Real gross domestic product by major demand category

Other available formats: (XLSX)

Table 4.2 Real gross domestic product by major demand category, 1996, 2006, 2016, and projected 2026

Category

Billions of chained 2009 dollars

Annual rate of change

Contribution to percent change in real GDP

1996

2006

2016

2026

1996–06

2006–16

2016–26

1996–06

2006–16

2016–26

Gross domestic product

$10,561.0

$14,613.7

$16,716.1

$20,320.7

3.3

1.4

2.0

3.3

1.4

2.0

Personal consumption expenditures

6,755.6

9,821.7

11,572.2

13,919.6

3.8

1.7

1.9

2.5

1.1

1.3

Gross private domestic investment

1,686.7

2,730.0

2,858.2

3,940.8

4.9

0.5

3.3

0.9

0.0

0.6

Exports

986.0

1,506.7

2,120.0

3,266.0

4.3

3.5

4.4

0.4

0.4

0.6

Imports1

1,100.6

2,301.1

2,706.3

3,919.1

7.7

1.6

3.8

-1.0

-0.3

-0.6

Government consumption expenditures and gross investment

2,279.2

2,869.3

2,900.2

3,141.4

2.3

0.1

0.8

0.4

0.0

0.1

Federal defense

534.5

678.8

667.0

656.7

2.4

-0.2

-0.2

0.1

0.0

0.0

Federal nondefense

279.0

382.1

447.0

464.3

3.2

1.6

0.4

0.1

0.0

0.0

State and local

1,466.2

1,808.8

1,783.6

2,013.0

2.1

-0.1

1.2

0.2

0.0

0.1

Residual2

-46.5

-13.5

-25.6

-20.5

Addendum

GDP per capita, chained 2009 dollars

39,142.5

48,919.1

51,676.4

58,056.7

2.3

0.5

1.2

Footnotes:
  1 Imports are subtracted from the other components of GDP because they are not produced in the United States.
  2 The residual is calculated as real gross domestic product, plus imports, less other components.
Note: Dash indicates data not computable or not applicable.
Source: Historical data: Bureau of Economic Analysis; Projected data: Employment Projections program, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Back to top

 

Last Modified Date: October 24, 2017