

64.1

64.1

61.6

59.9

0.0

-2.5

-1.7

0.0

-0.4

-0.3

Men

68.7

67.0

64.1

61.1

-1.7

-2.9

-3.0

-0.3

-0.4

-0.5

Women

60.4

61.7

59.4

58.8

1.3

-2.3

-0.6

0.2

-0.4

-0.1

 

Asian

65.8

66.2

63.2

62.8

0.4

-3.0

-0.4

0.1

-0.5

-0.1

Men

73.4

75.0

72.1

71.4

1.6

-2.9

-0.7

0.2

-0.4

-0.1

Women

58.8

58.3

55.5

55.3

-0.5

-2.8

-0.2

-0.1

-0.5

0.0

 

All other groups1

65.9

64.1

59.7

-1.8

-4.4

-0.3

-0.7

Men

72.1

68.8

61.7

-3.3

-7.1

-0.5

-1.1

Women

60.1

59.7

57.6

-0.4

-2.1

-0.1

-0.4

 

Ethnicity:

Hispanic origin

66.5

68.7

65.8

65.9

2.2

-2.9

0.1

0.3

-0.4

0.0

Men

79.6

80.7

76.0

74.4

1.1

-4.7

-1.6

0.1

-0.6

-0.2

Women

53.4

56.1

55.8

57.4

2.7

-0.3

1.6

0.5

-0.1

0.3

 

Other than Hispanic origin

66.8

65.8

62.2

59.8

-1.0

-3.6

-2.4

-0.2

-0.6

-0.4

Men

74.4

72.3

67.8

64.2

-2.1

-4.4

-3.7

-0.3

-0.6

-0.6

Women

59.9

59.8

57.0

55.8

0.0

-2.8

-1.2

0.0

-0.5

-0.2

 

White non-Hispanic

67.3

66.1

62.3

59.8

-1.2

-3.8

-2.5

-0.2

-0.6

-0.4

Men

75.3

73.0

68.3

64.5

-2.3

-4.7

-3.8

-0.3

-0.7

-0.6

Women

59.8

59.6

56.6

55.4

-0.2

-3.0

-1.2

0.0

-0.5

-0.2

 

Age of baby boomers

32 to 50

42 to 60

52 to 70

62 to 80

Footnotes:
  1 The "all other groups" category includes (1) those classified as being of multiple racial origin and (2) the race categories of (2a) American Indian and Alaska Native or (2b) Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders.
Note: Dash indicates no data collected for category. Details may not sum to totals because of rounding.

Source: Employment Projections program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

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Last Modified Date: October 24, 2017