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Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities
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Industry Snapshot | Construction, 2015-2019 | August 2021


Background

The construction sector is comprised of establishments engaged in the construction of buildings, engineering projects (i.e. highways and utility systems), and the preparation of sites for new construction.

As of 2019, there was an average of 7,451,476 people employed in the private sector of this industry in 830,620 establishments.

Nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses

In the private construction industry during 2019, there were 200,100 total recordable cases (TRC) of nonfatal injuries and illnesses. Of those, 79,700 had days away from work (DAFW), 42,000 had days of job transfer or restriction (DJTR), and 78,400 had other recordable cases (ORC). The total recordable case incidence rate per 100 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers was 2.8.



Table 1. Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected case characteristics, construction, private industry, 2019
Case characteristic[1]Number of cases

Nature of injury or illness

Sprains, strains, tears

21,170

Soreness, pain

15,150

Fractures

13,190

Cuts, lacerations

8,650

Bruises, contusions

3,290

Part of body affected

Hand

11,610

Back

10,280

Knee

7,740

Multiple body parts

6,480

Shoulder

6,470

Event or exposure leading to injury or illness

Struck by object or equipment

15,830

Fall to lower level

13,770

Fall on same level

7,400

Overexertion in lifting or lowering

5,630

Caught in or compressed by object or equipment

4,100

[1] Data shown correspond to Nature, Part, and Event codes based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses

Fatal occupational injuries

Fatal work injuries totaled 1,102 for the construction industry during 2019, compared to 1,038 during 2018.

Table 2. Fatal occupational injuries by event or exposure, construction, all United States, 2015-2019
Event or exposure[1][2]20152016201720182019

Total fatal injuries (number)

985 1,034 1,013 1,038 1,102

Violence and other injuries by persons or animals

32 42 59 62 66

Transportation incidents

263 278 261 273 284

Fires and explosions

17 11 16 17 7

Falls, slips, trips

367 388 389 340 418

Exposure to harmful substances or environments

139 140 147 175 171

Contact with objects and equipment

166 170 139 170 152

[1] CFOI data by event are only provided if there are fatal case counts in three or more of the six event categories.

[2] Data shown correspond to Event codes based on the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01 developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Note: Dashes indicate data do not meet BLS publication guidelines.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

Sources

Employment data come from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program. Injury and illness information come from the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) and Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI). For more information on SOII program concepts, see the definitions page and the SOII Handbook of Methods. For more information on CFOI program concepts, see the definitions page and the CFOI Handbook of Methods.

 

Last Modified Date: August 11, 2021